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strong masculine sense : to this there must be
--Esert a rigorous sway, joined a thorough knowledge of mankind, to
And lop the too luxuriant boughs away. rether with an insight into the business and I HAVE often thought that if the several the prevailing bumours of the age. Our au- lletters which are written to me under the cbathor must have bis mind well seasoned with the racter of Spectator, and which I have not made finest precepts of morality, and be filled with
use of, were published in a volume, they would nice reflections upon the bright and dark sides
not be an unentertaining collection. The of human life ; he must be a master of refin
variety of the subjects, styles, sentiments, ed raillery, and understand the delicacies as and informations, which are transmitted to well as the absurdities of conversation. He me, would lead a very curious, or very idle must have a lively turn of wit, with an easy reader, insensibly along through a great many and concise manner of expression : every pages thing he says inust be in a free and disen. I know some authors who would pick up a gaged manner. He must be guilty of nothing secret history out of such materials, and make that betrays the air of a recluse, but appear a a bookseller an alderman by the copy. I shall man of the world throughout. His illustra- therefore carefully preserve the original pations, his comparisons, and the greatest part pers in a room set apart for that purpose, to of his images must be drawn from common the end that they may be of service to posterlife. Strokes of satire and criticism, as well ity; but shall at present content myself with as panegyric, judiciously thrown in (and as owning the receipt of several letters, lately it were by the by, give a wonderful life and orna- come to my bands, the authors whereof are imment to compositions of this kind. But let patient for an answer. our poet, while he writes epistles, though' Charissa, whose letter is dated from Cornnever go familiar, still remember that he hill, desires to be eased in some scruples relatwrites in verse, and must for that reason have ing to the skill of astrologers.-Referred to the a more than ordinary care not to fall into dumb man for an answer, prose, and a vulgar diction, excepting where J. C. who proposes a love case, as he calls the nature and humour of the thing does neolit, to the love casuist, is hereby desired to cessarily require it. In this point, Horace speak of it to the minister of the parish ; it behas been thought by some critics to be some-ing a case of conscience. times careless, as well as too negligent of his The poor young lady whose letter is dated versification ; of which he seems to have been (October 26, who complains of a harsh guar. sensible himself.
dian and an unkind brother, can only have * All I have to add is, that both these man- my good wishes, unless she pleases to be more ners of writing may be made as entertaining, particular. in their way, as any other species of poetry, The petition of a certain gentleman, whose if undertaken by persons duly qualified ; and name I have forgot, famous for renewing the the latter sort may be managed so as to be curls of decayed periwigs, is referred to the come in a peculiar manner instructive.
censor of small wares.
I am, &c. The remonstrance of T. C. against the proI shall add an observation or two to the re- fanation of the sabbath by barbers, shoe-cleanmarks of my ingenious correspondent; and, ers, &c. had better be offered to the society of in the first place take notice that subjects of reformers. the most sublime nature are often treated in learned and laborious treatise upon the the epistolary way with advantage as in the art of fencing, returned to the author. famous epistle of Horace to Augustus. The To the gentleman of Oxford, who desires me poet surprises us with his pomp, and seems to insert a copy of Latin verses, which were de. rather betrayed into his subject than to have nied a place in the university books. An swer: aimed at it by design. He appears like the Nonum prematur in annum. visit of a king incognito, with a mixture of To my learned correspondent, who writes familiarity and grandeur. In works of this against master's gowns, and poke sleeves, with kind, when the dignity of the subject hurries a word in defence of large scarfs. Answer: the poet into descriptions and sentiments, I resolve not to raise animosities amongst the seemingly unpremeditated, by a sort of inspi- clergy ration, it is usual for hiin to recollect himself. To the lady who writes with rage against one and fall back gracefully into the natural style of her own sex, upon the account of party of a letter.
warmth. Answer: Is not the lady she writes I might here mention an epistolary poem, against reckoned handsome ? just published by Mr. Eusden.* on the king's! I desire Tom Truelove (who sends me a sonaccession to the throne ; wherein among ma- net upon his mistress, with a desire to print it ny other noble and beautiful strokes of poetry, immediately) to consider, that it is long since his reader may see this rule very bappily ob-lI was in love. served.
| I shall answer a very profound letter from
- my old friend the upholsterer who is still inNo. 619.] 'Friday, Norember 12, 1714. quisitive whether the king of Sweden be living
or dead, by whispering him in the ear, that I Exerce imperia, et ramos compesce Auentes. believe he is alive.
