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motions of the Deity, if they can sup.' Enlightened with the lamp of science, pole that a Power all-wise, all-merci- and the fun of true religion, our actions ful, and all just, will require, at the are a perpetual stigma on our belief: hands of such ignorant nations, a know we acknowledge the wonderful mercies ledge which he has not thought proper of a suffering Redeemer, yet are conto bestow: a supposition of such a na- tinually uttering blafphemies against his ture is highly derogatory to the Divine name; we own the infinite merits of Ellence; it is a tacit implication that his Gospel, and yet act in manifeft conthe great Father of the universe exer tradiction to every precept it contains. cises a feverity which would be cruel The Deity, we are sensible, can think in his creatures but to think of; and a us into ashes for the enormity of our palpable infiniration, that the Being of crimes, and yet we continue to behave beings is capable of a tyranny which in open disobedience to his will: in would utterly degrade the meanest, in short, both hoping and fearing the exthe human race, among the wonders of istence of another world, we sacrifice his hand. No; from such only as have every valuable opportunity in this; and, received much, much is expected; and constantly boasting the advantages acperhaps, at the last day, myriads of our cruing from our religion, we are always nominal Christians, who look upon the acting as if we had no religion at all. American Savage with pity or con Let us, therefore, instead of condemntempt, would give a hecatomb of worlds, ing the errors of our neighbours, begin had they power to change fituations, to with correcting whatever is amils in have so little to answer for as him. Con- ourselves; and, instead of finding fault' formable to what he knows, he invari- with the religion of other people, be faably regulates the tenor of his conduct, tisfied that real Christianity is the balis maintains an unalterable reverence for of our own. The whole mystery, both some great object which he looks upon of religion and government, will be as his God, and pays an implicit obe found in these admirable lines of Mr. dience to his laws; whatever his fyftem Popeof belief may be, he endeavours to do it all the honour in his power, and shud. For forms of government let fools contest; ders at nothing so much as the thought Whate'er is best adminiftred, is best. of bringing it into disgrace. Who For modes of faith, let graceless zealots fight; amongst us can honestly lay the same? His can't be wrong, whole life is in the right,



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the fatherless, nor did the mourning of the widow ever pass unregarded at his gate. To sum up his character at once,

complacency and benevolence were alON of man, learn resignation to ways feated on his brow; and humanity

was a virtue so natural to his heart, that nor dare to drop a murmur at the dif- it formed the very core, and twisted pensations of the Moft Just. Think round the strings. Thus amiable, it not of disputing with the wisdom of In was no wonder, that by all who saw finity; nor dream of wresting the vin him he should be instantly admired ; dictive thunderbolt from the dread right- and thus deserving, no way strange, hand of God.

that by all who knew him he should be In the city of Bagdad, so celebrated cordially respected and beloved. by the fages of antiquity, lived Oras Among a variety of virgins who lanmin, the son of Ibrahim, whose name guished for Orasmin, Almira, a damsel was an Aromatic that perfumed the re of Balsora, newly arrived at Bagdad, motest corners of the East. His perfon was the only person blessed with a recia was as noble as the rising oak in the procal esteem. The blush of the mornforest, and his inind as unsullied as a ing was less rosy than her cheek, and meridian beam from the sun; his boun the diamond of Golconda not so brilliant ty wiped away the tear from the eye of as her eye; her bosom was as white as


the swan upon the waters, and gentle heard that his Almira had captivated asthe midfummer murmur of the stream. the Caliph, he looked upon the bufiness How oft, Oye groves of Balfora, have of life to be entirely over; and, unable ye echoed with the fame of her beauty! to support the inexpressible agonies of How oft, Oye vallies of Bagelad, have his own mind, confidered the angel of ye refounded with her praise! You know death as the only minifter of repole: for that her voice would chain the tiger of two whole days and nights he wanderthe desart, and unnerve the wild Itag as ed through the various rooms of his he darted from the hill; you know that house in an absolute tate of phrenzy, the spices of Ormus could not equal her calling out at every interval, in the mot in breath, nor the daughters of Para- paflionate tone, on the name of his radife excel her in dignity and grace. vilhed Almira, On the third day,

