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11 As enormities grew every day less supportable he found it

necessary to concur in the Revolution. He was one of those Lords who sat every day in council to preserve the publick peace, after the king's departure"; and, what is not the most illustrious action of his life, was employed to conduct the Princess Anne to Nottingham with a guard”, such as might alarm the populace as they passed with false apprehensions of her danger. Whatever end may be designed, there is always something despicable

in a trick. 12 He became, as may be easily supposed, a favourite of King

William, who, the day after his accession, made him lord chamberlain of the household }, and gave him afterwards the garter*. He happened to be among those that were tossed with the King in an open boat sixteen hours, in very rough and cold weather, on the coast of Holland 5. His health afterwards

declined ; and on Jan. 19, 17056, he died at Bath. 13 He was a man whose elegance and judgement were universally

confessed?, and whose bounty to the learned and witty was generally known 8. To the indulgent affection of the publick Lord Rochester bore ample testimony in this remark: 'I know thick rows of Earls and Barons by sixteen hours before he got safe to whom he was watched, and before land. Yet neither he, nor any of whom, in the next Parliament, he those who were with him, were the might stand at the bar.' MACAULAY, worse for all this cold and wet History, iii. 115.

weather. BURNET, Hist. iii. 78. 16. iii. 295 ; Collins's Peerage, i. 6 • Let my friends wish me,' wrote

Pope, as long a life as they please, Eng. Poets, xxxii. 131.

I should not wish it to myself with the “They could not safely attempt to allay of great or much pain. My old reach William's quarters; for the Lord Dorset said very well in that road thither lay through a country case the tenure is not worth the fine.' occupied by the royal forces. It Pope's Works(Elwin and Courthope), was therefore determined that Anne ix. 103. Pope perhaps had this in mind should take refuge with the northern when he wrote: insurgents.' MACAULAY, History, iji. 'Ease, health and life for this they

must resign ; 3 Collins's Peerage, i. 776. Smol. Unsure the tenure, but how vast the lett describes him as a man of 'in fine!! vincible indolence.' History, i. 316. POPE, The Temple of Fame, I. 507.


* On Feb. 3, 1690-1. Collins's ?' He had the greatest wit tempered Peerage, i. 777.

with the greatest candour, and was s 16. p. 777. It was in January one of the finest critics as well as the 1690-1. When the King got within best poets of his age. ADDISON, the Maese, so that it was thought The Spectator, No. 85. See also two hours' rowing would bring him Horace Walpole's Works, i. 425. to land, being weary of the sea he 8.He was the support of all the went into an open boat with some of poets of his time. Jacob's Poetical his Lords; but by mists and storms Register, ii. 174. For his kindness to he was tossed up and down above Prior see post, PRIOR, 2.


not how it is, but Lord Buckhurst may do what he will, yet is never in the wrong ".'

If such a man attempted poetry we cannot wonder that his 14 works were praised. Dryden, whom, if Prior tells truth, he distinguished by his beneficence ?, and who lavished his blandishments on those who are not known to have so well deserved them), undertaking to produce authors of our own country superior to those of antiquity, says, 'I would instance your Lordship in satire, and Shakespeare in tragedy! Would it be imagined that, of this rival to antiquity, all the satires were little personal invectives, and that his longest composition was a song of eleven stanzas ?

The blame however of this exaggerated praise falls on the 15 I'It was in fact true, what the Earl judgment, and somewhat too delicate of Rochester said in jest to King a taste in wit, which the world have Charles—that he did not know how mistaken in him for ill-nature Works, it was, but my Lord Dorset might do xv. 285).' Malone's Dryden, vol. i. anything, yet was never to blame.' pt. 2; Essay on Dram. Poesy, p. 35 n. PRIOR, Eng. Poets, xxxii. 133.

Whichever he is, there is this inconRochester wrote of him :

sistency, that while he was one of the 'For pointed satire I would Buck boating party on the Thames who hurst choose,

' perceived the air to break about The best good man, with the worst- them like the noise of distant thunder, natured Muse.'

or of swallows in a chimney, on that Eng. Poets, xv. 65. memorable day when our navy en'Never was so much ill-nature in gaged the Dutch'(Dryden's Works, a pen as in his, joined with so much xv. 283), he was himself fighting in good-nature as was in himself even to the battle. Ante, DORSET, 5. excess ; for he was against all punish 5 'The gentleman had always so ing, even of malefactors.' BURNET, much the better of the satirist that Hist. i. 294.

the persons touched were forced to • Yet soft in nature, though severe appear rather ashamed than angry.' his lay,

PRIOR, Eng. Poets, xxxii. 129. His anger moral, and his wisdom The following lines addressed to gay.'

Post, POPE, 387. the Hon. Edward Howard do not 2 Post, DRYDEN, 137. For his show much of the gentleman':giving Dryden a banknote for £100 'Sure hasty pudding is thy chiefest at a Christmas Day dinner see Jacob's

dish, Poetical Register, ii. 16, quoted in With bullock's liver, or some stinkMalone's Dryden, i. 452.

ing fish; 3 For Dryden's 'abject adulation' Garbage, ox-cheeks, and tripes do see post, DRYDEN, 170.

feast thy brain, *Dryden's, Works, xiii. 14; post, which nobly pays this tribute back DRYDEN, 27.


