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as if it had continued its full time in its artillery and musketry. There appeared silken case.
to be a deal of piety mingled with the Jan, 1811. J. M. FLINDALL. ceremony, and numberless were the times
that the congregation fell on their knees, For the Monthly Niagazine. muttered prayers, and counted their JOURNAL of a recent VOYAGE TO CADIZ, spring of beads. Nearly at the close of (Continued from vol. 30, p. 301.) the service I was surprised to observe a
January 25, 1809. man busily delivering to certain persons SHALL never have done saying some- one of those large wax flambeaux, to be I think aboure churches: Sortides nie new cathedral, as it is called, which I perhaps a hundred or inore to the condescribed to you the other day, there is vivados or guests who were the most another, wherein service is regularly per- distinguished in the procession ; when he formed. The building is very gloomy, had done, the ministers advanced from rather small, and excepting the principal the altar to the body of the church, and entrance, very little of the outside is to chaunted the requiem for the dead, The be seen. The door-way is loaded with Aambeaux were then fetched, and the a variety of sculptured marble, coats of people retired, I believe heartily glad to arms, cherubs, &c. The high altar is, as be released from so tedious a ceremony. usual, dazzling with gilded ornaments, The death of the count had been for and the walls crowded with pictured saints, mally noticed by the firing of minute-. hanging in darkness.
guns for several days after his demise, The occasion of my seeing it to-day, wbich was on the 30th of the last month. -arose from the circumstance of paying He was a man universally esteemned, but funeral honours to the memory of the his great age of eighty-two years bad nalate president of the Junta, Count Flo- turally rendered him incapable of supsida Blanca. The ceremony is called porting the fatigues and troubles attend. a function, a term applied by the Spaniardsing the important office he had just held to almost every public entertainment, as president of the Supreme Junta; but and answers to the French spectacle. as a name only has ofien great weight at
This function was attended by the the head of large assemblies, and the governor, the members of the Junta, the count being so highly venerated by thie magistrates of the city, the beads of the court party, he was, at the moment, various convents, foreign ambassadors, considered to be a fit person for their consuls, &c. the officers of the army and leader. .marine, several British naval and mili- The precipitate movement of the Sun tary officers, merchants, &c. who met at preme Junta in the last month from Mathe town-hall, and paraded through the drid to Aranjuez, their subsequent ree streets, which were lined by the volun. treat, and temporary dispersion, before teers, who stood with their arms reversed the central Junta at Seville could resume
The crowd of people was immense, its sitting, produced such an effeci on the windows and balconies were filled the count as to hasten his death. with beautiful females; but the greatest The uncertainty of their movements
order and silence prevailed, and added was then so great at this place, that the - to the solemnity of the occasion.
governor published an address to the On entering the church, I was struck people, saying that he was without inwith the vast blaze of light caused by an telligence of their residence, and that be innunierable quantity of large wax Ham-, did not, literally, know where to find ebeaux in massy silver and gold candlesticks," them; and our consul had not for twelve
some of then being eight or more feet in days received any advices from the Engheight; which were burning at the altar, lish ambassador, nor did he know where and around a temporary pyramidal mo- he was. Such was the scattered con. Dument, the front of which bore an in- fusion among the protectors of this counscription descriptive of the character of try! the count.
I was informed that Spain has scarcely i The service was chaunted, accom- to boast of another man who applied himpanied by very sublime music on an ore self so much for the good of his country gan, and a numerous orchestra of vocal as did Count Florida Blanca : he seemed
and instrumental performers, which lasted to wish to place it on a footing with the three hours wittiout the least intermis- other nations of Europe, in respect to. sion: during this time, at intervals, the the happiness of the people, by the just bells were colled amid the discharge of administration of the laws, and by the en
couragement of learning. He was also half way over, the atmosphere became the chief means of making the few good suddenly clouded, it rained a torrent, Toads that I am told are in Spain; and and the wind opposed us. The oars were he endeavoured to provide more accom- then used until we came near modation to the traveller at the inos or breakers, when all at once the boatmen ventas, than which worse cannot be ceased rowing, folded their arms, and found in Europe.
