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celebrated foreign universities, in which what authors are now pleased to call a alone an Englishman can be grounded comedy of two acts. This I finished in the principles of religion and liberty: with a great deal of pains, and very but I may say without vanity, that I much to my own fatisfaction: but not gleaned fome useful knowledge from being able to get it on the stage, as one every place I visited. My propensity · house was entirely taken up with panto writing followed me wherever I went; tomimes, and the manager of the other and were I to meet with encouragement had so many farces of his own, I geneby a large subscription, I could publish roufy made a present of it to an actor several volumes of curious remarks, for his benefit--when to my great surwhich I made in my tour. I had, in- prize it was damned. deed, like to have got into some un- I have at last resolved to bend all my lucky scrapes, by turning author in attention, and dedicate all my powers, places, where the liberty of the prefs to the carrying on this my present elawas never so much as heard of. At borate undertaking. I am lorry to own, Paris I narrowly escaped being put into that the success has not at all answered the Baitile for a little Chanson à boire, my expectations: I Aattered myself with reflecting on the mistress of the Grand being universally known, read, and ad. Monarque; and I was obliged to quit mired; but I find quite the contrary. Rome a week sooner than I intended, I went into a coffee-house the other day for fixing on Pasquin a prayer for the by Whitechapel Mount, where on alk. Pope's Toe, which was then laid up with ing for the Connoisseur, the woman the gout.

ftared at me, and said she did not know It was not till my return from abroad, what I meant. I dined last week at a that I formaily commenced a professed foreign ambassador's; and not a word critic, for which I now thought myself about me or my works passed at table, thoroughly qualified. I could draw I wrote to a relation at Carmarthen, parallels between Marseilles and De- desiring to know what reputation my noyer, compare the behaviour of the paper has in Wales; but he tells mé, French parterre with the English pit; that nothing in the literary way comes and have lately made a figure by affect-down there but the King's Speech and ing an indiference about the present' the London Evening Poit. I have enburlettas, as I took care to let every quired into the sale of my first number, body know, that I had often seen them my second, my third, my fourth, and in Flanders. My knowledge in thea- the last: yet I cannot assure my readers, trical affairs naturally led me to write a that I have fold three thousand of any great number of occasional pamphlets one of them. In short, I give this pube on those topics; such as Examens of lic notice once for all, that if I do not · New Plays, Letters to the Managers, find myself taken in all over England, s &c.' Not content with this, I had a by the time I have published two or three Atrong inclination to :hine in the drama. hundred papers let them look to it I often pleased myself with computing let them look to it-I'll bid adieu ta

- Three benefit nights—let me see my ungrateful country, go directly to ' fix hundred pounds at leaft-an hun. Berlin, and (as Voltaire is discarded) • dred more for the copybesides a per- employ my pen in the service of that • petual freedom of the house.'.. These encourager of literary merit the King of were temptations not to be refifted, I Prussia.

0 sat down therefore to a tragedy; but before I got through the firit act, de- As several correspondents, fince fpairing to make it fufficiently pathetic the firft publication of this number, for the modern taste, I changed my have desired to know, from what Itascherpe, and began a comedy; then again lian author the fable at the beginning of reflecting, that most of our comedies this paper is borowed: we think it newere in reality nothing but over-growa cessary to acquajnt them, that the fiction farces, contented my felf with writing, is entirely our own,

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Nothing is more common than to see SIR,

a new-married couple, setting out with Shall make no apology for recom

a splendor in their equipage, furniture, General, a fault that is too common

been afterwards obliged to retrench. among the married people; I mean the Thus it happens, when they have made abfurd trick of Fondling before com. themselves remarkable by a thew of ex. pany. Love is, indeed, å very rare in. cessive love. They begin with great gredient in modern wedlock; nor can eclat, are lavish of their fondness at first, the parties entertain too much affe&tion but their whole flock is soon wasted; for each other: but an open display of and their poverty is the more unsupport. it on all occasions render's then ridícu- able, as their former profusion has made lous.

