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subject to so many variations as ours, is certainly an impossibility. Mrs. Wilmshurst differs from Mr. Walker ; others will likewise differ in opinion from her; and perhaps no two persons, who carefully consider the subject, and trust to their own ear, will agree in every respect. Mrs. W., however, has taken pains in adapting the exercises to the comprehension of young children ; and for this as well as other tracts written for their improvement, she deserves well of the public.

MILITARY and NAVAL AFFAIRS. Art. 24. Observations and Instructions for the Use of the Commissioned,

the Junior, and other Officers of the Royal Navy, on all the material Points of professional Duty: Including also Forms of general and particular Orders for the better Government and Discipline of His Majesty's Ships : together with a Variety of new and useful Tables; among which are, General Tables for Watching Ships' Companies in all Rates ;--for shewing the Stations of the different Officers at Quarters ;for the general Appropriation of Men at Quarterà, in Ships of every Class ;--for Furling Sails ;-Mooring and Unmooring ;--Making and Shortening Sail ;-Tacking Ship, &c. &c. With an Appendix, being a complete Set of Forms for Watch, Station, and Quarter Bills for Ships of War. By a Captain in the Royal Navy. 8vo. pp. 78. Steel.

Practical knowlege and experience have evidently dictated this work; which, as appears from the long title-page, contains very numerous and necessary instructions for naval officers. The author proposes it for the use of juniors, and to assist the recollection of others who may have been long absent from ùuty : for which ob. jects we think that it is well calculated. It may also be advantageously consulted by the most experienced even who are in constant service, as the remarks of the author display good sense and a propriety of judgment, added to knowlege of the subject.

It must be admitted that the writer is well founded in maintaining the utility of one uniform system of orders and arrangements for all ships of war, since at present scarcely any two are regulated precisely alike. He will tiot, however, in all probability, experience equal concurrence in his proposition for an inspection of a ship by the respective classes of officers, previously to going to sea, because, though his reasons for such a survey are not without foundation and force, the service is already so much harassed by inquisitiorial measures, that officers will not readily assebt to a suggestion for an addition to them. Art. 25. Letter to Admiral Lord Keith, &c. &c. &c. With Advice

to the Captains who were under his Command, on the Subject of a Dutch Frigate and Five Sail of Dutch ludiamen, found at Anchor, op hia Lordship's Arrival at Simond's Bay, June 1795.

8vo. 15. J. J. Stockdale. 1806. Art. 26. Answer to a Letter addressed to Lord Keith, &c. &c. 8vo. 18. J. J. Stockdale.


The object of this letter to Lord Keith is to implore his Lord. ship's interference, for the payment of prize money (or considera. tion-money) for the vessels mentioned in the title, and which has never yet been distributed. We understand that this is matter of fact, and that blame is certainly due somewhere, but not to Lord Keith : who, equally with every seaman in the squadron, has hitherto been deprived of this remuneration. Whether the Admiral's remon. stránces are likely to avail; with those who cause so injurious a delays we cannot pronounce : but undoubtedly the service has reason for complaint.

It is stated by the author that a frigate and five Indiamen were found by Lord Keith lying at the Cape : but the fact is, that threc of these latter came in after the Admiral's arrival, and were taken into our possession by the Rattlesnake sloop of war. No difference, however, in his argument arises from this little inaccuracy.

The Answerer accuses the letter-writer, in abusive terms, of a false statement at the outset, which vitiates all future claim to attention, in mentioning a frigate as being taken with the Indiamen. We speak on good information, however, when we confirm the first assertion. There was a Dutch frigate, commanded by Captain Dacres, lying in Simond's Bay ; which Lord Keith afterwar i permitted to depart, and proceed to Batavia, for reasons not publicly known.-The style of this pamphlet is extremely reprehensible, and the motives of the writer are not casily assignable. Lord Keith, we are sure, will not thank him for his vindication : done was required; or, if it were, none such as this could be acceptable; which, after all its scurrility; leaves the matter of complaint just where it was.

MEDICAL, &c. Art. 27. Reply to Dr. James Carmichael Smyth, containing Remarks

on his Letter to Mr. Wilberforce, and a farther Account of the Discovery of the Power of Mineral Acids in a State of Gas to destroy Contagion. By John Johnstone, M.D. &c. &c. 8vo. 58. Boards. Mawman.

