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every hour of study should be offset by another, very coldest day ever experienced in Philadelphia,
hour of exercise required to be taken in open air. and bas chronicled an unusual number of exten-

sive fires all over the Uniied States, destroying mil-
(To be continued.)

lions of dollars' worth of property.

Puilada., Third month 2, 1866. J. M. ELLIS.
A wise parent will not plunge his child into
a hand-to-hand conflict with disobedience, if There being a manifest need in the Society of
he can help it. If the child is peevish and Friends for a paper devoted to the culture and ad.
uphappy, and tending to insubordination, he vancement of children, it is proposed to issue on the
will not immediately launch a command, though first of Fifth month, 1866, a Journal to be calləd
the command itself may be reasonable, and

eminently fit to be obeyed. He will endeavor Its object will be to afford a medium through
to soothe, to lead the troubled mind away from which the principles and testimonies of Friends in
its troubles ; and when placidity is restored, and all their beautitul simplicity may be inculcated to

the rising generation.
the little face is clothed with supshine, the

Liberal in feeling, it will combine the useful with
command will be cheerfully obeyed.

the agreeable, the amusing with the instructive,

hence it will contain Religious instructions, Moral
From Friends' Intelligencer.

stories, Poetry, Literary and Scientific information ;

each and all adapted to the comprehensive powers of

With this object we ask for the hearty co-opera-
1865. 1866.

tion of Friends generally throughout the country,
Rain during some portion of

trusting that through our undivided energies, “THE
tbe 24 hours,

3 days. 2 days.

CHILDREN'S FRIEND,” will be an ever welcome visitor
Rain all or nearly all day,...

at tbe fireside.

Snow-inclg very slight falls

The paper will not be issued unless a sufficient

number of subscribers is obtained to insure it & suc-
Cloudy, without storms.......
Clear, in the ordinary ac-

The earlier the names are forwarded the sooner
ceptation of the term,...... 11


will we feel encouraged to enter upon the work in

Size, 7 by 11 inches. Sixteen pages.

Terms, $1.50 per year in advance.

All wbo forward their names prior to the Fifth

montb, will remit the subscription on receipt of tbe

first number.
Mean temperature of 2d

All letters should be addressed to
month per Penna. Hospital, 32.60 deg. 34.14 deg.

Highest do. duriog month, 154.00 60.50
Lowest do. do. do. 3.50


West Chester, Chester Co., Pa.
Raio during the month,...... 5.83 in. 6.61 in.

Deaths during the month,

The Russo-AMERICAN TELEGRAPH.-The bill an.
being 4 current weeks for

thorizing and directing the Secretary of the Navy to
each year,..........

1550 1143

detail a steam-vessel from the Pacific squadron lo
sound the opposite coast, and otherwise to assist

the Russian. American Telegraph expedition to lay
Average of the mean temperature of

the cable at Bebring's Strait, baving been signed
2d montb for the past seventy-seven

by the President, is now a law. The line lacka only

30.54 deg. about twenty-five hundred miles of being completed
Higbest mean of do. during that entire

-nearly equally divided between the two continente.
period, 1857,.....


With the assistance volunteered by the Emperor of
Lowest do. do. 1825, 1836, 1838, 24.00

Russia, it is likely to be finished in a year.

JAMAICA.- In the House of Commons, on the 13h

ult., Lord Cardwell introduced a bill for the future
Mean temperature of the tbree Winter

government of Jamaica. He briefly explained that
months of 1864, 1865......

32.03 deg. the Government had thought fit to 'ratify lbe decision
do. 1865, 1866,....


which the Legislature of Jamaica bad arrived at,
Average of the Winter temperatures for

abolisbiog itself, and it would be proposed to estab-
the past seventy-five years,...... 31.33

lish a government similar to tbat in Triuidad, for a
Higbest Winter mean occurring during

period of three years, and if the experiment was suc-
tba: entire period, 1850–51,....


cessful, then it would be made permanent. If pot,
Lowest do. do. 1814–15, 1835-36,126.66

some otber government would be deviscd.

