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determination, and imagining I might claim | dictates, those are to certify the persons conthe favour of your advice in an affair of the cerned, that upless one of them returns to his like, but much more difficult nature, I called coulours, if I may so call them now, before for pen and ink, in order to draw the cha- the winter is over, I will voluntarily confine racters of seven humble servants, whom I myself to ,a retirement, where I will punish have equally encouraged for some time. But, them all with my needle. I will be revenged alas ! while I was reflecting on the agreeable on them by decyphering them on a carpet, subject, and contriving an advantageous de- humbly begging admittance, myself scornscription of the dear person I was most in- fully refusing it. If you disapprove of this, clined to favour, I happened to look into my as savouring too much of malice, be pleased glass. The sight of the small-pox, out of to acquaint me with a draugbt you like better, which I am just recovered, tormented me at and it shall be faithfully performed, Once with the loss of my captivating arts and

By the unfortunate my captives. The confusion I was in, on

• MONIMIA. this uuhappy, unseasonable discovery, is inexpressible. Believe me, sir, I was so taken No. 614.] Monulay, November 1, 1714. up with the thoughts of your fair correspon

Si mihi non animo fixum immotumque sederet, dent's case, and so intent on my own design, Ne cui me vinclo vellem sociaro jugali, that I fancied myself as triumphant in my con Postquam primus amor deceptam morte fefellit ; quests as ever.

Si non port resum thalami, tadæque fuissot ; • Now, sir, finding I was incapaciated to

Huic uni forsan potui succumbere culpa.

Virg. Æn. iv. 15 amuse myself on that pleasing subject, I re

- Were I not resolv'd against the yoke solved to apply myself to you, or your casuis

Of hapless marriage ; never to be curs'd tical agent, for advice in my present circum

With second love, so fatal was the first, stances. I am sensible the tincture of my To this one orror I might yield again. Dryden. skin, and the regularity of my features, which

The following account hath been transthe malice of my late illness has altered, are).

mitted to me by the love casuist. irrecoverable; yet do not despair but that that loss by your assistance, may, in some mea 'MR. SPECTATOR, sure, be repairable, if you will please to pro- •Having in some former papers taken care pose a way for the recovery of one only of of the two states of virginity and marriage, my fugitives.

and being willing that all people should be One of them is in a more particular man served in their turn, I this day drew out my ner beholder to me than the rest; he, for drawer of widows, where I met with several some private reasons, being desirous to be a cases to each whereof I have returned satisfaclover incognito, always addressed me with a tory answers by the post. The cases are as billet-doux, which I was so careful of in my follow: sickness, that I secured the key of my love •Q. Whether Amoret be bound by a promise magazine under my head, and, hearing a of marriage to Philander, made during her noise of opening a lock in my chamber, en- husband's life? dangered my life by getting out of bed, to R. Whether Sempronia, having faithfully prevent, if it had been attempted, the dis- given a promise to two several persons during covery of that amour.

the last sickness of her husband, is not thereI have formerly made use of all those ar- by left at liberty to choose which of them she tifices which our sex daily practise over pleases, or to reject them both for the sake of yours, to draw, as it were, undesignedly a new lover ? the eyes of a whole congregation to my pew;! Cleora asks me, whether she be obliged I have taken a pride in the number of admi- to continue single according to a vow made rers at my afternoon levee ; but am now quite to her husband at the time of his presenting another creature. I think, could I regain the her with a diamond necklace; she being inattractive influence I once had, if I had a le- formed by a very pretty young fellow, of a gion of suitors, I should never be ambitious of good conscience, that such vows are in their entertaining more than one. I have almost nature sinful ? contracted an antipathy to the trifling dis- ' Another inquires, whether she hath not the courses of impertinent levers; though I must right of widowhood, to dispose of herself to a needs own I have thought it very odd of late gentleman of great merit, who presses very to hear gentlemen, instead of their usual com- hard; her husband being irrecoverably gone plaisances, fall into disputes before me of po- in a consumption ? litics, or else weary me with the tedious repel • An unreasonable creature hath the confitition of how thankful I ought to be, and sa-dence to ask, whether it be proper for her to tisfied with my recovery out of so dangerous marry a man who is younger than her eldest a distemper: this, though I am very sensible son ? of the blessing, yet I cannot but dislike, be. “A scrupulous well-spoken matron, who gives cause such advice from them rather seems to me a great many good words, only doubts wheinsult than comfort me, and reminds me too ther she is not obliged, in conscience, to shut up much of what I was : which melancholy con- bertwo marriageable daughters, until such time sideration I canoot yet perfectly surmount, as she hath comfortably disposed of herself? but hope your sentiments on this head will “Sophronia, who seems by her phrase and make it supportable.

spelling to be a person of condition, sets To show you what a value I have for your forth, that whereas she hath a great estate, VOL. II.