We have already noticed the former stages of this, controversy, in which Dr. Johnstone urged the claim of his father to the discovery of the acid fumigation, and Dr. Smyth endeavoured to vindicate his right to the parliamentary reward that was voted to him. This last publication has again called forth the pen of Dr. Johnstone, which he employs with the same talents as before, and with much greater severity. On taking a general review of the dispute, we are de. cidedly of opinion that the elder Dr. Johnstone was the discoverer of the acid fumigation; and it appears clearly from the work before us, that he was in the habit of using it, on all such occasions as those in which it was afterward recommended by Dr. Smyth. On the other hand, it seems equally clear that Dr. Smyth was ignorant of the method of applying acids in the gaseous state, until after not only Dr. Johnstone but also M. Guyton had published on the subject; * M. R. Vol. xlii. p. 211.; and Vol. xlvii. p. 436.


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and that he did nothing more than employ a different kind of acid, which we are much inclined to regard as less proper for the purpose. - Under these circumstances, we do not besitate to consider Dr. Smyth's parliamentary grant as unmerited ; and though we cannot but regret that the argument should have taken so personal a turn,

the contemptuous manner in which Dr. Smyth treated his antagonist in some measure excuses the severity of the latter. We hope that the discussion will now be set at rest'; and that Dr. Smyth will be satisfied with his goool, Icaving the merit of the discovery to Dr. Johnstone and M. Guyton. Art. 28. A Proposal for destroying the Fire and Choak-Damps of

Coal-mines ; and their Production explained on the Principles of modern Chemistry: addressed to the Owners and Agents of Coal. works, &c. By Thomas Trotter, M.D., late Physician to His Majesty's Fleet, &c. &c. 8vo. {s. Longman and Co.

We are sorry to say that, in the course of our critical labours, we have seldom met with a work which, under the garb of science, presented more ignorance or false reasoning than are here displayed. Fatal accidents frequently occur in coal mines, in consequence of the noxious gases which abound in them, and which are of two kinds, viz. what has been called the fire damp, principally composed of hydrogenous gas, and the choak-damp, consisting of carbonic acid. After much philosophic parade, Dr. T. proposes that the former should be destroyed by fumigating the mines with the oxy-muriatic acid gas ; and that the latter should be absorbed by throwing water into them. We imagine that every person, who is in the least degree acquainted with collieries, must know that neither of these remedies would be adequate to the proposed object, and that the enıployment of them would render the mines absolutely useless. Art. 29. A Manual of Anatomy and Physiology, reduced as much

as possible to a tabular Form, for the Purpose of facilitating to Students the Acquisition of these Sciences. By Thomas Lux. more, Member of the Royal College of Surgeons, &c. &c. 12 md. 38. 6d. Boards. Highley.

This volume contains a great quantity of information, compressed into a small compass; and, as a manual of anatomy, it is fairly in. titled to commendation : but the physiological part seens to be extremely defective,

RELIGIOUS. Art. 30. Sermons for the Use of Families, Vol. II. By Edmund

Butcher. 8vo. Pp. 435. 7s.6d. Boards. Johnson. We noticed with approbation the first volume of these discourses, which was published in 1598.* A second edition has now been printed with this additional volume, in which some corrections have been made, and a sermon on • Religious Education' has been substiLuted for the original Hymns that were subjoined to each discourse

See Rev. Vol. xxx. N. S. p. 110.


in the first impression. The contents of Volume II. are in no respect inferior to those of its predecessor. . We trace in it the same liberal and enlightened views of Christianity, the same attention to the actual state of society in the choice and manner of treating the subjects introduced, the same union of piety and taste, and the same honourable notions of God and his Providence. The Discourses are truly practical, and in all of them are passages which speak to the feelings and situations of real life.-Mr.Butcher seems well aware that the mysteries of religion, on which questions have been started which no powers of the human intellect can decide, and by the discussion of which, few, if any, dispositions of the human heart have been improved, can never be the essential and most important parts of the religion of Jesus.-His style is animated, and often figurative, but it is never obscure nor difficult of comprehension. If his thoughts are not greatly distinguished by novelty, they are appropriate and judicious; and his appeal to the understanding and conscience of his reader is frequently solemn and impressive.

