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scripts, both originals, and copies. The tary of state, from whom, for his own se want of instruction from government for curity, after the orders of the king, he that purpose, I was told, still prevented must in person receive a written conbis official interposition; at the same tiine mand for the purpose. The whole scene bis majesty's minister directed me to go was then shifted. The next morning I in his name to the Chevalier Seratii, was informed, the orders of the king, with a representation of the necessity with regard to these manuscripts, were there was to remove these objects. This in revived force. What else could be secretary of state, instead of entering iin. expected? Your royal highness may be mediately into the subject of my visit, pleased to consider, that the Chevalier chose, with great violence, and with Seratri, and others still higher, mlio were foaning mouth, and in the most unjus- never suspected of too much anglicism, titiable terms, to heap upon me, whose would, in the instance of these mano. mission was certainly not at all political, scripts, avail themselves of every cir. the most heavy invectives against bis comstance that seemed to justify a nonmajesty's forces, which had been landed compliance with the demands of ynet at Naples. At last, having, in the course royal highness's superintendent. Tbe of an 'half hour, most amply vented his circumstance that his majesty's minister rage, he returned, in a softened tone, to would not officially, much less urgently, the cause of my visit: he assured me, insist upon the reinoval of the manu. that reinoval would injure the original scripts, gave the party, who opposed “ Papiri," and was besides not necessary; that removal, a fair pretext for that ope we shall soon be at Naples again.” position. This party said, and I heard
After the departure of the king, the it repeated, that this removal could not hereditary prince was regent of the king- have been wished by government, otherdom. For the same reason, and in the wise bis majesty's minister would bare same manner, as his majesty's minister interposed. So far this party may be had not yet received instructions, I was thought to be supported by some justidirected 19 wait upon his royal highness, fication, provided your rogal highoes who informed me, that the king, at the could, for a moment, be reconciled to time of his departure, in which he was the measure of abandoning to the con. accompanied by the Chevalier Seratti, mon enemy those objects. For the sce had given strict orders for not removing quisition of them a person had been seat the manuscripts. From these orders the to Naples, under your own royal comregent could not deviate. It must be mission, and received in that character confessed, the political character of by the Neapolitan court. In the acqui. Chevalier Seratti was generally regarded sition of them, that person had several a's not favourable to the interests of Great years employed the most continual and Britain, but strongly inclining to the the most embarrassing study and fatigue, French party. Whatever may be the and at the expence of his majesty's go truth, I must have some right to question vernment, and under the sanction of an his good faith, at least, when
act of parliament, in the kingdom of a Nec cineri servata Fides.
sovereigni, who is under the most essen.
tial obligations to Great Britain, With The Chevalier de Medici succeeded the before-imentioned pretext, however, the Chevalier Seratti in office. The not only all the original manuscripts, Monday before our fight from Naples, which would be injured, it was said, ' by in February, 1806, I was again directed, removal, but even the engraved fac simile upon my application to his majesty's copies of some books of Epicuras, unminister, who had not yet received his folded during my superintendency, (and instructions, to go to the new secretary surely these could not be injured by reof state. The Chevalier, who was not moval) were abandoned to the common then, it should seem, in the secret, de- enemy. Besides, this pretext enabled sired I would, in his name, order Pirro two different parties to secure the attaina Paderni, who had succeeded La Vega, as ment of their wishes, directed as they keeper of the Royal Museum, immedia were, upon different motives, to the ately to prepare all the “Papiri” for re- same end. The one branch consisted in moval. This I did about noon that very those men, who would not follow the day. Pirro Paderni expressed much court to Sicily. These men must have alacrity in his apparent readiness to ex- been eager to retain at Naples all the ecute this order; but he told me, that he royal property, which would gratify, then would go that very afternoon to the secre- new masters, and secure for cheniselves,
in any degree, means of indulgence or ginal manuscripts, and of some of the protection. The other brauche consisted most valuable engraved fac simile copies, of those who had been employed about to bave been also as successtully guilty these manuscripts; Rosini, Peter la Vega, with regard, to all those fuc simile copies. the unfolders, and the copyists, wished The auspicious return of the Right to retain, as, in fact, they retain, the Honourable Sir William Drumınoud, his sarne employment under the French. majesty's minister at that court, this Both these branches of the same party, second time the successor, as the fine protected by the queen, obtained, through time the predecessor, of Huyh Elliot, Seratti
