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cation. Of these we may very well saying the Fathers, and are fond of enterwith the poet
ing on the molt abitruse points of divi. Such labour'd nothings in fo strange a stile,
nity. But then would employ their time
more to their own credit, as well as the Amaze th' unlearn'd, and make the learned imile.
improvement of their hearers, if they
would rather endeavour to explain and No mode of expression throws such enforce the precepts of the Apostles and an impenetrable milt over a work, as Evangelists, than retail the confuled an unnecessary profusion of technical hypotheles of crabbed metaphysicians. terms. This will appear very plainly As to Essays, and all other pieces that to those who will turn over a few pages come under the denomination of fami. of any modern collection of voyages. liar writings, one would imagine that Descriptions of a storm make some of they must neceffarily be written in the the finest and most striking passages in easy language of nature and commor the best poets; and it is for these in par sense. No writer can flatter himtelf, ticular that Longinus admires the Odys that his productions will be an agreeable sey. The real circumstances of a storm part of the equipage of the tea-table, are in themselves, without the aid of who writes aimolt too abftrufely for the poetical ornaments, very affecting; yet study, and involves his thoughts in hard whoever reads an account of them in words and affected latinisms. Yet this any of our writers of voyages, will be has been reckoned by many the standard fo puzzled and perplexed with Starboard stile for these loose detached pieces. AdLarboard, the Main-maji and Mizen- dison was proud that he could boast of mat, and a multitude of sea-terms, having drawn learning out of schools that he will not be the least moved at the and colleges into clubs and coffee-honfes, distrels of the ship's crew. The absur. as Socrates was said to draw morali. dity of this did not escape Swift, who ty from the clouds to dwell among has ridiculed it by a mock description of men: but these people (as Lord Bolingthe faine kind in his Gulliver. "Those broke pretends to lay of the fame So. who treat military subjects, are equally crates) mount the clouds themselves. ridiculous: they overwhelm you with This new-fangled manner of delivering Counterscarps, Palifades, Bastions, &c. our sentiments is called writing found and so fortify their no meaning with sense: and if I find this mode feems likehard words, that it is absolutely impol- ly to prevail, I shall certainly think it Gible to beat them out of their intrench- expedient to give into it, and very sud. ments. Such writers, who abound in denly oblige the world with a Connois. technical terms, always put me in seur so sensible, that it will be impossible mind of Ignoramus in the play, who to understand it. courts his miftress out of the law-dic But hard words and uncouth ways of tionary, runs over a long catalogue of expressing ourselves never appear with so the mesfuages, lands, tenements, barns, illa grace as in our common conversation. outhouses, &c. of which he will put in writing we expect some degree of her in possession, if the will join issue exactness and precision; but if even the e with him; and manifests his passion in they seem harth and disagreeable, when the same manner that he would draw up they obstruct the freedom of our familiar a lease.
chat, they either make us laugli, or put This affectation is never more offen. us out of patience. It was imagined by five than when it gets into the pulpit. the ancients, that things were called by The greater part of almost every audi one name among mortals, and by in. ence that fits under our preachers, are other among the gods: in like manner ignorant and illiterare, and should there. some gentlemen, who would be account. fore have every thing delivered to themed fine-spoken persons, disdain to menin as plain, simple, and intelligible a tion the molt trivial matters in the same manner, as possible. Hard words, if terms with the rest of the world; and they have any meaning, can only serve scarce enquire how you do, or bid you to make thein stare; and they can never good-morrow, in any phrase that is inbe edified by what they do not under- telligible. It always put me in pain to stand. Young clergymen, just come find a lady give into this practice: if the from the university, are proud of thew- makes no blunder, it sets very ungraceing the world that they have been read. fully upon her: but it is ten to one, that
the rough unccuth syllables, that formed his chambers with an huge dictionary these words, are too haríh and big for under his arm. The first compliments the pretty creature's mouth; and then the were scarce over, before the tutor bolted maims their and breaks them to her use out a word big enough for the mouth so whimsically, that one can scarce tell of Garagantua. Here the pupil begged whether she is talking French or Eng- that he would stop a little; and after lith. I thall make no more reflections turning over his dictionary, desired him on this fubject at present, but conclude to proceed. The learned gentleman my paper with a thort story.
went on, and the pupil seemed to liften A meri v fellow, who was formerly with great attention, till another word of the univerfi.y, going through Cam came out as hard as the former, at which bridge on a journey, took it into his he again interrupled him, and again had head to call on his old tutor. As it is recourse to his dictionary. This appears no great wonder that pedantry Mould to me the only way of conversing with be found in a college, the tutor used to persons of fo pompous an elocution; un. lard his conversation with numberless less we convert the orators themselves hard words and forced derivations from into lexicons to interpret their own the Latin. His pupil, who had a mind phr ses, by troubling them to reduce to banter the old gentleman on his dar- tre meaning of their fine speeches into ling foible, when he visited him, enter- plain English.
