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Jike this! At a period to which you could not reasonably have expected to arrive; at a moment of national prosperity, such as you could never have foreseen; you are now met here to enjoy the fellowship of old soldiers, and to receive the overflowings of a universal gratitude.
9. But your agitated countenances, and your heaving breasts inform me, that even this is not an unmixed joy. perceive that a tumult of contending feelings rushes upon you. The images of the dead, as well as the persons of the living, throng to your embraces. The scene overwhelms you, and I turn from it. May the father of all mercies bless them, and smile upon your declining years.
10. And when you shall here have exchanged your embraçes; when you shall once more have pressed the hands which have been so often extended to give succor in adversity, or grasped in the exultation of victory; then look abroad into this lovely land, which your young valor defended, and mark the happiness with which it is filled; yea, look abroad into the whole earth, and see what a name you have contributed to give to your country, and what a praise you have added to freedom; and then rejoice in the sympathy and gratitude, which beam upon your last days from the improvea condition of mankind.
Speech of Titus Quinctius to the Romans. 1. Though I am not conscious, O Romans, of any crime by me committed, it is yet with the utmost shame and confusion that I appear in your assembly. You have seen it-posterity will know it !—in the fourth consulshipa of Titus Quinctius, the Æqui and Volsci (scarce a match for the Hernici alone) came in arms to the very gates of Rome,--and went away unchastised!
2. The course of our manners, indeed, and the state of our affairs have long been such, that I had no reason to presage much good; but, could I have imagined that so great an ignominy would have befallen me this year, I would, by banishment or death, (if all other means had failed,) have avoided the station I am now in. What ! might Rome then have been taken, if those men who were at our gates had not wanted courage for the attempt ?—Rome taken whilst I was consul! Of honors I had sufficient—of life enough-more than enough -I should have died in my third consulate.
a Con'sul-ship, a chief office in ancient Rome.
3. But who are they that our dastardlya enemies thus despise ?-the consuls, or you, Romans? If we are in fault, deposeb us, or punish us yet more severely. If you are to blame-may neither gods nor men punish your faults ! only may you repent !-No, Romans, the confidence of our enemies is not owing to their courage, or to their belief of your cowardice: they have been too often vanquished not to know both themselves and you.
4. Discord, discord" is the ruin of this city! The eternal disputes between the senate and the people, are the sole cause of our misfortunes. While we set no bounds to our dominion, nor you to your liberty; while you impatiently endure Patrician magistrates, and we Plebeian; our enemies take heart, grow elated and presumptuous. In the name of the immortal gods, what is it, Romans, you would have? You desired Tribunes ;“—for the sake of peace, we granted them. You were eager to have Decemvirs ;d—we consented to their creation. You grew weary of these Decemvirs ;-we obliged them to abdicate.e
5. Your hatred pursued them when reduced to private men; und we suffered you to put to death, or banish, Patricians of he first rank in the republic. You insisted upon the restoraion of the Tribuneship ;-we yielded; we quietly saw Conuls of your own faction elected. You have the protection of tour Tribunes, and the privilege of appeal; the Patricians re subjected to the decrees of the Commons. Under preense of equal and impartial laws, you have invaded our ights; and we have suffered it, and we still suffer it. When hall we see an end of discord ? When shall we have one inrest, and one common country ? Victorious and triumphant, ou show less temper than we under defeat. When you are
contend with us, you can seize the Aventine hill-you can ossess yourselves of the Mons Sacer. 6. The enemy is at our gates,-the Æsquiline is near being ken,-and nobody stirs to hinder it! But against us you are diant; against us you can arm with diligence. Come on, sen, besiege the senate-house, make a camp of the forum, fili de jails with our chief nobles, and when you have achieved i ese glorious exploits, then, at last, sally out at the Æsquide gate with the same fierce spirits against the enemy. 7. Does your resolution fail you for this ? Go, then, and hold from our walls your lands ravaged, your houses plunDas'tard.ly, cowardly, meanly.
d Dec-em'-virs, ten men who governed De-pose'
, to lay down, dethrone. the commonwealth instead of consuls. Trib-unes, keepers of the liberties of e Ab’-di-cate, to ahandon an office. people against the encroachments of
•dered and in flames, the whole country laid waste with fire and sword. Have you any thing here to repair these damages? Will the Tribunes make up your losses to you? They will give you words as many as you please; bring impeachments in abundance against the prime men in the state; heap laws upon laws; assemblies you shall have without end ;—but will any of you return the richer from those assemblies?
8. Extinguish, 0 Romans! these fatal divisions; generously break this cursed enchantment, which keeps you buried in a scandalous inaction. Open your eyes, and consider the ma nagement of those ambitious men, who, to make themselves powerful in their party, study nothing but how they may fomento divisions in the commonwealth. If you can bu summon up your former courage, if you will now march out of Rome with your consuls, there is no punishment you can inflict which I will not submit to, if I do not in a fer days drive those pillagers out of our territory. This terror of war, with which you seem so grievously struck, shall quickly be removed from Rome to their own cities.
