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have enjoyed somewhat of the reputa- sued. Thus, like his ancestors, while yer tion, of the famous earl of Rochester, young, be participated in the forms and appears by all the books describing ihe emoluments of the times, with a single -peerage, to have been born in 1730; exception only; one of them, at least but 1724 or 1725, is the more probable ever since the union, bad usually repreepoch. He was third earl of March, a sented the person of his inajesty, as title* created in 1697, expressly for the commissioner to the general assembly purpose of ennobling a junior branch of of the kirk of Scotland; but it was not the Douglases, son and heir of William deemed prudent to bazard presbyterian second earl of March, who was second gravity, and we may add, insult presbyson of William, first dluke of Queensberry. terian morals
, by such a nomination in This nobleinan was a native of Scot- regard to their successor. Far different iand, and resided for some time, while a scenes and more congenial prospects young man, at Edinburgh: but we never opened to his lordship's view: but so heard that he was brought up at the degrading have certain pursuits become, famous university of that city, or ob. that they who might have been crowned tained a degree there! Indeed, the re- with the victor's wreath during the times puted gallantries of half a century, have of the Olympic games, are now considered east a shade on the education of bis rather as ihe appropriate companions of earlier years, and we have not found any their own stable-boys, than the associate grave presbyterian clergyman standing of inen of talents. forth to claim the bonour of having been Sunt quos curriculo pulverem Olympicum his tutor! Some trivial and palcry ac- Collegisse juvat: metaque fervidis cidental circumstance has often given Evitata rotis, palmaque nobilis, birth, according to the most celebrated Terrarum Dominos evehit ad Deos. biographers, to the pursuits of a great
Hor. Od. I, ad Mæcene genius; and with an eye to this perhaps, In ancient days, the contest was for it might be curious to learn from what glory; and although the means were not incident, and under what master, the very noble, yet the object was legitimate: future hero of the turf imbibed the ru- during the present times they are both diments of his art. For this branch of equally undigmitier-Money--sordid pell knowledge, he was most probably in- being the sole end and aim. It is debted to England, where he came up row full sixty years since the earl of while yet a youth, and was introduced to March distinguished himself by a wager court as earl of March. He was imme. with the celebrated Count Taafe, an Irish diately taken under the special protec- catholic, who had spent some time in tion of his countryman, the earl of Bute, the service of the house of Austria, and 'who having encreased the bed-chamber finally beggared bimself by this and lords from twelve to eighteen, either for similar follies. His lordship on that octhe purpose of additional state or casion, exhibited the presage at least of infuence, perhaps both, · lord that superior skill, enterprize, and sacMarch was chosen one of that number. cess, which rendered him conspicuous He was also nearly at the same time on the turf during half a century; tur, elected one of the sixteen peers of Scoto having undertaken to obtain a fourlaud,, by which a vote was attached to a
wheeled machine which should travel dependent office, that might be taken the space of nineteen miles within sixty away at pleasure. With that condition, minuies, he applied to Wright, in Long his lordship was content; for lie never Acre, who, by ine diminution ut'weight aspired to the palm of eloquence, or the and friction, the substitution of silk and hardihood of independence; being sa.