No XXVIII. THURSDAY, AUGUST 8, 1754
SEQUAR ATRIS IGNIBUS ABSENS,
OM Dare - Devil, who was so to take-' Why,' said he,' will you
much fuperior to the rest of our • ply me with Champagne? - 'tis a Bucks that he gained the appellation • damnable liquor, and i'll drink no of Staç, finifud a cuif of continual more or it.' In one of his lucid in. debaucheries, and was carried off lait tervals he grasped my hand vehemently, week by a piirenetic fever. I happened and bursting into fears- Would to to be prevent at his latt moments; and · Gud,' said he, I had died twenty the remembrance of himn itill dweils fo years ago! At length his unwilling strongly on my mind, that I fee him, I foul parted from the body; and the lalt bear bim, in all the agonies of despair, words we heard from him were a faint starting, trembling, and utiering the ejaculation to his Maker, whom he had mott hurrid execrations. His conscience blafphemed all his life. His shocking at the approacl of death had conjured exit made me reflect on that fine passage up before himn ten thousand devils with in the Scriptures— Let me die the death • their led-isot tits,' who affumed the of the righteous, und let my latter end thares of all thole whom he had injured, « be like his.' and' came hilling on hin,' to retuliaie The behaviour of this unhappy wretch ther wrongs.
• Save me, save me,' he afforded a dreadful inttance of the truth would cry, ' from that bieeding for!-- of that maxim, There is no bell like a trou. • He was my friend, but I run hiin bled conjcience. There needs, indeed, " through the heart in a quarrel about "no gholt to tell us this.-But it were to a whore.--Take
that old fellow be wished, that the conscience of every "He would have carried us to the living reprobate could work on his imaa
round hou I knocked lim down gination in the same manner, and raise up I wish inis own liat-buldinot think inch horrid apparitiis io torment him. " the poor dog would have died by it.' Where is the wreich lo hardened, who When tie nulle offered him is draught would not be dilinayed at there terrors?
Or who could persevere in a course of corrupt.-How could I suffer fo conwickedness, when every frelh offence ' temptible a creature to draw me from would create a new fury to haunt bim " the comfortalıle protection of my pafor his crimes?
rents? - It was jus, indeed, that I Let us, for instance, take a view of thould fall a victim to my folly: buc the most glaring circumstances in the was this diseased infant quickened onlife of that arch-infidel Tom Dare ly to proclaim my dihonour and thy devil: and let us at the same time con • infamy?-Why hadit thou the power ceive (if poffible) what pangs he must left to propagate misery even to the inbave felt, had every flagitious act been (nocenti' attended with the same phantoms that Tom had often signalized himself as distracted hiin on bis death-bed. First, a duelliit: his conscience, as we have al. then, let us contemplate him as a parri- ready mentioned, upbraided him at his cide; for so he may be called, who by dying moments with the murder of a repeated disobedience broke the heart of particular friend. He had once iil luck a moit affectionate father. Could filial at cards; and being irritated with his ingratitude receive a sharper punishment, losses, and fufpecting foul play on the than in the midst of his debaucheries to part of his antagonist, he took him by have this father continually before his the nose, which consequently produced eyes, expoftulating with him on his un a challenge. He is hastening to the natural behaviour? O my fon,' might field of baitle-but he fancies himself he have heard him say, 'was it for this followed by the Manes of his friend,
that thy mother, who died in giving whom on the same unhallowed ground 'thee life, begged me with her bait he had lately sacrificed to that idol Ho. 'breath to be kind to the boy? Was He hear's him call. Turn, ' it for this that the country rung with ' madman, turn, and look on me.' joy for my being blessed with an heir? • You may remember with what reluct.-0 my child, who can I now call my ance I met you-You forced me to the 'heir? That estate, which I was so lo- ' combat--and I was even pleased, that • licitous to improve for thy fake, is - the victory was your's. You deprivedl ' diffipated among jockeys, gamblers, me of life in an idle quarrel about a pimps, and prostitutes. If you should creature, whom, at your return from ever have a fon, may his ingratitude ' the murder of your friend, you denever make you think of me?' "tected in the arms of another,--It
Tom, indeed, took care never to have was Honour, that induced vou to any vexation from his children: he had I wound the bolom of one vou loved. too great a spirit to bear the shackles of • The fame Honour now calls you to give matrimony, and lived in a state of celi • a fellow, whom you despise, an opbacy among bagnios. Sometimes he portunity to retaliate the injury done made inroads on private life, and dis to me. What folly is it to put your turbed the peace of families by debauch • life into the hands of a scoundrel, who ing the wives and daughters of his ac you suspect has already robbed you of quaintance. Among other gallant ex your
go on, and lec ploits, he decoyed up to town the daugh your death rid the world of a mönster, fer of a country gentleman, where he " who is defperate enough to put hi ruined her, and then left her to linger own life on the hazard, and wicked under an infamous disease. At length enough to atteinpt that of another.' the fruits of his amour appeared in a It happened, however, that Tom had child, which soon perished with it's un no occalion for such a monitor, as the happy parent in a public hospital. By person whom he went to meet proved as the same magic of the fancy let us raile great a coward as he was a cheat; and up this poor girl with the infant in her our hero, after waiting a full hour in arms, while he is wantoning among his pumps, and parrying with the air, his doxies, and lording it like a hathaw had no other revenge for the loss of his over the vassals of his luft. What re money, than the satisfaction of posting morfe must this villain have felt, conld hin for a scoundrel. he have imagined her to have addresled Though the hero of our story was cut him in the following terms !--- Behold off in the prime of his life, yet he may ! in the loathsomne carcale of this babe be said, like Nestor, to have outlived the image of thyself; foul, rotten, and three generations. All the young fel