Virg. Georg. ii. 369. • A letter to Mr. Addison on the king's accession to the *They were published in 1725, by Charles Lilie, in throme.
12 vols. 8vo.
Let Mr. Dapperwit consider, What is that! In Haga's towers he waites till eastern gales
Propitious rise to swell the British sails. long story of the cuckoldom to me?
Hither the fame of England's monarch brings At the earnest desire of Monimia's lover,
The vows and friendships of the neighb'ring kings, who declares himself very penitent, he is re Mature in wisdom, his extensive mind corded in my paper by the name of the faithful Takes in the blended interest of mankind,
The world's great patriot. Calm thy anxious breast, Castalio.
Secure in him, O Europe, take thy rest; The petition of Charles Cocksure, which
Henceforth thy kingdoms shall remain confin'd the petitioner styles 'very reasonable,' rejected. By rocks and streams, the mounds which Heav'n deThe memorial of Philander, which he desires
The Alps their new-made monarch shall restrain, may be despatched out of hand, postponed.
Nor shall thy hills, Pyrene, rise in vain. I desire S. R. not to repeat the expression
But see, to Britain's isle the squadron stand, 'under the sun,' so often in his next letter.
And leave the sinking towers and less'ning land. · The letter of P. S. who desires either to have The royal bark bounds 'er the floating plain, it printed entire, or committed to the flames. Breaks through the billows, and divides the main. Not to be printed entire.
O'er the vast deep. great monarch, dart thine eyes,
Bring guins and gold, and either India's stores, No. 620.] Monday, November 15, 1714.
Behold the tributes hast'ning to thy throne,
And see the wide horizon all thy own.
Still is it thine; though now the cheerful crew Behold the promis'd chief!
Hail Albion's cliffs just whitening to the view.
Before the wind with swelling sails they ride, Having lately presented my reader with a Till Thames receive them in his opening tide.
The monarch hears the thund'ring peals around copy of verses full of the false sublime, I shall
From trembling woods and echoing hills rebound. here communicate to him an excellent speci.
Nor misses yet, amid the deaf'ning train, men of the true; though it hath not been yet The roarings of the hoarse resounding main. published, the judicious reader will readily dis "As in the flood he sails, from either side cern it to be the work of a master; and if he He views his kingdom in its rural pride ;
A various scene the wide-spread landscape yields, hath read that noble poem on the prospect of
O'er rich inclosures and luxuriant fields: peace, he will not be at a loss to guess at the
A lowing herd each fertile pasture fills, author.
And distant flocks stray o'er a thousand hills.
Fair Greenwich hid in woods, with new delight, • THE ROYAL PROGRESS.
(Shade above shade) now rises to the sight: " When Brunswick first appear'd, each honest heart,
His woods ordain'd to visit every shore, Intent on verse, disdain'd the rules of art;
And guard the island which they grac'd before. For him the songsters, in unmeasurd' odes,
"The sun now rolling down the western way, Debas'd Alcides, and dethron'd the gods;
A blaze of fires, renews the fading day; In golden chains the kings of India lod,
Unnumber'd barks the regal barge enfold, Or rent the turban from the sultan's head.
Bright'ning the twilight with its beamy gold; One, in old fables, and the pagan strain,
Less thick the finny shoals, a countless fry, With nymphs and tritons, wafts him o'er the main; Before the whale or kingly dolphin fly; Another draws fierce Lucifer in arms,
In one vast shout he seeks the crowded strand, And fills th' infernal region with alarms;
And in a peal of thunder gains the land. A third awakes some druid, to foretell
Welcome, great stranger! to our longing eyes, Each future triumph from his dreary cell.
Oh! king desir'de adopted Albion cries. Exploded fancies! that in vain deceive,
For thee the East breath'd out a prosperous breeze, While the mind nauseates what she can't believe.
Bright were the suns, and gently swell'd the seas. My muse th' expected hero shall pursue
Thy presence did each doubtful heart compose, From clime to cline, and keep him still in view :
And factions wonder'd that they once were foos : Ilis shining march describe in faithful lays,
That joyful day they lost each hostile name, Content to paint him, nor presume to praise :
The same their aspect, and their voice the same. Their charms, if charms they have, the truth supplies, And from the theme unlabour'd beauties rise.
