of what kind. Definitions of the philosophers and lawyers. Divisions of
the justice of government. A caution respecting these. Vindicatory justice.
The opinions of the partisans. An explication of the true opinion. Who
the adversaries are. The state of the controversy farther considered 249
A series of arguments in support of vindicatory justice. First, from the Scrip-
tures. Three divisions of the passages of Scripture. The first contains those
which respect the purity and holiness of God. The second, those which re-
spect God as the judge. What it is to judge with justice. The third, those
which respect the divine supreme right. A second argument is taken from"
the general consent of mankind. A threefold testimony of that consent.
The first from the Scriptures. Some testimonies of the heathens. The se-
cond, from the power of conscience. Testimonies concerning that power.
The mark set upon Cain. The expression of the emperor Adrian, when at
the point of death. The consternation of mankind at prodigies. The horror
of the wicked, whom even fictions terrify. Two conclusions. The third tes-
timony, from the confession of all nations. A vindication of the argument
against Rutherford. The regard paid to sacrifices among the nations. Dif-
ferent kinds of the same. Propitiatory sacrifices. Some instances of them 364
The origin of human sacrifices. Their use among the Jews, Assyrians, Ger-
mans, Goths, the inhabitants of Marseilles, the Normans, the Francs, the
Tyrians, the Egyptians, and the ancient Gauls. Testimonies of Cicero and
Caesar, that they were used among the Britons and Romans by the Druids.
A fiction of Appio, concerning the worship in the temple of Jerusalem. The
names of some persons sacrificed. The use of human sacrifices among the
Gentiles, proved from Clemens of Alexandria, Dionysius of Halicarnassia,
Porphyry, Phiio, Eusebius, Tertullian, Euripides. Instances of human sa-
crifices in the Sacred Scriptures. The remarkable obedience of Abraham.
What the neighbouring nations might have gathered from that event. Why
human sacrifices were not instituted by God. The story of Iphigenia. The
history of Jephtha. Whether he put his daughter to death. The cause of
the difficulty. The impious sacrifice of King Moab. The abominable su-
perstition of the Rugiani. The craftiness of the devil. Vindications of the
argument. The same concluded 379
The third argument. This divine attribute demonstrated in the works of Pro-
vidence. That passage of the apostle to the Romans, chap. i. 18. considered.
Anger, what it is. The definitions of the philosophers. The opinion of
Lactantius concerning the anger of God. Anger often ascribed to God in
the Holy Scriptures. In what sense this is done. The divine anger denotes,
1. The effects of anger. 2. The will of punishing. What that will is in
God. Why the justice of God is expressed by anger. The manifestation cf
the divine anger, what it is. How it is revealed from heaven. The sum of
the argument. The fourth argument. Vindicatory justice revealed in the
cross of Christ. The attributes of God. How displayed in Christ. Heads
of other arguments. The conclusion .••••' 399