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though the editor very prudently put Colunia instead of Neapoli in the title-page, the sale of Cellini was prohibited; the court of Rome has actually made it an article in their Index Expurgatorius, and prevented the importation of the book into any country where the power of the Holy See prevails. • The life of Benvenuto Cellini is certainly a phenome: hon in biography, whether we consider it with respect to the artist himself, or the great variety of historical facts which relate to others : it is indeed a very good supplement to the history of Europe, during the greatest part of the sixteenth century, more especially in what relates to painting, sculpture, and architecture, and the most eminent: masters in those elegant arts, whose works Cellini praises or censures with peculiar freedom and energy.

As to the man himself, there is not perhaps a more fingular character among the race of Adam: the admired Lord Herbert of Cherbury scarce equals Cellini in the number of peculiar qualities which separate him from the rest of the human species.

He is at once a man of pleasure, and a slave to su. perftition ; a despiser of vulgar notions, and a believer in magical incantations; a fighter of duels, and a composer' of divine fonnets; an ardent lover of truth, and a retailer of visionary fancies; an admirer of papal power, and a hater of popes; an offender against the laws, with a strong reliance on divine pro-. vidence. If I may be allowed the expresfion, Cellini is one striking feature added to the human forma prodigy to be wondered at, not an example to be imitated. ..


Though Cellini was so blind to his own imperfections as to commit the most unjustifiable actions, with .a full persuasion of the goodness of his cause and the rectitude of his intention, yet no man was a keener and more accurate observer of the blemishes of others; hence his book abounds with sarcastick wit and satiri. cal expression. Yet though his portraits are sometimes grotesque and over-charged, from misinformation, from melancholy, from infirmity, and from peculiarity of humour; in general it must be allowed that they are drawn from the life, and conformable to the idea given by cotemporary writers. His characa ters of pope Element the seventh, Paul the third, and his bastard son Pier Luigi ; Francis the first, and his favourite mistress madam d'Efampes; Cofmo duke of Florence, and his duchess, with many others, are touched by the hand of a master.

General history, cannot descend to minute details of the domestick life and private transactions, the passions and foibles of great personages; but these give truer representations of their characters than all. the elegant and laboured compositions of poets and historians.

To fome a register of the actions of a statuary may seem a heap of uninteresting occurrences ; but the difcerning will not disdain the efforts of a powerful mind, because the writer is not ennobled by birth, or digni. fied by station.

The man who raises himself by consummate merit in his profession to the notice of princes, who converses with them in a language dictated by honest freedom, who scruples not to tell them those truths


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which they must despair to hear from courtiers and favourites, from minions and paralites, is a bold leveller of distinctions in the courts of powerful mo. narchs. Genius is the parent of truth and courage ; and these, united, dread no opposition.

The Tuscan language is greatly admired for its elegance, and the meanest inhabitants of Florence speak a dialect which the rest of Italy are proud to imitate. The style of Cellini, though plain and familiar, is vi. gorous and energetick. He possesses, to an uncommon degree, strength of expression, and rapidity of fancy. Dr. Nugent seems to have carefully studied his author, and to have translated him with ease and free dom, as well as truth and fidelity.






In a LETTER to the Editor of the GentleMAN'S MAGAZINE, vol. xiii.




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Mr. URBAN, TT would not be found useless in the learned world,

1 if in written controversies as in oral disputations, a moderator could be selected, who might in some degree superintend the debate, restrain all needless excursions, repress all personal reflections, and at last recapitulate the arguments on each side; and who, though he should not affume the province of decid. ing the question, might at least exhibit it in its true state.

This reflection arose in my mind upon the confideration of Mr. Crousaz's Commentary on the Er. say on Man, and Mr. Warburton's Answer to it. The importance of the subject, the reputation and abilities of the controvertists, and perhaps the ardour with which each has endeavoured to support his


cause, have made an attempt of this kind necessary for the information of the greatest number of Mr. Pope's readers.

Among the duties of a moderator, I have mentioned that of recalling the disputants to the subject, and cutting off the excrescences of a debate, which Mr. Crousaz will not suffer to be long unemployed, and the repression of personal invectives which have not been very carefully avoided on either part; and are less excusable, because it has not been proved, that either the poet, or his commentator, wrote with any other design than that of promoting happiness by cultivating reason and piety.

Mr. Warburton has indeed so much depressed the character of his adversary, that before I consider the controversy between them, I think it necessary to exhibit some specimens of Mr. Crousaz's sentiments, by which it will probably be shewn, that he is far from deserving either indignation or contempt; that his notions are just, though they are sometimes introduced without necessity; and defended when they are not opposed; and that his abilities and parts are such as may entitle him to reverence from those who think his criticisms superfluous.

In page 35 of the English translation, he exhibits an observation which every writer ought to impress upon his mind, and which may afford a sufficient apology for his commentary.

On the notion of a ruling passion he offers this remark; "Nothing so much hinders men from • obtaining a complete victory over their ruling


: . passion,

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