Madame Dora d'Istria has been admitted in place
It will be seen by the above tbat not only has the of that distinguished traveller, the late Madame Ida
month a higher temperature than the corresponding Pfeiffer, !o the French Imperial Society of Geography.
month of last year, as well as the average for twenty founded in 1821 by Malie Brun.
seven years past, but that the same remark will apply

CONGRES3.-Among otber bills and resolutions ibe
to the wirt:r temperatures. The quantity of rain is, following were before the Senate. The House con-
also, in excess; the record of the Pennsylvania Hos' current resolution declaring that no Senator or Rep.
pital, commenciog with 1825, shows nothirig equal resentative shall be admitted as a member of Coi-
to it in any second month during ibat period. The gress until the National Legislature decides ibat
winter, as usual, basembraced a great deal of storiny, their States are entitled to representation, was several
copleasa nt weaiber ; Las rejo'cej io, it is said, the days under debate, and finally passed. á resolution

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was offered and adopted 'calling upon the President perpetuate slavery, bave been fed and warmed
to furnish to ibe Sedate copies of all papers designa- | through the kindly offices of this association.
ting certain persons as Provisional Governors, and
an occount of the salary they have been allowed ;) DOOKS FOR SALE:- Journal of Hugh Judge, price..... 10
the oaths they may have taken before entering upon D Journal of John Comly, (600 pager)....... ..... $2.00

Friends' Miscellany, (originally 12 vols.,) 4th vol.out of print, 8.00
their duties; and if they did not take the oath of

History of Delaware County, Penna. containing interesting
office prescribed by Congress for officers of the United

accounts of early Friends, with engravings: 580 pages... 3.00
States, then why they did not take the same. Also, Conversations, Discussions, and Anecdotes, by Thomas Story 1.00
copies of any commuvications in his possession from

The Works of Isaac Pennington. 4 vols., making 2100 pp, 6.00

The New Testament, Marot's edition, fine clear type........ 1.00
such persons to any convention or legislative assem Comly's Reader,....50 cents. Central School Reader.... 75
bly in tbeir respective States. Also, copies of any Memoir of Priscilla Cadwallader, 50. Bellanger's Journal, 75
constitution, articles or laws purporting to have been

Janney & Life of Fox, $1.26.

Do. Penn, $1.25 and $2.00

.......... 1.16
adopted in such States, so far as the same aff at the Decline of Friends, by Janney, Rowntree, and Fisher.

tory of Friends, vol. 1st..
present condition of such States and the rights of Education in the Society of friends....................... 0

Foulke's Friends' Almanacs for 1866. .................
persons therein. A petition from authors and pub-


EMMOR COMly, No. 131 North 7th St., Phils.
lisbers was presented, asking for an interoational

I W ANTED--A situation, by a Female Teacher, qualified to
copy-right law between this country and Great Brit.

W iostruct in the usual English branches, having several
ain, wbich was referred. Another petition was read years' experience. Friends' School preferred. Good recommend.
asking a change in the manner of voting for Presi- &tions if required. Address or apply to

dent and Vice President of the United States, and

310xt pmfn510.

131 N. Seventh St
making the election direct by the people, instead of
through the medium of electors. The bill to grant NEW ARTICLES.-- The Graduated Measure and Funnel com-

IN bined, Russ' Scissor Sharpeners, Spring Scissors for Sewing
land to aid in the construction of a railroad from Machines, the Clutch Brace, which does not require the bitts to
Sprfogfield, Missouri, to the Pacific coast, was passed. be fitted or notched, the Vegetable Slicer, for beets, cucumbers,
The bill probibiting the importation of peat cattle, / &c. For sale at the Hardware Store of

as a meins of protection against the introduction of

3101f. No. 835 (Eight Thirty Five) Market St., below Ninth.
the cattle plague, was passed, and awaits the Presi.
dential approval to become a law.

CHESTER ACADEMY.-A Boarding and Day School for both

U Sexes, Broad Si., Chester, Pa. Every branch of a solid Eng-
House.- A bill to continue in force and amend the lish Education is taught in this Academy, together with Latin,
present act establishing the Freedmen's Bureau was

French and Drawing, in all its varieties. Thoroughness in all

the studies is insisted upon, and especial care wilj be taken to
presented and referred. The Committee on Ways

educate the morals as well as the intellect of the pupils. A Pri-
and Means was instructed to inquire into the expedi mury Department is connected with the School Pupils can enter
ency of relieving auctioneers from taxes on sales of

at any time,

Please send for a Circular.
property under judgment. The same committe were

also directed to report upon the expediency of re-
ducing the duty on paper. The Senate bill for the