whalebone for leather, and also in part tisfied with a simple aflirmative to the for rood, contrived a carriage so light, propositions of all the ministers of the and yet so strong, as to be deemed ex. day; and indeed, when he departed froin actly suitable for the purpose. As for
prudential a line of conduct, it will be the blool horses, the selection of them, found that an imrnediate dismission en- as well as the grooms, was confided to
his own judyinent, and to prevent accia This, like other honours, was originally dents, he took care to conceal the names the name os an office, and not a mere titular
of both descriptions of animals until the appellation, as at present. The Douglases appomied day, when they were regularly were formerly Iords Marches, or, in other entered by the clerk of the course. words, entrasted with the defences of the Meanwinie, Newmarket having been Scoirish boundaries on the side df England. 'sclected for the experiment, the smooth
est mile of the whole race-ground was and celebrity, lost large sums, as the staked out, and eight or ten horses re- victor of Culloden was regularly vangularly trained there, to prevent a pos- quished by the Scottish courtier. Nor sibility of disappointment from laine- did his learning and skill in vertu exempt ness, accident, or desig!). On the 29th Mr.' Jennings, the distinguished antiof August 1750, this contest, on the quary, from a similar fate; for notwithevent of which many thousands were standing the feasibility of the speculadependent, was finaily decided; and tion, his Chillaby colts were all beaten
the result was, as had been expocted, by the English crosses of a remoter orithat the Scotch peer proved an over-match gin: the latter indeed, does not seein to for the Irish commoner, who soon after bave profited much by approaching nearer retired in embarrassed circumstances to
to the fountain-head. Since that period, wis native country. It is to this original he has addicted himself to far more nnmatch against time, that we are tó at. ble, because more rational, speculations; tribute all the discreditable attempts of the study of books and coins, the ena similar kind in our own days, such as joyment of pictures and statues, and the galiopping horses until they are lamed, acquisition of one of the noblest and and trotting ponies until their hearts most expensive collection of shells that break, for the gratification of that in. this country has ever witnessed. human desire of wealth, which would In 1756, the earl of March conde. sacrifice a favourite hackney, or sell a scended to ride a match in person. Acfellow-creature, with equal apathy! cordingly he appeared on the ground,
Lord March from this moment was dressed in his own running-stable livery, considered an adept; and about the same consisting of a red silk jacket, a velvet ume took a house at Newınarket, which cap, and buckskin inexpressibles; and overlooked the race-ground, and not only here again he proved victorious, and gave him an easy access to the course, came in first at the winning-post, amidst but afforded the ready means of esti- the congratulations of groums, roughmating the effect of comparative trials, riders, stable-heepers, sharpers, and gain
and thus approximating at least to blers, borb noble and ignoble. • knowledge of the muscular powers and By the demise of his relative, in constitutional strength, denominated bot- 1778, he was elevated to the ducal tom by the cognoscenti, of his four-legged honours ; yet, by this tiine, his manners favourites. The earl accordingly col. were fixed, and his habits had become lected a choice 'stud, and was equally so inveterare, that the accession of a particular in the selection of his groom- splendid fortune, superadded to the highboys, whom he dressed in scarlet; none est dignity in the peerage, could not of whom knew who was to be entrusted, wean from the low, and it may be fairly until put into the scales to be weighed. added, the avaricious, pursuits of the turf, In this particular he acted precisely like the representative of a family which could many of his contemporaries, but in ano. boast of being descended from one namether circumstance he completely deviated sake of his own, William, created lord from them. At Newmarket, as well as de Douglas by Malcolm Cantnore, in .at Hounslow and Bagstiot, the peculiarly 1057; and from another, William lord apt term of confederate designates a parte Douglas, who died gallantly at the battle ner in the booty: Charles Fox, we quote of Ayincourt, Octo 25, 1415. the name with reluctance! was connected The current of his llfe now flowed in this point of view with the late lord slowly along in one dull, monotonous, Foley; but in respect to the subject of undeviating, undistinguished, course. His this memoir, we believe he never are winters were spent in town; the spring mitted of any partner; in short, like the was dedicated chiefly to the races at present India Company in respect to its Egham, Ascutt, Epsom, and Newmarships, and the late Mr. John Manners ket; while his summers were passert at
with his annuities, he was ever his own his seat called Amesbury, in Wiltshire, insurer, running all risks, and concen. This ancient house is seated on the banks trating all profits in his own person. Se of the Avon, almost within sight of a veral persons of distinction proved the Roman camp, and in the iminediate vi. victims of his superior skill; for to 'biin enity of the stupendous Druid temple the great* duke of Cumberland, as be called Stonehenge. This would have was called, both on account of bis size been a congenial and consecrated soil
for the antiquary; and, as Advison was • Uncle to bis present Majesty. boru in the parsonage, and Gay occa
sionally resided in the mansion, which to be hoped for better reasons, uniformly was erected from a design of Inigo Jones, chosen during six subsequent parliaments, and improved, or rather altered, by the as a representative peer of Scotland. Italian gusto of the earl of Burlington, it - To prevent the trouble bowever of. future would bave proved classical ground to a solicitation, in 1786 he obtained a patent Bobleman possessing either laste or lite- as an English peer, by the style and
But it was in this instance fated dignity of Baron Douglas of Amesbury, to appertain to a mere man of the world, in the county of Wilis. Through the who, like the tine lady mentioned by the whole of this long political career, we bard of Twickenham, was ever ready to do not recollect the duke's name to have exclaim
been once called in question during the " ( odious! odious trees !"
