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ministered by others.' The persons, against whom the preacher directs his discourse, may say that the principles of both churches, are nearly the same; and that they only wish to enjoy the benefits of two modes of worship both alike Christian, and to cherish a liberal, in opposition to a party spirit.- We shall not enter into any arguinent with Mr P.: but we think that he has exposed himself to some sharp animadversions; and that he will be laughed at for cre. dulity, when he gravely states, on the report of a Mr. Somebody, that a Meeting house minister lately prayed that “it would please God to rain down bricks and mortar from heaven, with which Meeting houses might be built." Could not Mr. P. smell a hoax?

CORRESPONDENCE. EN T. of Kennington ohiigly communicates some remarks on a passage in Massinger, which ait:acted our notice in reviewing Mr. Gilford's late edition of that author. (See Rev. for January, P. II. With regard to the term Gale;-pint, he says, he has in his posserciun a very scarce large view of London, will engraved by inicholas John Visscher, who flourished in 16co, with the principal buildings, ic named in it; and which contains a large pleasure boat, with 3 or 4 masts, much ornamented and fitted up seemingly for parties of pleasure, called the 63rg fresie.A naval friend, he justoms us, describes it as "a ship-rige'd vessel, with a jigcer-mast abast to sei the inizen on;" and oin correspondent adds that it certainly was not a Lil Wayor's Barge, as described by Mr. Gifford, as it stands very high out of the water, and is fierced for severa! Guns.'-ENT. then enters into some etymological conjectures, which we suspect to be erroneous; and we have now to skjoin, that our old friend N. Baily, in li. val.dobi. Brymological English Diction. art, (which we before undccoutally opitted to consult,) inserts the kid Puist, and calls it “metr, or small bip, with sails or oars - These coricariis esiluices seem to set the question at rest with regnd to the meaning of the term Galis fuist:--Bullions, and Quirpo or Cirlo, (see a so Bailey) wc bare alearly explained :--sodhat this passage in Massinger, and the division of a becus tine in the days of that poet, may now be fully understood.

Il'. S. refers to an Extract from a book which we have not now at haud.

Our correspondent at Emanuel College is under a mistake. We have never seen a 20 Edition of the work which he mentions.

A very warm adinirer' almost soreles us with his faming praise : but we must culily inform lim, trat such publications as that which is ihe cbject of his warmesi sclicitude do not attract our attention.

In the ArpanDX to Vol. LI. of the Monthly Review, which was published with the last Number, P. 457. 1. '. for thert,' r. here. P. 507.1. 11. after ' lovers,' add of. P.514. 1. 12. for powers,' r: power.

In the No. for January, P. 62. 1. 26. for and indeed,' v. indeed, and, P. 90. 1. 17. for 'three into,' r. into three.

тн Е


For MARCH, 1807.

Art. I. Biographical Memoirs of the late Rev. Joseph Warlon, D.D.

Master of St. Mary, Winton College; Prebendary of Winchester Cathedral; and Rector of the Parishes of Wickham and Upham, Hants : to which are added, a Selection from his Works; and a Literary Correspondence between eminent Persons, reserved by him for Publication. By the Rev. John Wool, A.M., late Fellow of New College, Oxford; Rector of Blackford, Somerset; and Master of the Free Grammar School of Midhurst, Sussex. 4to.

pp. 426. 11. 75. Boards. Cadell and Davies. 1906. S

direct and extensive is the influence of letters in melio.

rating the condition of society, that the history of every eminent scholar may be safely regarded as a subject of more honourable record than that of heroes and statesmen, who too often shine with a dazzling but destructive splendour. Other views and feelings, too, than those connected with gratitude alone, contribute to the importance of impartial displays of literary biography; since no object can more deeply interest the student of human nature than a cultivated understanding, and in no circumstances are the mental faculties more distinctly developed than in the acquisition of knowlege and science, We may be allowed to add that, next to familiar access to the living models of learning, the memorials of their talents and virtues are powerfully calculated' to rouse genius and inspire emulation. *It must at the same time be conceded that the task of commemoration too frequently devolves on those who are by no means qualified for its performance; and while one presents us with little more than a chronicle of dates, a second blends with facts the partialities of consanguinity or friendship, a third recites with compiacency the most trivial incidents, and a fourth exalts the hero of his theme into a saint, or a demi-god.

These general reflections have been suggested by the title of the present volume respecting an eminent and amiable litetary character, which sufficiently indicates the nature and divisions of its contents. A second, which it is intended to publish with all convenient speed, will include Dr. Warton's Life of Virgil, his three essays on Pastoral, Epic, and Dramatic Poetry, his papers in the Adventurer, a continua tion of the correspondence, and a supplement.


VOL. Lu..

From the Memoirs, to which our first and principal attention is due, we shall endeavour to collect the most important notices into a connected series.

Joseph Worton was born in the house of his maternal grandfather, the Rev. Joseph Richardson, Rector of Dunsfold in Surrey, and was baptized on the 22d of April, 1722. To his father, who was Professor of Poetry in Oxford, he was chiefly indebted for instruction, till the year 1736, when lie was admitted on the foundation of Winchester College, and manifested that vigour of intellect and that goodness of heart for which he was ever afrerward distinguished. It is particularly mentioned that, in this early stage of his literary career, he joined with Collins and another boy in contributing to the Gentleman's Magazine certain verses, which obtained the flattering approbation of the author of the Rambler. In 1740, he removed to Oriel College, Oxford, where the superiority of his endowments was speedily recognized, and where he composed some poetical effusions. On taking his bachelor's degree, he was ordaines on his father's curacy, and afterward performed the ministerial duties at different parishes, till 1748, when he was presented by the Duke of Bolton to the Rectory of Winslade, and married Miss Daman, to whom he had been for some time enthusiastically attached. :: In the year 1951, he was called from the indulgence of connubial happiness, and the luxury of literary retirement, to attend his patron to the South of France ; for which invitation the Duke had iwo motives, the society of a man of learning and taste, and the ac! commodation of a Protestant clergyman, who, immediately on the death of his Duchess, then in a confirmed dropsy, could marry him to the lacy with whom he lived, and who was universally known and distinguished by the name of Polly Peachium.'