49

and is but a woman, she desires to be in-lincontinency she forfeits her estate ; yet if formed whether she would not do prudently she will come into the court riding backward to marry Camillus, a very idle tall young fel. upon a black ram, with his tail in her hand, low, who hath no fortune of his own, and and say the words followirg. the steward is consequently hath nothing else to do but to bound by the custom to re-admit her to ber manage hers ?'

free-bench. Before I speak of widows, I cannot but ob

• Here I am serve one thing, which I do not know how to

Riding upon a black rand, account for; a widow is always more sought

Like a whore as I am ; after than an old maid of the same age. It!

And for my (rincum crancuar,

Have lost my bincum bancum, is common enough among ordinary people,

And for my tail's game, for a stale virgin to set up a shop in a place

Have done this worldly share ; where she is not known ; where the large Therefore I pray you, Mr. Steward, let me have thumb-ring, supposed to be given by her hus.

my land again.' band, quickly recommends her to some wealthy 'The like custom there is in the manor of neighbour, who takes a liking to the jolly wi-Torre, in Devonshire, and other parts of the dow, that would have overlooked the venerable) west. spinster.

It is not impossible but I may in a little The truth of it is, if we look into this time present you with a register of Berksbire set of women, we find, according to the dif- ladies, and other western dames, who rode ferent characters or circumstances wherein publicly upon this occasion; and I hope the they are left, that widows may be divided into town will be entertained with a cavalcade of those who raise love and those who raise com- widows. passion.

But, not to ramble from this subject, there are two things in which consists chiefly the

No. 615.] Wednesday, Norember 3, 1714. glory of a widow-the love of her deceased hus.

_ Qui Deorum band, and the care of her children ; to which

Muneribus sapienter uti,

Duramque callet pauperiem pati, may be added a third, arising out of the former,

Pejusque Ictho flagitium timet; such a prudent conduct as may ilo honour to Non ille pro caris amicis both.

Aut patria timidus perire. A widow possessed of all these three quali

Hor. Od. ix. Lib. 4. ti. ties makes not only a virtuous but a sublime Who spend their treasure freely as 'twas given character.

By the large bounty of indulgent heav'n ;

Who in a fix'd unalterable state There is something so great and so generous

Smile at the doubtful tide of fate. in this state of life, when it is accompanied And scorn alike her friendship and her hate : with all its virtues, that it is the subject of Who poison less than falsehood fear, one of the finest among our modern trage.

Loath to purchase life so dcar;

But kindly for their friend embrace cold death dies in the person of Andromache, and has a

And seal their country's love with their departing breath. met with an universal and deserved applause,

Stepaeg. when introduced upon our English stage by Mr. Philips.*

It must be owned that fear is a very powerful The most memorable widow in history is passion, since it is esteemed one of the greatqueen Artemisia, who not only erected the fa les

hafa est virtues to subdue it. It being implanted mous mausoleum, but drank up the ashes of her!

of her in us for our preservation, it is no wonder that dead lord ; thereby enclosing them in a nobler it sticks close to us as long as we have any monument than that which she had built, I thing we are willing to preserve. But as though deservedly esteemed one of the wonders

erk life, and all its enjoyments, would be scarco of architecture.

worth the keeping if we were under a perThis last lady seems to have had a better title petual dread of losing them, it is the business to a second husband than any I have read of. of religion and philosophy to free us from all since not one dust of her first was remaining unnecessary anxieties, and direct our fear to Our modern heroines might think a husband aliis proper object. very bitter draught, and would have good rea

If we consider the painfulness of this pas. son to complain, if they might not accept of a sinn, and the violent effects it produces, we second partner until they had taken such a sha

shall see how dangerous it is to give way to it troublesome method of losing the memory of upon slight occasions. Some have frightened the first.

themselves into madness, others have given up I shall add to these illustrious examples out of ancient story, a remarkable instance of the * See Jacob's Law Dictionary, art. Free-bench.-Frank delicacy of our ancestors in relation to the Bank, or Free-benols, (Sedes Libera, or, in Law-Latin.