2 we 13t 5wm wnfnd. M. LOUISE CLANCY,
protection of persons in their civil rights was reported | T I. RIDGWAY & CO., COMMISSION DEALERS in Berries,
with several amendments. It declares all pereons, J. Peaches, Apples. Opions, Sweet Potatoes, Round Potatoes,
without distinc ion of color.born in the United States. / Butter, Poultry, Eggs, Dried Fruite, and every & ""iption o

Country Produce. Office No. 125 Delaware Avenue Market,
are citizens. After some time spent in debute it was Pbiladaphia. Consigaments solicited, and orders for shipping
postponed until the 8th iost. A petition was pre promptly attended to
sented from the citizens of Georgia, setting forth the 21013tvlvnzp.
deplorable state of things existing here, asking that WALL PAPERS-WINDOW SHADES-902 Spring Garden
the national troops be not withdrawn, and protesting

VY Street, (one square from Germantown Depot, Philadelphia

Business in any part of the Country attended to promptly, and at
agaiust the organization of the militia. It was re-

City rates
ferred to the Committee on Reconstruction.

2mo3 xmp.

The FREEDMEN. --Superintendent Eberbart reports KENNETT SQUARE SEMINARY--For Girls. --The next ses

N siou of this institution will commence on the last Third day
from Georgia that the recent returns show that there

of Second month, 1866, Inquire for Circular of
are throughout the State 62 freedmen's schools, 89 2 3 3m. 4:30. vnio.

Evan T SWAYNE, Principal.
teachers, 6,569 pupils—an increase in one month of

W ALL PAPER! WALL PAPER! Reduced to 121, 18 and 20
5 schools, 22 teachers, and 2,218 pnpils. In the First W cents. Gold and Glazed Paper Hangings reduced. Lider
month, the freed-people contributed $538 to the sup Window Shades and Fixtures, or neat designs and all sizes.
port of ibeir schools, and in the city of Augusta over

My prices are moderate. Work done in Country. Call at

$2,000 during the past six months for their suffering

brethren. G-n. C. B. Fisk, Assistant Commissioner of

wm 9t fafn. No. 1033 Spring Garden St. below 11th, Phila.
the Bureau for Tennessee, reports that in education, THE PROVIDENT LIFE AND TRUST COMPANY OF
industry, justi«e and good order there is a steadyad- 1 PHILADELPHIA.-Incorporated by the State of Pennsyl

vania, 3d mo. 22, 1865. Insures lives, allows interest on deposits,
vancement. The superintendents, chosen, generally and grants annuities. Capital, $150.000.
from citizens, have earnestly and successfully labored Directors-Samuel R. Shipley, Jeremiah Hacker,
to place the freedmen in good homes at fair wages,

Joshua U. Morris, Richard Wood,

Richard Cadbury, Henry Haines,
or for a share of the crops raised. But few depend-

T. Wistar Brown, Wm. C. Longstreth.
ents upon the Government charity are now in the

Charles F. Coffio.
State. la Twelftb month, only $620.28 were expended


Office-No. 111 South Fourth Street.
in subsistence to the poor.

W. WILBELFORCE WIstar, General Agent, at the office of the
Organizations amoog ibe freedmen themselves, for Company.

826 6m 110 aw
the relief of their own poor, bave reud-red valuable 1) ELLEVCE FEMALE INSTITUTE.-A KOARDING-SCHOOL
service. The Nashville Provident Association, a 80-| FOR GIRLS. The Fall and Winter Torm of this healthfully
ciety conducted by the colored people of tha: city,

and beautifully located Institution, will commeace 10th mo. 2.

1865, and continue in session twenty-eight weeks.
hag its coul and wood depots, soup-houses, pby-| For details see Circular, to obtain wbich, address the Principale,
sicians, &c. This society relieves the suffering poor | Attleboro' P. O., Bucks county, Pa
without distinction of color, and duily reports ex-

ISRAEL J. GR ALAME, Principalo.
85 tf. axnaw.

hibit that a greater number of white tban of colored
persons are its beneficiaries. Many widows and

o-phans, whose bosbands and fathers fell fighting to i Book, PAXPULET AND GENERAL JOB PRINTERS, 243 Arch 8t.


