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cient to illuminate thefucceeding efforts; finds very good wordstruly, and much and no other subject can be relighed till... exactness of rhyme, but no information. that is exhausted. A itupid work.com- A parcel of gaudy inages pafsoon bea, ing thus immediately in the train of an fore his imagination like the figures in applauded performance, weans the mind a dream; but curiosity, induction, reafrom the object of it's pleafure; and re. son, and the whole train of affections, sembles the sponge thruit into the mouth are faft alleep. The jocunda et idorea of a discharged culverin, in order to vite; 'thofe Lallies which inend the heart? adapt it for a new explosion.
while they amufe the fancy, are quite *This manner, however, of drawing forgotten; fo that a reader who would off a subject, or a peculiar mode of writ- take up fome modern applauded pers' ing, to the dregs, effe ctually precludes formances of this kind, muft, in order a revival of that subject or manner for to be pleased, firit leave his good fente fome time for the future; the fated behind hiin, take for his recompence reader turns from it with a kind of li- and guide bloated and compound epiterary nausea; and though the titles of thet, and dwell on paintings, juft in. books are the part of them most read, deed, because laboured with minute ex." yet he has scarce perseverance enough acnéfs. io wade through the title-page.
If we examine, however, our interOf tbis number I own myself one; Inal senfations, we hali find ourfebres am now grown callous to several sub- but little pleased with such laboured va. je&s, and different kinds of compofition. nities; 'we shall find that our applause Whether fuch originally pleased, I will rather proceeds from a kind of contanot take upon me to determine; but at gion caught up from others, and which prefent I fpurn a new book merely upon we contribute to diffuse; than from what jeeing it's name in an alvertisement; we privately feel. There are fome fub. nar have the imalleit curiosity to look je&ts of which almost all the world perbeyond the fielt leaf, even though in the ceive the futility; yet all combine in fecond the author proinites his own face imposing upon each other, as worthy of neatly engraved on copper.
praise. But chiefly this impofition ob ' . I am become a perfe& epicure in tains in literature, where men publicly reasting; plain beef or folid mutton will contemá what they relish with rapture never do. I am for a Chinese disa of in private, and approve abroad what has bears claws and birds retts. I an for given thom disgust at home. The truth Canice Brong with aflafærida, or fuming is, we deliver thofe criticisms in public with garlick. For this reason there are which are supposed to be best calculated an hundred very wise, learned, virtu- not to do juitice to the author, but to eus, well-intended productions, that impress others with an opinion of our have 10 charms for me. Thus, for the superior discernment, boni of me, I couind never find courage But let works of this kind, which nor grace enough to wade above two have already come off with fuch applause, pages deep into * Thoughts upon God enjoy it all. It is neither my with to i and Nature ;' 0:; Thoughts upon diminish, as I was never confiderable
Providence;' or, Thoughts upon enough to add to their fame. But, for In Free Grace;' or indeed into Thoughts the future, I fear there are many poeins *ipon anything at all, I can no longer of which I thalt find spirits to read but mplicate with Meditations for every day the title. In the firit-place, all odes in the year; Erays upon divers subjects upon winter, or fummers or autumn
te vjot aiture nie, though never so in- in thort, all odes, epodes, and monodies Hereftings and as for Funeral Seanons, whatsoever, Mall hereafter ibe deemned or even Thanksgiving Sermons, I can too polite, claflical, obloure, and refin. meither weep with the one, nor rejoice ed, to be read, and entirely above bu. With the others
man comprchenkonu Paftorats are pretty But it is chiefly in gentle poetry, enough for those that like their but Where I felcom-look farthers that the tome Phyrsisås one of the most in lipid title. The truth is, I take up books ro fellows I ever comersed with; and as Be toid fomething new; but here, -as it for Corridon, I do not chufe his com is now managed, the reader is sold no pány: Elegies and epistles are very Hann Hemjers the book, and there fine to thiofe to whom they are addresed; i rade a.':01:14
and as for epic poems, I am generally of the human breasts then we thould not able to discover the whole plan in reader, resift Heaven's will, for in rehiting deaing the cwo first pages. :
ver's willy Heaven's will, is achtled; Tragedies, however, as they are now with severad other forintnis equally made, are good instructive moral fer. new, delicate, and Atriking. Every mons enough, and it would be a fault new wagedy, therefore, hhall go to fee; not to be pleased with good things. There for reflections of this nature make a coI learn several great truths; as, that it lerable harmony, when mixed-up Wales is impoflible to see into the ways of fu- a proper quantity of drum, trumpet turity; that punishment always attends thunders lightning, or the seeno hifær's the villain; that love is the fond soother · whistle. Adieu.
fontos Merge 2.015, og
for any yn LETTER XCVIIT.