were silent. It was explained to us that I will extract from the Seville Gazette, at this moment we were crossing the bar, which I have received since I began this, which is always considered dangerous to a few paragraphs more descriptive of his pass, and that the sailors were praying, characier; it will give you an idea of according to invariable custom, when Spanish newspaper biography. “ The they get on it. I own I did not like this study and exercise of jurisprudence, in suspension of labour, for the breakers which he shewed his talents and exqui- were foaming around'us; and instead of site erudition, opened to him a career of the boatmen being careful to avoid ac. public employment, and the deserved cident, it should seem that by their neg. fame which he attained. His name, ac- lect they rather sought for it. companied every day by new honours ac- The English sailors often have a duck. quired in the delicate undertakings of ing when they go to Port St. Mary for tije crown, drew him from the narrow water; owing, no douit, to their not liinits of the tribunal; and he was ap- being acquainted with the bar; and it pointed by the wise choice of Charles Ill. has happened often since I have been to be minister plenipotentiary to the here; particularly the other day, when court of Rome, where his name and his Captain of the frigate, was politics will ever be indelibly established. conveying home some Spanish ladies The king called him from thence to be whom he had entertained on board his his first secretary of state, and to him ship; bis boat struck on the bar, it was are indebted the arts, sciences, industry, upset, and the cockswain was drowned. and all the branches of public felicity The captain, and his fair companions, which his beneficent hand had erected, were saved by the sailors, and soine boats and which twenty years of neglect, diso that put off from the shore, and landed orders, and anti-national tyranny, could amid the siniles of the Spaniards, who not destroy. The envy of the man, who imputed this circumstance to heresy. from a favourite became a despot, drove We entered the town by a flight of him from the court; but the count showed wooden steps, where there is a barrier that fortitude could not be separated attended by priests and otticers, who exfrom wisdom. Retired, but not forgot. ainine passports and search luggage : we ten, the count lived until the necessity paid a small fee, and went on. of the monarchy and a national voice soon surrounded by crowds of beggars; called him to Aranjuez to form the Sun and we could easily admit their impor. prenie Central Junta, of which he was tunities when we had walked through the chosen president. In this elevated situa. tion, he dedicated his care, bis zeal, Although a governor resides there, and and his patriotism, which the weight of it is an important place, being the first his years could not extinguish, to conso- that communicates immediately with the lidate the national representation, which interior from Cadiz, it is a most wretched was to save the country from the invasion dirty town, and almost deserted by the of the tyrant, and from the consequences male inhabitants; groupes of men, wo• of anarchy, more powerful and terrible men, and children, were basking in the than his arms. In Sevile is his tomb, sun in filth and misery. and with it remains the memory of the The surrounding country is rather pic. affectionate regards with which he left turesque, and interspersed with the verhis afflicted country, and the deceitful dure of the olive and the fir; gnantities world."