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Extracts from Clarkson's “Portraiture of Quakerism”. 17
The True Christian Life...

18 The Revelation of the Spirit...

19 COMMUNICATIONS MUST BE ADDRESSED AND PAYMENTS Scraps from “ Fells' of Swarthmoor Hall”.

20 MADE TO Eternity of Good and Evil Influence.

21 EMMOR COMLY, AGENT, Thoughts on Books and Reading...

21 At Publication Office, No. 131 North Seventh Stroot, Extract from a Letter........

23 SECOND DOOR ABOVE CHERBY. Put your Children to Bed.



24 The Paper is issued every Seventh-day, at Three Dollars per Friends' Social Lyceum.

25 annum. $2.50 for Clubs; or, four copies for $10. Agents for Clubs will be expected to pay for the entire Club.

Gibbons' Review of “A Declaration," &c.

26 The Postage on this paper, paid in advance at the office where POETRY.....

28 it is received, in any part of the United States, is 20 cents a year. Care of the Chronic Insane in Penna. Hospital for Insane.. ... 28 AGENTS.-Joseph S. Cohu, New York.

An Address on the Limits of Education.......

Henry Haydock, Brooklyn, N. Y.
Benj. Stratton, Richmond, Ind.

Report of Treasurer of Friends' Association for the Aid and
William H. Churehran, Indianapolis, Ind.
Elevation of the Freedmen.......

31 James Baynes, Baltimore, Md.


.......... 31

EXTRACTS FROM CLARKSON'S “PORTRAITURE tone, and which may, on these accounts, please OF QUAKERISM."

the man of learning and taste, may be looked (Continued from page 2.)

upon as drogs by a man of moderate abilities or The second objection is, that the Quaker dis-acquirements. And thus it has happened, that courses have generally less in them, and are many have left the orators of the world and occasionally less connected or more confused joined the Quaker Society, on account of the than those of others.

barrenness of the discourses which they have It must be obvious, when we consider tbat heard among

them. the Quaker ministers are often persons of but With respect to Quaker sermons being somelittle erudition, and that their principles forbid times less connected or more confused than them to premeditate on these occasions, that we those of others, they would admit that this can hardly expect to fiod the same logical divi- might apparently happen; and they would exsion of the subject, or the same logical provings plain it in the following manner. Their min. of given points, as in the sermons of those who isters, they would say, when they sit among

the spend bours, or even days together, in compos- congregation, are often given to feel and discern ing them.

the spiritual states of individuals then present, With respect to the apparent barrepness, or and sometimes to believe it necessary to dethe little matter sometimes discoverable in their scribe such states, and to add such advice as sermons, they would reply, that God has not these may seem to require. Now these states given to every man a similar or equal gift. To being frequently different from each other, the some be bas given largely; to others in a less description of them, in consequence of an abdegree. Upon some he has bestowed gifts, that rupt transition from one to the other, may somemay edify the learned ; upon others such as may times occasion an apparent inconsistency in edify the illiterate. Men are not to limit bis their discourses on such occasions. The Quaspirit by their own notions of qualifications. kers, however, consider all such discourses, Like the wind, it bloweth not only where it or those in wbich states are described, as listeth, but as it listeth. Thus preaching, which among the most efficacious and useful of those may appear to a scholar as below the ordinary delivered. standard, may be more edifying to the simple But whatever may be the merits of the Quahearted than a discourse better delivered, or more ker sermons, there are circumstances worthy of eruditely expressed. Thus again, preaching, notice with respect to the Quaker preachers. which may be made up of high-sounding words, In the first place, they always deliver their disand of a mechanical manner and an affected courses with great seriousness. They are also

singularly bold and honest, when they feel it formity and obedience thereunto. Apd seeing to be their duty, in the censure of the vices of they may certainly know this, they may also as individuals, whatever may be the riches they certainly know that the spirit of Christ dwelleth enjoy. They are reported also, from unques in them; for God is love, and he that dwell. tionable authority, to have extraordinary skilleth in love, dwelleth in God, and God in him.' in discerning the internal condition of those And if we love one another, God dwelleth in who attend their ministry, so that many, feeling us, and his love is perfected in us.' In the the advice to be addressed to themselves, have same manner he goes on to enumerate many resolved upon their amendment in the several other marks from text of Scriptore, by which cases to which their preaching seemed to have he conceives this question may be determined." been applied.

