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One' of Sir John's enecdotes occurs in mentioning a peculi, arity in the names of places in Ireland, which may perhaps obtain a corner in a new edition of our jest books :-ex. gr.
We passed through Dundrum, a very pretty village about three miles and a half from Dublin. Near the four-mile stone is Moreen, a very picturesque situation : it is remarkable for a desperate battle which was fought some centuries since by two neighbouring families, who, having satiated their revenge, very piously erected a church in the valley where the battle was fought; but whether in expiation of their infuriated rage, or to perpetuate the history of it, antient story does not tell. Not far from Moreen, is the castle and church of Kilgobbin. The frequent recurrence of namcs of places beginping with kill
, is not a little alarming to a stranger in Ireland, more especially if he be under the influence of those stupid prejudices which have been excited against that country. I have just enumerat. ed, in iny memory, no less (not fewer) than forty-nine of those kill placcs. The name produced the following ridiculous mistake ; when some of our militia regiments were in Ireland during the rebellion, a soldier, a native of Devonshire, who was stationed at an out.post, stopped a countryman, and demanded who he was, whence he came from, and whither he was going: The fellow replied : " And my name, my dear honey, is Tullyhog; and, dy'e see, I am just been to Killmanny, and am going to Killmore." Upon which the sentinel immediately seized him, expecting to receive a high reward for having apprehended a most sanguinary rebel, by confession just come from murder, and going to a fresh banquet of blood.'
The chapter which includes Arklow notices the battle fought there during the late rebellion, and the subsequent simplicity of an Irish peasant; to which the author adds an instance of his own simplicity, by relating; as an event of yesterday, a story long since invented to ridicule a country clown:
• A whimsical circumstance happened here during the rebellion. A soldier, who was on guard, got into conversation with a raw countryman, and taking advantage of his simplicity, agreed with him for the sale of his sentry-box : the simple clown paid the amount of the purchase, and came the next morning with liis car and horse for it. * What are you doing there ?" said a fresh sentinel. “And, by Jasus, I'm come to remove this little bit of shelter, and plaze you,' said the boor. The same spirit of simplicity is displayed in the fol. lowing instance, which occurred not long since : A letter was received at the General Post-office, London, directed, “ To my son ia London ?" the next morning a gawky thumped at the Post-office window, and said, " has my mother sent me a letter ?" of course the letter received was immediately delivered to him.'
In like manner, the farmer's reply to the man who reproved him for tying his plough to the horses' tails, “ they are used to it," reminds this facetious gentleman of a similar answer from a rat-catcher respecting the sowing up of the mouths of his ferrets; and we are surprized that he had not also retailed the same remark of the poissarde when skinning eels.
On the road to Wicklow, the traveller passes some moun, tains containing copper ore ; and in these were observed seyeral hollow squares, like baths, partly filled with divisions, in which plates of iron were deposited the vitriolic particles of which are attracted by a stream strongly impregnated with vi. friolic water which flows into them, and leaves a sediment of copper,' The fact is correct : but the operation is not performed by vitriolic particles being attracted by vitriolic water, The elective attraction, which takes place by placing iron in copper streams, has often been explained.
As it would be impossible inr us regularly to attend this sambler to the numerous places icladed in his route, or to notice the multitude of objects on which he descants, we shall deem it sufficient to specify that, besides the capital, he visited the considerable townis of Limerick and Cork; that he enjoyed the scenery of the Dargle and of the Upper and Lower lake of Killarney, that he describes the nature of the country and the state of society; and that with national institutions he sketches national manners.
From the visit to the lake of Killarney, we expected some gratification : ' but the writer dismisses his account of this beautiful spot in the following unsatisfactory manner :
The morning after our return from Dunlow castle, we set off for the upper lake: it was still and serene, and the vapours hung upon the summits of the mountains in the most fantastic shapes. Below, every thing was clear and tranquil : I never before saw reflexion in the water 60 perfect : and the echoes, ypon the bugle being blown, were remarkably distinct, We passed O'Donahue's prison, an insựlated rock, which has been much fretted by the waves : tradition says that the prince of that name used to chain his rebellious subjects to it. I saw several rocks which had been so eaten through by the action of the air and water, that they presented the appearanee of dissected vertebræ.