Orasmin and Almira were not more growing fomewhat calmer, he began to distinguished for their merit, than re- reflect on all the circumstances of his markable for their loves; and as neither past life, in order to find out in what had any parent living to oppose their particular he had given Mahomet fuch wishes, a day was appointed for the ce- unpardonable offence, as to meet with lebration of their nuptials, to the uni- fo levere a chattisement at his hands. versal satisfaction of their friends. Oraf. After revolving a long time, and find. min, all impatient for potlefling the only ing nothing but fome youthful indiscre. object that had ever engrossed his heart, tions to answer for, which were infi. longed for the happy hour with the ut. nitely over balanced by a number of memolt anxiety, and feafted his imagina- ritorious actions, he infenfibly dropped tion continually with the raptures he upon one knee, and began to expoftuwas to experience in the arms of Almira. late, in the following manner, with his She, not less impatient, though more God copfined in her expressions of the ap · Thou great Creator of the universe, proaching felicity, painted equally warm who fittest enthroned above the leven to her fancy the uninterrupted enjoy. • heavens, where even the conception of, ment of all the held dear, and counted no prophet but the holy Mahomet over the weeks, the months, and the 'can dare to soar; look down in mercy years, the had a probable expectation on a wretch, who numbers himself of passing in the tenderelt intercourse ' with the moit unhappy of human bewith her adored Orasmin. But, alas! • ings, though he has constantly main. while our lovers were thus enhancing • tained the deepett reverence for thy the prelent, by reflecting on the future,


tell him, 'O thou infinitely High! an order arrived for Almira ta aitend inforın him, Othou inexpreflibly the Caliph, who had for some time Just! why he, who has ever made it been entertained with various reports of his unalterable study to deserve thy her unparalleled beauty, and wanted to " awful fanction on his deeds, is deeined fee if the encomiums lavished so tie. " to suffer what the most impious pro. quently upon her were just. Neither 'phaner of thy divine will would look her religion nor her allegiance could al upon as a severity, and confidently low her to form any excuse for not at ' exclaim, was too great a punishment tending the Commander of the Faithful, ! for the moit enormous of his crimes!' much less admit of a relolution to dilo Oralinin had scarcely ended, wben a obey; he was worshipped with an im- clap of thunder shook the house, and an plicit reverence, as a succesor of the unusual brightness lightened the room, holy Mahornet, by all his people, and where he ftill continued on his knee, his word was ever looked upon as the astonished at this apparent message from irrevocable voice of Fare. Almira, the Deity. When he recovered himlelf therefore, was immediately carried, with a little, a voice, as awful as the trumpet a bleeding heart, to the palace; and the of heaven, desored him carefully to at. moment he was beheld by the Caliph, tend, and thus went on--' Cease, o declared the most favourite of his • miltaken man, to doubt the. mercy querds.

and juítice of the Supreme Being, It is not in language to tell the di ' who, though he acts by unknown Atraction of the two lovers, at being springs and seeming severities, is eves thus unexpectedly torn for ever from watcoful for the happinels of the vir. each other jarins, Themanent Oraimia ! tuous, and perfectly confiteut ia al

i his

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« his laws. Consider, Orafmin, that thou wert a peculiar favourite of Hea• this world is a transitory bubble, which "ven, it was decreed to snatch Almira • must fhortly burst upon the ocean of • from thy arms: the was, o man, $ time; that it is at best but a short thy fifter. Ibrahim, thy father, 6 voyage, in which every paffenger moft journeying to Balfora, was admitted

meet with some disagreeable gales, in to the Cady's wife, and the product

order to prove his dependence on the of their guilty commerce was Almira. $hand of Infinite Goodness, and thew • Here again observe the kindness of Hea..that he is worthy of entering into an 'ven in it's very severities, which, inorseverlasting port. Without Tome ad • der to deter the parent from the commis6 verse storms to ruffle the sea of life, • fion of enormities, denounces a judge

the ride of prosperity would frequently 'ment against what he values more high.

fwell the creature into a forgetfulnessly than worlds, his race. Orafmin, be • of the Creator, and reduce him to a comforted; I have vifited Almira, • more dangerous situation than the bit and informed her of these things, the

tereft blatt he can experience will ever sis at ease, remain thou so tso, and • bring him toma total indifference of remember never again to doubt the

his God. Out of mercy, therefore, • goodness of Providence, which in it's

a variety of shoals and quicksands are own tiine will reward those who place * thrown in his way, which keeping the their confidence in it's hands.' Oras' fenfe of his dependence on the Divine min after this lived many years in

Being conftantly alive in this world, happiness, and left many children, who • puts him in a capacity of steering his fucceeded to his virtues and fortune ; • bark in the proper channel, and en- the eldest of whom was grande vizier to sables him to arrive at endless happi- ,' the Caliph Haroun Alraschid, and or

ness in the next. But, abstracted dered these matters to be recorded in the • from this general order in the state of histories of Bagdad. 5 things, know, Orasimin, that because

