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To the Editor of the Monthly Magazine. The Cave of Punishment is next de SIR,

scribed. At its entrance the Furies : А

MONG the papers of a valued friend in sentry see these haggard crones, whose has been found the following analysis

brows of Scott's Human Life, a poem of the last Rude locks o'erhang, a frown their forehead half century, which is now but little read,

plows; and which is, in fact, a versified and em. High brandishing her lash, with stern rebellished translation of the celebrated gard Greek Picture of Cebes, the model of so Stands Punishment, an ever-waking ward; many modern allegories. Dr. Johnson, While sullen Melancholy mopes behind, in his Vision of Theodore, has profusely Fix’d, with her head upon her knees reclin'd ; borrowed fruin it; and to Aibin's Hill of And, frantic with remorseful fury, there Science it has perhaps, though less obvi- Fierce Anguish stamps, and rends her shaggy


hair. ously, furnished some hints. poem, if elegant, is diffuse and tedious; Loud Lamentation, wild Despair, are also but, as its moral tendency entitles it to personified; and to some of these the caplasting respect, it may possibly be wela tive is consigned, come to your readers to possess a con- Unless, rare guest, Repentance o'er the gloom sise sketch of its contents.

Diffuse her radiance, and repeal his doom. The poem introduces certain strangers, In this case, the hand-maids of Truth, who are are ushered into a Theban tem"ple, where votive offerings were suspendo him to True Wisdom, who is sometimes

Right Opinion, and Good Desire, lead ed, and whose attention is drawn by a tablet, designed for a picture of Human personated by False Philosophy. Lise. It represented a walled coort, distinctive marks the true can be known

The strangers now enquire by what whence rose another; and higher still, a

from the counterfeit Wisdom. Their re. third. At the gate of the nether area a

gard is directed to the second court, in vast crowd seemed to wait. A hierophant approaches the strangers, Here are assembled wrangling sophists,

which is pourtrayed the Studious Life. and, after a short preliminary address, fanciful poets, laborious pedants; expounds to them the delineation. The “natal" gate, represents the num

All, who in learned triftes spin their wit, bers thronging into mortal lite. On one Or comment on the works by triflers writ. side the good genius of mankind exhibits In the walks of this academic court the code of Reason and Delusion, on the certain active and bewitching females are other offers a bowl, whence all drink, present, who resemble lewd'harlots, and some to final excess, others but taste, who frequently entangle Art, Wit, and Jess erring and less blind.

Reason, in their toils; until awakened tu a He then proceeds to describe the first sense of their condition, the seduced shall court, or the Sensual Life, with its attende have found ant moral. The Desires, Pleasures, and Th’exalted way to Truth's enlightened ground: Opinions, entice with powerful charms the unguarded mind.' Happy those and, having quaffed her cathartic, are whom Wisdom tutors, and consigns to cleansed, healed, and saved. Yet, by right opinions.

loitering here, they are still in danger of The strangers then behold a globe on

degeneracy. which stands Fortune, blind, frantic, and

The strangers now ask the faithful road, deaf, whose tottering and unstable ball, Which mounts us to the joys of Truth's do when most trusted to, is most likely to

bode. deceive the footstep. Fortune is adored, A strait and lonely gate is pointed out, or carst, by her various suitors, according its avenue a rugged rocky soil ; beyond to their success.

the wicket rises the craggy mountain of Their attention is next directed to the Difficulty: garden of Sensuality. Here

each edge a brink Sin her powerful spells employs ;

Whence to vast depth dire precipices sink. See Lewdness, loosely zon'd, her bosom bares; Two sister figures stand on the mountain, See Riot her luxurious bowl prepares. Continence and Patience, stationed there

