Report to the President

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Página 1 - Revolutionary changes are occurring in American education of which even yet we are only dimly aware. This nation has been propelled into a challenging new educational era since World War II by the convergence of powerful forces — an explosion...
Página 6 - ... total of alumni gifts, corporate gifts, and endowment income of all colleges and universities combined. This is tantamount to the largest scholarship program in world history, but certainly not one calculated to advance education. Unless this condition is corrected forthwith the quality of American higher education will decline. No student and no institution can hope to escape the consequences.
Página 24 - But it should do these things only by methods which strengthen State and local effort and responsibility and, in the case of direct financial assistance, only through programs which are periodically reviewed and which are promptly terminated when no longer clearly justifiable. Finally, the Federal Government should studiously avoid programs and policies which carry the threat either of control or of other adverse effects upon the educational institutions.
Página 17 - The challenge presented by this opportunity points up, rather than supplants, the cardinal role of education. That role is to develop human beings of high character, of courageous heart and independent mind, •who can transmit and enrich our society's intellectual, cultural and spiritual heritage, who can advance mankind's eternal quest for truth and beauty and who can leave the world a better place than they found it. Only by pursuing these paramount goals of education can we insure a free society...
Página 3 - This great expansion of capable young people seeking education beyond high school represents an enormous opportunity and challenge for our society. But our institutions of higher learning, despite their remarkable achievements in the past, are in no shape today to meet the challenge. Their resources are already strained ; their quality standards are even now in jeopardy, and their projected plans fall far short of the indicated need.
Página 19 - That the Federal revenue laws be revised, with appropriate safeguards, in ways which will permit deductions or credits on income tax returns by students, their parents or others who contribute to meeting their expenditures necessarily incurred in obtaining formal education beyond high school; and, further, that provisions be included which will grant proportionately greater tax benefit to those least able to afford those expenditures.
Página 5 - The most critical bottleneck to the expansion and improvement of education in the United States is the mounting shortage of excellent teachers.
Página 15 - The Committee therefore recommends that the Office of Education give its priority attention to developing plans for an efficient fact-finding and reporting service, using the most advanced technique already in common use in other fields of national interest, with the aim of supplying the Nation with a continuing flow of reliable and up-to-date information about conditions and trends in education...
Página 4 - If an unwelcome choice were required between preserving quality and expanding enrollments, then quality should be preferred, because it would do neither individuals nor the Nation any good to masquerade mass production of mediocrity under the guise of higher education."1 The restoration of the economic position of teachers is not only necessary — it is urgent.
Página 15 - Maine, bricklayers' wages in Houston, hogs slaughtered in Chicago, and bank loans in San Francisco, all of which are reliably reported every month or every week by various Federal agencies. Until the gross deficiencies in educational reporting are remedied, all advisory work, all research, all educational planning throughout the country and all efforts by individual States, communities and institutions to devise effective actions will be severely handicapped.

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