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Ministers of the Gospel are classed as Missionaries ; physicians, teachers, catechists, printers, &c., as Assistant Missionaries. Feinale missionaries, being mostly the wives of the missionaries and assistant misdonaries, are not classed separately. t Returns imperfect.

Conference returns.




titude of the people of Hindustan, and

were I to enter fully on this topic, I might BAHARUNPUR: LETTER FROM THE

write for hours. Perhaps nothing is more REV, J. R. CAMPBELL TO A GENTLE

distressing to the heart of every missionHAN IN PHILADELPHIA ; DATED

ary in India, than that most unlovely of JUNE 7, 1943.

all traits of character, called ingratitude, Discouragement of Missionary Labour.- which he is constantly called to witness ; Ground of Hope.

and, I apprehend, that in no other part of As I have lately written at length to the heathen world is this so strikingly deseveral of our mutual friends in Philadel- veloped as among the Hindus. Never phia, respecting our missionary opera-|| having felt in their own bosoms, and never tions, it will not be necessary in this letter having witnessed in the conduct of their to refer to them further than to say, that race, the emotions of the principle of true they are going on in the usual way. The philanthropy, they know not what it means English school under Mr. Craig is in--they have no term by which to express creasing in numbers, and considering that it in their language—and they cannot unthe boys of the Orphan School spend halfderstand it when exhibited by those who their time with him now in the study of seek their welfare. They are confident English, that department is becoming there are selfish motives at the bottom of more interesting. The Boarding Institu- | any benevolent effort made on their betion continues to afford encouragement, half. Hence, from the heathen around us and for its interesting pupils we would we meet with no encouragement, and no ask the prayers of all the friends of mis- response of affection and gratitude for our sions. A circumstance has lately oecurred self-denying labours. All our encouragewhich will, I trust, be useful to all the ment is from God alone. Without a full boys under our care. The boy named assurance that we are in the path of John Black, who left us in December last, | duly, we would have no heart to labour has returned in a naked and hungry con- here a single day. It is this assurance dition, and begged to be received again that supports us in many an hour of anxinto the institution. The account which iety and discouragement; and it is the he has given of his wanderings for hun- promises of God alone to which we must dreds of miles, begging by day and sleep- look for success among such a people. ing out of doors by night, is most dis- | Ours, therefore, is peculiarly a work of tressing, and will, I trust, deter others faith and hope, and whatever success may from casting themselves out of our pro-attend our efforts must be ascribed to the tection. He has been received and cloth- divine blessing alone. ed, and has again commenced his studies, But the missionary's trials are not all apparently much delighted at the happy from this quarter. They spring from a change that has again taken place in his thousand sources. They have their oricircumstances. Doubtless the Society in gin in the awful depravity of the hearts Pittsburgh that had engaged for his sup. of the heathen—in their ignorance, their port, will continue their engagement; but bigotry, superstition, slavery to public should they not, probably you would take opinion, constitution of society, immoralihim as your beneficiary, as the boy you lty, caste, and in the foolish and abominaspoke of left us last autumn, and has not ble system of idolatry taught in their shase since been heard of. This whole subject ||ters. Add to all this, the fact that the leads me to speak of the proverbial ingra-ll doctrine of fate has taken the most firm



