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vinced that it admits of clear demonstration; and the present is pera haps a reasonable period for undertaking it.- Because catholic emana cipation is not less wise and politic than it is just, we do not say that on that account it should be carried into effect : it is not sufficient that the measure be a fit one, but the public must be in a degree ripe for it, before it can be safely adopted : it is not enough that the food be wholesome, the state of the system for which it is designed must be taken into consideration. -- This writer imputes all the vices of ancient popery to the catholic profession of our days : but in its worst times, it could hardly display a more unchristian and intolerant tema per than is manifested by its present accuser. Art. 22.
Admission of Papists to hold certain Commissions in the Army, &c. The Substance of Mr. Deputy Birch's Speech in Common Council, March 5, 1807. 8vo. 18. Asperne.
We applaud this worthy deputy's zeal for protestantism ; and we should be sorry to be in the least degree inferior to him in this respect : but the question is whether his zeal be directed by knowlege? We would hint to him that it is not a light matter on which he has committed the metropolis of the empire. The suit of three or four millions of the subjects of a free country is surely intitled to some respect. If the capital has an interest that the church should be secure, so has it that every part of the united kingdom should be tran• quil and fourishing, and remain free from disturbance and commotion. Would it not be wise that in this question there should be no popular interference? It is a state question, and should be left to the private and public coupeils of the King. Perhaps our affairs would not materially suffer, if Mr. Birch were to withdraw his aid :—but, if he will counsel the legislature on this subject, we would ask him, were the Popery Laws enacted on account of the religion, or the adherence of its votaries to the abdicated royal family, which was hostile to our constitution both civil and ecclesiastical ? Does he believe that, if the catholics of that day had been as well disposed to the throne as they now are, these laws would ever have been passed? Because a protestant king should have it in his power to reward military merit in a few catholics, does he in his conscience believe that our pro. testant church will be in the least danger? If the king appoints a few catholic generals and admirals, does he think that the whole army and navy will instantly become catholic, and that we shall acknowlege the Pope and set up the mass through the kingdom ? Surely we are as likely to submit to the Grand Lama, and to have the rea ligion of Mohammed or Bramah established among us: If it be the fear of Popery that occasions us to refuse farther liberty to the catholics, never was a reason more destitute of foundation urged in fa. vour of the continuance of any grievance. We advise the worthy deputy, and those who think with him on this subject, to consult their fears less, and their reason more. Art. 23. Short Remarks upon Recent Political Occurrences; and, par.
ticularly, on the New Plan of Financc. 8vo. 19. 60. Hatchard. 1807.
The loose manner in which this pamphlet has been penned appears from the very paragraph with which it opens. The writer asserts that from the late cabinet • had been excluded all who had been connected with Mr. Pitt:" but the reverse of this fact was palpably the case ; since it included those with whom he had been longest and most intimately connected. Surely Lords Grenville and Sidmouth, and their respective friends, come more within this description, than the members of his last unfortunate and inglorious administration ; which, with the exception of Lord Melville, embraced no one who had belonged to his former cabinet.
The Remarker accuses the same persons of representing in too unfavourable a light the state of the country, at the period of their entrance into office: but he admits that it was extravagant to describe them as reposing on a “ bed of roses." He also allows that the aspect of the continent was discauragir:g; and “ a gloom,' lie acknowleges, spred itself through the nation' but he contends that this was occasioned by the feeling entertained at the loss of Mr. Pitt. He asserts thax the disasters of the continent were not under the controul of our ministers : but will he inform us whether Mack was not placed in the chief command, and the Archduke removed from the scene of glory, through the interference of the Cabinet of London ? He contends that Mr. Pitt was a great master of the science of finance. The system of politics followed by Mr. Pitt rendered in. dispensible financial devices such as are here extolled: but we do not believe that we owe them exclusively to the genius of Mr. Pitt. His merit is confined to that of proposing, upholding, and guarding them with firm:ess and ability. All these discoveries in finance, perhaps, the country has more reason to lament than to applaud; since they seem to have no other effect than to enable ininisters to increase to its utmost point the load of public exactions. The observations of the author on the financial plan of Lord Henry Petty, which is here stated to have been ably and perspicuously opened to the House of Commons, are candid, ingenious, and deserving of attention.
NAVAL AFFAIRS. Art. 24. Naval Anecdotes ; or a new Key to the Proceedings of a late Naval Administration. 8vo.
55. C. and R. Baldwin. 1807.
Much remark has been occasioned by the alterations in various departments of the naval administration, which were introduced by Lord St. Vincent; and the Admiralty Board and the Navy Board have been put at issue on some important questions. The present pamphlet seems to come with authority from the latter office, in defence of its own conduct, which had been impeached, and the vindication of which was elsewhere denied. - It would be impertinent and preposterous for us to attempt any interference in these professional and official discussions : but we may truly observe that some of the points are very essential to the welfare of our navy; and that the reasoning and facts adduced in this publication amply intitle it to attention, while its temperate spirit (under circumstances certainly of provocation) is equally worthy of praise.
POETRY. Art. 25. All the Talents! A Satirical Poem in Three Dialogues.
By Polypus. 7th Edition. 8vo. 35. 6d. Stuckdale junior. 1807.
