Imágenes de páginas

may found a claim to the title of a deliverer? « Fas est et ab hoste doceri.” Every year, and, I had almost said, every month, brings before my countrymen some awful warning against the systematic continuance, both of restraints which every incensed sufferer calls intolerance, and of practices, which every disinterested observer knows to be inveterate and pernicious abuses.

NoTE 71, p. 120.

Plutarch in the life of Demosthenes expresses a doubt whether Demosthenes alluded « προς τον λόγον του ανδρός ή προς τον βίον και την δόξαν.” I apply the expression to Mr. Fox in reference, not to his parliamentary eloquence, but to his political integrity.

NoTE 72, p. 120.

I shall save you trouble by setting before you the passage to which Cornelius Nepos refers:

«Ην ο θεμιστοκλής βεβαίοτατα δή φύσεως ισχύν δηλώσας, και διαφερόντως τι ες αυτό μάλλον ετέρου άξιος θαυμάσαι' οικεία γάρ ξύνεσει, και ούτε προμαθών ες αυτήν ουδέν, ούτ' επιμαθών, των τε παραχρήμα δι' ελαχίστης βουλής κράτιστος γνώμων, και των μελλόντων επιπλείστον του γενησομένου άριστος εικαστής, και ο μεν μετά χείρας έχοι, και εξηγησάσθαι ολός τεών δε άπειρος είη, κρίναι ικανώς ουκ απήλλακτο" τό, τε άμεινον ή χείρον εν τω άφανεϊ έτι προεώρα μάλιστα, και το ξύμπαν είπείν, φύσεως μεν δυνάμει, μελέτης δε βραχύτητι, κράτιστος δή ούτος αυτοσχεδιάζειν τα δέοντα εγένετο.-Α. ρλη. 75. &c.

“ Themistocles manifestam sui ingenii vim certissime demonstraverat, et hac in re multo majore admiratione, quam ullus alius dignus erat. Nam naturali prudentia præditus erat, nec quicquam aut ante aut postea didicerat, quod eam augeret; et rerum improvisarum, cum brevissima deliberatione judex erat præstantissimus, et futurarum, ac eventus ipsarum plerunque optimus conjector ; quæ autem in manibus habebat, ea etiam explicare atque exsequi poterat : quorum vero esset imperitus, ab his commode judicandis non erat alienus ; quid etiam melius, quidve deterius esset in rebus adhuc obscuris et incertis optime prospiciebat. Utque rem totam paucis expediam ; et naturæ


bonitate, et consilii celeritate, vir iste maxime idoneus fuit ad ex. plicandum ex tempore, quæ ad rem facerent, et e re essent."

Note 73, p. 121.

“ Hæc tibi vera fides quæsiti, Mayne, favoris

Contigit, ac fructus : felix se nescit amari.”*

Note 74, p. 121.

“Is enim denique honos mihi videri solet, qui non propter spem futuri beneficii, sed propter magna merita claris viris defertur et datur."'t

Note 75, p. 121.

We remember the observation of an illustrious French hero, “that no man appears great before his valet;" and perhaps it may be said with justice of nearly all men distinguished by talents or by station : “Major e longinquo reverentia." | But Mr. Fox, “magnæ subnixus robore mentis," was, I think, a splendid exception to the general rule. Such was the superiority of his whole mind to simulation and dissimulation-such the exemption of his temper and manners from petty conceit, and wayward singularity—such the happy medium both of his public and private life "inter abruptam contumaciam et deforme obsequium,"ll that they who approached him oftenest, esteemed him most ; and while their regard for him was confirmed, their respect for him was not diminished. Upon reflection, indeed, even their admiration was heightened, when they observed that he who was eminent in great things had the power, without effort, and without art, to please friends, strangers, and domestics, upon all those little occasions on which other men are rarely found to unite simplicity with propriety, and to preserve dignity without indulging self-importance.

* Lucan. lib. vji. + Vid. Cicero. Epist. ad familiar. lib. x. Epist. 10 to Plancus. | Tacit. Annal. lib. i.

ġ Martial, lib. i. Epig. 40. 11 Vid. Tacit. Annal. lib. iv. par. 5.

parag. 10.

Note 76, p. 122.

Mr. Burke probably would have exulted, if he had known that in the Greek language the kalokůyaloù were sometimes opposed Tŷ Shug. Poets and Rhetoricians may teach us“ malignum spernere vulgus." But the avowal of such a principle would not be very decorous in the legislators of a free country, especially in an age when the progress of knowledge and civilization had lessened the moral differences which, in some degree or other, will always subsist between the higher and lower classes of society.