FROM LIEN CHI ALTANGI, TO FUM HOAM, FIRST PRESIDENT OF THE CEREMONIAL ACADEMY AT PEKIN, IN CHINA, Y EL sf top
w 2 oni ne I en
to visit Bedlam, the place where reasons bave you to think an affair av. thofe who go mad are confined, I went talt concluded, which has given for to wait upon the man in black to be my many foriner disappointmenis? cobductor, but I found him preparing "My lawyer tells meri returned hes to go to Westminster Hall, where the • that I bave Salkeld an 1 Ventris trong English hold their courts of justice. it in my favour, and that there are no gave me some furprize to find
my friend « less than fifteen cafes in point. I engaged in a law-fuit, but more founderstand;' faid I, there are two when he informed me that it had been of your judges who have already dedepending for several years.; 'How is 'clared their opinions.'— Parilon me, • it posible,' cried. I, for a man who replied my friend, Salkeki and Ventris
knows the world to go to law. I am are lawyers who come hundred years • well acquainted, with the courts of ago gave their opinion on cases fimular
justice in China; they resemble rat- to nine; these opinjons which make ! traps every one of them, nothing for me iny lawyer is to cite, and those « more easy to get in, but to get our opinions which look another way are
again is attended with lome difficulty, cited by the lawyer employed by my • and more cunning than räts are ge- antagonist: as I observed, I have Sala • nerally found to poliefs!'
keld and Ventris for me, he has Coke • Faith;' replied my friend, " I lauld (and Hales for bin, and, he that has ! not bave gone to law, but that I was molt opinions is most Hikely to carry (ailured of success before I began; ! kis cause. But where is the necel.
thips were presented to me in to al-' fity,' cried I, “ of prolonging a suit <luring a light, that I thought by ? by citing the opinions and reports of • barely declaring myself a candidate for 6 others, lince the same good fente which " the prize, I had nothing more to do I determined lawyers in former ages
but to enjoy the fruits of the victory. may serve to guide your judges at this · Thus have I been upon the eve of an ? day? They at that tive gave their • imaginary triumph every 'term these • opinions only from the light of rea! ten years; have travelled forward with
! fon; your judges have the same light ! victory ever in my view, but ever out of at present to direct thems; let me even ! reach however, at present, I fancy we add, a greater, as in former ages ebere
have hampered our antagonist in such were many prejudices from which the 1. a manner, that, without fome unfore. present is happily free. If arguing 1 teen demur, we lkall this very day-lay from authorities be exploded from Schim fairly on bis back.'
every other branch of learning, why 2.4. If things be so situated,' faid I, ' I fhould it be particularly adhered to in I do not care if I attend you to the this? I plainly foresee how such a me.
courts, and partake in the pleafure of thod of investigation must embarrass your success... But, pr'ychee,' con every fuit, and even perplex the itu
dent; ceremonies will he multiplied, watches the man in debt, the attorney formalities must enciease, and more (watches the catchpole, the counsellor time will thus bu fpent in learning the I watches the attorney, the solicitor the arts of litigation than in the discovery counsellor, and all find sufficient em, of right.'
(ployment. I conceive you,' ina "I fee, cries my friend, that you terrupted 1, they watch each other, are for a speedy administration of jura but it is the chent that pays them all
tice; but all the world will grant that • for watching; it puts me in mind of "the more time that is taken up in con- ra Chinele fable, which is intituled,
sidering any subject, the better it will “ Five Animals at a Meal." be understood. Bendes, it is the boast * A grasshopper, filled with dew, was of in Englishman, that his property merrily finging under a fhade ; a is fecure, and all the world will grant.' whangam, that eats grasshoppers, had
that a deliberate adminiftration of ' marked it for it's prey, and was just 6 juttice is the best way to secure bis stretching forth to devour it; a ler. property. Why have we lo many pent, that bad for a long time fed only lawyers, but to secure our property? on whangams, was coiled up to falten Why so many formalities, but to je. on the whangam; a yellow bird was. cure our property? Not less than one just upon the wing to dart upon the hundredihousand families live in opu, serpent; a hawk had juft ftooped from lecce, elegance, and ease, merely by • above to seize the yellow bird; all fecuring our property.'