contests of rival parties, unless'at a peIndeed, his Grace seems tv have been riod when his Grace and the late earl of precisely the hero designated in the city. Sandwich openly declared themselves Joving lyrics of Captain Morris, the bur- 'hostile to the ungodly and irreligious then of whose song is:
conduct of their former friend, the late “Of all groves--a grove of chimpies for nie!" John Wilkes, who happened to be en.
He accordingly betook himself, at length, gaged at that time in a violent opposition partly to London, and partly to one of to the crown), or rather to the ministers those small, trim, modern establishments of the executive power. On this occalled cillus, where she clapper of St. casion, the latter of these noblemen, to Paul's may be distinctly heard repeating the great edification of the bench of the hour, annexed to which is half an bishops, denounced "the Essay on Wo. acre of herbage, generally dignified with man" in the house of peers; while the the name of a paddock. There, within former, with no less zeal, but as he then a quarter of a mile of Richmond, he re- thought with more discretion, started a sided during the five weather, until in dependant of his own, the Rev. Mr. K. consequence, first of a dispute relative whose name has been since enshrined in to a young lady, which became public, the poetry of the celebrated Charles and then a law-suit for part of his lawn, Churchill, against the profane member which was claimed first by, and finally for Middlesex. " On this occasion," adjudicated to, the parish, his Grace at says a late writer,“ his Grace's chaplain, Jength withdrew wholly to Piccadilly, burning with all the fervour of holy zeal, unless, during his turn for waiting on imprudenily entered the lists with the the king, while his majesty resided at author of the North Briton, when sonne Windsor. But this also was precluded, of the many darts shot at the black gown in consequence of an event which will of this officious priest, glanced against be mentioned hereafter, when the duke the ermined robes of his noble patron." was entered on the list of the red-letlered It has already been binted, that in martyrology of Carleton-house, and ex. 1788-9, the subject of this memoir took cluded from all official communication part with the prince, and regularly voted, with St. James's. Indeed, it was full during the regency discussion, against time for his Grace to have retired Mr. Pitt, the great and all-powertil voluntarily, as the writer of this has minister of that day. The king's sudbeen pained at sceing him in the suite den recovery, reduced such of the of royalty at Windsor, toitering along tiers as had taken part with his Royal the terrace with his hat off, and exposing Highness, to a most disagreeable dilemna; his denuded temples and his cheeks, for the statesman just alluded to, into which seeined to flush with colour rather stead of a generous forbearance, secmed
han with health, to the keen searchings to consider the exercise of their acof an easterly wind, towards the latter knowledged righıs, as something only end of August !-and all this for a thou- a litile short of treason, being deemed sand a year, and the honour of being a worthy of incurring forfeiture of oftice lord of the bed-chamber on the part at least. Accordingly, the marquis of too, and in the person of a Scotch duke, Lothian was deprived of his regiment, marquis, earl, viscount; of an English and the duke of Queensberry of his post baron; a knight of the chistle; and the as lord of the bed.chamber. richiest spbject in Europe, in the cona- Fron that time to bis death, the duke modious article of ready money! lived in great retirement, and for the Tu consequence of his former otse.
