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accommodation of his thoughts and behavior to its inscrutable ways,-are at once the most excellent sort of self-denial, and a source of the most exalted transports. Society is the true sphere of human virtue. in social, active life, difficulties will perpetually be met with; restraints of many kinds will be necessary; and studying to behave right in respect of these, is a discipline of the human heart, useful to others, and improving to itself.
18. “Suffering is no duty, but where it is necessary to avoid guilt, or to do good; nor pleasure a crime, but where it strengthens the influence of bad inclinations, or lessens the generous activity of virtue. T'he happiness allotted to man in his present state, is indeed faint and low, compared with his immortal prospects, and noble capacities: but yet, whatever portion of it the distributing hand of heaven offers to each individual, is a needful support and refreshment for the present moment, so far as it may not hinder the attaining of his final destination.
19. “ Return, then, with me, from continued misery to moderate enjoyment and grateful alacrity:-return, from the contracted views of solitude, to the proper duties of a reative and dependent being. Religion is not confined to cells and closets, nor restrained to sullen retirement. These are the glooiny doctrines of Superstition, by which she endeavors to break those chains of benevolence and social affection, that link the welfare of every particular with that of the yhole. Remember that the greatest honor you can pay the Auhor of your being, is a behavior so cheerful, as uiscovers a mnd satisfied with his dispensations."
20. Here my preceptress paused; and I was going to express my acknowledg:nents for ber discourse, when a rnging of beils from the neighboring village, and the new risiig sun, darting his beams through my windows, awoke me.
SECTION 1. On the pleasure of acquiring knowlos 1. In every period of life 42
But in youth, there are circumstances which make it productive of higher enjoyment. It is then that every thing has the charm of novelty ;a thạt curiosity and fancy are awake; and that the heart swells with the anticipations of future eminence and utility. Even in those lower branches of instruction which we call mere accomplishments, there is something always pleasing to the young in their acquisition.
2. They seem to become every well educated person; they adorn, if they do not dignify humanity; and what is far more, while they give an elegant employment to hours of leisure and relaxation, they afford a means of contributing to the purity and innocence of domestic life. But in the acquisition of knowledge of the higher kind,-in the hours when the young gradually begin the study of the laws of nature, and of the faculties of the human mind, or of the magnificent revelations of the Gospel,—there is a pleasure of a sublimer nature.
3. The cloud, which in their infant years seemed to cover - nature from their view, begins gradually to resolve. The ty world in which they are placed, opens with all its wonders
upon their eye; their powers of attention and observation seem to expand with the scene before them; and while they see, for the first time, the immensity of the universe of God, and mark the majestic simplicity of those laws by which its operations are conducted, they feel as if they were awakened to a higher species of being, and admitted into nearer intercourse with the Author of Nature.
4. It is this period, accordingly, more than all others, that determines our hopes or fears of the future fate of the young. To feel no joy in such pursuits,--to listen carelessly to the voice which brings such magnificent instruction,—to see the veil raised which conceals the counsels of the Deity, and to show no emotion at the discovery,-are symptoms of a weak and torpidd spirit of a mind unworthy of the advantages it possesses, and fitted only for the humility of sensual and ignoble pleasure. "
5. Of those, on the contrary, who distinguish themselves by the love of knowledge, who follow with ardor the career that is open to them,-we are apt to form the most honorable presages. It is the character which is natural to youth, and which, therefore, promises well of their maturity. We foresee for them, at least a life of pure and virtuous enjoyment; and we are willing to anticipate no common share of future usefulness and splendor. a Noy'-ol-ty, newness, recentness.
d Tor'-pid, destitute of feeling, dull. b An-tic-i-pa-tions, foretastes.
e Pre-sa-ges, signs foreshowing events Re-solve', dissolve, determine in mind.
6. In the second place, the pursuits of knowledge lead no only to happiness, but to honor. “Length of days is in he right hand, and in her left are riches and honor.” It is hon orable to excel, even in the most trifling species of knowl edge -in those which can amuse only the passing hour. I is more honorable to excel in those different branches of sci ence, which are connected with the liberal professions of life and which tend so much to the dignity and well-being of hu manity
7. It is the means of raising the most obscure to esteer and attention; it opens to the just ambition of youth some e the most distinguished and respected situations in society and it places them there, with the consoling reflection, that i is to their own industry and labor, in the providence of Got that they are alone indebted for them. But, to excel in th higher attainments of knowledge,-to be distinguished i those greater pursuits which have commanded the attention and exhausted the abilities of the wise in every former age,is, perhaps, of all the distinctions of human understanding: he most honorable and grateful.
8. When we look back upon the great men who have gor before us in every path of glory, we feel our eye turned froi the careera of war and of ambition, and involuntarily re upon those who have displayed the great truths of religion,who have investigated the laws of social welfare, or extend ed the sphere of human knowledge. These are honors, w feel, which have been gained without a crime, and which cant enjoyed without remorse. They are honors also which ca never die,—which can shed lustre even upon the humble head, -and to which the young of every succeeding age wi look up, as their brightest incentive to the pursuit of virti ous fame.