were intent on their prey, and un, To embarrals jultice,' returned I, (mindful of their danger : so the by a multiplicity of laws, or to hazard • whangam eat the grasshopper, the ferit by a confidence in our judges, are, pent eat the whangam, the yellow Igrant, the opposite rocks on which . bird the ferpent, and the hawk the legislative wisdom has ever split; in yellow bird; when fousing from on one case, the client resembles that em. high, a vulture gobbled up the hawk, peror who is said to have been suffo
grasshopper, whangam, and all, in a cated with the bed clothes which moment,' were only designed to keep him warm; I had scarce finished my fable, when in the other, to that town which let the lawyer came to inform my friend, the enemy take postelfion of it's walls, that his cause was put off till another in order to fhew the world how little term, that money was wanted to retain, they depended upon aught but coule and that all the world was of opinion, rage for fafety - But, bless me! what that the very next heuring would bring numbers do I see here--all in black! him off vidtorious. If so, then, cies
How is it possible that half this mul- my friend, “I belieye it will be my titude find employntent?'- Nothing wifest way to continue the cause for
so easily conceived,' returned my com • another term; and, in the mean time, panion; they live by watching each my friend here and I will go and see
other. For instance, the catchpole : Bedlam.' Adieu. au rolu ol
beau, who I found had affumed a man was happier who had four wives at pew Aow of fpirits with a new suit of his command, ihan he who had only cloaths. Our discourse happened to Qne. "It is true,' cries he, yout turn upon the different treatment of the men of fashion in the East are faves, fair-lex here and in Aha, with the in- and under Tome terrors of having their fluence of beauty in refining oyr manthroats (queezed by a bow-strings kut ners and improving our conversation. what then they can find ample con
I foon perceived he was strongly pre- • Solation in a feraglio; they make in. judiced in favour of 'the Asiatic method • deed an indifferent figure in conver: of treating the sex, and that it was im. fation abroad, but then they bave a
seraglio to console them at home. I fex amongst us, is the bride's heing Cam told they have no balls, drums,' allowed, after marriage, ber Ihree
nor operas, but then they have got a days of freedom. During this inter • seraglio; they may be deprived of val, a thousand extravagancies are • wine and French cookery, but have a practised by either sex. The lady is
Teraglio: 'a feraglio, a Praglio, my placed upon the nuptial bed, and dear creature, wipes off every incon numberleis monkey-tricks are played venience in the world!
(round to divert her. One gentleinan * Besides, I am told, your 'Afiatic • smells her perfumel handkerchief, • beauties are the most convenient wo- • another attempts to untie her garters,
men alive, for they have no fouls; po- a third pulls off her fhce to play hunt « sitively tñere is nothing in nature I • the slipper, another pretends to be an • should like so much as ladies without • idiot, and endeavouis to taile a laugh & souls; foui, here, is the utter ruin • by grimacing ; in the mean time, the • of half the sex. A girl of eighteen • glais goes briskly about, till ladies, • fhall have foul enough to spend an gentlemen, wife, husband, and all,
hundred pounds in the turning of a ' are mixed together in one inundation trump. Her mother shall have foul
• of arrack-punch.' • enough to ride a sweep.itake match at Strike me dumb, deaf, and blind,
a horse race; her maiden aunt shall cried my companion, but very pretty I have loul enough to purchase the fur- " There is some sense in your Chinese
niture of a whole roy-thop; and others • ladies condescensions! but among us, * Thall have soul enough to behave as if you thall scarce find one of the whole they had no souls at all."
• lex that shall hold her good. Inumour . With respect to the soul," inter- . for three days together. No later rupted I, the Afiatics are much kinder than yesterday I happened to say some • to the fair-sex than you imagine; in- civil things to a citizen's wife of my • stead of one foul, Fohi, the idol of acquaintance, not because I loved, but • China, gives every woman three ; the because I had charity; and what do • Brammes give them fifteen; and even you think was the tender creature's • Mahomet himself no where excludes reply? Only that the d tested iny pig• the fex from Paradise. Abulfeda re- • rail wig, high-heeled Moes, and al. ports, that an old woman one day low complexion! That is all. No.
importoning him to know what the thing more!-Yes, by the heavens, ! ought to do in order to gain Paradise? though she was more ugly than an
My good laty,” answered the pro- unpainted actress, I found her more phet, " old women never get there. • infolent than a thorough bred woman
" What, never get to Paradile!" . of quality!' • returned the matron, in 'a fury. He was proceeding in this wild man. á Never," fays he, “ for they always ner, when his invective was interrupted grow young by the way."
