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HGravelot in & del Vol: 2.P:345.

GVander Gucht scul

THE

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TAMING

OF THE

SHRE W.

Characters in the Induction...

A

Hoftefs.

Lord, before whom the Play is fuppos'd to be play'd.
Chriftopher Sly, a drunken Tinker.

Page, Players, Huntsmen, and other Servants attending on the Lord.

Dramatis Perfonæ.

Baptifta, Father to Catharina and Bianca; very
Vincentio, an old gentleman of Pifa.

rich.

Lucentio, Son to Vincentio, in love with Bianca. Petruchio, a gentleman of Verona, a fuitor to Catha

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Grumio, Servant to Petruchio.

Pedant, an old fellow fet up to perfonate Vincentio.

Catharina, the Shrew.

Bianca, her Sifter.

Widow.

Taylor, Haberdashers; with Servants attending on Baptifta, and Petruchio.

SCENE, fometimes in Padua ; and fometimes in Petruchio's Houfe in the Country.

THE

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THE

TAMING of the SHREW.

INDUCTION: SCENE, before an Alehoufe on a Heath.

Enter Hoftefs and Sly.

SLY.

LL pheeze you, in faith.

Hoft. A pair of ftocks, you rogue! Sly. Y'are a baggage; the Slies are no rogues. Look in the Chronicles, we came in with Richard Conqueror; therefore, paucus pallabris; (1) let the world flide: Seja.

Hoft. You will not pay for the glaffes you have burst? Sly. No, not a deniere: go by, Jeronimo

to thy cold bed, and warm thee. (2)

go

Hoft.

(1) paucus pallabris.] Sly, as an ignorant Fellow, is purpofely made to aim at Languages out of his Knowledge, and knock the words out of Joint. The Spaniards fay, pocas palabras, i. e. few words: as they do likewife, Ceffa, i. e. be quiet. (2) Go by S. Jeronimy, go to thy cold Bed, and warm thee.] All the Editions have coin'd a Saint here, for Sly to swear by.

But

Hof. I know my remedy; I must go fetch the Third-borough. (3)

Sly. Third, or fourth, or fifth borough, I'll anfwer him by law; I'll not budge an inch, boy; let him come, and kindly. [Falls afleep.

But the Poet had no fuch Intentions. The Paffage has parti cular Humour in it, and must have been very pleafing at that time of day. But I must clear up a Piece of Stage hiftory, to make it understood. There is a fustian old Play, call'd, Hieronymo; Or, The Spanish Tragedy: which, I find, was the comnon But of Rallery to all the Poets of Shakespeare's Time: and a Paffage, that appear'd very ridiculous in that Play, is here humourously alluded to. Hieronymo, thinking himself injur'd, applies to the King for Justice; but the Courtiers, who did not defire his Wrongs fhould be fet in a true Light, attemp to hinder him from an Audience.

Hiero. Justice, oh! juftice to Hieronymo.

Lor. Back;: - fee'st thou not, the King is bufie?
Hiero. Oh, is he fo?

King. Who is He, that interrupts our Business?

Hier. Not 1:

Hieronymo, beware; go by, go by. So Sly here, not caring to be dun'd by the Hostess, cries to her in Effect, "Don't be troublefom, don't interrupt me, go by "; and, to fix the Satire in his Allufion, pleafantly calls her Fero

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(3) Sly. Third, or fourth, or fifth Borough, &c.] This corrupt Reading had pafs'd down through all the Copies, and none of the Editors pretended to guess at the Poet's Conceit. What an infipid, unmeaning Reply does Sly make to his Hoftefs? How do third, or fourth, or fifth Borough relate to Headborough: The Author intended but a poor Witticism, and even That is Joft. The Hoftefs would fay, that he'll fetch a Constable and this Officer the calls by his other Name, a Third-borough: and upon this Term Sly founds the Conundrum in his Answer to her. Who does not perceive, at a fingle glance, some Conceit ftarted by this certain Correction? There is an Attempt at Wit, tolerable enough for a Tinker, and one drunk too. ThirdBorough is a Saxon-term fufficiently explain'd by the Glossaries: and in our Statute books, no farther back than the 28th Year of Henry VIIlth. we find it fed to fignify a Constable.

I must go fetch the Headborough.

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