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But the Samaritans were not only of a different stock from the Jews; the two nations were at enmity with each other.

It appears, then, that the enmity of any persons, or of any nations of men, against ourselves, has no effect in removing them from the class of our neighbors; we must still love them, and treat them as our friends. In short, the term "neighbor," in this comprehensive law, extends, under the gospel, without any kind of exception, to the whole family of our fellow-men. "The Lord," said the apostle to the Thessalonians, "make you to increase and abound in love one towards another, and towards ALL MEN."

Minor Works, sect. ix.


I cannot entirely agree in the opinion of those persons who complain of the many hours, in each passing day, which are devoted, in most of our schools, to Latin and Greek. True, indeed, it is, that a number of modern languages, and various branches of philosophy and science, appear at first sight to present superior claims, in point of utility; but I believe that no man who has imbibed, at school, an accurate knowledge of Latin and Greek, will regret the hours which have been devoted to the pursuit. Not only will he find the polish of classical literature a real advantage, and its treasures worth enjoying; not only will his acquaintance with these languages facilitate the acquirement of others; but the habits of study which he has obtained in the pursuit, will have given him a mastery over learning, which he will afterwards find it easy to apply to any of its departments.

There is, however, another principle against which this diffusive system offends; it is that a little knowledge, of an exact and perfect character, is more valuable, for practical purposes, than much superficial learning. We mostly find that success in the world, and particularly in the walks of literature, depends upon a deep and accurate acquaintance with some particular object of pursuit or inquiry, far more than on extent and variety. By too widely spreading our efforts, we are very sure to hinder our progress.

It is essential that our children should be early instructed in the all-important lesson of learning what they do learn, well. If we sacrifice this object to a mere spread of information, we shall inflict an injury on their minds, which, in all probability, will be found incurable. A child who from day to day is allowed to be inaccurate

"Resolve, and keep your resolution; choose, and pursue your choice. If you spend this day in study, you will find yourself still more able to study to-morrow; not that you are to expect that you shall at once obtain a complete victory. Depravity is not very easily overcome. Resolution will sometimes relax, and diligence will sometimes be interrupted; but let no accidental surprise or deviation, whether short or long, dispose you to despondency. Consider these failings as incident to all mankind. Begin again where you left off, and esdeavor to avoid the seducements that prevailed over you before."-JOHNSON.

and superficial in construing his Latin lesson will be prone to act in the same manner with respect to the other branches of his learning, and his carelessness will even extend to his play. But these are only the smaller parts of the mischief. The bad habit of inaccuracy, once formed, will infect his mode of conversing, undermine his attention to truth, and weaken him in his moral duties; nay, it will follow him to the place of public worship, and mar the early fruits of his religion and piety.

The principle, that whatsoever children learn, they should learn exactly, is of equal importance whether their lessons be addressed to the memory, or to the understanding. If the business in hand is to get by a rote a passage in the Latin grammar, or the declensions of a Greek verb, that business ought not to be passed over until it is perfectly accomplished. The memory must not be oppressed by too large a demand upon its powers; but the short and easy lesson must be so learned as to be repeated without a fault and without difficulty. If, on the other hand, the tutor's object is to explain a rule in grammar, he must take care so to handle the subject as to leave the understanding of his pupil in a condition of perfect clearness.

When an eminent person, remarkable for his achievements in science, eloquence, and business, was asked by what means he was enabled to effect so much, he answered, "By being a whole man to one thing at a time." This is an expedient to which our young people ought to be familiarized even from their childhood. If their attention is scattered and divided, nothing will be learnt effectually, or executed well; but, if they put forth their native energy to each object in succession-if they bestow their whole minds, first (for example) on their Scripture reading; secondly, on their classical lesson; thirdly, on their arithmetic or geometry; and fourthly, on their game of trap-ball or cricket-every thing in its turn will be mastered; and by the whole process the mind itself will be greatly strengthened.

A second rule which this person mentioned as having been of great use to himself, was never to lose the passing opportunity—a rule which, like the former, is closely connected with the faculty of attention. Our young people should be taught to be always alive to the circumstances which surround them; and, in the only good and happy sense of the term, to be time-servers. It is desirable that they should be observant not only of their books, but of all things not sinful which meet their perception, in the passing scenery of life. By this means they will greatly increase their store of knowledge, and will be gradually prepared for usefulness in their day and generation.

The well-known tale of the two lads who took the same walk in succession, the one seeing nothing, the other



apt illustration of the advantage of an observing eye, and of the blank occasioned by its absence. In an especial manner ought our children to be led, both by precept and example, to be attentive readers of the book of nature; to delight in her charms; to examine her wonders; to investigate, even for their amusement, her animal, vegetable, and mineral kingdoms, and to trace the hand of God in every thing!

Thoughts on Habit and Discipline.


ESTEEMED FRIEND: My narrative respecting the British West India Islands being now brought to a close, I will take the liberty of concentrating and recapitulating the principal points of the subject, in a few distinct propositions:


I. The emancipated negroes are working well on the estates of their old masters. The evidence of this fact, contained in the foregoing letters, is, I hope, clear and ample. We find that, in Jamaica, wherever the negroes are fairly, kindly, and wisely treated, there they are working well on the properties of their old masters; and that the existing instances of a contrary description must be ascribed to causes which class under slavery, and not under freedom. it not, however, be imagined that the negroes who are not working on the estates of their old masters are on that account idle. Even these are in general busily employed in cultivating their own grounds, in various descriptions of handicraft, in lime-burning or fishing-in benefiting themselves and the community through some new, but equally desirable medium. Besides all this, stone walls are built, new houses erected, pastures cleaned, ditches dug, meadows drained, roads made and macadamized, stores fitted up, villages formed, and other beneficial operations effected; the whole of which, before emancipation, it would have been a folly even to attempt. The old notion that the negro is, by constitution, a lazy creature, who will do no work at all except by compulsion, is now for ever exploded.

