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would not have been lost, if such an one had length, which I recommend to my reader as a not been upon the bench; nor a profligate very valuable piece. youth disinherited, if he had not got drunk every night by toasting an outed ministry. I • The Pelition of E. H. Esq. remember a tory, who, having been fined in a
'HUMBLY SHOWETH, conrt of justice for a prank that deserved the pillory, desired upon the merit of it to be made
That your petitioner's father's brother's a justice of the peace when his friends came uncle, colonel W. H. lost the third finger of into power; and shall never forget a whig his left hand at Edgebill fight. criminal, who, upon being indicted for a rape,
“That your petioner, notwithstanding the told his friends. You see what a 'man suffers smallness of his fortune (he being a younger for sticking to his principles.'
brother,) always kept hospitality, and drank The truth of it is, the sufferings of a man in confusion to the roundheads in half a score a party are of a very doubtful nature. When
bumpers every Sunday in the year, as several they are such as have promoted a good cause,
honest gentlemen (whose names are underwritand fallen upon a man undeservedly, they have
ten) are ready to testify. a right to be heard and recompensed beyond “That your petitioner is rengarkable in his any other pretensions. But when they rise country, for having dared to treat Sir P. P. a out of rashness or indiscretion, and the pursuit cursed sequestrator, and three members of the of such measures as have rather ruined than assembly of divines, with brawn and minced promoted the interest they aim at, which hath pies upon new-year's day. always been the case of many great sufferers,' 'That your said humble petitioner hath been they only serve to recommend them to the five times imprisoned in five several countychildren of violence or folly
gaols, for having been a ringleader in five difI have by me a bundle of memorials pre
ferent riots ; into which his zeal for the royal sented by several cavaliers upon the restora
cause hurried him, wheo men of greater estates tion of king Charles II. which may serve as sc
had not the courage to rise. many instances to our present purpose.
That he, the said E. H. hath had six duels Among several persons and pretensions re- and four-and-twenty boxing matches in defence corded by my author, he mentions one of a ve
of his majesty's title ; and that he received ry great estate, who, for having roasted an
such a blow upon the head at a bonfire in ox whole, and distributed a hogshead upon
Stratford-upon-Avon, as he hath been never king Charles's birth-day, desired to be provid. the better for from that day to this. ed for as bis majesty in his great wisdom should
| “That your petitioner bath been so far from think fit.
improving his fortune, in the late damnable Another put in to be prince Henry's gover
times, that he verily believes, and hath good por for having dared to drink his health in the reason to imagine, that if he had been master worst of times.
of an estate, he had infallibly been plundered A third petitioned for a colonel's commis- and sequestered. sion, for having cursed Oliver Cromwell, the
Your petitioner, in consideration of his said day before his death, on a public bowling
merits and sufferings, humbly requests that he green.
may have the place of receiver of the taxes, col. But the most whimsical petition I have met
lector of the customs, clerk of the peace, dewith is that of B. B. esq. who desired the ho-puty lieutenant, or whatsoever else he shall be nour of knighthood, for having cuckolded Sir thought qualified for. And your petitioner T. W. a notorious roundhead.
shall ever pray, &c.' There is likewise the petition of one who. having let his beard grow from the martyrdom No. 630.1 Wednesday, December 8, 1714. of king Charles the first, until the restoration of king Charles the second, desired in consid Favete linguis. — Hor. Od. i. Lib. 3. 2. eration thereupon to be made a privy-coun With mute attention wait. sellor.