of vegetables and fruit are produced in January 28, 1809. the neighbourhood for the supply of CaThis morning I had a cruise in the bay, diz; but it bas no manufactures. Here and visited Port St. Mary, which is eight is an amphitheatre for the bull-fight, a miles across. My friend - accom- town-ball, (a large building of a mean appanied me, but we had a tedious passage. pearance) and a convent of Carthusian The morning was delightfully fine and friars. This fraternity is not numerous, the wind fair, (Fahrenheit was 66° at there being only about thirty now beeight o'clock'); but when we got about longing to the order. Their income is
considerable, and they are charitable, death in the streets by the populace, in but the institution is very rigid ; they are consequence of their ill behaviour, and forbidden to speak to any person, or to killing the sentry. The interference and each other; they eat no animal food, activity of the clergy alone restrained drink no wine, sleep on straw, and go them from massacring the whole of the bare-footed: we need not wonder there. prisoners in confinement; but the people fore that they are not more numerous. would not at first listen to the priests, and
We found out an inn, such as it was, they hatchered the French while they and the people knowing we were from were on their knees, unarmed, and bega Cadiz, tlocked around us enquiring for ging for mercy, confounding the innocent news ? and among other questions, whe- with those who were guilty of the tumult. ther we were English or Írish? A pos. But such is the hatred of the lower tilion, who was in the court, answered classes, at least to the French, and esa for us and said, we were Englishmen by pecially when they are sure of victory! our countenances, but not Christians! We left Port St. Mary soon after din. For you must know that the Irish, or ner, rather disappointed with the place, those under that name, are more highly as from the harbour we were disposed to respected than the English; the people expect seeing a handsome town, since the being carefully taught that all the Irish houses appeared so lofty, large, and are catholics. We of course left those' neatly white-limed. The wind had nove sages as soon as we could have something become contrary again, aud we were like a room provided for us alone; and three hours getting back to Cadiz, where *hich accommodation, dirty enough, we we arrived just in time to save ourselves had great difficulty to obiain. We or- from a night's lodging on board soine dered dinner, and were supplied with friendly ship, as the drum was beating nearly a dozen dishes or plaies, of dif- at the barrier, which would have been ferent meat, soup, oils, bouilli, fish, fruit, closed in a lew minutes. &c. and some good bottled London por- While we were returning, we observed ter, which is a great carity here, and costs a bustle among some boats in the bay, ac about 35. 6d. per bottle; we had a bottie a short distance from us; on enquiring of sherry wine also, and the whole did the cause of it, pur boatine' coolly replied net cost a doliar each.
that two sailors were terininating a dis· The master of the ino told us that the pute with knives; they were lounging at inhabitants were in hourly alarm lest the each other from their boats, while the French prisoners there, who had formed others were looking on; but we could part of Dupont's army, should break from not learn how the attray ended. On my their confinement, and massacre the in- remarking that English sailors would have habitants, as they were guarded only by referred to a more manly method, at a few volunteers; as had nearly been least, with their fists instead of tó so, the case a few days ago at Lebrita, a cowardly a one as theirs, they said, “Oh, town near this, when one hundred and but our method of fighting sooner shews twenty of the Frenchmen were put to which is the most valiant man,”
MEMOIRS AND REMAINS OF EMINENT PERSONS.
WEMOIRS of the ancient and noble Family twice in the arms, proves that in it a
of DOUGLAS; with a BIOGRAPHICAL subject had allied with the blood of the SKETCH of the LIFE of the late Most reigning monarch; while the double tres. Noble willIAM DOUGLAS, LORD DOU- sure, granted by lyon King at Arms, GLAS of Ambresbury in England, DUKE exactly as it is in the Royal Achieve. of QUEENSBERRY and DUMTRIES, EARL ment, in consequence of special orders of QUEENSBERAY, MARCH, RUGLEN,&c. from the sovereign, shews the favour in in Scotland, and KNIGHT of the most which it was held at a latter period. In ancient and inost noble Order of the short, so far as birth and antiquity may THISTLE.
be supposed at this enlightened period THE family of Douglas, so long illuse to convey greatness, the Douglasses asT
trious in the annals of Scotland, has suredly possess not only a fair clain, but. produced many great warriors and states- even hiyła pretensions. In them we men. The heart surmounted with a royal behoid a long train of illustrious ancesGrozn, assumed as a crest, and quartered tors, distinguished by the highest titles, 1.