Knave and fool are the pretty words which contending factions bestow on each other with the most profuse liberality; and if we credit the account which each party gives of its opposite, we must despair of finding either talents or virtue in the world. Poets, when. animated with political enmity, mistake the bludgeon of calumny for the rod of rhimes ;' and, overwhelming public characters with the coarsest abuse, they hope that it will pass current as mere pungent satire. Polypus would have us believe that he is a man of no party, and that his poetic indignation and approbation are merited by the objects on which they are bestowed : but few readers, though they may be amused by his talents, can think that he weighs the talents of others in a fair scale. For one set of statesmen he has a smoaked and distorting glass, and for another a lens which throws a Claude Lorraine tint. Never, in short, was partiality more strongly marked, nor hatred more indiscreet and unrestrained. The high claims of the late Ministry, and the prodigality of flattery employed by their friends, might present a topic for satire : and had Polypuis reined in his Muse, he might have indulged a good-humoured laugh: but, in our opinion, he has suffered too much gall to flow from his pen. He classes Whigs with Bankrupts, Spendthrifts, and Traitors ; and he would insinuate that all who profess whig principles must be black at heart. He“out Herods Herod” in some of his caricatures; and though in most of his verse and his prose he displays considerable genius, if he did not write the name under some of the portraits, it would be difficult to find out for whom they were intended. More. over, Polypus is not always original, for he often copies Pope, and like him suffers satire to run riot. In the quantity and quality of his notes, also, be follows the example of the author of the Pursuits of Literature. Art. 26. Elijah's Mantle. A Poem. 8vo. 15. Stockdale junior,
. These lines have been widely circulcated and much praised. The compliment to Mr. Pitt is well managed, and the idea in the last stanza is beautiful : but the effect is injured by the harsh alliteration of cold corse,' which might be easily removed by reading pule
"Yes, honour'd shade ; whilst near thy grave
The votive marble claim ;
Unsullied as thy Fame.'
is. 6d. Stockdale junior. This squib on the late Ministry throws its fire with brilliancy anrı effect. The satire is so playfully managed, that the very objects of i: cannot be offended.
Art 28. Ins and Outs ; or the State of Parties. A Satirical
Poem. By Chrononhotonthologos. 8vo. 25. 60. Chapple. 1807.
Not so highly seasoned with the sauce piquante of scurrility as “ All the Talents," and consequently not so likely to run through many editions; because the people, in deciding between contending satirists, always give the preference to the most acrimonious and ill natured. If harmonious numbers and genilemanly satire could procure for a poet any notice, this writer with a long name might count on some readers : but we suspect that the taste of the public is too much vi tiated to relish any others than high dishes. Perhaps, however, the politics of this poem, compared with those of Polypus, may promote its sale. We give one specimen : · Author. While Britain sees her proud insulting foe
In triumph ride, and threat her overthrow,
And smiles at danger, as she oft has smild, -
Foe to its king and recreant to her weal,
And damp the ardour of her patriot band !
Not Llandaff loves the cause of truth more dear ;
Forgive me, Britons, if I love to smile!' The satirist concludes with an unfashionable wish for peace ; which, though formerly deemed a blessing, is now in very little request.
Art. 29. Eonuparte. A Poem. 8vo. 18. 6d. Hatchard. The melancholy fate of the virtuous Palm induced this writer to express his rhiming indignation against the disturber of Europe ; and he thought that if he could not hariow up Bonaparte's soul by a recital of his enormities, the catalogue would at least help to keep alive the public indignation against him. The shades of D'Enghien, Pichegru, Toussaint, Palm, of the Turkish prisoners at Jaffa, of the negroes at St. Domingo, &c. are made to pass in solemn march before him ; and then the poet adds,
• Read if you can, unwarp / by rage,
The records true of every age,
And see unmatch'd your crime-stain'd page,
Since time began.' This kind of stanza is apt to tire ; and as the poet is often sery negligent, the reader will wish that he had vented his in
rage rower compass. Some of the stanzas, to use his own words, are sad, sad, sad.'
The First Book of the Iliail of Homer translated into Blank Verse; with Notes : by P. Williams, D.D. Archdeacon of Merioneth, &c. small 8vo.
PP:77. 35. sewed. Lackington and Co. 1836.
Dr. Williams observes that an attempt to translate the Iliad into English verse after such men as Pope and Cowper will, he is aware, astonisb the Learned World:' but he informs us that the occasion of his undertaking the task was the amusement which he found ia the exercise, after he had retired from the laborious employment of a public school ; and his motive for publication was that, in comparing : his performance with the celebrated translations of Pope and Cowper, he thought that it had sufficient characteristic merit of its own to induce him to revise and prepare it for the press In the work, “his great endeavour,' he says, 'has been to avoid the ascititious finery of Pope on the one hand, and on the other the “ robes antique" of Cowper: and in their stead to represent the noble bard in a characteristic English dress'; "he hopes that the style will not be found bald, nor the verse tame and uncouth;' and he says that it hath been attempted, though the attempt be desperate, to imitate in every particular the ease and divine simplicity of the great original.'
Such is the language used by the translator ; the undertaking is a bold one; and a man must be possessed of many enviable attainments to prosecute it with success. In the examination of the specimen before us, we contemplate an effort which it would be impossible to accomplish ; an endeavour is here made to give a translation at once versified and literal : but there are no two languages whose idioms will admit of their being so rendered ; and in consequence therefore of the difficulties with which Dr. W. was thus contending, his style is often obscure, huis expressions are unappropriate, and his phrases unnaturally inverted. The chief object of a translation is to render into one language the sense and spirit of another, for the benefit of persons who do not understand the original; and in the attainment of this object, Dr W. has in a great measure failed, since a mere English reader will often be at a loss to ascertain the meaning of the author. In the ex. ecution of the version, however, the Dr. manifests great care and industry; and considering the insurmountable difficulties which opposed him, it shows that he possesses no mcan abilities. The following are the first 20 lines :
Sing, Goddess, Peleus' son's accursed wrath,