I shall conclude this chapter on the subject As I am speaking of the subject of ministers, of the Quaker preaching, by an extract from I will answer one or two questions, which I Francis Lambert of Avignon, whose book was have often heard asked concerning it.

published in the year 1516, long before the SoThe first of these is, do the Quakers believe ciety of the Quakers took its rise in the world. that their ministers are uniformly moved, when“ Beware,” says he,“that thou determine not prethey preach, by the Spirit of God?

cisely to speak what before thou hast meditated, I answer—the Quakers believe they may be what soever it be ; for though it be lawful to so moved, and tbat they ought to be so moved. determine the text which thou art to expound, They believe also that they are often so'moved. yet not at all the interpretation ; lest, if thou doest But they believe again, that except their minis. so, thou takest from the Holy Spirit that which ters are peculiarly cautious, and keep particu. is his, namely, to direct thy speech that thou larly on their watch, they may mistake their own mayest preach in the name of the Lord, soid of imaginations for the agency of this spirit. all learning, meditation, and experience ; and And upon this latter belief it is, in part, that as if thou hadst studied nothing at all, committhe office of elders is founded, as before de- ting thy heart, thy tongue, and thyself, wholly scribed.

unto his spirit; and trusting nothing to thy The second is, as there are no defined boun- former studying or meditation, but saying to daries between the reason of man and the reve-thyself in great confidence of the divine promise, lation of God, how do the Quakers know that the Lord will give a word with much power they are favored at any particular time, either unto those that preach the Gospel.” when they preach or when they do not preach,

(To be continued.) with the visitation of this spirit, or that it is, at any particular time, resident within them ?

THE TRUE CHRISTIAN LIFE. Ricbard Claridge, a learned and pious clergy. Little words, not eloquent speeches or serman of the Church of England in the last cen- mons; little deeds, pot miracles nor battles, tury, but who gave up his benefices, and joined nor one great act or mighty martyrdom, the society of the Quakers, has said a few words make up the true Christian life. The little in his Tractatus Hierographicus, upon this constant sunbeam, not the lightning; the waters subject, a part of which I shall transcribe as an of Siloah," that go softly” in their meek misanswer to this latter question.

sion of refreslıment, not the waters of the river " Men,” says he, "may certainly know, that great and mighty,” rushing down in torrent they do believe on the Son of God, with that noise and force, are the true symbols of a holy faith that is unfeigned, and by which the heart life. The avoidance of little evils, little sins, lit. is purified : for this faith is evidential and as- tle inconsistencies, little weaknesses, little follies, suring, and consequently the knowledge of it little indiscretions and imprudences, little in. is certain. Now they, who certainly know that dulgences of self and of the flesh, little acts of they have this knowledge, may be certain also indolence or indecision, or slovepliness or cowof the spirit of Christ dwelling in them; for ardice, little equivocations or aberrations from

he that believeth on the Son of God, hath bigh integrity, little touches of shabbiness or the witness in himself;' and this witness is the meanness, little bits of covetousness and penspirit; for it is the spirit that beareth wit-uriousness, little exhibitions of worldliness and nes,' of whose testimony they may be as cer- gaiety, little indifferences to the feelings or tain, as of that faith the spirit beareth witness wishes of others, little outbreaks of temper and

crossness or selfisboess or vanity; the avoid. Again-" They may certainly know that ance of such little things as these goes far to they love the Lord above all, and their neigh. make up at least the negative beauty of a holy bor as themselves. For the command implies life. And then, attention to the little duties not only a possibility of knowing it in general, of the day and hour, in public transactions, or but also of such a knowledge as respects their private dealings, or family arrangements; to own immediate concernment therein, and perso- The little words and tones; 'little benevolences, Dal benefit arising from a sense of their con or forbearances, or tendernesses ; little self-de