So two fair twins, whose features were design'd
At one soft moment in the mother's mind,
Show each the other with reflected grace,
And the same beauties bloom in either face; With secret grief his godlike soul repines,
The puzzled strangers which is which inquire; And Britain's crown with joyless lustre shines,
Delusion grateful to the smiling sire. While pray'rs and tears his destin'd progress stay,
From that fair hill, where hoary sages boast And crowds of mourners choke their sovereign's way.
To name the stars, and count the heavenly bost, Not so he march'd when hostile squadrons stood
By the next dawn doth great Augusta rise, In scenes of death, and fir'd his generous blood;
Proud town! the noblest scene beneath the skies. When his hot courser paw'd th' Hungarian plain,
O'er Thames her thousand spires their lustro shed, And adverse legions stood the shock in vain.
And a vast navy hides his ample bedHis frontiers past, the Belgian bounds he views,
A floating forest! From the distant strand And cross the level fields his march pursues.
A line of golden cars strikes o'er the land; Here pleas'd the land of freedom to survey,
Britannja's peers in pomp and rich array, He greatly scorns the thirst of boundless sway.
Before their king, triumphant, led the way. O'er the thin soil, with silent joy, he spies
Far as the eye can reach, the gaudy train,
A bright procession, shines along the plain.
"So haply thro' the heav'n's wide pathless ways With fruits and flowers the careful hind supplies,
A comet draws a long-extended blaze; And clothes the marshes in a rich disguise.
From cast to west burns through th'ethereal freme Such wealth for frugal hands doth Heaven decree,
And half heav'n's convex glittery with the flame. And such thy gifts, celestial Liberty!
Now to the regal towers securely brought,
He plans Britannia's glories in his thought,
Resumes the delegated power he gave,
Rewards the faithful, and restores the brave.
* Flamstead House.
Whom shall the Muse from out the shining throng |ing backward and forward on the several Select, to heighten and adorn her song ?
changes which we have already undergone, Thee, Halifax! To thy capacious mind O man approv'd, is Britain's wealth consign'd.
and hereafter must try, we shall find that the Her coin (while Nassau fought) debas'd and rude, greater degrees of our knowledge and wisBy thee in beauty and in truth renew'd,
I dom serve only to show us our own imperAn arduous work! again thy charge we see,
fections. And thy own care once more returns to thee. O! forin'd in every scene to awe and pleaso,
* As we rise from childhood to youth, we Mix wit with pomp, and dignity with ease :
look with contempt on the toys and trifles Though callid to shine aloft, thou wilt not scorn
which our hearts have hitherto been set upon, To smile on arts thyself did once adorn; For this thy name succeeding time shall praise,
When we advance to manhood, we are held And envy less thy garter than thy bays.
wise, in proportion to our shame and regret
for the rashness and extravagance of youth. · The Muse, if fir'd with thy enliv'ning beams, Perhaps shall aim at more exalted themes ;
Old age fills us with mortifying reflections upRecord our monarch in a nobler strain,
on a life mis-spent in the pursuit of anxious And sing the op'ning wonders of his reign;
wealth, or uncertain honour Agreeable to Bright Carolina's heavenly beauties trace,
this gradation of thought in this life, it may Her valiant consort, and his blooming race. A train of kings their fruitful love supplies,
be reasonably supposed that, in a future state, A glorious scene to Albion's ravish'd eyes :
the wisdom, the experience, and the maxims Who sees by Brunswick's hand her sceptre sway'd,
of old age, will be looked upon by a sepaAnd through his line from age to age convey'd.'
rate spirit in much the same light as an an
cient man now sees the little follies and toyNo. 621.] Wednesday, November 17, 1714.
lings of infants. The pomps, the honours, Postquam se lumine puro
the policies, and arts of mortal men, will be Implevit, stellasque vagas miratur, et astra
thought as trifling as hobby-horses, mockFixa polis, videt quantă sub nocte jaceret
battles, or any other sports that now employ Nostra dies, risitque sui ludibria
Lncan, Lib. 9. 11.