connected with the most noble families transition, of the name. Thereto, accorde in Europe, in consequence of immediate ing to the custom of those early days; alliances with the greatest houses in was built a castle, England, Scotland, and France; and But to proceed to more modern times: matched no less than eleven times with in 1988, we find Archibald Douglas the royal house of Stuart. Nor have denominated, by an eloquent Scottish the sovereigns of these countries been historian, “ Austerus," exhibiting great sparing of their honours; for, in addition magnanimity in war, and what was then, to a dukedom, marquisate, and earle and even now is, still inore rare, great dom, in one portion of the United King- moderation after victory. He is styled dom, and a barony in another, we find “Duglassiæ Comes;” and we are cold, them also to have been dukes of Tue that in 1896, when king David, during renne, counts of Longueville, mareschals a convention of the states, at Perth, of France, &c. &c.
made the duke of Rothesay his son, and Whether this family originally mi. Robert his brother, dukes, he offered grated from the continent, or. inay be this title in vain to the head of the noble considered as in some respects indigenous family just alluded to. Here follows the to the soil, is not perhaps exactly known). text: Certain it is, that it became conspicuous “ Hic vani honoris titulus cum priin Scotland so early as 770, exactly two mum inter Scotos, magno ambitionis, hundred and ninety-six years before the nullo virtutis incremento est celebratus : Norman conquest. At that remote pe- nec cuiquam postea feliciter cessit. Coriod, there was no other mode than that mitem etium Duglussiæ rer voluit eodem of the sword to acquire illustration ; arts tilulo afficere, sed ille, ut erat severus, being then utterly unknown, eloquence constanter speciem supervacui honoris re* anpractised, commerce exhibiting only cusavit.” rude beginnings in the form of an inter- In 1420, we find another earl of change of unwrought commodities; Douglas of the name of Archibald, ina while arms alone, that is to say, the law vited into France by the dauphin, by of the strongest, afforded any pretension whom he was acknowledged " Dax Tua to superiority, or exbibited any claim to ronensis.” In 1430, Archibald V. was seward. It was to this then that the shut up in the same castle in the same family just alluded to, is indebted for its lake (Luch Leven) where Mary, in altera lands, its titles, and even its name. times, happened to be confined; he was
Those who inay be at the trouble, like at length liberated, and in a republican the author of this article, to read the speech addressed to the chancellor, ponderous but elegant folio edition of which is denominated a superba responthe learned and accoinplished Bu- sio,” he denounced both the reigning chanan, edited by Ruddiman, will there king and his competitor as tyrants; the ace that the Douglases occupied the elevation of neither of whom could prove bigbest stations in the state, were sur- serviceable to the state. We afterwards rounded by a numerous body of followe find his successors powerful enough coi ers, and sometimes attained even the contend with the Hamiltons, with whom rank of protector, under the appellation they at length intermarried; but in 1455, of Pro Rer. According to a remote one of them was obliged to take refuge tradition, the original ancestor towards in England. Under James IV. they the latter end of the eighth century, proved once more triumphant; for the having restored the fallen fortunes of bis earldom of Angus appears to have been king, by gaining a great victory, was re. annexed to their other titles. At a lat. warded, in compliance with the custom ter period, we perceive the head of this of those times, by a grant of land in the tribe or clan, nobly refusing to stear county of Lanark, most probably on the fidelity to Edward the First, who cast him banks of the stream at this day called into prison. The next heir, soon after the Douglas, or Douglas-water, which fought and overcame a body of English, pulls into the Clyde.* Thence we are told was derived the appellation, first of “ Duglassius, Douglas, cognomen Sco. tbe barony, and then, by a very common ticum in multas nobilissimas ec fortissimas
familias propagatum, quarum omnium olim « Post Baroniam est Glotsiana, (the princeps trac Duglassæ comes, eoque extincto Clyde.) Amnes nobiliores fundit: a læva Comes Angusiæ, postea ad Marchionis; ag Avennum, et Duglassem, qui in Glottam non ita pridem Ducis Duglassiæ dignationem decurrunt, &c.-Rerum Scor. lib. 1, 1.9, A. evectus." - Drop. Nom interpre. od fin. Buc.