it more conspicuous. I have remarked A few days ago I was introduced to the ill consequence of this indiscretion a young couple, who were but lately in both cases: one couple has at lait had married, and are reckoned by all their separate beds, while the other have been acquaintance to be exceeding happy in carried to the opera in hackney chairs. each pther. I had scarce faluted the Two people, who are to pass their bride, when the husband caught her whole lives together, may surely find cagerly in his arms, and almost devour. time enough for dalliance without playal her with kisses. When we were leat. ing over their pretty tricks in public. ed, they took care to place themselves How ridiculous would it appear, if in a close to each other; and during our large assembly every one should select his conversation he was constantly piddling mate, and the whole company should with her fingers, tapping her cheek, or

fall into couples, like the birds on Va. playing with her hair. At dinner, they lentine's day! And it is furely no less were mytually employed in preiling each abfurd, to see a man and his wife cterother to taste of every disa; and the nally trifling and toying together fond appellations of My dear, my Still amorous, and fond, and billing, • love,' &c. were continually bandied Like Philip and Mary on a Milling. across the table. Soon after the cloth

HUDIERAS. was removed, the lady made a motion to retire; but the husband prevented I have often been reduced to a kind of the compliments of the rest of the como aukward distress on these occasions; noc pany by saying— We should be un- knowing which way to look, or what

happy without her.' As the bottle to say. I consider them as playing a went round, he joined her health to every game, in which the stander-by is not toast; and could not help now and then at all interested; and would thereforerising froin his chair to press her hand, recommend it to every third person in and manifest the warmth of his passion these circumstances, to take it as an hint, by the ardour of his caresses. This pre- that the parties have a mind to be alone, cious fooling, though it highly enter- and leave the room without further cetained them, gave me great disguft: remony. therefore, as my company might very A friend of mine happened to be enwell be spared, I took my leave as soon gaged in a visit to one of these loving as posible.

couples. He fat ftill for fome time,

without without interrupting the little endear. which his wife's love induces her to take ments that passed between them find. with him. As she has had an indiffeing them at length quite loft in nods, rent education, you would often be at whispers, ogles, and in Dort, wholly a loss to know, whether she is very kind, taken up with each other, he rang the or very rude. If he dines abroad, the bell, and desired the servant to fend in always sees him get on horseback, and my lady's woman. When she came, before he has got twenty yards from the he led her very gravely to the settee, door, hollows after him- Be at home and began to indulge him/elf in certain in time, my dear foul, do.' I have freedoms, which provoked the damsel known her almost quarrel with him for to complain loudly of his rudeness. not buttoning his coat in the middle of The lady flew into a violent paffion, summer; and she once had the goodand rated him feverely for his monstrous nature to burn a very valuable collection behaviour. My friend begged her par. of Greek manuscripts, left the poring don with great politeness, hoped the was over those horrid crooked letters should not offended, for that he thought there put her dear Jack's eyes out. Thus hrad been no harm in amusing himself a does the torment the poor parson with little while with Mrs. Betty, in the her violent affection for him; and, acfame manner as her ladyship and Sir cording to the common phrase, kills John had been diverting themselves thefe him with kindness. two hours.

Before I conclude, I cannot but take This behaviour, though at all times notice of those luscious love-scenes, that improper, may in some fort be excused, have so great a share in our modern where perhaps the match had been hud- plays; which are rendered itill more dled up by the parents, and the young fulsome by the officiousness of the player, people are such new acquaintance, that who takes every opportunity of height: they scarce ever saw each other till their ening the expression by kisses and emmarriage. A pair of loving turtles may braces. In a comedy, nothing is more be indulged in a little amorous billing relished by the audience than a loud at their frit coining together : yet this smack, which echoes through the whole licence Mould expire with the honey; house; and in the most passionate icenes moon, and even in that period he used of a tragedy, the hero and heroine are but sparingly.