all the cunning and strength, and ambition Now to the blest abode, with wonder fill'd,
of rational beings, from four years old to pine The sun and moving planets he beheld ;
or ten. Then, looking down on the sun's fecble ray
'If the notion of a gradual rise in beings, Burvey'd our dusky, saint, imperfect day,
from the meanest to the Most High, be not a And under what a cloud of night we lay.
vain imagination, it is not improbable that an
angel looks down upon a man as a man doth TAE following letter having in it some ob
upon a creature wbich approaches nearest to servations out of the common road, I shall the rational nature. By the same rule, if I make it the entertainment of this day. may indulge my fancy in this particular, a $0. 'MR. SPECTATOR,
perior brute looks with a kind of pride on one The common topics against the pride of of an inferior species. If they could reflect, man, which are laboured by florid and decla- we might imagine, from the gestures of some matory writers, are taken from the baseness of of them, that they think themselves the sovehis original, the imperfections of his nature, or reigns of the world, and that all things were the short duration of those goods in which he made for them. Such a thought would not makes bis boast. Though it be true that we be more absurd in brute creatures than one can have nothing in us that ought to raise our which men are apt to entertain, napely, that vanity, yet a consciousness of our own merit all the stars in the firmament were created may be sometimes laudable. The folly there only to please their eyes and amuse their imafore lies here : we are apt to pride ourselves ginations. Mr. Dryden, in his fable of the in worthless or, perhaps, shameful things ; Cock and the Fox, makes a speech for his and on the other hand count that disgraceful hero the cock, which is a pretty instance for which is our truest glory.
this purpose. Hence it is, that the lovers of praise take
“ Then turning, said to Partlet, See, my dear, wrong measures to attain it. Would a vain
How lavish nature bath adorn'd the year; man consult his own heart, he would find that How the pale primrose and the violets spring, if others knew his weakness as well as he him And birds essay their throats, disus'd to sing : self doth, he could not have the impudence to
And these are ours, and I with pleasure see
Man struiting on two legs, and aping me." expect the public esteem. Pride therefore flows from want of reflection, and ignoradce "What I would observe from the whole is of ourselves. Knowledge and humility come this, that we ought to value ourselves upon upon us together.
those things only which superior beings think ' The proper way to make an estimate of valuable, since that is the only way for us not ourselves, is to consider seriously what it is to sink in our own esteem bereafter.' we value or despise in others. A man who boasts of the goods of fortune, a guy dress, No. 622.) Friday, November 19, 1714. or a new title, is generally the mark of ridi. cule. We ought therefore not to admire in
- Fallentis semita vita.- Hor. Ep. xviii. Lib. 1.103 ourselves what we are so ready to laugh at in! A safe private quiet, which betrays other men.
Itself to ease, and cheats away the days. Pooley. • Much less can we with reason pride our
'MR. SPECTATOR, selves in those things, which at some time of 'In a former speculation you have observed our life we shall certainly despise. And yet, that true greatness doth not consist in that if we will give ourselves the trouble of look- pomp and noise wherein the generality of mankind are apt to place it. You have there justice of one mind, by putting them to explain taken notice, that virtue in obscurity often their notions to one another. appears more illustrious in the eye of supe. “Mem. To turn off Peter for shooting a doe rior beings, than all that passes for grandeur while she was earing acorns out of his hand. and maguificence among men.
"When my neighbour John, who hath often • When we look back upon the history of injured me, comes to make his request tothose who have borne the parts of kings, morrow : statesmen, or commanders, they appear to us! “ Mein. I have forgiven him. stripped of those outside ornaments that daz- “ Laid up my chariot, and sold my horses, zle their contemporaries; and we regard their to relieve the poor in a scarcity of corn. persons as great or little, in proportion to the “In the same year remitted to my tenants a eminence of their virtues or vices. The wise fifth part of their rents. sayings, generous sentiments, or disinterested "As I was airing to-day I fell into a thought conduct of a pbilosopher under mean circum- that warmed my heart, and shall, I hope, be the stances of life, set him higher in our esteem better for it as long as I live. than the mighty potentates of the earth, when “Mem. To charge my son in private to erect we view them both through the long prospect no monument for me ; but not to put this in of many ages. Were the meinoirs of au ob- my last will." scure man, who lived up to the dignity of his nature, and according to the rules of virtue, No 292
ue, No. 623.] Monday, November 22, 1714. to be laid before us, we should find nothing in such a character which might not set bim Sed mihi vel tellus optem priùs ima dehiscat,
Vel pater omnipotens adigat me fulmine ad umbras, on a level with men of the highest stations.