There stands Avidity, and dimpling by Wisdom, to urge on her sons. These Adulation-all in watch for prey; while generous guides, swist desceoding, draw the prodigal, bereft at length of all re- up their trembling charge, “ with their own source, are left in the dire gripe of Pue force his panting breast they arm," and asuislament,

sist his progress along the road to Virtue,


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whose blissful land is freed from the an- fund, laid the foundation of the evils noyance

which followed ; these have rendered the Of thorny evil, or perplexing fear.

machinery so very complex, that very few,

even of the lawyers themselves, understand The third court, or the Virtuous Life, the subject. The number oi legal deciis now to be examined by the strangers. sions of the superior counts upon SettleLofty groves, and delicious bowers, en

ment Cases, from the Quarter Session, circling a luminous enamelled meadow, form as complete a code of laws for beare there depicted: these are the abode wildering and contounding the judgment, of all the Virtues, and of Happiness, as ingenuity could suggest., whose palace, encircled by a golden wall, This statute, in the same breath in has a gate of diamond.

which it announced a great national prins Hence are expelled Blindness and Error, ciple, crippled and bound it in swaddling, and high-boasting Pride, Inteinperance, clothes, by declaring, that every parish Lust, Wrath, Avarice, and all the Plagues should maintain its ou n poor; for, questiwhich, in the first court, oppressed the ons arising who where to be considerell pupil. On his admission, the Virtues

as the poor of the parish, several acts afapproach to hail their enraptured guest. terwards passed to ascertain them. To See Knowledge grasping a refulgent star; enter into the detail would be tedious; but See Fortitude in panoply of war;

from the multiplicity of statutes and de-, Justice lier even scale aloft displays,

cisions, the settlement of the poor now And rights both huinan and divine she weighs. depends upon ten distinct general heads: There Moderation, Liberality, Temper. Birth, Apprenticeship, Certificate, Estate, ance, Meekness, Probity, attend to lead Hiring und Sertice, Murriage, Office, Purtheir votary to Happiness, the rewarder of chuse, Rating, and Renting a Tenement. the just.

Funds destined to the relief of the languid They are then directed to a lofty castle. and distressed, have been dissipated in This majestic pile extends its front above attempting to remove the burtben of a bill, whose boundless prospect com- maintenance from limits, in which the unmands the courts below. Within the happy wanderer sought shelter. porch, high on a jasper throne, sits Hap- For more than two centuries have the piness, the imperial mother, who adorns poor been driven up and down, often afher hero with a starry crown,

ficted with disease and infirmity, to the

honourable meed imminent danger of life. Let us imagine Of conquests won by many a valiant deed.

a poor woman just delivered of a child, The curiosity of the strangers enquires deserted by her husband, and cast upon what conquests. They learn that these the parish, waiting for the Doctor's cer. were of the moral kind: that be had sub- tificate of her being sufficiently recovered dued the Bad Habits, formidable beasts, to be removed to a distanit settlement to which he was once a weak prey, nearly in an inclement season. Upon such ocdevoured; until rouzed from his sloth, he casion, an appeal to the passions may be attacked them and curbed with a power- fairly allowed, for it is only by arousing ful chain. The hierophant describes the feelings, we hope to meliorate the these foes of mankind, Error, Ignorance, condition of the poor. Impatience, Incontinence, Avarice, and National protection is not confined to numbers more; and again panegyrizes, as locality, nor can the pauper receive a bet, man's proper bliss, independent of power ter or cheaper maintenance, by transporto and wealth, a self-approving conscience, ing him to a place of settlement near 200 the true substantial peace.