continually flying into each other's arms. But if this conduct is blameable in For my part, I am never present at a young people, how very absurd is it in scene of this kind, which produces a those advanced in years! Who can he!p conscious fimper from the boxes, and laughing, when he sees a worn-out an hearty chuckle of applause from the beau and belle, practising at threescore pit and galleries, but I am ready to exthe very follies that are ridiculous at claim with old Renault I like not fixteen? I could wish that such a pair these huggers.' of antiquated lovers were delineated by I would recommend it to all married the pencil of an Hogarth. How humo. people, but especially to the I dies, not roully would he represent two emaciated to be so (weet upon their dears before wrinkled figures, with eyes funk into company: but I would not be undertheir heads, lank cheeks, and toothless stood to countenance that coldness and gums, affecting to leer, smile, and indifference, which is so fashionable in languish at each other! But this affec- the polite world. Nothing is accounted tation is ftill more remarkable, when a more ungenteel, than for a husband and liquorih old fool is continually fond- wife to be seen together in public places; ling a young wife: though perhaps the and if they should ever accidentally meet, fight is not to disgusting to a stranger, they are no more notice of each other, who may reasonably fuppose it to be the than if they were alsolute strangers. overflowings of a father's tenderness for The gentleman may lavish as much gal. his daughter.

lantry as he pleases on other women, If metimes happens, that one of the and the lady şive encouragement to parties perceives the folly of this beha- twenty pretty fellows, without censure: viour. I have seen a sensible man quite but they would either of them blush at uneasy at the indiscreet marks of kind- being surprised, in Mewing the least nefs hewn by his lady. I know a cler- marks of a regard for each other, 'I Eyman in the country, who is often put am, Sir, your humble servant, &c. to the blush by the strange familiarities T









Muft acknowledge the receipt of strange blunders and misapplications. I

many letters containing very lavish have seen a Sermon ushered in with the encomiums on my works. Among the representation of a fhepherd and thepsest a correspondent, whom I take to herdess sporting on a bank of Mowers, be a bookfeller, is pleased to compli- with two little Cupids smiling over ment me on the goodness of my print, head; while perhaps an Epithalamium, and paper; but tells me, that he is very or an Ode for a Birth-day, has been insorry not to see something expressive of troduced with death's heads and crossmy undertaking, in the little cut that I marrow-bones. carry in front. It is true, indeed, that The inhabitants of Grub Street are my printer and publisher held several generally very studious of propriety in consultations on this subject; and I am this point. Before the halfpenny acahamed to confess, that they had once count of an horse-race, we see the jockeys prevailed on me to suffer a profile of my whipping, spurring, joftling, and the face to be prefixed to each number. But horses (training within light of the pott. when it was finilhed, I was quite mor. The last dying speech, character, and tified to see what a scurvy figure! made behaviour of the malefactors, presents us in wood: nor could I submit to be hung with a prospect of the place of execuout, like Broughton, at my own door, tion; and the history of the London or let my face lerve like the canvas be- Prentice exhibits the figure of a lad fore a booth, to call people in to the standing between two lions, and ram. flew.

ming his hands down their throats. A I hope it will not be imputed to envy due regard has been paid to this article, or malevolence, that I here remark on in the several elegies from that quarter this part of the production of Mr. Fitz- on the death of Mr. Pelham. They Adam. When he gave his paper the are encoinpa sed with disinal black lines, title of The World, I suppose he meant and all the lable emblems of death : nor to intimate his design of describing that can we doubt, but that an author, who part of it, who are known to account all takes such care to express a decent forother persons Nobody, and are there- row on the outside of his work, has infore emphatically called The World. fuled a great deal of the pathetic into If this was to be pictured out in the the piece itself. head-piece, a lady at her toilette, a party Thele little embellishments were oriat whist, or the jovial member of the ginally deligned to please the eye of the Dilettanti tapping the World for Cham- reader; as we tempt children to learn pagne, had been the most natural and their letters by disposing the alphabet obvious hieroglyphics. But when we into pi&tures. But, in our modern comsee the portrait of a philosopher poring positions, they are not only ornamental, on the globey instead of obfervations on but useful. An angel or a flower.pot, modern life, we mnight more naturally at the beginning and end of every chapexpect a syitem of geography, or an tev or section, enables the booklejler to attempt towards a discovery of the lon- fpin out a novel, without plot or inci. gitude.