during the feeble reign of his successor ; the Scotch parliament, on the accession in consequence of which, he re-conquered of Anne, we find him a secretary of his former possessions : and we behuld state. lle fell into disgrace, however, the family afterwards taking part with soon after, on which lie and his ad. Robert Bruce. During the reign of the herents joined the faction termed the infortunate, but too guilty, Mary, George squadrone volunte, which was supposed Douglas, earl of Morton, entered into capable at any time of rendering either the conspiracy against Rizzio, and acted of the other two parties preponderant. a most conspicuous part during those In 1705, however, when ihe union was unhappy times: in fine, some branch of resolved upon, boil lie and the earl of this family appears to have thenceforth Roxborough, each of whom possessed intermingled in all the intrigues, the con- great influence, and had numerous parspiracies, the tumults, and the wars, of tisans, were taken once more into favour; those days, during which, the chiefs and when that grand and most salutary seldom died in their beds; while the measure was achieved, chiefly by their great body of the people were condemned means, they were each rewarded with to spill their blood in quarrels from a dukedom. Accordingly, the latter which they could not possibly derive any became duke of Roxborough, in Scotprofit whatsoever.
land, while the former obtained the Eng. On the accession of James I. 10 the liste dukedom of Dover; he also exerthrone of England, che Douglases were
cised the office of third secretary of courted by that crafty moparch; and we state, was arsigred a pension of three find his majesty sumptuously entertained thousand pounds per annum, and bad at Drumlanrig, on his return to the south, the patronage of all Scotland confided to in 1617. This residence, sometimes his charge. termed a palace, gave a title to its pos- On his demise, lis eldest son, who in sessor, Chailes I. having created bim 1706 had been created earl of Solwav, viscount Drumlanrig, April 1, 1028 :
succeeded to the titles and estates; but he was afterwards made earl of Queens- the. bouse of lords would not adinit him berry, June 13, 1633. His second son, to a seat, in right of his English peerage, sir Williain Douglas, of Kilhead, was
as it was then deemed contrary to the created a baronet in 1663; and from hiin articles of Union, although this has been is descended the heir to, and now the since decided otherwise. By George l. possessor of, the earldom.
that same nobleman was nominated a Meanwhile, on the death of the first lord of the Led-chainber. By George II. William, the second earl displayed great he was appointed vice-admiral of Scot. loyalty to Charles I. on which account land; and in 1762, received from he suffered many bardships. On bis George III. the valuable office of demise, in 1671, Williain, the third lord justice-general of Scotland. But carl, made a conspicuous figure as a such is the influence of literature, that statesinan during the reign of Charles II. the patronage which bis duchess lady by whom he was nominated justice- Catharine Hyde, daughter of llevry earl general. By Jaines II. he was created, of Clarendon and Rochester, bestowed first, marquis in 1632; and in 1684, on Gay the poet, will be recollected duke of Queensberry; before which perhaps when the wealth of the Dou. period, he obtained the post of lord glases shall have been dissipated; their Treasurer of Scotland: according to viles have become extinct, and their Burmet, he was attached to despotic boasted ancestry is forgotten : so much principles, and" loved to be absolute and more grateful in the eyes of posterity is direct every thing."
the odour of one generous action, calo Jamés, the second duke, either per- culated to relieve genius from penury, ceiving the falling fortunes of the bouse than the unavailing boast of wealth, thie of Stuart, or being actuated by far dif- pompous profusion of titles, and all the Terent principles from the rest of his fa- vaio pretensions of blood ! mily, advocated the cause of William IJI. On the death of the duke, without is. and, in consequence of this, was taken sue (having survived two earls of Druminto favour; for be obtained the office of lanrig, his tirst and second sons,) Oclord privy seal, and became one of the tober 22, 1778, the titles and entailed extraordmary Fords of session, and a estates devolved on his colateral leir knight of the garter, in successioni. male, whose life is the subject of the Having exhibited great talents, or at least present memoir. William, eart of great adroitness, in the management of March, who, without the wii, seems to MonjuLY Mac, No. 209.