most part occupied bis house in Picca. quiuustess, lie was honoured with the dilly alone. He had long before left green ribandia we also find bim, as is the curf, and disposed of his house at
Newmarket; his chief amuseinent now which made many of his neighbours rary arose out of a lasie for music, which, cautious lest they should purchase that like his old friend and countryınan, lord commodity at second-hand. Kelly, he had cultivated in early life, As to peculiarities of a harmless naand did nos relinquish but with his exist- ture, the subject of this memoir evinced Euce. Both of them may be said a great variety. Ile spent the greater * to have felt the ruling passion strong in part of his latter years at the south-cast death,” The one shone in the instru-, extremity of his parlour bow-window, mental; the other iu the vocal depart- where he sat eight or ten hours daily. Inent: the Scotch earl excelled on the That he might discern objects Diure findle; the Scotch duke displayed great distincily, both male and female, and taste in a song. Indeed, the latter was at the same time be shaded froin the a munificent patron of musicians, espe- light, a canvas blind was placed obliquely cially foreign ones, and in his house were at an angle of forty-five degrees. 'Beto be seen all the great singers wbu have hind him stood a servant out of livery, been attracted to this country in suc- who acted the part of a rwmenclator, cession by the reputation of its wealth and pronounced the names of such of during the last hali century.
the passengers as were of any distincThe gallantries of die duke have long tion. So uniforin was his Grace in ate been a feruile thene of raillery; but, tendance during certain fixed hours, this is an object with which we shail not and ut such long continuance of pracsully our pages. The care of his health tice, that a gentieman set out for India had lately been contided to the manaye. in quest of a tortune, and on his retura, ment of Pere Elisée, who is said to have alter ten years absence, accually found attended on LouisXV.during his declining bim fixed in the same spot! Ilis favourite years. His immense fortune, (no small poney was saduled every forenoon, and portion of which is supposed to have stationed until the day of his death, been obtained on the race.ground) af- nearly opposite the door, in constant forded at once the means of personal readiness, precisely at the same moment gratiớcation in respcet to himselt, and as formerly. generous interposition so far as con The duke of Queensberry, after a short cernod others. In regard to the first, tine illness, resigned all the vanilies of this lands, a good table, adınirable wines, live, at his house facing the Green Park, splendid carriages and liveries, with a on the 23 of December, 1810, in the multitude of servants, dressed in green 85th or guth year of bis age. and silver, were not wanting; and we
Dever been married, he of course neither have heard as to the second, that he leaves a widow nor children, either to Lestowed pensions on opera singers, bewail or to represent bim. His Grace gave 1000i. towards an election for seems to have fulfilled none of the great Westminster, and doubled that sumn in a duties of society, sell-preservation only very laudable manner, when a fund was excepted; and accordingly his name wit raised to supply the wants of the widows soon be forgotten by all but his legatecs, and orphans connected with the British unless in the equivocal Records of Chitto Navy.
ney the jockey, or in the less perishable It point of person his Grace was of volumes of Weatherby's Racing Calenthe middle size, neat, slim, and at an dar, early period of life, graceful and elegant. The dukedom is extinct; the earidom İlis nade for many years was the butt descends to sir Charles Douglas, of kilo at which men of wit slot their arrows, head, bart, with a portion of the estates; and his life the subject of a variety of another portion now appertains to the errors. In consequence of a speck in Buccleugh family, in consequence of one of his eyes, a ridiculous story pre- similar cutails; and as for the imniense sailed that he wore a glass one; he was personally, it is pretty widely diffused by supposed to apply veal cutlets every a will, of which this circumstance pernight, to preserve his complexion; and baps constitutos one of the chietincalso to make use of a milk-butt daily, rils.