If the desire for reform be sincere, we To the Editor of the Monthly Magazine, must not affect alarm at novelty in praca SIR,

tice, convinced by experience of the utter EFORE the destruction of monas. insufficiency of particular systems: to suftection of the church, afterwards commits against the light, and sinning against conted to parish-officers; and the very excellent viction. To meliurate what is false, is a principle established by the statute of vain attempt; radical defects may be reElizabeth, for their food, clothing, and em- moved, but never admit of improvemente, ployment, was only deleated by the mode Many laws have passed; and as many thouadopted for enforcing it--the principle , gands pursuing the same plan, would be was national; the practice, parochial. equally fruitless. What is the cause of the Limiting the burthen to a inere parocbial removal? the answer is, to get rid of the




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burthen Then let the fund be national, county treasurer; the latter, in like man-
and instantly vanish parish removals, ner, receive from, or pay to, the national
appeals, certificates, and settlement treasurer. The accounts of district trea.
cases, with all the miserable train of end- surers certified to the county treasurers,
less litigation upon questions of no other those of the latter to the national tren.
importance, than as the poor man's natu- surer: deficiency in the national treasury
rai liberty is abridged, and to encourage provided for by the ensuing raie. Disa
a practice which obstructs labour, and is tricts, guilty of wanton excess in expen-
therefore at once an injury to the state diture, chargeable with it.
and an aggravation of distress. Treat- 5th. Paupers not removable without
ing the poor as the children of a particular their consent; and all reinovals with such
district, is a pelty expedient; and this consent, at the public expence, subject
forsooth, because it was the place where to the discretion of the Board of Gover-
their parents were born, or casually resi-
ded. Is not the king intitled to their 6th. The Boards may convert parish
allegiance, as members of the state; and workhouses, or any othec parochial buil-
are they, on account of poverty, to be ex- ding, into temporary lodginys for them
ciuded from the ordinary pale of pro- within the district, and out of the savings
tection, and to be imprisoned within their may erect schools of industry, purchase
own parish? The enjoyment of natural materials and implements for their em.
liberty, not incompatible with public plovment, appoint officers, and make
safety, night be allowed as their consola- weehiy allowances to each pauper, or
tion-Their country should be their set- family, according to the numbers.
tlement, the nation their guardians. 7th. All beggars to be apprehended

In order to economy, the plan must be and conveyed before the governors, who
simple and universal. Under the fostering should commit them to hard labor to the
hand of national protection, the poor House of Correction within the district,
would feel that they have a home to tight ar for the county, for one week: for every
for, a country to defend. This grand ob- subsequent offence, the quantum of the
ject accomplished, the vessel of state, preceding punishment doubled.
although on a dangerous sea, in a tempest, 8th. The Boards to make other regula-
may yet brave the storm; but when every tions necessary to forward the general
heart and hand are wanted in the steer- plan, and to carry the law into execu.
age, leave none to perish on the rocks, tion.
nor unprotected after her arrival in port,

1st. Establish a national fund by an For the Monthly Magazine. equal annual pound-rate on all visible On the COMPULSIVE BINDING-OUT OF property throughout the country; the POOR CHILDREN APPRENTICES, without hrst not exceeding the average of the pre- their own, or the consent of their

2d. Establish Boards of Governors, HAVE omitted longer than I could applicable as near as may be to an equal number of inhabited houses; one in the an apprentice a child to a great distance most extensive parish; and where two or from the father by compulsion. more are of nearly an equal extent, they If proper persons can be found in the may for this purpose be joined, under the same parish, they ought certainly to be direction of the Quarter Session).

preferred. 3d. Justices resident within the divie The act of binding-out a child, without sion, qualified for governors, to act with either its own

consent or that of its six others, returned by the division, parents, tends so much to violation of chosen by ballot: each person assessed, to humanity and natural right, without

sent rates.