NOTE 77, p. 122.

We all know the rapacity of men raised to a high station, not only in Turkey, but in some Christian governments, and we have heard with pleasure that Turgot and Necker in a neighbouring country were exempt from that vice. In our own nation the instances of it are very rare ; and I have often thought that our own times presented a glorious spectacle to the Christian world, when the two great rivals of power, Mr. Pitt and Mr. Fox, were known to be neither wealthy, nor desirous of wealth, in a country where property, landed and commercial, has great weight even in public affairs. Mr. Pitt's father was distinguished by his indifference to the acquisition of a fortune ; and the impression which this virtue made in other countries may be seen in the following words of a learned foreigner : “ Qui Reipublicæ singulisque hominibus officia præstant, non præmiorum spe adducti, sed solo studio recte eque republica agendi, illorum factum est majus quam facta aliorum. Sic Anglus ille Pitt, Comes Chattam laudatur et pro magno viro habetur, qui in omnibus rebus non suam, sed reipublicæ utilitatem spectavit.**

* Vid. Scheller's Præcepta Styli bene Latini, lib. ii. cap. ii. parag. 2. de Gravitate dicendi.

Note 78, p. 123.

'Apxà," said Bias,“ Seitet ävdpa,"* and the same thought has been expanded by another writer.

«'Αμήχανον δε παντός άνδρός εκμαθείν
Ψυχήν τε, και φρόνημα, και γνώμην, πριν αν

'Αρχαϊσι, και νόμοισιν εντριβής φανή." I have often heard it remarked while Mr. Fox was out of power, that he was better qualified to lead a party in opposition, than to hold any high office in the British nation; that it was much easier to object to measures than to plan them; and that Mr. Fox's Parliamentary eloquence was a very equivocal proof of his political wisdom. Luckily for the well-wishers of Mr. Fox, they were at last supplied with an opportunity for bringing his character to the test implied in the maxim of old Bias, and they may with confidence appeal to the judgment of impartial men upon the measures pursued or proposed by Mr. Fox, during the few months he was capable of acting for his country in 1806.

Note 79, p. 123.

I enter not into the momentous question which is now agitated about the dominion of the seas. But if you wish to see a clear and concise statement of the Thalassocracy exercised in different times by the states of antiquity, you will find it in Casaubon's Note upon the Æginetæ. I

Note 80,

p. 128.

The Burial Service was read by Dr. Ireland. But I did not see any other Prebendary of Westminster in the procession, or near the grave, and I have heard that Dr. Vincent, the very learned Dean, was confined by illness. Be this as it may, the admirers of Mr. Fox will remember with satisfaction, that his

* Vid. Andronicus Rhodius, lib. 5. + Soph. Antigone 181.

Vid. pp. 195, 6, 7, of the Commentary on Polybius.

funeral was attended by the Rey. Dr. Knox, the Rev. Dr. Symmons, the Rev. Dr. Raine, the Rev. Dr. Hughes, Principal of Jesus College, Oxford, and Dr. Davy, the Master of Caius College, Cambridge.

“ Præcipua,” says Tacitus, "sub Domitiano miseriarum pars erat, videre et aspici, cum suspiria nostra subscriberentur."*

In England, it is true, we live under the protection of wiser laws, and the government of better sovereigns, than the subjects of Domitian; and yet, some Englishmen may be found, who are scared from the expression of their real feelings by the officiousness of whisperers, or the malignity of spies. But the excellent men whose names I have just now mentioned did not think it inconsistent with their professional or academical characters, to act openly and directly in conformity to their political principles. They knew that Mr. Fox had met with less encouragement than great statesmen usually experience from the smiles of courtiers and the favour of princes. But they suffered no consideration of this kind to deter them from paying the last tribute of respect to his memory

“ The baleful dregs
Of these late ages, this inglorious draught
Of servitude and folly have not yet,
Blest be th' Eternal Ruler of the world,
Defiled to such a depth of sordid shame
The native honours of the human soul,
Nor so effaced the image of its Sire.”+

Note 81, p. 129.

When I wrote this word my memory deceived me. Atterbury died at Paris, February 17, 1731: but his body was brought to England, and interred the 12th of May following, privately, in Westminster Abbey.

* Vit. Agricol.
+ Akenside, Pleasures of Imagination, book ii.

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