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appeared in an instant; and from de

serving the universal admiration of manORTITUDE and constancy of kind, they became entitled to nothing nation, in proportion as it is civilized, his orations, might express the greatest lays a formidable claim; ard to which, disregard of death he pleased, and tell however, very few, were we to examine 'us that'a man should not hesitate ai mo. the matter thoroughly, can have any to nient in facrificing this life for the good lerable pretension, besides the compli- of his country; but the orator found ment which on those oecihons each the practice infinitely "harter than the is so extremely liberal in paving to it. precept, and leagued him felt wirh the 'felf. In fact, it might not be difficult enemies of the public, after all, in hope to prove, from every day's experience, of faving the life which he affeétedrío that the propagation of the sciences, highly to defpife...w.5!" While they improve, geisrally er ervate : Who could talk better upon the virthe minds and that ti ue fortitude and tuess or give more excellent leflions of conftancy of soul, are more the result of morality, than our own countrynanmy a felf-approving conscience tiran the Lord St. Albans; 'yer who, when he fell effect of an excellent understanding. from the pinnacle of honom and prefer* A number of philosophers, who have ment, ever the weid å greater fervility of astonished the world with the greatness mind, or took more infamous methods of their geniis, and the extent of their to repair his fhartered fortune The reading, might talk very prettily on this most scandalous adulation that could be subject; but when they came once to paid at court, he was contiantly paying ; put any of their own lessons into prac. and notwithtanding, after his difgráce, tice, this boafted resolution of which he was writing a book which confers they imagined theinselves poflessed, dis an honour on human nature, yet his in



tervals were taken up in defending every time; some pound his fingers and toes pernicious mealure of the crown, and to picces between two stones; others all employed in destroying the liberty of the while dittending and stretching every his country. Need the cause of his dif- limb and joint, to encrease the incongrace be mentioned here, to prove that, ceivable horror of his pains. During not with ttanding his wonderful abilities, this, the miferahle fufferer, sometimes he wanted fortitude to resist the force of rendered insensible by the torture, falls a trifling sum of money, and honesty to into fo profound a sleep, that they are discharge the important duties of his obliged to apply the fire to recover him, trust? Or what hall we lay of a man, and untie him, to give a breathing to who, while he was establishing the highest the fury of their own revenge. Again testimony of human genius, for two or he is tied, and his teeth drawn one by three hundred pounds erected an ever one, his eyes beat out, and no one trace lasting monument of human baseness of humanity left in his visage. In this too? In reality, science and understand situation, allover one continued mummy, ing can do nothing more than teach one inexpreflible wound, they beat bim our constancy and fortitude a nobler from one to another with clubs; the way of appearing; the qualities them. wretch now up, now down, falling in felves mult proceed from a firmer foun- their fires at every ftep; till at laft, dation than boch. The wisdom of So. wearied out withi cruelty, some of their crates gave a manner to his fortitude, chiefs put an end with a dagger to his which left an irresistible charm in bis sufferings, and terminates the execu. death; but the fortitude itself proceed- tion, which often laits five or fix hours, ed not from the excellence of his un- by ordering on the kettle, and making a derstanding, but the goodness of his feast as horrid and barbarous as their heart.

revenge. But to prove, beyond a possibility of Butwhat renders this more surprising, dispute, that a knowledge of the fci- is a contest which subsists all the time ences has nothing to do in the qualities between the sufferer and them, whether under consideration, let us only refer to he has mot fortitude in bearing, or they the beliaviour of a poor Indian, as re- ingenuity in aggravating, his pangs. At lated by Lafitaw, taken in battle by his every interval they give him, he imokes enemies, and condemned as a sacrifice unconcerned with the rest, without one to the inanes of such as either he himnielf murmur or shadow of a groan; recounts or his countrymen destroyed in the field. what exploits he has done, and tells -The moment he is condemned, he them how many of their countrymen opens his death-long, and is faitened to he has killed, in order to encrease their a itake, the chiefs of the nation which fury; nay, he reproaches them with an has taken him fitting round a fire, and ignorance of torturing, and points out smoaking all the tiine. Such as chufe fuch parts of his body himself as are to be concerned in the execution, begin more exquisitely fenfible of pain. The with torturing at the extremities of his women have this part of courage with body, till by degrees they approach the the men ; and, incredible foever as such trunk; one pulls off all his nails from ap astonishing constancy of mind may the roots; another takes a finger and appear, it would be as odd to fee one of tears off the ile with his teeth; a third these people suffer in another manner, as takes the finger, this mangled, and it would be to find an European who thruits it into the bowl of a pipe made could fuffer with any thing like their red-hot, and smokes it like tobaccofortitude. An inflexible uniformity to others cut and 112th the fily parts of the principles in which they are bred is his body, and fear the wounds imme- the occafion of this fortitude; and, withdiately up with burning irons; fome out one fpark of learning, occafions a ítrip the skin off his heat, and pour behaviour which distances the most ceboiling lead upon it; others tear the Heth Jebrated stories of antiqnity, and bafies entirely from his arms, and twist the the profoundert lessons of all the philobare tendrils and finews round red-hot fophers. irons, twisting and snapping at the same


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