dent, to a great number of volumes ; The reader will smile perhaps at a and by the help of these decorations, criticism of this kind; yet certainly even properly difpored, I have known a little here propriety should be observed, or at piece swell into a duodecimo, which had Jeait all absurdities avoided. But this scarce matter enough for a fix-penny marter being usually left to the printer painphler. or bookseller, it is often attended with In this place I might also take notice


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of the several new improvements in the This indeed is fo propër, that the febufiness of Typography. Though it verest critics on the drama cannot be is reckoned ungenteel to write a good offended at this piece of theatrical jufhand, yet every one is proud of appear. tice. ing in a beautiful print; and the pro. There is lately sprung up among us a ductions of a man of quality come from new species of writers, who are moft of the press in a very neat letter, though per. them persons of the first rank and fahaps the manuscript is hardly legible. In- fhion. At this period the whole house deed, our modern writers seem to be more of commons are turned authors: and solicitous about outward elegance, than we cannot sufficiently admire the prothe intrinsic merit of their compositions; priery of itile and sentiment in those eleand on this account it is thought no 'gant addresses, by which they humbly mean recommendation of their works, offer themselves as candidates, and beg to advertise that they are ! beautifully the favour of your votes and interest. • printed on a fine paper, and entire These gentlemen avail themselves great• new letter.' Nor are they only in. ly of the arts of printing above-men. debted to the press for the beauty of the tioned; whether they would raise the type, but often call in it's assistance to merits of their own cause, or throw out explain and enforce the sentiment. When invectives on the opposite party. The an author is in doubt whether the reader courtier fets before your eyes in large will be able to comprehend his meaning, letters his steady attachment to King or indeed whether he has any meaning GEORGE, while his opponent displays at all, he takes care to sprinkle the sen- in the same manner his zeal for LÍ. tence with Italics; but when he would BERTY and the CONSTITUTION. furprise us with any thing more Atriking This must undoubtedly have a wonderthan ordinary, he distinguishes the em- ful effect on the electors: and I could phatical words by large ftaring CAPI. almost allure any patriot certain success, TALS, which overtop the rest of their who should manifest his regard for Dio fellows, and are intended, like the gre. England by printing his addresses in nadiers caps, to give us an idea of some. the Did Eniglich Character. thing grand and upcommon. These But, in the whole republic of letters, are designed as so many hints to let the there are none perhaps who are more reader know where he is to be particu- obliged to the printer, than the writers larly affected; and answer the same pur- of periodical essays. The SpectaTORS, pole with the marginal directions in indeed, came into the world without any plays, which inform the actor when he of the advantages we are pofseffed of.. is to laugh or cry. This practice is They were originally published in a most remarkable in pieces of modern very bad print and paper, and were lo wit and humour: and it may be observe entirely destitute of all outward ornaed, thus where there is the leart of these ments, that, like Terence's Virginlively qualities, the author is moft defirous of fubftituting these arts in their

Ni vis boni room ; imagining, that by a judicious

In ipsá inefTet formå, bæc formam extinguerenie diftribution of these enlivening strokes Unless the ful of beauty had breathed in different parts of it, his work, how- through the compofitions themselve, there ever dull in itself, will become smart and disadvantages would have suppressed the brilliant.

leaft appearances of it. And here I cannot but take notice, ekat these arts have been employed to As it requires no genius to supply a very great advantage in the service of the defect of this nature, our modern essays theatres. The writer of the play-bills as much excel the SpectATORS in ele. deals out his Capitals in fo just a pro- gance of form, as perhaps they may be portion, that yori may tell the salary of thought to fall fort of them in every each actor by the line of the letter in other respect. But they have this adwhich his name is printed. When the ditional advantage, that by the fineness present manager of Drury Lane first of their paper they are rescued from servocame upon the stage, a new set of types ing many mean and ignoble purposes, two inches long were cast on purpose to to which they might otherwile be apdo honour to his extraordinary merit. plied. They also form themselves more



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