Extract from Judge Story's Centennial Address, delivered d
Salem, Mass. Sept. 18, 1828. 1. When we reflect on what has been, and is now, is it pos sible not to feel a profound sense of the responsibleness this Republic to all future ages? What vast motives pres upon us for lofty efforts. What brilliant prospects invite ou enthusiasm. What solemn warnings at once demand our v gilance, and moderate our confidence.
2. The old world has already revealed to us in its unseale books, the beginning and end of all its own marvelous stru gles in the cause of liberty. Greece, lovely Greece, “the lan of scholars and the nurse of arms,” where sister republics i fair processions chanted the praises of liberty and the where and what is she? For two thousand years the pressor has bound her to the earth. Her arts are no mor The last sad relics of her temples are but the barracks of ruthless soldiery; the fragments of her columns and her laces are in the dust, yet beautiful in ruin.
3. She fell not when the mighty were upon her. Her sal were united at Thermopylæ and Marathon; and the tide her triumph rolled back upon the Hellespont. She was ca quered by her own factions. She fell by the hands of her on & Im-peach'-ments, accusations by autho- Fo-ment, to cherish with heat, to la
god people. The man of Macedonia did not the work of destruction. It was already done by her own corruptions, banishments, and dissensions. Rome, republican Rome, whose eagles glanced in the rising and setting sun, where, and what is she? The eternal city yet remains, proud even in her desolation, noble in her decline, venerable in the majesty of religion, and calm as in the composure of death.
4. The malaria has but traveled in the paths worn by her destroyers. More than eighteen centuries have mourned over the loss of her empire. A mortal disease was upon her vitals, before Cæsar had crossed the Rubicon; and Brutus did not restore her health by the deep probings of the senate chamber. The Goths and Vandals and Huns--the swarms of the north-completed only what was already begun at home. Romans betrayed Rome. The legions were bought and sold; but the people offered the tribute money.
5. And where are the republics of modern times, which clustered around immortal Italy? Venice and Genoa exist but in name. The Alps, indeed, look down upon the brave and peaceful Swiss, in their native fastnesses; but the guaranty of their freedom is in their weakness, and not in their strength. The mountains are not easily crossed, and the valleys are not easily retained.
6. When the invader comes, he moves like an avalanche, carrying destruction in his path. The peasantry sink before him. The country is too poor for plunder, and too rough for valuable conquest. Nature presents her eternal barriers on every side, to check the wantonness of ambition; and Switzerland remains with her simple institutions, a military road to fairer climates, scarcely worth a permanent possession, and protected by the jealousy of her neighbors.
7. We stand the latest, and, if we fail, probably the last experiment of self-government by the people. We have begun it under circumstances of the most auspiciousd nature. · We are in the vigor of youth. Our growth has never been checked by the oppressions of tyranny. Our constitutions have never been enfeebled, by the vices or luxuries of the old world. Such as we are, we have been from the beginning ; simple, hardy, intelligent, accustomed to self-government and self-respect.
8. The Atlantic rolls between us and any formidable foe. Within our own territory, stretching through many degrees of latitude and longitude, we have the choice of many products, and many means of independence. The government
e Ma-la'-ri-a, ill air, peculiar to some parts c Av'-a-lanche, a vast body of snow sli. of Italy. Guar'an-ty, a warrant.
d Aus-pi"-cious, lucky, favorable.
ding down a mountain.
is mild. The press is free. Religion is free. Knowledge reaches, or may reach every home. What fairer prospect of success could be presented ? What means more adequate to accomplish the sublime end?
What more is necessary, than for the people to preserve what they themselves have created ?
9. Already has the age caught the spirit of our institutions. It has already ascended the Andes, and snuffed the breezes of both oceans. It has infused itself into the life-blood of Europe, and warmed the sunny plains of France, and the low lands of Holland. It has touched the philosophy of Germany and the North, and, moving onward to the South, has opened to Greece the lessons of her better days.
10. Can it be that America, under such circumstances, can betray herself?-that she is to be added to the catalogue of Republics, the inscription of whose ruin is, “they were, but they are not.” Forbid it, my countrymen; forbid it, Heaven.
11. I call upon you, fathers, by the shades of your ancestors, by the dear ashes which repose in this precious soil, by all you are, and all you hope to be,-resist every project of disunion-resist every encroachment” upon your liberties, – resist every attempt to fetter your consciences, or smother your public schools, or extinguish your system of public instruction.
12. I call upon you, mothers, by that which never fails in woman,—the love of your offspring,-teach them, as they climb your knees, or lean on your bosom, the blessing of liberty. Swear them at the altar, as with their baptismal vows, to be true to their country, and never to forget or to forsake her.
13. I call upon you, young men, to remember whose sons you are-whose inheritanceb you possess. Life can never be too short, which brings nothing but disgrace and oppression. Death never comes too soon, if necessary in defense of the liberties of your country.
14. I call upon you, old men, for your counsels, and your prayers, and your benedictions. May not your gray hairs go down in sorrow to the grave, with the recollection that you have lived in vain. May not your last sun sink in the west upon a nation of slaves.
15. No,I read in the destiny of my country, far better hopes, far brighter visions. We who are now assembled here, must soon be gathered to the congregation of other days. The time for our departure is at hand, to make way for our a En-croach'-ment, unlawful intrusion. c Ben-e-dictions, blessings, acknowledge In-herf-it-ance, hereilitary estate.