I must not omit a memorial setting forth Having no spare time to write any thing of that the memorialist had, with great despatch, my own, or to correct what is sent me by othcarried a letter from a certain lord to a certain ers, I have thought fit to publish the following lord, wherein, as it afterwards appeared, mea- letters : sures were concerted for the restoration, and without which he verily believes that happy
Oxford, Nov. 22. revolution had never heen effected; who there. If you would be so kind to me, as to suspend upon humbly prays to be made post-masier that satisfaction which the learned world mast
receive in reading one of your speculations, by A certain gentleman, who seems to write publishing this endeavour, you will very much with a great deal of spirit, and uses the words oblige and improve one, who has the boldness gallantry and gentleman-like very often in his to hope that he may be admitted into the pum. petition, begs that (in considerasion of his bav- ber of your correspondents. . ing worn his hat for ten years past in the loyal "I have often wondered to hear men of good cavalier-cock, to his great danger and detri- sense and good-nature profess a dislike to mument) he may be made a captain of the guards. sic, when at the same time they do not scruple
I shall close my account of this collection of to own that it has the most agreeable and immemorials with the copy of one petition at proving influences over their minds : it seems
to me an unhappy contradiction, that those performance of that great duty of thanksgivpersons should have an indifference for an art ing, which, as we are informed by our Alwhich raises in them such a variety of sublime mighty Benefactor, is the most acceptable pleasures.
return which can be made for those infinite • However, though some few, by their own stores of blessings which be daily condescends or the unreasonable prejudices of others, may to pour down upon his creatures. When we be led into a distaste for those musical societies make use of this pathetical method of adwhich are erected merely for entertainment, dressing ourselves to him, we can scarce conyet sure I may venture to say, that no one can tain from rapture! The heart is warmed with have the least reason for disaffection to that a sublimity of goodness! We are all piety, and solemn kind of melody which consists of the all love! praises of our Creator.
| How do the blessed spirits rejoice and wonYou have, I presume, already prevented der to behold unthinking man prostrating his me in an argunent upon this occasion, which soul to his dread Sovereign in such a warmth some divines have successfully advanced upon of piety as they themselves might not be a much greater, that musical sacrifice and ashamed of. adoration has claimed a place in the laws and I shall close these reflections with a passage customs of the most different nations ; as the taken out of the third book of Milton's Paradise Grecians and Romans of the profane, the Jews Lost, where those harmonious beings are thus and Christians of the sacred world, did as uva- nobly described : nimously agree in this as they disagreed in all “ Then crowned again, thoir golden harps thoy took, other parts of their economy.
Harps ever tun'd, that glitt'ring by their side, • I know there are not wanting some who are
Like quivers hung, and with preamblo sweet
Of charming symphony they introduce of opinion that the pompous kind of music
The sacred song, and waken raptures high: which is in use in foreign churches, is the most
No one exempt, no voice but well could join excellent, as it most affects our senses. But 1] Melodious part-such coucord is in heaven!" am swayed by my judgment to the modesty which is observed in the musical part of our
MR. SPECTATOR, devotions. Methinks there is something very · The town cannot be unacquainted that in laudable in the custom of a voluntary before divers parts of it there are vociferous sets of the first lesson; by this we are supposed to be men who are called Rattling Clubs; but what prepared for the admission of those divine shocks me most is, they have now the front to truths which we are shortly to receive. We invade the church and institute those societies, are, then to cast all worldly regards from off there, as a clan of them have in late times done, our hearts, all tumúlts within are then be- to such a degree of insolence as has given the calmed, and there should be nothing near the partition where they reside, in a church near soul but peace and tranquillity. So that in this one of the city gates, the denomination of the short office of praise the man is raised above rattling pew. These gay fellows, from humble himself, and is almost lost already amidst the lay professions, set up for critics, without any joys of futurity.
tincture of letters or reading, and have the I have heard some nice observers frequent. vanity to think they can lay hold of something ly commend the policy of our church in this froin the. parson which may be formed into particular, that it leads us on by such easy ridicule. and regular methods that we are perfectly . It is needless to observe that the gentlemen, deceived into piety. When the spirits begin who every Sunday bave the hard province of to languish, (as they too often do with a con- instructing these wretches in a way they are stant series of petitions) she takes care to in no present disposition to take, have a fixed allow them a pious respite, and relieves them character for learning and eloquence, not to with the raptures of an anthem. Nor can be tainted by the weak efforts of this conwe doubt that the sublimest poetry, softenedltemptible part of their audiences. Whether in the most moving strains of music, can ne- the pulpit is taken by these gentlemen, or any ver fail of humbling or exalting the soul to strangers their friends, the way of the club is any pitch of devotion. Who can hear the this : if any sentiments are delivered too subterrors of the Lord of Hosts described in the lime for their conception; if any uncommon most expressive melody, without being awed topic is entered on, or one in use new modified into a veneration ? Or who can hear the with the finest judginent and dexterity ; or, kind and endearing attributes of a mercifull'any controverted point be never so elegantly father, and not be softened into love towards handled; in short, whatever surpasses the narhim?