, the king's order for not removing esq. defeated all the intentions of the these manuscripts, nor those engraved' Chevalier Serauti. The Chevalier de fac simile' copies. To these motives Medici, the successor of the Chevalier must be added another, if I may call"Seratti, complied at once with the deindifference a motive, for relinquishing mands of Sir William Drummond, and these manuscripts. This indifference of consigned to him, by order of the king, inen in the two Sicilies, with regard to all the fac simile copies, which are now literature in general, and therefore with at Oxford. Of these, the Treatise upon regard to these manuscripts, is remark. Death, and the Fragment of the Latin able. For instance, a Marquis Berio, Poem, together with the Greek and Lawith whom I was well acquainted, had tin alphabets, were immediately en. one of the best libraries in the world: graved under my superintendency at he possessed the reputation of learning, Palermo. and of the encouragement of the learned. This eminent letterato, in the frequent, visits he made me at Portici, would al- Historical and Topographical Description ways come to my own house, to the museum never, A man of that country,
OF CHELSEA now high in office at Palermo, asked me,
AND ITS ENVIRONS ; whether the text of those famosi papiri interspersed with Biographical Anecdot se were not Arabic. More than two hundred “ Papiri” had have resided in Chelsen during the three
of Illustrious and Eminent Persons who heen opened wholly, or in part, during my stay at Naples. The experience of preceding Centuries. every day had added infinite facility and BY THOMAS FAULKNER, of Chelsea. skill, with accurate and secure, but rapid, dexterity, io each unfolder and copyist.
Mr. Faulkner has made the best use of Hence, with these increasing advantages,
a good subject. The vicinity of Chelsea every one of the remaining filteen hun- to the mecopolis, and its pleasant site. dred, or as many of thein as could be on the banks of the Thames, have for opened, would be opened, and copier, many ages made it the retreat of statesa it was reasonably and universally cal. men and of persons engaged in the active culated, within the space of six years at
scenes of life; hence its history involves the most. The enemy can, therefore, in personal anecdotes of those whose meaddition to the original manuscripts mory is the most dear to the recollec. theinselves, enjoy the advantage of this tions of Englishmen. Our limits do not inproved skill in the persons, whom I allow us to do that justice to Mr. Faulkemployed about thein.
ner's work wbich it deserves, but most of plied to the Cheralier "Serain bat Lap: our readers will be amused by the follow
to obtain ing passages, and for others of equal permission to have for my use, and with curiosity we refer them to the work itseif. a view to publication, a single many- For our parts we wish every considerable script, that is, a single suc simile copy, parish round London had an historian of all the fac simile copies which were of the taste and industry of this writer. brought from Naples, although they had been unfolded and copied under my.
The manufacture of Chelsea buns direction, and although they had all been should not be omitted, baving been so corrected, and many of them had been long in esteem, and carried on upon the interpreted and translated by myself. same spot, for more than a century: and This minister of state wished, as he had they have likewise been honored by the with the most corrupt and most inde. notice of Swift near a hundred years ago : corous misconduct, contributed to de- “ Pray, are not the fine buns sold bere prive your royal highness of all the oris in our town; has it R r-r•rs-r-posare
0 1 0
0 10 6
Chelsea buns! I bought one to-day in
1683. Paid to certain Gratian FROM THE CHURCHIWARDEN'S BOOKS,
1688. Paid the Pariter for a prayer 1594. Recd more of women than
book for the Prince of they got in hockynge 33 0
Wales 1597. To the Lo. Almoners Uffi.
Paid the Pariter for a book cers for not ringinge at
for the Prince's coming the Q. remove from
1689. Paid the ringers when the Kensington to Rich
queen landed at Chelsea mont
1690. Paid the ringers when the 1606. Of the good wyves their
king landed from Ire. hockyng money
land 1607. April 13, Of the women
1692. Paid the ringers at the that went a hockyng 45 0
king's return from Hol1611. Recd of Robert Munden
land that the men dyd gett by
1692. Paid the ringers for a vichocking
tory at sea 1639. Given the ringers at his
1695. Duchess of Mazarine, majesties coming to the
defaulter to the parish Duchesses house
0 1 0 1665. Payed the ringers, when
Paid the ringers when Nahis majestie dined at the
mur was surrendered
1699. Pay'd the ringers that day
Ap. 11. the king went twice
over the ferry Payed to a poor scoller
1702. For ringing at Prince Eu.
Ap. 11. gene's victory over the
1705. Paid che ringers for a vic-
July 15. tory gained by the
Duke of Marlborough 1666. Given to 5 powre women that lost by the fire 0 6 6
1706. June 27. Paid the riaPaid the ringers after the
gers for the taking of
05 Paid for a horfire and ring
1708. Paid the ringers for the ing after the fight
taking of Lisle. 090
1709. Paid the. ringers for the 1667. Spent upon nieasuring the
taking of the citadel of Pest House
Tournay Oct. 12. Payd James Gould for
1710. Paid the ringers for the the Pest House in full 1 10 0 Dec. 28. Given to the ringers when
Aug. 26. second battle in Spaia
near Saragossa the king came through
1711. Collected for the protes. the town
0 1 0 1669-70. The sum of 5801. 12s.