• In Macruss lake there is a rock exactly resembling a horse in the act of drinking. As every island in these lakes has some traditionary history attached to it, and as there are no less [nol fewer than thirty four islands, I will spare my reader the labour of attending to them. We doubled the point of Ross Island, and, at a distance, saw the machines for working the cupper-mines lately discovered there.
Glenaa, always the great object of the lakes, and whom I had pever contemplated before so closely, notwithstanding his spoliation, rose with uncommon majesty before us : upon his rocky and indented shores, the finest arbutus, or strawberry trees, were in berry and blossom too; whilst its southern side presented a varied covering of the fops of oak, ash, pine, birch-trees, and alder ; white-thorn, yew, and
holly, holly, growing wild, and blending their different greens with great luxuriance : here, a neat little cottage peeped upon us from some unexpected openings: there, the smoke, curling above the tree tops, pointed to its concealment; whilst groupes of grazing cattle enlivened the whole. From a solid detached rock, apparently without any soil, we remarked a yew tree growing. in Russian Finland, I remember having seen several firs growing, without any vegetable mould, upon the tops of masses of granite ; they were supported by long fibrous roots which clasped the rock, and which I was able to overturn with ease.'
Respecting the city and trade of Cork, these particulars are stated :
• Cork exports more beef, tallow, hides, butter, fish, and other provisions, than Belfast, Waterford, or Limerick; her other exports are linen cloth, pork, calves, lambs, rabbit-skins, wool for England, linen, and wollen yarn and worsted. The slaughtering season commences in Septeniber, and continues to the latter end of January, during which time it has been computed that no less (not fewer than one hundred thousand head of black cattle have been killed and cured.
• The provision-trade has not been carried on for these last three or four years with the same spirit, and to the same extent, as fore merly, owing in a great measure to the business having become more general in the other sea.ports of Ireland than before : yet a much larger quantity of provision was made up in Cork last season than the year preceding ; but if it be considered that the greater portion was intended for the use of government, and that the price of cattle has been much too high in proportion to the prices allowed by go. vernment for the manufactured provisions, it may easily be inferred that the trade could not be very productive to those concerned.
• The Union has not as yet producer any visible effcts upon the trade of Cork; but, from the best information I could procure, it is expected that in time that great political measure will be followed by salutary consequences to Cork
• The price of land in the neighbourhood of this city varies from three pounds to ten pounds per acre of English statute measure.
• Upon the banks of the river, and towards the harbour's mouth, on account of the convenience for bathing, the land, without being rich, is very high in value. Within these last ten years, rent has tripled : the price of labour in this part of Ireland has advanced greatly within these few years ; but the comforts of the lower orders have not “grown with its growth,” in consequence of the prices of the necessaries of life keeping equal pace with :he advance of wages, which in these parts are now from sixteenpence or eighteenpence per day Tillage in the immediate neighbourhood of Cork, and in the southera parts of the country, has been latterly much promoted, in consequence of the breweries and distilleries consuming such an iinmense quantity of bailey and oa:s, whilst the large quantity of wheat and four used in the market, both for home consumption and export, has greatly excited the farmers to the cultivation of the former. The
rigorous rigorous exaction of the hearth-money tax has been much complained of amongst the poor, but as the legislature is about to annul it, all farther comment would be unnecessary.
The relative proportion of catholics to protestants, in this and in all the cities of Munster, is full four to one ; in the interior of the country it is ten to one; almost all the common people are of the first description, as well as the respectable merchants of the city.
• Under the term protestants are comprehended all separatists from the catholic communion : the established church in this part of Ireland lias very few followers; the methodists, on the contrary, are rapidly increasing.
• It is with uncommon satisfaction that I am enabled to state, from indubitable authority, that the catholic clergy in this city, and throughout the province, are by their public and private virtue and deportment, eminently entitled to the thanks and admiration of the government. In the discharge of their high vocation, they have laboured to remove the prejudices of the poor and unenlightened catholic., have placed his religious happiness on the side of his social duties, and united his faith to the repose of his country. Since the unfortunate era of 1798, the tranquillity of Cork has been remarkable.