row limits of their theology, or is not suited to *As the rising and sinking of the passions, their taste, they are all immediately upon the the casting soft or noble hints into the soul, watch, fixing their eyes upon each other with is the natural privilege of music in general, as much warmth as our gladiators of Hockso more particularly of that kind which is em- ley-in-the-Hole, and waiting like them for a ployed at the altar. Those impressions which bit: if one touches, all take fire, and their it leaves upon the spirits are more deep and noddles instantly meet in the centre of the lasting, as the grounds from which it receives pew: then, as by beat of drum, with exact its authority are founded more upon reason. It discipline, they rear up into a full length diffuses a calmness all around us, it makes of stature, and with odd looks and gesticulaus drop all those vain or immodest thoughts tions confer together in so loud and clamorous which would be an hinderance to us in the a manner, continued to the close of the dis.
course, and during the after-psalm, as is not his shoulders, that it seemed not to have been to be silenced but by the bells. Nor does this combed since the year 1712; his linen, which soffice them, without aiming to propagate their was not much concealed, was daubed with noise through all the church, by signals given plain Spanish from the chin to the lowest butto the adjoining seats, where others designed ton; and the diamond upon his finger (which for this fraternity are sometimes placed upon naturally dreaded the water) put me in mind trial to receive them.
how it sparkled amidst the rubbish of the mine • The folly as well as rudeness of this prac- where it was first discovered. On the other tice is in nothing more conspicuous than this, hand, the pretty quaker appeared in all the that all that follows in the sermon is lost; for, elegance of cleanliness. Not a speck was to whenever our sparks take alarm, they blaze out be found upon her. A clear, clean oval and grow so tumultuous that no after-explana- face, just edged about with little thio plaits tion can avail, it being impossible for them- of the purest cambric, received great adselves or any near them to give an account vantagess from the shade of her black thereof. If any thing really novel is advanced, hood; as did the whiteness of her arms from how averse soever it may be to their way of that sober-coloured stuff in which she had thinking, to say nothing of duty, men of less clothed herself. The plainpess of her dress levity than these would be led by a natural cu- was very well suited to the simplicity of her riosity to hear the whole. .
phrases; all which, put together, though they • Laughter, where things sacred are trans- could not give me a great opinion of her reacted, is far less pardonable than whining at a ligion, they did of her innocence. conventicle; the last has at least a semblance. This adventure occasioned my throwing toof grace, and where the affectation is unseen,gether a few hints upon cleanliness, which I may possibly imprint wholesome lessons on the shall consider as one of the 'half-virtues, as sincere ; but the first has no excuse, breaking Aristotle calls them, and shall recommend it through all the rules of order and decency, and under the three following heads: as it is a manifesting a reinissness of mind in those im- mark of politeness; as it produces love; and portant matters which require the strictest as it bears analogy to purity of mind. composure and steadiness of thought : a proof First, It is a mark of politeness. It is uniof the greatest folly in the world.