April 9. cants of Orange 32 5 5
whereof 10 15 5 was 10d. was collected by
collected by Mr. Hare,
among the gentlemen
of the Royal Hospital
1715. Paid the ringers, and for the church
580 12 10 1670. Received by a brief for the
Jan. 13. hoisting the flag for the redemption of poor cap
landing of King George tives
13 11 8
1716. Paid the ringers when the
Princess visited the 167 4. Paid to Charles Munden
Dutchess of Monmouth
1717. Paid the ringers for the
June 19. prince and princess 1676. Paid the ringers when his
0 10 6
O 10. •
32 5 5
0 10 0
coming up by water majestie came to town
17. Paid the singers when
07.0 1678. Paid for putting up the
the priace and princess king's arms in the
lay before the towa cburch
0 10 6
O 10 a
ORIGIN OF CHELSEA HOSPITAL. cayed soldiers, and that pleasant retreat There is a tradition that this institution they fund at Chelsea.* Owęs its rise to the benevolent exertions We know not if any just degree of of Nell Gwyn, the celebrated mistress credit can be given to the work just of Charles Il. A paragraph in a new3- cited, and it must still,' therefore, remain paper of the day,* seems to give some à doubtful point to whose kind exertions little strength to the supposition; and a our brave veterans owe their present public-house still exists, at no great dis- comfortable asylum. It is, however, tance from the hospital, having her por- well known, that Sir Stephen Fox was trait for its sign, and an inscription, as
one of its most liberal and zealous bene. criking to her the inerit of the founda- factors; he, with a most princely spirit of tion.
generosity, which deserves to be recorded The anonymous author of the Life of on worthier and more lasting pages than Eleanor Gwyn states, that it was at her these, contributed above, thirteen thou. instigation that this noble charity was sand pounds towards defraying the exestablished.
pences of the fabric. We will give the writer's own words:
The edifice, as was before observed, “ Another act of generosity, which raised was begun in the year 1982, but not the character of this lady above every completed till 1690. The whole expense other courtezan of these or any other of the building is computed to have times, was her solicitude to effect the amounted to 150.0001. and the three folinstitution of Chelsea hospital. One lowing personages were appoiuted by day, when she was rolling about town in patent, March 3, 1691, commissioners Her coach, a poor man came to the for the conduct of Chelsea Hospital: coach-door, soliciting cianity, who told Richard, Earl of Ranelagh, Paymaster-general. her a story, whether true or false is im- Sir Stephen Fox, Knt, Lord Commissioner of material, of his having been wounded in the Treasury. the civil wars, in defence of the royal Sir Christopher Wren, Surveycr-general of cause. This circumstanice greatly af
the Works. fected the benevolent heart of Miss Gwyn; she considered that, besides the Hardships of their being exposed to begi by commissioners appointed by patent
The affairs of the Hospital are managed gary by wounds received in defence of under the great seal.' They are, their country, that it seemed to be the thost monstrous ingratitude in the go. The Lord President of the Council, vertiment to suffer lose to perish who The First Lord of the Treasury, stood up in their defence, and screened The Secretaries of State, ehem from the most hazardous attempts The Secretary at War,
The Paymaster-general of the Forces, at patriotism. * Warm with these reflections, and The Governor, and
The Comptraliers of Army Accounts, the overflow of pity, she burried to the The Lieutenant. governor of the Royal Hos, king, and represented the misery in pital, which she had found an old servant ; in- Of these, the latter five only act, and treated that she might suffer some scheme hold boards occasionally for the admise to be proposed to him towards supporte sion of pensioners, and the internal re. ing those unfortunate sons of valour, gulation of the hospital. whose old age, wounds, or infirmities, The establishinent of the hospital conrendered them unfit for service; so that, sists of a governor, a lieutenant-governor, they might not close their days with re- a major, an adjutant and assistant-adjus pining against fortune, and be oppressed tant, a treasurer, a' secretary, two chapwith the misery of want.