On the uses of knowledge. 1. The first end to which all wisdom or knowledge oug! to be employed, is, to illustrate the wisdom or goodness ( the Father of Nature. Every science that is cultivated b men leads naturally to religious thought-from the stud of the plant that grows beneath our feet, to that of the Hos of Heaven above us, who perform their stated revolutions i majestic silence, amid the expanse of infinity. When in th - youth of Moses, " The Lord appeared to him in Horeb,” & Ca-reer', a course, a race.
c Il-lus'-trate, to explain, makc clear. b In-cen-tives, incitements.
the voice was heard, saying, “ draw nigh hither, and put off thy
shoes from thy feet; for the place where thou standest is holy ground.”
2. It is with such reverential awe that every great or ele- vated mind will approach to the study of nature; and with
such feelings of adoration and gratitude, that he will receive
the illumination that gradually opens upon his soul. It is I not the lifeless mass of matter, he will then feel, that he is
examining; it is the mighty machine of Eternal Wisdom,the workmanship of Him, “in whom every thing lives, and moves, and has its being."
3. Under an aspect of this kind, it is impossible to pursue knowledge without mingling with it the most elevated sentiments of devotion; it is impossible to perceive the laws of nature, without perceiving, at the same time, the presence and the Providence of the Lawgiver ;—and thus it is, that, in every age, the evidences of religion have advanced with the progress of true philosophy; and that science,a in erecting a monument to herself, has at the same time erected an altar to the Deity. · 4. The knowledge of nature is not exhausted. There are many great discoveries yet awaiting the labors of science; and with them there are also awaiting to humanity, many additional proofs of the wisdom and benevolence “ of Him that made us.” To the hope of these great discoveries, few indeed can pretend; yet let it be ever remembered, that he who can trace any one new fact, or can exemplify any one new instance of divine wisdom or benevolence in the system of nature, has not lived in vain,--that he has added to the sum of human knowledge,--and, what is far more, that he has added to the evidence of those greater truths, upon which the happiness of time and eternity depends.
5. The second great end to which all knowledge ought to be employed, is, to the welfare of humanity. Every science is the foundation of some art, beneficial to men; and while the study of it leads us to see the beneficence of the laws of nature, it calls upon us also to follow the great end of the Father of Nature, in their employment and application. I need not say what a field is thus opened to the benevolence of knowledge: I need not tell you that in every department of learning there is good to be done to mankind : I need not remind you, that the age in which we live has given us the noblest examples of this kind, and that science now finds its highest glory, in improving the condition, or in allaying the miseries of humanity.
a Sci'ence, knowledge depending on spe 6 Ex-em'-pli-fy, to illustrate by exampla. Bulative principles, rather than practice.
6. But there is one thing of which it is proper ever to remind you,--because the modesty of knowledge often leads us to forget it,—and that is, the power of scientific bene volence is far greater than that of all others to the welfare of society. The benevolence of the opulent,a however eminent it may be, perishes with themselves. The benevolence, even of sovereigns, is limited to the narrow boundary of human life; and not unfrequently is succeeded by different and discordant counsels. But the benevolence of knowledge is of a kind as extensive as the race of man, and as permanent aš the existence of society.
7. He, in whatever situation he may be, who in the study of science has discovered a new means of alleviating pain, or of remedying disease,—who has described a wiser method of preventing poverty, or of shielding misfortune,—who has suggested additional means of increasing or improving the beneficent' productions of nature,-has left a memorial of himself which can never be forgotten,-which will communicate happiness to ages yet unborn,-and which, in the emphatic language of scripture, renders him a “fellow-worker's with God himself, in the improvement of his Crration.
8. The third great end of all knowledge is the improve ment and exaltation of our own minds. It was the voice of the apostle,-“ What manner of men ought ye to be, to whom the truths of the Gospel have come ?!"-It is the voice of nature also,-“What manner of men ought ye to be, to whom the treasures of wisdom are opened ?"— Of all the spectacles, indeed, which life can offer us, there is none more painful, or 1 unnatural, than that of the union of vice with knowledge. It counteracts the great designs of God in the distribution of wisdom; and it assimilates' men, not to the usual character of human frailty, but to those dark and malignant spirits who fell from Heaven, and who excel in knowledge only that they may employ it in malevolence.
9. To the wise and virtuous man, on the contrary,-to him whose moral attainments have kept pace with his intellectual, and who has employed the great talent with which he is intrusted to the glory of God, and to the good of humanity, are presented the sublimest prospect that mortality can know. “In my father's house," says our Savior, “ are many mansions ;'--mansions, we may dare interpret, fitted to the dif- ? ferent powers that life has acquired, and to the uses to which they have been applied. a Op'-u-lent, very wealthy, rich.
c In-ter'-pret, to explain. b As-sim'i-lates, makes like.