• SCARCE TRACTS, WITH EXTRACTS AND ANALYSES OF
Il is proposed in future to devote a few Puges of the Monthly Magazine to the
Insertion of such Scarce Tracts as are of an interesting Nature, with the Use of which we may be favoured by our Correspondents; and under the same Head to
introduce also ihe Anulyses of Scarce und Curious Books. " The Ancient Common-Law Right of or usage of them: for, what is the
associating with the Vicinage in every power of the countie," so often mentiCounty, District, or Town, to support oned in the ancient law and statutes, but the Civil Mogistrate, in maintaining an armed association of the vicinage?the Peace. By Granville Sharp, esq. an association, from which no layman, M
AN being by nature a social from 15 to 60 years of age, was exempt.
creature, it is natural for him to See Lambard's Eirenarcha, third book, associate with his brethren and neigh- p. 316, title, “ Power of the Countie.” bours, for common detence against all That the justices of the peace, sheunjust violence; and such association be- rise, or under-sheriffe, ought to have the ing just and reasonable, as well as natu- aide and attendance of all the knightes, Tal, we have not only a right thus to asso- gentlemen, ycomen, labourers, servaunts, ciate, but are even bound to do it, by a apprentices, and villaines; and likewise branch of the common-law, which cannot of wardes: and that of other yong men legally be changed: for it is fixed upon that be above the age of xv. years; for all men, in their respective districts and all of that age are bound to have bar. countries, as an indispensable duty, by nesse by the statute of Winchester." " the law of nature and nations, that we See also in page 479 of the Eirenarcha, may become assisting" (says Cowel, tit. a farther testimony that the law requires 2.).“ both to our parents and country; all Jaymen not only to have arms, but and repel force and injury: and from also to be well exercised therein. See hence it comes," (says he,) that what- title “ Archerie." "If any man, being soever we do for the defence of our own
the queen's subject," (the author wrote bodies, is adjudged legal.” For which in the reign of Queen Elizabeth,) " and he cites Bracton, 1. i. c. 6. num. 7. So not have reasonable cause or impedia the author of Doctor and Student, in ment, and being within the age of 60 his second chapter, concerning the law of years, (except spirituall men, justices of nature and nations, and ithe law of rea- one bench or other, justices of assize, son, asserts, that, by the law of reason, and barons of the exchequer,) have not it is lawful to repel force with force; and a long.bow and arrowes readie in his that it is the right of every one" (fas est house, or have not used shooting thereunicuique se tueri, &c.)" to defend him- in;" (which is a clear command to be self and his property against unjust vio. exercised in arms ;)“ or have not, for lence." And again, in his fifth chap. every man-child in his house, (betweene ter, concerning the first foundation of 7 yeeres and 17 of age,) a bow and 2 English law, reason, he again repeats the shatis; and for every such, being above. maxim, that “it is lawful to repel force 17 yeeres, a bow and 4 shafts; or have with force for the defence of the body, not brought them up in shooting, &c. he due circumstances being observed." loses 6s. 8d. for each month." And, Now, as the laws of reason and nature under the saine head, he informs us, that,
are immutable, this natural right of as. if any man, above the age of 24 years, sociating for common detenice and peace, “ bave shot at any marke under eleven and the natural right of every individual score yards,” (viz. one furlong, or 220 to repel force with force, in deience of yards,)“ with any prick, shaft, or flight," himself and property, can never be an- he shall "* lose 6s. 84. for every shot." mulled by any act of parliament, but Also, “ if the inhabitants of any lowne must ever be esteemed as immutable bave not made and continued their butts rights of the common-law, and must al- as they ought to do,"_" lose 20s. for ways remain in force, unless the govern- every 3 moneths;" (Eirenarcha, 4 book, ment should unhappily cease to be legal, p. 178, 479;) for which he ciies 39 Hen. by setting aside the first foundations of VIII. c. 9. in which, indeed, the obliga. the law! Ancient statutes, however, tion for every man to have arms, and be though not the foundation of these riglies, exercised therein, is expressed still in yet bear ample testimony to the exercise stronger terms, viz.
" that butts be 1