Francus Bancus is that estate in copy hold lands, which state of widowhrod, as I find it recorded in

the wife, being married, a virgin bath after the decease Cowel's Interpreter. "At East and West En- of her husband for a dower. Fitzherbert calls this a cus borne, in the county of Berks, if a customary tom by which, in some cities, the wife shall have all the tepant die. the widow shall have what the law lands of her husband for dower.-Les Termes de la

Ley, edit. 1667, p. 575. calls her free-bench in all his copy hold lands. See No. 623. The custom in the manors of East and dum sola el casta fuerit, that is, while she West Enborne, of Torre, and other parts in the West of lives

England, is a kind of penance among jocular tepures to purge the offence, and has there, it seems, the force and

validity of statute law. Jacob's Dict. ut supra, edit. 1736 • Sire Nos. 290 and 335.

in folio.

and

their lives to these apprehensions. The story And the steru brow, and the harsh voice defies,

And with superior greatness smiles. of a man who grew gray in the space of one

Not the rough whirlwind, that deforms night's anxiety is very famous.

Adria's black gull, and vexes it with storms

The stubborn virtue of his soul can move : • O nox, quam longa es, quæ facis una senom!"

Not the red arm of angry Jove, • A tedious night indood, that makes a young man old") That flings the thunder from the sky,

And gives it rage to roar, and strength to fly. These apprehensions, if they proceed from

• Should the whole frame of nature round him break, a consciousness of guilt, are the sad warn

In ruin and confusion hurl'd, ings of reason ; and may excite our pity, but He, unconceru'd, would hear the mighty crack, admit of no remedy. When the hand of the! And stand secure amidst a falling world.' Almighty is visibly lifted against the impi- 'The vanity of fear may be yet further illusious, the heart of mortal man cannot with-trated if we reflect, stand him. We have this passion sublimely First, What we fear may not come to pass. represented in the punishment of the Egyp- No human scheme can be so accurately protians, tormented with the plague of darkness, tected, but some little circumstance intervenin the apocryphal book of Wisdom ascribed to ing may spoil it. He who directs the heart Solomon.

of man at his pleasure, and understands the . For when uprighteous inen thought to op- thoughts long before, may, by ten thousand press the holy nation ; they being shut up in accidents, or an immediate change in the iniheir houses, the p:isoners of darkness, and clinations of men, disconcert the most subtle fettered with the bonds of a long night, lay project, and turn it to the benefit of his own there exiled from the eternal Providence. For servants. while they supposed to lie hid in their secret In the next place we should consider, though sins, they were scattered under a dark veil of the evil we imagine should come to pass, it may forgetfulness, being horribly astonished and be much more sopportable than it appeared to troubled with strange apparitions-For wick be. As there is no prosperous state of life edness, condemned by her own witness, is without its calamities so there is no adversity very timorous, and, being oppresed with con. without its benefits. Ask the great and powscience, always forecasteth grievous things. erful, if they do not feel the pangs of envy For fear is nothing else but a betraying of and ambition. loquire of the poor and needy, the succours which reason offereth-For the if they have not tasted the sweets of quiet whole world shined with clear light, and and contentment. Even under the pains of none were bindered in their labour. Over, body, the infidelity of friends, or the misthem only was spread a heavy night, an constructions put upon our laudable actions ; image of that darkness which should af our minds, when for some time accustomed to untu terwards receive them; but yet were they these pressures, are sensible of secret flowings themselves more grievous than the darkness.'* of comfort, the present reward of a pious re