• Although catholic landholders in this country are not very numerous at present, as the character of the city is purely commercial, no doubt the catholic landed interest will be much extended, by catholics investing their fortunes, in future, in the purchase of land.'
We shall now extract the author's highly-coloured summary of the Irish character:
With few materials for ingenuity to work with, the peasantry of Ireland are most ingenious, and with adequate inducements laboriously indefatigable: they possess, in general, personal beauty and vigour of frame; they abound with wit and sensibility, although all the avenues to useful knowledge are closed against them; they are capa. ble of forgiving injuries, and are generous even to their oppressors ; they are sensible of superior merit, and submissive to it; they display natural urbanity in rags and penury, are cordially hospitable, ardent for information, social in their habits, kind in their disposition, in gaiety of heart and genuine humour unrivalled, even in their superstition presenting an union of pleasantry and tenderness ; they are warm and constant in their attachments; faithful and incorruptible in their engagements ; innocent with the power of sensual enjoyment perpetually within their reach ; observant of sexual modesty, though crowded in the narrow limits of a cabio ; strangers to a crime which reddens the check of manhood with horror ; tenacious of respect; acutely sensible of, and easily won by kindnesses. Such is the pea. santry of Ireland : | appeal not to the affections or the humanity, but to the justice of every one to whom chance may direct these pages, whether men so constituted present no character which a wise government can mould to the great purpose of augmenting the prosperity of the country, and the happiness of society. Well might
Lord Chesterfield, when Lord-Lieutenant of Ireland, exclaim, God has done every thing for this country, man nothing."
Having had sufficient evidence of the degraded condition of the low Irish, and witnessed with concern their propensity to whisky-drinking, with the encouragement which it receives from the inordinate sale of this liquid poison, the author offers, in his general remarks at the conclusion, some very useful hints on the subjects of Education, Priests, Absentees, Agents, Cabins, unlicensed Distilleries, Porter-breweries, Courts of Justice, Oaths, &c. adding the following reasons to enforce his observations:
• Heaven never committed to any government the care of a country upon which she has been more prodigally bountiful: for, independently of the genius of the people, Ireland throughout rests upon a bed of the richest manure: towards the sea she has sand, shells, and weed : inland, she abounds with limestone gravel, limestone marl, and other natural manures : her rivers and surrounding seas are all propi. tious to commerce, and are open to all the quarters of the world. The Shannon, the Liffey, the Lee, the Suir, the Bann, the Boyne, the Black water, and other rivers, her creeks, her numerous, vast, and beautiful lakes abound with fish of various descriptions, and with little assistance from the hand of man, can be formed into canals, which might easily unite the centre with the extremities of the island : upon the seas which surround her, vessels from the most distant regions can approach her indented coasts in the most tempestuous weather with safety : within a circuit of seven hundered and fifty miles, it has been estimated that she possesses sixty-six secure harbours. The fertility of the country, with a slender exception, is uncommonly luxuriant ; her climate is soft and salubrious, her bogs demonstrate her former consequence, and can be, and are rapidly reclaiming ; an inexhaustible stratum of coal is ready to supply its turf; and her peasantry, without having tasted much of happiness and prosperity, possess all the essential qualities by which both are deserved, and can be enjoyed and promoted.
Upon this country a new Aurora has shed her purple light. A jealous, angry, and mistaken policy is yielding to reason, gentleness, and toleration. Under the mild administration of a Hardwicke, Ireland felt new confidence, and the hope of better days ; that confidence will be rewarded, and those hopes realized under the auspices of the present government, which has displayed at once its paternal care and its wisdom, by contiding the destinies of that country to a nobleman of the most expanded and liberal mind, of the highest rank, and the most splendid fortune, and who has devoted himself to a science and to a course of investigation essential to the prosperity of all countries, but peculiarly to that over which he presides ; it would here be superfluous to name the present illustrious descendant of the house of Russell.'
This volume, like its predecessors, is embellished with acqua tinta engravings, and with a map of Killarney; which II