hold of their minds. Every action they, keeping God, and to wrestle for the be-
perform, even the most wicked and cruel stowment of the divine power and efficacy,
imaginable, is the result of what the Crea- | which can easily convert and sanctify even
tor had written on their forehead, and Hindus, and give them courage and de-
therefore its performance was their falecision to face every danger, and bear every
more than their fault! They tell us that loss for his name's sake. We, who have
God created them to be Hindus—that for seen these heathen, and have spent seve-
them he has given a revelation and laws|ral years labouring among them, do not
distinct from other portions of the human think it strange that so few have taken up
race—and that therefore Hindus they the yoke of Christ, and are willing to bear
must be, and according to the shasters his cross. We rather feel disposed to re-
they must worship; that in the religion of joice that the first fruiis of so inauspicious
their fathers, they are bound by God to a field have been so abundant and mature.
live and die, and to participate in their re. When we look at the formidable array of
ward in the next world, or in the nexıl'opposition, the multitudes who have never
birth, whatever that may be! To them heard the gospel, and the myriads more
the future is all darkness and doubt. No who may have heard, but who will proba-
ray of hope cheers their footsteps to the bly never hear it again, the fewness of the
tomb. Should the mind of a solitary in- labourers, the multiplicity of duties that
dividual be enlightened to see the gross claim their attention, and their imperfec-
errors of Hinduism, and should he for ation in the languages of the people, we
moment think of embracing the truth and are rather inclined to thank God and take
joining himself to the Christian Church, courage. Though often cast down, we
innumerable difficulties and dangers are are not in despair. We know that pagan
immediately arrayed against him. He India will yet cast away her idols, re-
sees his nearest and dearest friends—those nounce all her errors and superstitions,
of his own house, and probably the wife of and become a pure and enlightened Chris-
his own bosom, becoming his bitterest |tian nation. Let us try to do what we
enemies. He must be willing to bear re- can to help forward this happy era. Let
proach and scorn, persecution and the Christendom awake from her slumbers,
loss of every thing the world calls dear. and arise to her duty and her privileges,
If he has any earthly patrimony, it is and the God of Zion will hear, and answer,
alienated the moment he embraces the and help, and his cause will go forward
Christian faith, and even his life itself is in the face of all opposition, and his pro-
not secure, as his relatives would glory in mises be fulfilled in the spread of pure
his death rather than he should thus bring and undefiled religion in every dark cor-
a stigma on the family from which he has ner of our ruined world.
descended. The indulgence in any or I am thankful to say we are all in pretty
every species of crime, and even those good health at this hot and trying season
things which effectually and for ever de- of the year. Some of our children, how-
stroy caste, will be winked at, but not so ever, are very thin and sickly-looking, as
any approaches towards the light and ad- in the hot winds they have constantly to
vantages of the gospel.

be shut up in the house. Brother CaldNow, my dear brother, these are only a well has been living at Delhi for several few hints at the difficulties which on every months with his father-in-law, but he and hand stare us in the face. I might fill his wise and child, as well as Mr. and Mrs. sheets in describing difficulties, were it Craig, are all well. Old J. Coleman, our not that we do not wish to discourage you catechist, has lately been very ill with and all the friends of missions by so dark fever, and at one time his life was dea picture. We tell you so much, in order | spaired of, but he is now convalescent. to moderate the expectations of the san. He is a very valuable assistant to us, and guine, and to stir up every man of faith his life precious. I wish very particuand prayer to take hold of a promise- || larly to be remembered to all the teach



Notice of a Hindu Devotee,


To destroy

ers in the Sabbath schools, as well as the || shrub, and we had, therefore, an excelpopils, and to all the members of the mis- | lent opportunity of observing the people sionary societies, &c.—Missionary Advocate. worshipping it. It was not a much-fre

quented shrine. A few persons came in

the morning, accompanied with their FURRUKHABAD MISSION. priest, maile their prayers and salutations

to it with joined hands, and then dispers

ed. I did not see any direct worship of We found a Devotee sitting on the

it through the day. bank of the Ganges, at the foot of a large

The story respecting this wonderful banyan tree. The temple was but a few little tree is quite worthy of a place in paces from him; at his side was a brah Ovid's Metamorphoses. It is this. There man, who appeared to count it an honour was a certain Rickshi, or giant, who to be his servant, and attend upon the committed great viole ice up n the earth, temple; while about two hundred yards and before whom neither men nor the indistant was a large building containing a

ferior gods could stand. hive of religious mendicants. The holy him, Vishnu became incarnate. After man, as they consider him, was seated waging war against him for a long time in front of a little shelter, about four feet without success, he ascertained that the high, made in the manner of basket- secret of the giant's power lay in the work. At his knees, almost touching great religious merit of his wife. It was, him, was a fire, which he kept burning therefore, Vishnu's first object to deprive just sufficient to emit a large volume of her of this merit. To accomplish it

, he smoke, in which he was from time to time assumed the form of the giant, went to enveloped. When we arrived, he did her abode, and was received as if he had

heen her own husband. When he had not lift up his eyes, or take the least notice of us. He was moving his lips,

effected his purpose, he threw off the dis(probably repeating the mystical word guise, and she in her rage and despair, A’m,) and, with the exception of that mo- cursed him, saying.“be thou a stone." tion, seemed to be more dead than alive. Whereupon he was changed into the Afterwards, however, when he spoke, saligram, a celebrated stone much worhis conntenance brightened up, and he shipped by the Hindus, and she into the

Tulsi. seemed to be a man of some intelligence.