lains, a physician, a surgeon, and in “ This observation she communicated apothecary, a comptroller, a steward, a to personages of distinction, who were clerk of works, with other warrant officers, public-spirited enough to encourage it; Tbere are foor hundred and seventyand to Nell Gwyn is now owing the com- six in-pensioners, divided into the fole fortable provision which is made for de- lowing classes :
We hear that Madam Ellen Gwyn's Twenty-six captains, one of whom acts as mother, sitting lately by the water side, at
serjeant-unajor. her house by the neat houses near Clielsey, felt accidentally into the water, and was Memoirs of the Life of Eleanor Gwyn, drowned.-Domestic Intellig. Aug. 5, 1679. page 42.-Loridor, 1752, MONTHLY Mae, No. 215.
The number of out-pensioners at Thirty. two corporals, and
Christmas, 1809, was twenty-three Sixteen drunmers,
thousand and tilty, who are paid at dil. Three hundred and thirty-six privates, and ferent rates, according to their length Thirty-four light-horsenien.
of service, or their disability, from fiveThese are daily allowed the following pence to three shillings and sixpence per provisions each man:
day, agreeable to an Act of Parliament One pound of meat,
which took place at Christmas, 1806. One loaf of bread of twelve ounces,
The expense of the Hospital and out. One quarter of a pound of cheese, and pensioners is defrayed by an annual Two quarts of beer.
grant from Parliament, voted with the
It pour amounts to On Wednesdays and Fridays, instead army estinates.
about 440,000l. per year. of meat, they have
CESAR'S FORD, One pint of pease-soup,
In concluding the account of Chelsen Half a pound of chesse, and
Hospital, we cannot forbear making an Two ounces of butter.
extract from Maitland's History of Lone On Sundays and Tuesdays, mutton. don, respecting the passage of Julius. Beet the other three days.
Cæsar over the Thames, which that They are all annually cloatlied in a uni. author, from his own observation and form of scarlet faced with blue.
inquiries, supposes to have taken place They are lodged in sixteen wards, to near this site. each of which two serjeants and two cor- The Britons having been defeated in porals are appointed, with a matron, or the reign of Claudius by the Roman nurse under the immediate inspection Prætor, were obliged to take refuge in of the housekeeper, to take care of the their bogs and marshes on the banks linen and beeding, and to assist in clean- of the Thames; but being closely pur. ing each ward.
sued by the Romans, they forded that Fires are kept in every ward, and the river, and the Romans were unable la men have every attendance that can ren- follow them, until after the arrival of der them comfortable.
the Emperor Claudius, when be, with * In addition to their provision, clothing, his arıny also passed the river, and Coin&c. the in-pensioners are allowed weekly pletely routed them. pay in the following proportions :
“ This consideration," Maitland says, s. d.
“ occasioned my attempting to find out Captains
the largest marshes on the south side Serjeants
of the Thames, where there was any Corporals and drummers, each 0 10. probability of a ford, when I discover Privates
8 ed that the greatest marshes on that Light-horse
side before the imbanking of the said The light-horse are generally serjeants Woolwich; wherefore I endeavoured, by
river, reached from Wandsworth to of cavalry, and selected for their services sounding the said river, at several neap or good behaviour while in the hospital., tides, from the first of these places to The captains, serjeants, and corporals, London Bridge, to discover a ford, are also appointed from the most de- which, to my no small satisfaction, I serving and orderly men. The hospital being considered as a inili- 1732, about ninety feet west of the
did on the 18th of September, anno tary station, regular garrison duty is per- south-west angle of Chelsea College formed by the pensioners. Divine service is performed regularly north-east to south-west, I found die
garden, where, in a right line fron on Sundays, with prayers on Wednesday's deepest part of the channel to be only and Fridays; and every ward is provided four feet seven inches deep, and the with Bibles, Prayer-books, and other day before, it blowing hard from the religious and instructive books. The anniversaries of the Restoration the water, then, was above a foot lar
West, my waterman assured me that of Charles II., (May 29,) and the King's er; and at such cides, before the course birth-day, (June 4,) are kept as festivals of the river was obstructed, either by in the Hospital. The governor and offi- banks or bridges, it inust have been cers dine together, and the pensioners considerably shallower; and, consider. fire three vollies, and have a double als lowance of provision and beer.
Diga. Cass. Hist, Rom, Lib. 60.