Pallentes umbras Erebi noctemque profundam, The following extract out of the private pa. Ante, pudor, quam te violem, aui tua jura resolvam. pers of an honest country gentleman, will set Ille meos, primus qui ine sibi junxit, amores
Abstulit: ille habeat secum servetque sepulchro. this matter in a clear light. Your reader will,
Virg. Æn. iv. 24. perhaps, conceive a greater idea of him from
But first let yawning earth a passage rend, these actions done in secret, and without a
And let me through the dark abyss descend; witness, than of those which have drawn up
First let avenging Jove, with flames from high, on them the admiration of multitudes.
Drive down this body to the nether sky,
Condeinn'd with ghosts in endloss night to lie;
Before I break the plighted faith I gave :
No: he who had my vows, shall ever have ; “In my twenty-second year I found a violent
For whom I lov'd on earth, I worship in the grave. affection for my cousin Charle's wife growing
Dryden. upon me, wherein I was in danger of succeeding, if I had not upon that account begun my
I an obliged to my friend, the love casuist, travels into foreign countries.
for the following curious piece of antiquity, “A little after my return to England, at a
which I shall communicate to the public in his
own words. private meeting with my uncle Francis, I re-lo fused the offer of his estate, and prevailed upon 'MR. SPECTATOR, him not to disinherit his son Ned.
You may remember, that I lately transmit"Mem. Never to tell this to Ned, lest he ted to you an account of an ancient custom in should thiok hardly of his deceased father ; the manors of East and West Enborne, in the though he continues to speak ill of me for this county of Berks, and elsewhere. “If a cusvery reason.
tomary tenant die, the widow shall have what “Prevented a scandalous lawsuit betwixt my the law calls her free-bench, in all his copy. nephew Harry and his mother, by allowing her hold lands, dum sola et casta fuerit ; that is, under-hand, out of my own pocket, so much while she lives single and chaste ; but if she money yearly as the dispute was about. commits incontinency, she forfeits her estate ;
"Procured a benefice for a young divine, yet if she will come into the court riding backwho is sister's son to the good man who was my ward upon a black ram, with his tail in her tutor, and hath been dead twenty years. hand, and say the words following, the steward
“Gave ten pounds to poor Mrs. - my is bound by the custom to re-admit her to her friend H 's widow.
free-bench. “Mem. To retrench one dish at my table,
Here I am, until I have fetched it up again.
Riding upon a black ram, “Mem. To repair my house and finish my
Like a whore as I am ; gardens, in order to employ poor people after
And, for my crincum crancum,
Have lost my bincum bancum; harvest-time.
And for my tail's game, “Ordered John to let out goodman D 's Have done this worldly shame; sheep that were pounded, by night; but not to
Therefore I pray you, Mr. Steward, let me let his fellow-servants know it.
have my land again.' “ Prevailed upon M. T. esq. not to take the After having informed you that my lord Coke law of the farmer's son for shooting'a partridge, observes that this is the most frail and slippery and to give him his gun agaio.
tenure of any in England, I shall tell you, since "Paid the apothecary for curing an old wo- the writing of that letter, I have, according to man that confessed herself a witch.
my promise, been at great pains in searching "Gave away my favorite dog for biting a out ihe records of the black ram; and have at
last met with the proceedings of the court'Made the minister of the parish and a whig baron, held in that behalf, for the space of a
whole day. The record saith, that a strict in-las not finding any ram that was able to carry quisition having been made into the right of the her: upon which the steward commuted her tenants to their several estates, by the crafty punishment, and ordered her to make her entry old steward, he found that many of the lands upon a black ox. of the manor were, by default of the several • The widow Maskwell, a woman who had widows, forfeited to the lord, and accordingly long lived with a most upblemished character, would have entered on the premises : upon having turned off her old chamber-maid in a which the good women demanded the “bene- pet, was by that revengeful creature brought fit of the ram." The steward, after having pe- in upon the black ram nine times the same day. rused their several pleas, adjourned the court 'Several widows of the neigbbourhood, being to Barnaby-bright*, that they might have day brought upon their trial, showed that they did enough before them.