This is the story as given by our The people say he eats nothing every other day, and but very liule at any time. pundit

. I asked hiin if he believed it. which I have no doubt is true.

Certainly. It is written." There are down and talked to the people around many stories among the people which are

not writien. In these he did not believe. him ; and when we had done, I went up and asked him what he was doing. No inquired how he thought it possible that thing. What was his object in all this? God could do such a base action. “BeNothing. Did he not wish to be happy cause,” said he, “ it was done with a good in another world? He had no desire. design. It was to free the world of a

monster." He was not doing this tapsiya: God was

" But why could not God dedoing it. You know these Vairagees stroy the giant at once without resorting

10 such means ?'. He admitted he could, profess to subjugate the passions, and their expectation is, that when this has but it was not according to his will to do

so. He then said that Jesus Christ came been done, they will lose all identity, and become a part of the substance of God.

lo destroy the works of the Devil, and

asked me why God could not destroy the Worship of the Tulsi shrub.

devil at once, or why it was necessary Our tent was pitched on the bank of that Christ should do so much in order to the Ganges, immediately above a Tulsi | effect that object. Even for these mon

We sat



strous stories, and abominable actions,|| turned word to us that he was at his praythey have the semblance of reason. ers, and would not be through within an


A native young man's study. REV. J. OWEN'S JOURNAL ON

While waiting and conversing with

the young man who was with us, I found The failure of the overland mail has prevent and he asked me to go into his lodgings,

that he had quite a thirst for knowledge, ed our receiving the continuation of Mr. Owen's Journal of his tour to Delhi. We have been fa- which were near. I went with him into voured, however, with the perusal of a Journal | a small room where he had a bed, a small which he kept for the gratification of his fami-book-case, a portable writing-desk, and ly in this country, while on the voyage up the something that looked a little like a table. Ganges to Allahabad; from which we insert the Here he was engaged in painting his own extracts which follow. The first date is on the Hooyley, near Moorshedabad, about one hun likeness. Being destitute of canvass and dred miles above Calcutta.

paints, he had taken a piece of cloth, rub

bed it over with chalk, and made it white, Jan. 26.—After tea, brothers Rankin and McAuley and myself

, together with and was drawing his portrait with char

coal. Almost any one would have been Gopenauth, went ashore to see what we could of the city. We passed through surprised to see the accuracy and taste narrow, winding streets, in some parts of with which his work was done. He was which the stillness of death seemed to

also drawing a map of the river, from prevail, and observed most of the build

Calcutta upwards, and printing the names ings having a very ancient appearance,

of the places quite beautifully. He had

some mathematical instruments, and sevovergrown with grass and weeds, and built chiefly in Mohammedan style. Wheneral English books, which he seemed to we had advanced a considerable distance be proud of showing me. I was glad to within the city, a young native, who had

see a copy of the New Testament, in studied English a little, and was ambi- which he could read very well. An extious of showing his knowledge of the cellent opportunity was now offered to language, approached us in the dark with me for speaking some of the truths of the a polite Good, morning, sir,” and fell Gospel, and I did not let it pass without in with our company. The common peo

alleinpling to improve it. But although ple whom we met were afraid of us, and he received what I said with attention, I readily yielded to us a clear passage perceived he cared more about studying through the streets. The city is entirely English, and accordingly, I wrote him å native, not more than two or three Euro- letter of introduction to the missionary at peans residing in it. It is also very Berhampore, desiring him to help him in large.

English, hoping, also, that he will teach We had a desire to visit the nabob's him what is infinitely more important. palace, and the young man who had join

After waiting patiently a long time, the ed our company, directed us to it. It is Mohammedan sent us word that he could an immense building, in European style, not accompany us into the palace in the and was nine years in building. I saw a

evening, but that he could go with us model of it in the Asiatic Museum at Cal. next morning. We then returned to the cutta. We had been boping that the na

budgerows in company with the young bob was there, that we might possibly man, to whom we gave some tracts in have an opportunity of seeing him, but English, which he appeared very glad heard that he was absent at Calcutta.

to receive. We sent to the man who has the keeping

Nabob's Palace. of the palace, expressing a desire to enter I arose early this morning, and started it, but he, being a strict Mussulman, re-l in company with Gopee, to the city, leav

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