versally agreed upon, that no one unadorned • I shall not here enter upon the veneration with this virtue can go into company without due to the sanctity of the place, the reverence giving a manifest offence. The easier or higber owing the minister, or the respect that so any one's fortune is, this duty arises proporgreat an assembly as # whole parish may tionably. The different nations of the world justly claim. I shall only tell them, that, aslare as much distinguished by their cleanli. the Spanish cobbler, to reclaim a profligate ness as by their arts and sciences. The more son, bid him have some regard to the dignity any country is civilized, the more they consult of his family, so they as gentlemen (for wetbis part of politeness. We need but compare who are citizens assume to be such one day our ideas of a female Hottentot and an English in a week) are bound for the future to repent beauty. to be satisfied of the truth of what of, and abstain from, the gross abuses here hath been advanced. mentioned, whereof they have been guilty in In the next place, cleanliness may be said contempt of heaven and earth, and contrary to to be the foster-mother of love. Beauty inthe laws in this case made and provided. deed most commonly produces the passion in
I am, Sir, . the mind, but cleanliness preserves it. An Your very bumble servant, indifferent face and person, kept in perpetual
*R. M.' neatness, hath won many a heart from a
pretty slattern. Age itself is not upamiable,
while it is preserved clean and unsullied : No. 631.] Friday, December 10, 1714. . like a piece of metal constantly kept smooth
and bright, we look on it with more pleasure Simplex munditiis Hor. Od. v. Lib. 1. 5.
than on a new vessel that is cank'ered with
rust. Elogant by cleanliness
I might observe further, that as cleanliness
renders us agreeable to others, so it makes us Thad occasion to go a few miles out of town, leasy to ourselves: that it is an excellent presome days since, in a stage-coach, where I had servative of health ; and that several vices, for my fellow travellers a dirty beau, and a destructive both to mind and body, are inconpretty young quaker woman. Having no incli- sistent with the habit of it. But these reflecpation to talk much at that time, I placed my- tions I shall leave to the leisure of my resself backward, with a design to survey them, ders, and shall observe, in the third place, and pick a speculation out of my two compa- that it bears a great analogy with purity of nions. The different figures were sufficient mind, and naturally inspires refined sentiments of themselves to draw my attention. The geu-land passions. tleman was dressed in a suit, the ground! We find from experience that, through the whereof had been black, as I perceived from prevalence of custom, the most vicious acsome few spaces that had escaped the powder, tions lose their horror by being made familiar which was incorporated with the greatest part to us. On the contrary, those who live in the of his coat: his periwig, which cost no small neighbourhood of good examples, fly from the um, was after so-slovenly a manner cast over first appearances of what is shocking. It fares with us much after the same manner as our he had laid down and punctually observed to ideas. Our seases, which are the inlets to all the year of his death. It was, perhaps, a the images conveyed to the mind, can only thought of the like nature whih determined transmit the impression of such things as usu. Homer himself to divide each of his poems ally surround them. So that pure and un- into as many books as there are letters in the sudied thoughts are naturally suggested to the Greek alphabet. Herodotus bas in the same mind, by those objects that perpetually encom- manner adapted his books to the number of pass us when they are beautiful and elegant in the inuses, for wbich reason many a learned their kind.
man hath wished there bad been more than In the east, where the warmth of the climate nine of that sisterhood. makes cleanliness more immediately necessary Several epic poets have religiously followthan in colder countries, it is made one part ed Virgil as to the number of his books; and of their religion: the Jewish law, and the even Milton is thought by many to have changMahometan, which in some things copies af.ed the onmber of his books from ten to twelve ter it, is filled with bathings, purifications, for no other reason; as Cowley tells us, it and other rites of the like nature. Though was his design, had he finished bis Davideis, there is the above-named convenient reason to have also imitated the Æoeid in this partito be assigned for these ceremonies, the chief cular. I believe every one will agree with intention undoubtedly was to typify inward me that a perfection of this nature hath no purity and cleanliness of heart by those out-foundation in reason; and, with due respect ward washings. We read several injunctions to these great names, may be looked upon as of this kind in the book of Deuteronomy, something whimsical. which confirm this truth; and which are but I mention these great examples in defence ill accounted for by saying, as some do, that of my bookseller, who occasioned this eighth they were only instituted for convenience in volume of Spectators, because, as he said, he the desert, which otherwise could not bave thought seven a very odd number. On the been habitable for so inany years.
