Henry VI Part 3

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Independently Published, 2018 M09 12 - 167 páginas
Henry 6, Part 3 was first published in 1595 in an octavo volume under the title The True Tragedy of Richard Duke of York and the Good King Henry the Sixth. In 1623, a play longer by a thousand lines appeared in Shakespeare's First Folio under the title, The Third Part of Henry the Sixth. Some scholars believe that the first version was an early draft of the later folio edition, while other editors believe that the octavo version was reconstructed by memorization of actors and audience members, thus, explaining its shorter length. The folio version is thought to be based on Shakespeare's own manuscript before he gave it to his players, while the octavo version may have been based on a promptbook for the actual production. Therefore, the folio version may be longer and looser than the actual text presented on stage, while the octavo version may be shorter than what an audience witnessed. Most editors use the longer folio version with occasional additions from the octavo when the staging seems preferable.3 Henry VI is a continuation of the depiction of the War of the Roses, begun in 1 Henry VI and 2 Henry VI. These plays follow the struggles between the Lancastrian descendants of Edward III, represented by the red rose, and his Yorkist descendants, who wore the white rose. This third installment ambitiously depicts many significant battles fought during that civil war, stretching between the Battle of Wakefield in 1460, when the Duke of York was killed, to the Battle of Tewkesbury in 1471, when Edward, York's eldest son, defeated the Lancasters.Shakespeare probably made use of historical information gathered from contemporary chronicle histories of the 15th century and of the struggles between the Yorks and the Lancasters in the War of the Roses. Particularly he is thought to have used Raphael Holingshed's Chronicles of England, Scotland, and Ireland (1587) and Edward Hall's Union of the Two Noble and Illustre [Illustrious] Families of Lancaster and York (1548). However, Shakespeare had to conflate or altar historical events so they would fit within a dramatic context.

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William Shakespeare, 1564 - 1616 Although there are many myths and mysteries surrounding William Shakespeare, a great deal is actually known about his life. He was born in Stratford-Upon-Avon, son of John Shakespeare, a prosperous merchant and local politician and Mary Arden, who had the wealth to send their oldest son to Stratford Grammar School. At 18, Shakespeare married Anne Hathaway, the 27-year-old daughter of a local farmer, and they had their first daughter six months later. He probably developed an interest in theatre by watching plays performed by traveling players in Stratford while still in his youth. Some time before 1592, he left his family to take up residence in London, where he began acting and writing plays and poetry. By 1594 Shakespeare had become a member and part owner of an acting company called The Lord Chamberlain's Men, where he soon became the company's principal playwright. His plays enjoyed great popularity and high critical acclaim in the newly built Globe Theatre. It was through his popularity that the troupe gained the attention of the new king, James I, who appointed them the King's Players in 1603. Before retiring to Stratford in 1613, after the Globe burned down, he wrote more than three dozen plays (that we are sure of) and more than 150 sonnets. He was celebrated by Ben Jonson, one of the leading playwrights of the day, as a writer who would be "not for an age, but for all time," a prediction that has proved to be true. Today, Shakespeare towers over all other English writers and has few rivals in any language. His genius and creativity continue to astound scholars, and his plays continue to delight audiences. Many have served as the basis for operas, ballets, musical compositions, and films. While Jonson and other writers labored over their plays, Shakespeare seems to have had the ability to turn out work of exceptionally high caliber at an amazing speed. At the height of his career, he wrote an average of two plays a year as well as dozens of poems, songs, and possibly even verses for tombstones and heraldic shields, all while he continued to act in the plays performed by the Lord Chamberlain's Men. This staggering output is even more impressive when one considers its variety. Except for the English history plays, he never wrote the same kind of play twice. He seems to have had a good deal of fun in trying his hand at every kind of play. Shakespeare wrote 154 sonnets, all published on 1609, most of which were dedicated to his patron Henry Wriothsley, The Earl of Southhampton. He also wrote 13 comedies, 13 histories, 6 tragedies, and 4 tragecomedies. He died at Stratford-upon-Avon April 23, 1616, and was buried two days later on the grounds of Holy Trinity Church in Stratford. His cause of death was unknown, but it is surmised that he knew he was dying.

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