16. xvii. 148. Dryden determines by him (Dor His poems are contained in twentyset), under the character of Eugenius, four pages of Eng. Poets, pp. 147as to the laws of dramatic poetry (in 71. Malone thinks 'all his satires the Essay of Dramatic Poesy, Works, have not come down to us, at least xv. 301). PRIOR, Eng. Poets, xxxii. with his name.' Malone's Dryden, 127. Malone points out that Crites' iii. 80. character better suits him, who is For his pieces in State Poems, vol. described as 'a person of a sharp iii, see Spence's Anec. p. 157.

encomiast, not upon the author ; whose performances are, what they pretend to be, the effusions of a man of wit, gay, vigorous, and airy? His verses to Howard’ shew great fertility of mind, and his Dorinda has been imitated by Pope 3.

I'Your Lyric Poems are the also ridiculed Howard. 16. xvi. 181. delight and wonder of this age, and Both satirists ridicule 'His Incomparwill be the envy of the next.' Dry- able, Incomprehensible Poem, intitled DEN, Works, xiii. 5.

the British Princes. See also BosLord Dorset's things are all ex- well's Johnson, ii. 108. cellent in their way; for one should 3 [On the Countess of Dorchester, consider his pieces as a sort of epi. Mistress to King James the Second, grams; wit was his talent.' POPE, Eng. Poets, xvii. 158. Pope's imitation Spence's Anec. p. 281.

is entitled Artemisia.] · Eng. Poets, xvii. 147, 148. Waller

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CEORGE STEPNEY, descended from the Stepneys of I

J Pendegrast [Prendergast] in Pembrokeshire, was born at Westminster in 1663. Of his father's condition or fortune I have no account?. Having received the first part of his education at Westminster, where he passed six years in the College, he went at nineteen to Cambridge 3, where he continued a friendship begun at school with Mr. Montague, afterwards Earl of Halifax“. They came to London together, and are said to have been invited into publick life by the Duke of Dorset 5.

His qualifications recommended him to many foreign employ-2 ments, so that his time seems to have been spent in negotiations. In 1692 he was sent envoy to the Elector of Brandenburgh; in 1693 to the Imperial Court; in 1694 to the Elector of Saxony; in 1696 to the Electors of Mentz and Cologne, and the Congress at Francfort; in 1698 a second time to Brandenburgh; in 1699 to the King of Poland; in 1701 again to the Emperor ; and in 1706 to the States General 6. In 1697 he was made one of the commissioners of trade. His life was busy, and not long.

* Johnson's authority in this Life was his son to whom the dukedom is Jacob's Poetical Register, ii. 205. was granted in 1720. Ante, DORSET,

? He was Groom of the Chamber 8. "'Twas he that recommended the to Charles II. Dict. Nat. Biog. late Lord Halifax to King William, Horace Walpole is wrong in stating promoted Mr. Prior, preferred Mr. that his mother was Vandyke's Mainwaring, Mr. Stepney and many daughter. Anec. of Painting, ed. others. JACOB, Poetical Register, ii. 1888, i. 336 n. Sir John Stepney, 175. According to the Life of Halithe fourth baronet, was her husband. fax, 1715, p. 7, Stepney'desired to Cokayne's Complete Baronetage, i. be excused out of his love to a retired 178. The poet's mother was Mary, life.' daughter of Sir Bernard Whetstone, 6 Addison, sending him the beKnt. Dict. Nat. Biog.

ginning of his Dialogues on Medals, 3 He was elected Scholar of Trinity wrote :- I cannot hope that one who College in 1682, and Fellow in 1687. is so well acquainted with the perDict. Nat. Biog.

sons of our present modern princes Post, HALIFAX, 2. Stepney should find any pleasure in a disbequeathed to him a golden cup and course on the faces of such as made a hundred tomes of his library.' a figure in the world above a thouAddison's Works, v. 363.

sand years ago.' Addison's Works, 5 The sixth Earl of Dorset. It v. 338.

He died in 1707, and is buried in Westminster-Abbey, with this epitaph, which Jacob transcribed'.

H. S. E.

Ob Ingenii acumen,
Literarum Scientiam,
Morum Suavitatem,

Rerum Usum,
Virorum Amplissimorum Consuetudinem,

Linguæ, Styli, ac Vitæ Elegantiam,
Præclara Officia cum Britanniæ tum Europæ præstita,

Sua ætate multum celebratus;
Apud posteros semper celebrandus;

Plurimas Legationes obiit
Ea Fide, Diligentia, ac Felicitate,
Ut Augustissimorum Principum

Gulielmi et Annæ
Spem in illo repositam

Numquam fefellerit,

Haud raro superaverit.
Post longum honorum Cursum

Brevi Temporis Spatio confectum,
Cum Naturæ parum, Famæ satis vixerat,
Animam ad altiora aspirantem placide efflavit.

On the Left Hand:

G. S.
Ex Equestri Familia Stepneiorum,
De Pendegrast, in Comitatu

Pembrochiensi oriundus,
Westmonasterii natus est, A.D. 1663.

Electus in Collegium
Sancti Petri Westmonast. A. 1676.

Sanctæ Trinitatis Cantab. 1682.
Consiliariorum quibus Commercii

Cura commissa est 1697.
Chelseiæ mortuus, et, comitante

Magna procerum

Frequentia, huc elatus, 1707?. 3 It is reported that the juvenile compositions of Stepney made

grey authors blush ?. I know not whether his poems will appear

Poetical Register, ii. 205.
? Luttrell (vi. 215) recorded that on
Sept. 22, 1707, 'the corpse of Mr.
Stepney was interred in great state;

the pall was carried up by two dukes,
two earls, and two barons.' He died
on Sept. 15. N. & l.2 S. xi. 225.

3 Post, SMITH, 6. Addison,

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