other side, several grave reasons were urged I shall conclude this essay with a story which on this important subject ; as, in particular, I have somewhere read in an account of Ma- that seven was the precise puinber of the wise hometan superstitions.
men, and that the most beautiful constellaA dervise of great sanctity one morning had tion in the heavens was composed of seven the misfortue, as he took up a crystal cup stars. This he allowed to be true, but still which was consecrated to the prophet, to let insisted that seven was an odd number : sug. it fall upon the ground and dash it in pieces. Igesting at the same time, that if he were proHis son coming in some time after, he stretch-vided with a sufficient stock of leading papers, ed out his hand to bless him, as his maoner he should find friends ready enough to carry was every morning: but the youth going out on the work. Having by this means got his stumbled over the threshold and broke his vessel launched and set afloat, he bath comarm. As the old man wondered at these initted the steerage of it, from time to time, events, a caravan passed by in its way from to such as he thought capable of conducting Mecca; the dervise approached it to beg a it. blessing; but as he stroked one of the holy! The close of this volume, which the town camels, he received a kick from the beast that may now expect in a little time, may possibly sorely bruised him. His sorrow and amaze- ascribe each sheet to its proper author. ment increased upon hiin, until he recollected It were no hard task to continue this paper that, through hurry and inadvertency, he had a considerable time longer by the help of large that inorning come abroad without washing contributions sent from unknown hands. his hands.
I cannot give the town a better opinion of
the Spectator's correspondents, than by pubNo. 632.] Monday, December 13, 1714.
lishing the following letter, with a very fine
copy of verses upon a subject perfectly new. Fxplebo numerum, reddarque tenebris. Virg. Æn vi. 145.
"MR. SPECTATOR, Dublin, Nov. 30, 1714. the number'l'll complete, Then to obscurity well pleas'd retreat.
* You lately recommended to your female
readers the good old custom of their grandThe love of symmetry and order, which is mothers, who used to lay out a great part of natural to the mind of man, betrays him their time in needle-work. I entirely agree sometimes into very whimsical fancies.' This with you in your sentiments, and think it noble principle,' says a French author, • loves I would not be of less advantage to themselves to amuse itself on the most trilling occasions. and their posterity, than to the reputation of You may see a profound philosopher,' says he, many of their good neighbours, if they passed ' walk for an hour together in 'his chamber, many of those hours in this innocent enterand industriously treading, at every step, up-tainment which are lost at the tea-table. I on every other board in the flooring. Every would, however, humbly offer to your consireader will recollect several instances of this deration the case of the poetical ladies; who, pature without my assistance. I think it was though they may be willing to take any adGregorio Leti, who had published as many books as he was vears old ;* which was a rule successively. Swint counted the number of steps he had
made from London to Chelsea. And it is said and demonThis voluminous writer boasted that he had been the strated in the Parentalia, that bishop Wren walked round author of a book and the father of a child for twenty years the earth while a prisoner in the tower of London.
viee given then by the Spectator, yet cannot
Cambridge, Dec. 11. so easily quit their pen and ink as you may • It was a very common inquiry among the imagine. Pray allow them, at least now and ancients, why the number of excellent orators, then, to indulge themselves in other amuse- under all the encouragements the most flouments of fancy when they are tired with rishing states could give them, fell so far short stooping to their tapestry. There is a very of the number of those who excelled in all other particular kind of work, which of late several sciences. A friend of mine used merrily to apladies here in our kingdom are very fond of, ply to this case an observation of Herodotus, which seems very well adapted to a poetical who says, that the most useful animals are the genius: it is the making of grottos. I know a most fruitful in their generation ; whereas the lady who has a very beautiful one, composed species of those beasts that are fierce and misby berself; nor is there one shell in it not chievous to mankind are but scarcely contistuck up by her own hands. I bere send you nued. The historian instances in a hare, which a poem to the fair architect, which I would always either breeds or brings forth; and a lio. not offer to herself until I knew whether this ness, which brings forth but once, and then method of a lady's passing her time were loses all power of conception. But leaving my approved of by the British Spectator ; which, friend to his mirth, I am of opinion that in with the poem, I submit to your censure, who these latter ages we have greater cause of comam
plaint than the ancients had. And since that • Your constant reader,
solemo festival is approaching,* which calls for and humble servant,
all the power of oratory, and which affords as ‘A. B.'