not hold of the manor, and were discharged The court being set, and filled with a great accordingly. concourse of people, who came from all parts 'A pretty young creature, who closed the to see the solemnity; the first who entered was procession, came aunbling in, with so bewitchthe widow Frontly, who had made her appear- ing an air, that the steward was observed to ance in the last year's cavalcade. The register cast a sheep's eye upon her, and married her observes that finding it an easy pad-ram, and within a month after the death of his wife. foreseeing she might have further occasion for ‘N. B. Mrs. Touchwood appeared accordit, she purchased it of the steward.
ing to summons, but had nothing laid to her Mrs. Sarah Dainty, relict of Mr. John charge; having lived irreproachably since the Daiaty, who was the greatest prude of the decease of her husband, who left her a widow parish, came next in the procession. She at in the sixty-ninth year of her age. brst made some difficulty of taking the tail in
I am, Sir, &c.' her hand ; and was observed, in pronouncing! the form of penance, to soften the two most No. 624.] Wednesday, November, 24, 1714. emphatical words into clincum clancum : but the steward took care to make her speak plain
noini Audire, atquo togam jubeo componere, quisquis
Ambitione malâ, aut argenti pallet amore, English before he would let her have her land
Quisquis luxuria again.
Hor. Sat. ij. Lib. 2. 77. The third widow that was brought to this Sit still, and hear, those whom proud thoughes do swell, worldly shame, being mounted upon a vicious Those tbat look pale by loving coin too well;
Whom luxury corrupts.
Creeck ram, had the misfortune to be thrown by him :) upon which she hoped to be excused from going Mankind is divided into two parts, the busy through the rest of the ceremony ; but the and the idle. The busy world may be divided steward, being well versed in the law, observed into the virtuous and the vicious. The vicious very wisely upon this occasion, that the break- again into the covetous, the ambitious and the ing of the rope does not hinder the execution seusual. The idle part of mankind are in a of the criminal.
state inferior to any one of these. All the other The fourth lady upon record was the widow are engaged in the pursuit of happiness, Ogle, a famous coquette, who had kept half a though often misplaced, and are therefore score young fellows off and on for the space of more likely to be attentive to such means as two years ; but having been more kind to her shall be proposed to them for that end. The carter John, she was introduced with the huz- idle, who are neither wise for this world nor the zas of all her lovers about her.
next, are emphatically called by doctor TillotMrs. Sable appcaring in her weeds, which son, 'fools at large.' They propose to themvere very new and fresh, and of the same colour selves no end, but run adrift with every wind. with her whimsical palfrey, made a very decent Advice therefore would be but thrown away figure in the solemnity.
upon them, since they would scarce take the "Another, who had been summoned to make pains to read it. I shall not fatigue any of this her appearance, was excused by the steward, as worthless tribe with a long harangue ; but well knowing in his heart that the good squire will leave them with this short saying of Plato, himself had qualified her for the ram.
that · labour is preferable to idleness, as brightMrs. Quick, having nothing to object against ness to rust.' the indictment, pleaded her belly. But it was The pursuits of the active part of mankind remembered that she made the same excuse are either in the paths of religion and virtue ; the year before. Upon which the steward ob- or, on the other hand, in the roads to wealth, served, that she might so contrive it, as never honours, or pleasure. I shall, therefore, comto do the service of the mapor.
| pare the pursuits of avarice, ambition, and • The widow Fidget being cited into court, sensual delight with their opposite virtues ; and insisted that she had done no more since the shall consider which of these principles engages death of her husband than what she used to do men in a course of the greatest labour, sufferin his lifetime ; and withal desired Mr. Stewarding, and assiduity. Most men, in their cool to consider his own wife's case if he should reasonings, are willing to allow that a course chance to die before her.
of virtue will in the end be rewarded the most • The next in order was a dowager of a very amply ; but represent the way to it as rugged corpulent make who would have been excused, and narrow. If therefore it can be made
appear, that men struggle through as many Then the eleventh, now the twenty-second of June,
troubles to be miserable, as they do to be being the longest day in the year.
happy, my readers may, perhaps be persuaded