II. The personal comforts of the laboring population, under freedom, are multiplied tenfold. In the first place, they are no longer suffering under the perpetual feeling of compulsion; they are enjoy ing the pleasures of independence-the whip, the bilboes, the treadwheel are all withdrawn. And, secondly, their dress and diet are, both of them, very greatly better than they used to be, under slavery. They are constant customers now at the stores of the hosier, the linen-draper, the tailor, the shoemaker, and the grocer; of which delightful fact, we find both a sure evidence and a happy consequence in the vast increase-almost the doubling-of imports. Bread and meat are now commonly eaten by them. Remember



their beautifully neat appearance at our meetings; their handsome wedding-dresses; the eggs consumed for their wedding-cakes; the wine, in their cottages, freely bestowed on weary pilgrims; their boots and shoes, which they are so much afraid of spoiling in the mud; the mules and horses, on which they come riding to their chapels; their pic-nic dinners, their social feasts of temperance and freedom. Above all, remember their thriving little freeholdstheir gradual, but steady accumulation of wealth. Wherever they are fairly treated, the laborers of Jamaica are already most favorably circumstanced. Teach them to improve the structure, arrangement, and furniture of their cottages; and to exchange all items of finery and luxury for substantial domestic convenience-and it will be in vain to seck for a better-conditioned peasantry in any country of Europe.

III. Lastly, The moral and religious improvement of this people, under freedom, is more than equal to the increase of their comforts. Under this head, there are three points, deserving, respectively, of a distinct place in our memories. vast extent of elementary and Christian education-schools for First, the rapid increase and infants, young persons, and adults, multiplying in every direction. Secondly, the gradual but decided diminution of crime, amounting, in many country districts, almost to its extinction. Thirdly, the happy change from habits of a most licentious character. But while these three points are confessedly of high importance, there is a fourth, which at once embraces and outweighs them all-I mean the diffusion of vital Christianity. I know that great apprehensions were entertained-especially in this country-lest, on the cessation of slavery, the negroes should break away at once from their masters and their ministers. while their masters have not been forsaken, their religious teachers But freedom has come, and have become dearer to them than ever. liberty, the churches and meeting-houses have been enlarged and Under the banner of multiplied, the attendance has become regular and devout, the congregations have in many cases been more than doubled-above all, the conversion of souls (as we have reason to believe) has been going on to an extent never before known in these colonies. In a religious point of view, as I have before hinted, the wilderness, in many places, has indeed "begun to blossom as the rose." stead of the thorn," has "come up the fir-tree; and instead of the "Inbrier," has "come up the myrtle-tree; and it shall be to the Lord for a name for an everlasting sign that shall not be cut off."

Letter xii., from the West Indies.

RICHARD MANT, 1776-1818.

RICHARD MANT was born on the 12th of February, 1776, at Southampton, where his father, the Rev. Richard Mant, was rector of the church of All Saints. He was educated at Winchester College, and afterward became a commoner of Trinity College, Oxford, from which he was elected a Fellow of Oriel in 1798. For a short time he acted as professor at this college, and afterward travelled on the Continent. On his return to England, he became, in 1813, chaplain to the Archbishop of Canterbury, and, in 1815, rector of St. Botolph's, Bishopgate. In 1820, he was consecrated Bishop of Killaloe, and in 1823 was translated to the see of Down, Connor, and Dromare, which position he retained to the day of his death, which took place on the 2d of November, 1848.

Dr. Mant owed his rise in the church to his professional authorship, and few writers of the present century have been more industrious. In 1817, in conjunction with the Rev. George D'Oyly, rector of Lambeth, he prepared an edition of the Bible, with a selection of notes from the best commentators of the Church of England. This was done at the expense of the Society for Promoting Christian Knowledge, by which "D'Oyly and Mant's Bible" has been frequently reprinted. His other prose publications were mostly sermons and works of a religious character. He also published a volume of "Miscellaneous Poems;" another entitled "The Slave, and other Poctical Pieces;" and another called "The British Months," a poem in twelve parts, full of piety and accurate observations of nature. But Bishop Mant is now most known for his hymns, some of which are among the most beautiful sacred lyrics in the language, and for his other small poems on sacred subjects, which have a high degree of merit.


"How mean mid all this glorious space, how valueless am I!"
A little drop of water said, as, trembling in the sky,
It downward fell, in haste to meet the interminable sea,
As if the watery mass its goal and sepulchre should be.

But, ere of no account, within the watery mass it fell-
It found a shelter and a home, the oyster's concave shell;
And there that little drop became a hard and precious gem,
Meet ornament for royal wreath, for Persia's diadem.

Cheer up, faint heart, that hear'st the tale, and though thy lot may seem
Contemptible, yet not of it as nothing-worth esteem;

Nor fear that thou, exempt from care of Providence, shalt be

An undistinguishable drop in nature's boundless sea.

The Power that call'd thee into life has skill to make thee live,
A place of refuge can provide, another being give;
Can clothe thy perishable form with beauty rich and rare,
And, "when He makes his jewels up," grant thee a station there.

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