I have listed, the career binding-car as

which there is no true policy, that it 4th. Appoint three sets of treasurers, ought to be most strictly watched. It for promptitude in payments, and to depends on 43 Eliz. c. 2. § 5, which facilitate reimbursements to districts is the foundation of the English system and counties in which the expenditures of the Poor Laws. I cannot say that I may have exceeded their respective quo- think this the best part of it. By this tasa treasurer for each district, a coun- act, a male child, if it appear that bois ty and a national treasurer; the rates parents are not able to maintain it, payable to the treasurer of the district; either the child or they being chargeable declare the balance annually; let him ac- to the parish, may be bound out to Bordingly receive frum, or pay to, the twenty-one, and a lewale to twenty-one,


cease to exist.

or marriage, by the parish-officers, with excite painful associations, or any strong the assent of tivo justices, to be appren- emotion. tices where they siiall see convenient. The tranquillising power of music is no

And it has been determined, that both new idea. li is a fact of repeated expejustices must be present, for that it is a rience, more or less observed in every judicial* act, and not merely ministerial; age and country; and whether we regard they being bound to exercise their best that assemblage of sensative powers, deliberation as to the fitness of the per- which, we call our body, or that active son, the place, and the employınent, to energy which we denominate mind, the which the apprentice is to be bound.' It salutary and benign influence of harmowould be void, if they were not both nious sound appears every way conforiapresent at the binding their assent is able to Nature. not formal, but necessary; and they are

Noo. 22, 1810.

CAPEL LOFFT, bound to withhold it if they see any reasonable objection.

To the Editor of the Monthly Magazine, It is manifest that convenient means SIR, that is últing, (xabner) in every view. I ject of the present war taken up by

WAS the subThe circums:ances of the case must be peculiar and clear, and very strongly your correspondent, “A True Briton;" proved, that would justify binding-out to and I further hope that it will be re a very great distance from the dwelling sumed in every succeeding Magazine, till of the child, or of the parent; much the thing itselt, melancholy and distresmore from almost one side of the island ing in every point of view, shall wholly to the other.

If an evident abuse of power should in Descriptions of this kind, in order to any such case be dietected, the justice leave behind them a due impression on would, of course, be criminally answer- the reader's mind, should be as brief as able; either by indictment or informa. possible; and therefore I shall instantly tion, according to the circumstances; or proceed to answer your correspondent's the father might bring an action of spe- questions. cial trespass on the case.

1. What are the English fighting for? The binding-out of apprentices at the I was about to amend this interrogaage of ten years, under 3 Anne, c. 6, tory, and to make it compelled to is certainly an exceedingly strong iné fight for," till I recollected that, from the stance of legislative interference. most artful means that perhaps have P.S. Where an incorporated hundred in.

ever been practised, the very people terfered to bind-out a child to service, with themselves have been deluded into a out consent of the child, the legislature not belief in the justice and necessity of the having entrusted them with such a power, it measure. Indeed, a very considerable met with the strongest reprehension from portion of the public, in the various Lord Chief Justice Ellenborough.

shapes of loan-mongers, contractors, I should greatly doubt the validicy of a arniy.agents, newspaper editors, taxbinding under either Act, where the child gatherers, yun-smiths, gun-powder merwas not present at the binding for how chants, and merchants of all kinds, are otherwise are the justices to judge of its ftness to be bound as proposed.

most materially benefited by a continu.

ation of the war. The wild beasts too ILLNESS MITIGABLE BY MUSIC.

at the City Menagerie, the Stock

Exchange, incessantly grunting In a late illness, which has been and is the subject of public solicitude, I take against peace, or roaring for eternal war, the liberty of intimating, and especially inuocent mci.

that they may satten on the carcases of

All the jubilee tribe too considering the habitual predilection of the sufferer for the highest compositions and there is some reason to fear that

are greatly interested on this occasion; in that divine art, that the disorder may they, or their descendants, will celebrate be at least considerably alleviated, and another jubilee for the fiftieth year of the possibly even removed, by music; mean