On this occasion, the reverend biographer, to our utter astonishment, adopts the language, lot of pointed reprehension, but of apology and extenuation.--After all, Mr. Warton's continental tour was far from auspieious ; for the Duke's impatience deprived him of his expected recompense; and the information, which the scholar was solicitous of acquiring in the course of his rambles, was often intercepted by his igno. rance of the French language. The bald Latinity of a few Irish friars must have proved a wretched resource for the classical adep., whose national pronunciation of the Roman tongue might render his communication with learned natives of France unmanageable and uncertain.

. Soon after his return to England, Mr. Warton favoured the public with an edition of Virgil, in Latin and English, in which he adopted Pitt's translation of the Æneid, and supplied many valuable notes. In consequence of a very flattering invitation, he was next induced to furnish for the Adventurer twenty-four papers, chiefly relative to subjects of criticism and literature : but his scheme of editing the select epistles of Politianus, Erasmus, Grotius, and others, on a scale sufficiently extensive to embrace the history of the revival of learning, was unfortunately abandoned. In 1954, he was instituted to the living of Tanworth; and, in the following year, he was elected Second Master of Winchester School, to which office were attached the superintendance and emoluments of a boarding house.

• He entered on his honourable employment with all the energy a mind like his naturally conceived: but his zeal was tempered with judgement, and the eagerness of his expectations chastened by salutary patience. Ardent in provoking emulation, and rewarding excellence, he was at the same time aware that the standard of ap. proved merit must not be placed too high, or the laudable industry which gradually invigorates mediocrity of talent, be crushed by disa proportionate demands. He knew that the buman mind developed itself progressively, but not always in the same consistent degrees, or at periods uniformly similar. He conjectured therefore that the most probable method of ensuring some valuable improvement to the generality of boys, was not to exact what the generality are incapable of performing. As a remedy for inaccurate construction, arising either from apparent idleness or inability, he highly approved, and sedu. lously imposed, translation. Modesty, timidity, or many other con. stitutional impediments, may prevent a boy from displaying before his master, and in the front of his class, those talents, of which privacy and a relief from these embarrassments will often give proof. If Ad. dison, in the prime of life and possession of the richest mental en. dowments, could confess when speaking of his deficience in conversation, that with respect to intellectual wealth “ he could draw a bill for a thousand pounds, though he had not a' guinea in his pocket," it

may be supposed that boys not really destitute of talent, or inca. pable of becoming scholars, are sometimes so oppressed by shyness or fear, as not to do themselves justice in the common routine of public construction, and to require a varied method of ascertaining their sufficiency of information and intellect. This important end Dr. WARTON thought happily answered by translation ; nor did he deem lightly of its value as a general system. A habit of composition he imagined to be gradually acquired by it; and the style and sentiments of an author deeply engraven on the memory of the scholar. These sentiments were confirmed by that most infallible' test, experience; as he declared (within a few years of his death) that the best scholars he had sent into the world were those whom, whilst second mastery he had thus babituated to translation, and given a capacity of com. paring and associating the idiom of the dead languages with their own.'

In 1756, he published his Essay on the Genius and Writings of Pope, and receivedachaplain's scarf from his friend and patron, Lord Lyttelton. Ten years afterward, he was appointed Head Master of the seminary in which he had laboured with assiduity and success in the capacity of Usher. While thus advanciag to fame and independance, he was deprived by death of the wife whom he tenderly loved: but, at no long interval of time, he formed a second matrimonial connection, and wasagain peculiarly fortunate in his choice of an amiable and intelligent partner:

It is no nai) less reprehensible than remarkable, that the talents of the poet and critic, and the successful exertions of the instructor, had as yet received neither encouragement or (nor) remuneration. Nor had one man of power and patronage, though the sons of many were entrusted to his care, deemed it incumbent on him to confer either affluence or dignity on their Master. It remained for a Prelate most high in theological and classical reputation, for one who knew the value of literary acquirements, and was in his own person a distinguished example of the public benefit to which they may be converted, to do honour to himself and his situation by the preferment of Dr. WARTON. In the year 1782, the eminently learned and pious Dr. Lowth, then Bishop of London, bestowed on him a prebend of St. Paul's, and within the year added the living of Chorley in Hertfordshire, which, after some arrangements, the Doctor exchanged for Wickham.'

In the same year, appeared the long expected sequel to the Essay on Pope.--During the spring of 1786, Dr. Warton was visited with a severe domestic affliction, in the loss of his second son, a man of high talents and superior information. Within four years of this date, he had likewise to deplore the death of that brother to whom, from childhood, he had been invariably attached, and for whose genius and fame he had ever felt the most pure and liberal admiration.'--Having resigned the Mastership in 1793, he courted retirement, without renouncing those literary habits which he had, in some measure, identified with his existence. In 1797, he completed his edition of Pope, in nine volumes, octavo ; and we are informed that he had finished for the press two volumes of His intended edition of Dryden, when, sinking under the pressure of disease, he expired on the 23d of February, 1800. "I fannot but wish, remarks his biographer, that the possessor of the manuscript had found it convenient, or deemed it proper, to pubiish at least the two volumes left (and declared to be so


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