A short extract will enable our readers to form some idea of Mr. B.'s language and manner. In the 4th Sermon, the character of the Apostle Paul is thus summed up:

• The character of Paul has some shades, but they are faint and few. It is his extreme humility that leads him to speak of himself as he frequently does, “ I am the least of the Apostles, and am not fit to be called an apostle, because I persecuted the Church of God. I was before a persecutor, and blasphemer, and injurious :" and in this view he stiled himself “the chief of sinners.” It is evident, however, that he was not an immoral character, for he elsewhere tells us, that as touching the righteousness which is of the law he was blameless. Paul of Tarsus had no littleness of soul, no insipidity and apathy about him. His understanding was sound, and his heart at all times ardently upright. When he was convinced of the truth of Christi. anity, he renounced, without hesitation, every contrary sentiment. Every prospect of honour and advantage from Judaism was given up ; every prejudice was sacrificed ; and reproach and persecution encoun. tered rather than make shipwreck of faith and a good conscience. To make others as happy as himself he travelled from country to country. Dangers and sufferings seem only to have invigorated his zeal, expanded his heart, and made him more and more desirous of turning his fellow creatures from darkness to light, and from the power of Satan unto God. He had a most lively and glowing sense of the divine love in making him instrumental in the spread of that cause which he once persecuted. His earnest desire to diffuse the Gospel, to make known the Grace of Christ Jesus, and to extend to as many regions as possible the benefits of redemption, are parts of his character supereminently conspicuous. I shall close this imperfect sketch of it with his own words to Timothy. “ Thou hast fully known my doctrine, manner of life, faith, long-suffering, charity, patience, persecutions and Mictions, which came upon me at Antioch, at Iconium, at Lystra, what confict: I endured, but out of them all the Lord delivered me. Now I am ready to be offered, and the time of my departure is at hand. I have fought a good fight, I have finished

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my course, I have kept the faith ; henceforth there is laid up for me a crown of righteousness which the Lord, the righteous judge, shall give me at that day, and not to me only but to all them that love his appearing." Glorious Apostle ! 'behold him like a buffeted mariner in view of the port. He looks back upon the stormy ocean, and rejoices that his conflict with the waves is almost over. Like a faithful worn-out soldier, he anticipates the hour of his dismission, and looks with honest exultation to the wreath of glory which is preparing for him. Christians ! if you wish to be satisfied what a good conscience and the hopes of the gospel can do for you, survey this venerable figure ; it is Paul of Tarsus examining his heart and life, glorying in the consciousness of having done his duty, and longing to depart and be with the Lord.'

Practical utility is the express aim of this preacher, and it appears to us that his labours are calculated to adyance that laudable intention. Art. 31. A Vindication of certain Passages in the Common English

Version of the New Testament, addressed to Granville Sharp, Esg. Author of the “Remarks on the Uses of the Definitive Article in the Greek Text of the New Testament.” By the Rev, Calvin Winstanley, A.M.

26. Longman and Co. Had not the short lived controversy on the uses of the Greek Definitive Article, so indiscreetly provoked by Mr. Sharp, been completely put to rest, the assistance of Mr. Winstanley, who comes properly' armed with erudition and critical acumen, would have been hailed as a most auspicious event by Mr. Sharp's opponents: but as Mr. S's" Remarks have been proved to be unfouuded and fal, lacious, (see M. R. Vol. 44. N.S. p. 401 ) to fight over the field again with Mr. W. would only be to slay the slain, and to make the parade of a long triumph for a victory which required very little skill and effort to obtain. He must therefore excuse us from discus. sing his • Vindication,' and 'have the goodness to accept from us a general commendation instead of a minute examination of his work, which would unquestionably prove more creditable to his reputation as a scholar. By a multitude of examples, he shews that in the use of the article and the copulative, the Greek writers were governed not so much by any arbitrary rules, as by a regard to perspicuity and distinctness, and that, accordingly, there are some cases, in which the article cannot be repeated after the copulative, whether the nouns relate to the same thing or person, or to different things of persons , 'there are others in which it must be sepeated ; and there are others again, in which the repetition depends on the pleasure of he writer:

Mr. W does not address himself to the unlearned, and cautiously guards his orthodoxy, while he protests against Mr. Sarp's news

rinitariau versions.
Art. 3? A Charge delivered to the Clergy of the Diocese of Rochester,

in the Year 806, 'and published at their Request. By John
Law, D.D. Archdeacon of Rochester, 4to. 13. Payne.
It is recommended to the clergy, in this temperate address, to ad.


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