Even a branch of the constitution ing, assaredly, music of the slow, soft, itself, the chief member of which we deand soothing, kind. In the selection, clare, and indeed happily know to be care would of course be taken, if it should be thought adviseable to try its incapable of doing wrong, might be ininfluence, to avoid every thing likely to

plicated in the suspicion of being inTerested in the profils of the war, if we

did not likewise know that all the proT. 29, E. III. K. v. Hams tall Ridwaes. fits, or droits, as they are legally termed,




were generously applied towards the the concerns of the state, or in sober re-
reduction of the public expences, or in flection on the miscries that await thein :
rewarding the merits and services of eini. and fourthly, though not lastly, by any
pent characters. But to return to the means, from the terror that almost every
question: it is to gratily all the above honest individual feels of the conse-
classes, with the last exception; it is to quences to his interest, from any resist-
humour and adıninister 10 the spleen ance to the principles of those on whoun
and malice of clumsy, baffled, and dis. they may have dependance.
appointed, ministers, against a successful Liverpool, Nov. 8, 1810. Z.
toe, who has by their rueans alone been
elevated to his present height of glory To the Editor of the Monthly Magazine.
and pre-eminence; it is to satisfy their SIR,
unquenchable thirst after power and


N the Life of Mr. Beddoes, lately patronage, that we are still pursuing a published by me, an accidental error hopeless and indetinite contest, and that has been detected, which I should be we are bleeding at every pore.

happy to avail myself of the mediuni of 2. What have been the motives and your Magazine to correct. objects of those persons who are the pro- From the account given at page 389, moters and abertors of this war?

it would appear as it Dr. Craufuird bad Their motives and objects are to enrich expressed a wish that further advice themselves and their adherents at the should be called in, when the alarming public espence; to accumulate all the change had already taken place, which wealth, and consequently the power, of so shortly preceded Dr. Beddoes's disa the country into their own hands; and solution. The fact however is, as I have by the continuance of a war of unex. since been informed, that this wish was ampled expenditure, and which has cre- expressed not by Dr. Craufuird, but by ated taxes to an amount unknown in any some members of the family, and, though other time or country, to extinguish the complied with on his part, was accoinmiddle classes of society, and to depress panied by a remark that it must necesthat spirit of independance which, by sarily be useless. J. E, STOCK. constitutional exertions, could alone de- Bristol, Dec. 19, 1810. feat their purposes.

3. How are we to account for the ap- For the Monthly Magazine. parent apathy and indifference of the On CONTINENTAL SUBSTITUTES to great mass of the people to the destruc

medy the SCARCITY of SUGAR. tive, impoveristring, and truly calamitous,

By a Germun. effects of this long-protracted war! The THE still-repeated attempts of the answer is variously—as 1. From the gross people of the Continent to find out and general corruption of the times. some tolerable substitute for West India 2. From the selfishness of the commer- sugar, evidently proves that those cial part of the community, which, whilst already discovered, are not fully satisit maintains by means of war carried on factory, and that all the improvements at the expence of others, a proud pre- and refinements of art and science have eininence in wealth, feels not for the

not been able to supply the obvious dedistresses of those who are ruined by the ficiency of this almost indispensable arwar, and its unjust and unequal pressure. icle to the comfort of life, to which

3. From the monopoly of wealth in the greatest part of Europe is condemnthe hands of a few persons, and the con- ed, by the stubbornness of a tyrannic sequent interest which those persons usurper. The endeavours of Dr. Achard have, and the unfortunate power they to procure it from turnips, &o. are too possess, of governing and deludirig others. old and too well-known to need to be

4. From the interest which the nume. mentioned. 'Two other experiments rous classes of individuals adverted to in seem about to sbare the same fate. the answer to question 1, bave in the

]. M. Parmentier's Syrup of Grapes, prosecution and continuance of the war. - This syrup was at first so much apo

5. From the great mass of the people proved of in the south of France, that in themselves being driven from necessity the autumn of 1808 nearly 200,000 cwt. to get money by every means in their

were made, each valued at 100 franks, power, whether honest or otherwise; and it was called Sirop de Parmentier, from the consequent destruction of the to declare the common sentiments of moral principle, as well as of the means, gratitude entertained towards its inand even time, to occupy themselves in

ventor. In the month of December,



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