by the man in black, who entered the vi No, Sir,' continued 1,' the men apartment, introducing his niéce, a 6 of Alia behave with iro e deference to
young lady of exquifite beauty. ller • the fex than.you seem to imagine. As
very appearance was sufficient to filence you of Europe fay grace upon fitting the leverest satirist of the fex; easy with• down to dinner, so it is the custom in ouo pride, and free without impudence, • China to say grace when a man goes The seemed capable of supplying every
to bed to his wife.' — And may I sense with pleasure; her looks, her con. • die,' returned my companion, but verfation, were natural and unconstrain
a very pretty ceremony! For, seri• ed; the had neither been taught to lanoully, Sir, I fee no reason why a guish nor ogle, to laugh without a jelt, man should not be as grateful in one or sigh without forrow. I found that Situation as in the other. Upon ho- the had just returned from abroad, and nour, 1 always find myself" much had been converfant in the manners of more difpored to gratitude, on the the world: Curiofity prompted me to couch of a fine woman, than upon afk several questions, but the declined firing down to'a'fulluin of beef.' them all. I own I never found inyself
Another ceremony, said I, resume so strongly prejudiced in favour of apa ing the conversation, in favour of the parent merit before ; and could willinga in
ly siks ei sitif *2,-** 317200 70
ly have prolonged our converfation, but requested I would change him a twenty . the company after fome time withdrew. pound bill; which, as I was incapable Juft, however, before the little beau of doing, he was contented with bortoWtook bis leave, he called me aside, and ing half a crown. Adieu.
FROM LIEN CHI ALTANGI, TO HINGPO, BY THE WAY OF MOSCOW.
*EW virtues have been more prais- there are some who, born without any
every practical treatise of ethics tends favour, and fill cringe for more ; who to encreate our fenfibility of the distresses accept the offer of generosity with as of others, and to relax the grasp of fru- little reluctance as the wages of merit, gality. Philofophers thai are poor, and even make thanks for paft benefits praile it because they are gainers by it's an indirect petition for new : fuch, I effects; and the opulent Seneca himself grant, can suffer no debasement from has written a treatise on benefits, though dependence, fince they were originally he was known to give nothing away. as vile as was possible to be; dependence
But among the many who have en- degrades only the ingenuous, but leavis forced the duty of giving, I am sur- the sordid mind in pristine meanness. In prised there are none to inculcate the this manner, therefore, long continued ignominy of receiving, to thew that by generosiyis misplaced, or it is injurious; every favour we accept, we in some it either finds a man worthless, or it measure forfeit our native feedom, and makes him so; and true it is, that the that a state of continual dependance on person who is contented to be often ob. the generofty of others is a life of gra- liged, ought not to have been obliged dual debali ment.
at all.. Were men taught to despise the re- Yet, while I describe the meanness ceiving obligations with the same force of a life of continued dependence, I of reasoning and declaniation that they would not be thought to include those are instructed to confer them, we might natural or political subordinations which then lee every person in fociety filling subsist in every society; for in such, up the requifite duties of his station with though dependence is exacted from the cheaiful industry, neither relaxed by inferior, yet the obligation on either hope, nor fullen from disappointment. fide is mutual. The fon mùit rely trpon
Every favour a man receives, in some his parent for fupport, but the parent meafure links him below his dignity; lies under the same obligations to give and in proportion to the value of the be- that the other has to expect; the fubornefit, or the frequency of it's accept- dinate officer must receive the commands :ince, he gives up so much of his natural of his superior, but for this obedience independence. He, therefore, who the former has a right to demand an inthrives upon the unmerited bounty of tercourse of favour: fuch is not the deanother, if he has any sensibility, suf- pendence I would depreciate, but that fers the worit of servitude ; the Mackled where every expected favour must be Nave may murmur without reproach, the result of mere benevolence in the but the humble dependant is taxed with giver, where the benefit can be kept
ir gratitude upon every symptom of dif. without remorse, or transferred without = content; the one may pare round the injustice. The character of a legacy.
walls of his cell, but the other lingers hunter, for instance, is deteftable in in all the filence of mental confinement. fome countries, and despicable in all: To encrease his distress, every new ob- this universal contempt of a man who ligation but adds to the former load infringes upon none of the laws of sowhich kept the vigorous mind from rif- ciety, some moralists have arraigned as ing; til at lait, elastic no longer, it a popular and unfuit prejudice; wever thapes itself to constraint, and puts on considering the necessary degradations a habitual feruility.
wretch must undergo, who previously It is thus with the feeling mind; but expe&s to grow rich by bedents, with