nials, self restraints, and self-forgetfulness; this doctrine, whether the Spirit proceeds little plans of quiet kindness and thoughtful directly and solely from God, or from God consideration for others; punctuality and through Christ. The Greek church taught, method, and true aim, in the ordering of each and still teaches, that the Spirit is wholly and day-these are the active developments of a only from the Father. The Latin or Romanholy life, the rich and divine mosaics of which Catholiq Church maintained, and still maintains, it is composed. What makes yon green hill so that the Spirit proceeds from the Father and beautiful ? Not the outstanding peak or stately the Son. And the Latin church is right: the elm, but the bright sward which clothes its interior meaning of that doctrine is that the slopes, composed of ionumerable blades of grass. spiritual creation, like the material, is based on It is of small things that a great life is made intelligence. There can be no holiness without up ; and he who will acknowledge no life as insight. great save that which is built up of great things, The Holy Spirit is that particular agency of will find little in Bible characters to admire. God, direct or indirect, which concerns itself -Bonar.

with the moral and religious education of man

kind. It is God acting in this particlar way From “Reason in Religion."

as distinguished from God in pature. THE REVELATION OF THE SPIRIT..

Self-manifestation—the revelation of himself BY FREDERIC HENRY HEDGE.

in rational minds—must be supposed to be the The New Testament speaks of “the Spirit” end of all God's doing. The visible universe is very much as the Old Testament speaks of one revelation,-intelligible only when viewed Jehovah or "the Lord.” When the Old Testa- as such. “ Day unto day uttereth speech, and ment says, " The Lord spoke," or " The word night unto night showeth knowledge.” Nature of the Lord came," to this or that prophet, the reflects to intelligent minds the divine wisdom New Testament substitutes Spirit, -"Jesus was and love. But nature could never convey the led by the Spirit into the wilderness," “ The most distant idea of moral good. The truth Spirit said to Philip," “ The Spirit said to which we attempt to express, when we say that Peter,” &c., &c. The same thing is meant in God is just, that God is holy; the fact of a both cases, but the different phraseology makes moral law, duty, conscience, accountableness,a difference between the two dispensations. The these bave no prototype or symbol in nature. same fact, the same power, is differently con- This is something of which nature is unconceived. In one case it is formal, concrete,-an scious. The animal world exbibits something of individual. In the other it is liberal, difusive, instinctive love, something of blind attachment, -ap influence. When the Jew thought of his but nothing like justice, holiness. This is the Jehovah, it was somewhat as the Gentile thought way which no fowl knoweth,” which “ the vulof bis Jore. He thought of him as a powerful ture's eye hath not seen,” and which “the lion's individual, as a wise and strong man. When whelps have not trodden.” “The abyss saith, the evangelists thought of the Spirit, they It is not in me; and the sea saith, It is not with thought of it as a breath, a vision, a whisper in me." We should know God only as mighty, the heart; a subtile influence informing the wise, and beneficent, never as holy and just, mind, inspiring the will, directing the life. were there not another creation and revelation

The personification of the Spirit in the New co-parallel with the material,—the moral creaTestament is merely rhetorical; but the church, I tion, the revelation of the Spirit, in which God is not satisfied with a figure of speech, converted revealed as moral law, and as moral and Spiritual the rhetoric into dogma. They constituted the good. Spirit a distinct person in the Godhead. No The element and medium of this moral creaharm in this, if by “person " is meant nothing tion is the moral nature which always accommore than a manifestation. But with many panies conscious intelligence, here and wherthe idea of persoos bardeos into that of inde- ever conscious intelligence is found. Its mar pendent individuality. The Spirit is conceivedterials are rational souls. Of these “living as a being, distinct from the Father, instead of stones,” the divine Architect, the Holy Spirit, a character of or in God the Father. This was compiles the Spiritual fabric which all good not the intent of the doctrine, as defined by men are helping to build, and whose completion the councils of the Church. It conflicts with will be the consummation and the crown of time. the accompanying doctrine of the procession,” | The Christian Church, in the vision of the as it is called, " of the Holy Ghost.” The Spirit apostles, was identified with that fabric, “ Christ is said to proceed from God. And this proces-himself being the chief corner-stone; in whom sion was not once for all, but still continues. It all the building, fitly framed together, groweth is not a past transaction, a fact accomplished, unto an holy temple in the Lord.” The Chris. but a present and constant process. The lan- tian Church in their theory is not only the proguage is not “ proceeded,” but “ proceeds.” duct, but the earthly representative and emThe question arose in the ages which developed bodiment of the Holy Spirit. At once, both

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