« AnteriorContinuar »
tite, being but the inceptions and rudiments of will, may be so well governed and managed; because it admitteth access to so divers remedies to be applied to it and to work upon it: The effects whereof are so many and so known, as require no enumeration; but generally they do issue as medicines do into two kinds of cures, whereof the one is a just or true cure, and the other is called palliation : For either the labour and intention is to reform the affections really and truly, restraining them if they be too violent, and raising them if they be too soft and weak; or else it is to cover them; or, if occasion be, to pretend them and represent them: Of the former sort whereof the examples are plentiful in the schools of philosophers, and in all other institutions of moral virtue; and of the other sort the examples are more plentiful in the courts of Princes, and in all politic traffic: where it is ordinary to find, not only profound dissimulations and suffocating the affections, that no note or mark appear of them outwardly; but also lively simulations and affectations carrying the tokens of passions which are not, as rises jussus and lacrymæ coactæ, and the like.
HELPS OF THE INTELLECTUAL POWERS.
** THE intellectual powers have fewer means to work upon ther than the will or the body of man"; but the one that prevaileth, that is exercise, work. eth more forcibly in them than the rest*.
The ancient habit of the philosophers, Si quis quærat in utramque partem de omni scibili.
The exercise of scholars making verses extempore, Stans pede in uno,
The exercise of lawyers in memory narrative.
The exercise of sophists, and Jo. ad opposituin, with manifest effect.
Artificial memory greatly holpen by exercise.
The exercise of buffoons to draw all things to conceits ridiculous.
The means that help the understanding and faculties thereof are,
(Not example, as in the will, by conversation; and here the conceit of imitation already digested, with the confutation, obiter, si videbitur, of Tul. ly's opinion, advising a man to take some one to imitate. Similitude of faces analysed.)
Arts, Logic, Rhetoric: The ancients, Aristotle, Plato, Theætetus, Gorgias litigiuses vel sophista, Protagoras, Aristotle, schola sua. Topics, Elenchs,
* The following are but indigested notes.
Rhetorics, Organon, Cicero, Hermogenes. The neoterics, Ramus, Agricola. Nil sacri; Lullius his Typocosmia, studying Cooper's dictionary, Matthæus collection of proper words for metaphors, -Agrippa de vanitatibus, &c.
Que. If not here of imitation.
Collections preparative. Aristotle's similitude of a shoemaker's shop, full of shoes of all sorts : Demysthenes, Exordia concionum. Tully's precept of theses of all sorts preparative.
The relying upon exercise, with the difference of using and tempering the instrument; and the similitude of prescribing against the laws and nature of estate.
1. That exercises are to be framed to the life ; that is to say, to work ability in that kind whereof a man, in the course of action, shall have most use.
2. The indirect and oblique exercises, which do, per partes and per consequentiam, inable these faculties ; which perhaps direct exercise at first would but distort; and these have chiefly place
; where the faculty is weak, not per se, but per accidens: As if want of memory grow through lightness of wit and want of staid attention; then the mathematics or the law helpeth; because they are
things, wherein if the mind once foam, it cannot recover. 9
de Tortlar di 3. Of the advantages of exercise; as to dance with heavy shoes, to march with heavy armour and carriage; and the contrary advantage fin natures very dull and unapt) of working alacrity, by framing an exercise with some delight or affection. Horat. Sat. I. 25.
---------Ut pueris olim dant crustula blandi.
Doctores, elementa velint ut discere prima. 4. Of the cautions of exercise; as to beware lest by evil doing (as all beginners do weakly) a man grow not, and be inveterate, in an ill habit, and so take not the advantage of custom in perfection, but in confirming ill. Slubbering on the lute.
5. The marshalling and sequel of sciences and practices: Logic and rhetoric should be used to be read after poesy, history and philosophy : First, exercise, to do things well and clean: after, promptly and readily.
The exercises in the universities and schools are of memory and invention; either to speak by heart that which is set down verbatim, or to speak extempore: whereas there is little use in action of either or both; but most things which we utter are neither verbally premeditate, nor 'merely extemporal. Therefore exercise would be framed
to take a little breathing, and to consider of heads; and then to fit and form the speech extempore. This would be done in two manners; both with writing and tables, and without: for in most actions it is permitted and passable to use the note, whereunto, if a man be not accustomed, it will put him out.
There is no use of a narrative memory in academiis, viz. with circumstances of times, persons and places, and with names; and it is one art to discourse, and another to relate and describe ; and herein use and action is most conversant. " 'Also to sum up and contract, is a thing in action of very general use.
75. Τ'ΕΣ: Α.