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he either involves the question in affected obscurity, or states a malicious falsehood. The pastors of the church never can, under any pretence of reform, surrender the faith once delivered to the saints; but as to any just and laudable reform of manners, correction of abuses, and unremitted attempts to establish salutary discipline, the Catholic church, in all her councils, has ever exhibited instances of this spirit, but particularly in the holy council of Trent'.

V. When the catechist terms the spiritual power of the Pope an usutpation, he vilifies a point which has been before established beyond contradiction

VI. The remark in number 6, exhibits a matchless display of ignorance and impudence, in a small compass. For the writer compares the efforts of lay reformers in England, in discarding the old faith, to the conduct of the Catholic pastors in communion with the See of Rome, in preserving the ancient doctrine inviolate. Common sense and an ordinary knowledge of ecclesiastical history, should have informed him, that the conduct of the reformers in the sixteenth century, was a complete counterpart of the achievements of the Arians in the fourth ;

See the preceding observations. ? See observations on Qu. xvii.

and that as those impious heretics opposed the decision of the council of Nice, at which the Pope presided by his representative, the celebrated Hosius, of Corduba ; so the modest reformers of the latter period, set at defiance the decisions of the council of Trent, at which the Pope presided by his legates.

VII. In this last number of the answer to the last question, the catechist appears willing to produce, by way of a final flourish, a splendid specimen of bold and unfounded assertion ; and to shew to what lengths ignorance, prejudice, and misrepresentation can be carried, he says, that the reformation did not make a new religion, but it restored the old ; that the house was not destroyed, but that the rubbish only was removed. Can any man in his sober senses make such an unfounded assertion, and convince the world of the sanity of his mind? The church of Christ is a spiritual kingdom, governed by pastors lawfully appointed, professing a faith which is necessarily one, invariable and immutable as the God from whom it emanates; and connected and held together by the use of the same sacraments. Now the modest reformers withdrew themselves from all lawful authority, made a total alteration of the faith, both in principle and substance, reduced the number of the sacraments, generally from seven to two, and abolished the grand and adorable sacrifice of the altar, in terms of reproach, which impiety cannot exceed. If this is not a complete change of religion, we may be justified in saying, that faith never existed in the world, and that schism and heresy must be regarded as unavailing sounds.



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