noble a subject for the pulpit as any revelation
has taught us, the design of this paper shall be TO MRS. -, ON HER GROTTO.
to show, that our moderns have greater advan"A grotto so complete, with such design,
tages towards true and solid eloquence than What hands, Calypso, could have form'd but thine ?
any which the celebrated speakers of antiquity Each chequer'd pebble, and each shining sboll, So well proportion'd and dispos'd so well,
enjoyed. Surprising lustre from thy thought receive,
The first great and substantial difference is, Assuming beauties more than nature gave.
that their common-places, in which almost the To her their various shapes and glossy hue,
whole force of amplification consists, were Their curious symmetry they owe to you. Not fam'd Amphion's lute, whose powerful call
drawn from the profit or honesty of the action, Made willing stones dance to the Theban wall,
as they regarded only this present state of duIn more harmonious ranks could make them fall. ration. But Christianity, as it exalts morality Not evening cloud a brighter arch can show,
to a greater perfection, as it brings the conNor richer colours paint the heavenly bow.
sideration of another life into the question, as # Where can unpolish'd nature boast a piece
it proposes rewards and punishments of a In all her mosky cells exact as this? At the gay, party-coloured scene we start,
higher nature, and a longer continuance, is For chance too regular, too rude for art.
more adapted to affect the minds of the au
dience, naturally inclined to pursue what it "Charm'd with the sight, my ravishd breast is fired With hints like those which ancient bards inspir'd;
imagines its greatest interest and coocern. If All the feign'd tales hy superstition told,
Pericles, as historians report could sbake the All the bright train of fabled nymphs of old,
firmest resolution of his hearers, and set the Th' enthusiastic muse believes are true,
passions of all Greece in a ferment, when the Thinke the spot sacred, and its genius you. Lost in wild rapture would she fain disclose
present welfare of his country, or the fear of How by degrees the pleasing wonder roso;
hostile invasions, was the subject : what may Industrious ja a faithful verse to trace
be expected from that orator who warns his The various beauties of the lovely place; And, while she keeps the glowing work in view,
audience against those evils which have no reThrough every maze thy artful hand pursue.
medy, when once undergone, either from pru.
dence or time? As much greater as the evils “0, were l equal to the bold design,
in a future state are than these at present, so Or could I boast such happy art as thine, That could rude shells in such sweet order place,
much are the motives to persuasion upder Give common objects such uncommon grace!
Christianity greater than those which mere Like them, my well-chose word in every line
inoral considerations could supply us with. But As sweetly tempered should us sweetly shine.
what I now mention relates only to the power So just a fancy should my numbers warm, Like the gay piece should the description charm.
of moving the affections. There is another Then with superior strength my voice I'd raise,
part of eloquence which is, indeed, its masterThe echoing grotto should approve my lays,
piece; I mean the marvellous or sublime. In Pleas'd to reflect the well-sung foun.ler's praise." ) [this the Christian orator has the advantage be
yond contradiction. Our ideas are so infinitely No. 633.] Wednesday, December 15, 1714.
enlarged by revelation, the eye of reason has
so wide a prospect into eternity, the notions Omnia profecto, cum se s cælcstibus rebus referet ad of a Deity are so worthy and refined, and the humanas, excelsiùs magnificentiúsque et dicet et sentiet. accounts we have of a state of happiness or
misery so clear and evident, that the contemThe contemplation of celestial things will make a man
plation of such objects will give our discourse both speak ani think more sublimely and magnificently a nobler vigour, an invincible force, beyond the when he descends to human affairs.
power of any human consideration. Tully re
quires in his perfect orator some skill in the The following discourse is printed, as it came to my hands, witbout variation.