To fear, so justly grounded, no remedy can signation. The evils of this life appear like be proposed ; but a man (who hath no great rocks and precipices, rugged and barren at guilt hanging upon his mind, who walks in a distance ; but at our nearer approach we the plain path of justice and integrity, and find little fruitful spots, and refreshing springs, yet, either by natural complexion, or confirm-mixed with the harshness and deformities of ed prejudices, or neglect of serious reflection, nature. suffers himself to be moved by this abject In the last place, we may comfort ourselves and unmanly passion) would do well to con- with this consideration, that, as the thing feared sider, that there is nothing which deserves may not reach us, so we inay not reach what we his fear, but that beneficent Being who is fear. Our lives may not extend to that dreadhis friend, his protector, his father. Were ful point which we have in view. He who this one thought strongly fixed in the mind, knows all our failings, and will not suffer us to what calamity would be dreadful ? What be tempted beyond our strength, is often pleasload can infamy lay upon us when we are ed, in his tender severity, to separate the soul sure of the approbation of him who will repay from its body and miseries together. the disgrace of a moment with the glory of If we look forward to him for help, we shall eternity ? What sharpness is there in pain never be in danger of falling down those preand diseases, when they only hasten iis on cipices which our imagination is apt to create. to the pleasures that will never fade? What Like those who walk upon a line, if we keep sting is in death, when we are assured that it our eye fixed upon one point, we may step foris only the beginning of life ? A man who lives ward securely; whereas an imprudent or so as not to fear to die, is inconsistent with him-cowardly glance on either side will infallibly self, if he delivers himself up to any incidental destroy us. anxiety.

The intrepidity of a just good man is so no- No. 616.] Friday, November 5, 1714. bly set forth by Horace, that it cannot be too Qui bellus homo est, Cotta, pusillus homo est. often repeated :

Mart. Epig. x. 1.
The man resolv'd and steady to his trust,

A pretty fellow is hut half a man.
Inflexible to ill, and obstinately just,
May the rude rabble's insolence despise,

CICERO hath observed, that a jest is never ut.
Their senseless clamours and tumultuous cries : tered with a better grace than when it is ac-
The tyrant's fierceness he beguiles,

companied with a serious countenance. When Wisd. xvii. passim.

a pleasant thought plays in the features before it discovers itself in words, it raises too great and a ball. I peeped into the knight's great an expectation, and loses the advantage of|hall, and saw a very pretty bevy of spinsters. giving surprise. Wit and humour are no less My dear relict was amongst them, and ambled poorly recominended by a levity of phrase and in a country dance as notably as the best of that kind of language which may be distin-them. guished by the name of cant. Ridicule is never · May all his majesty's liege subjects lore more strong than when it is concealed in gra-him as well as his good people of this his advity. True humour lies in the thought, and cient borough! Adieu.' arises from the representation of images in odd circumstances and uncommon lights. A plea-No. 617.7 Monday, Norember 8, 1714. sant thought strikes us by the force of its na

Torva Mimalloneis implêrunt cornua bombis. tural beauty; and the mirth of it is generally

Et raptum vitulo caput ablatura superbo rather palled, than heightened, by that ridicu

Bassaris, et lyncem Manas flexura corymbis," lous phraseology which is so much in fashion Evion ingemint: reparabillis adsonat echo. among the pretenders to humour and pleasan

Per. Sat. i. 52 try. This tribe of men are like our mounte

Their crooked horns the Mimallonian crew banks ; they make a man a wit by putting him With blasts inspir'd ; and Bassaris, who lew in a fantastic habit.

The scornful call, with sword advanc'd on high,

Made from his neck his haughty head to fly. Our little burlesque authors, who are the de.

And Menas, when, with ivy-bridles bound, light of ordinary readers, generally abound in She led the spotted lynx, then Erion ruug around, these pert phrases, which have in them more Evion from woods and foods repairing echo's sound. vivacity than wit.

Dryden. I lately saw an instance of this kind of writ. THERE are two extremes in the style of hoing, which gave me so lively an idea of it, that mour, one of which consists in the use of that I could not forbear begging a copy of the lets little nert phraseology which I took notice of ter from the gentleman who showed it to me.lin my last paper : the other in the affectation It is written by a country wit, upon the occa-lof strained and pompous expressions, fetched sion of the rejoicings on the day of the king's from the learned languages. The first savours coronation.

too much of the town ; the other of the college. . Past two o'clock and a frosty morning. As nothing illustrates better than example, 'DEAR JACK

I shall here present my reader with a letter of I have just left the right worshipful and his pedantic humour, which was written by a myrmidons about a sneaker of five gallons. young gentleman of the university to his friend, The whole magistracy was pretty well disguis on the same occasion, and from the same place, ed before I gave them the slip. Our friend the as the lively epistle published in my last Specalderman was half-seas orer before the bonfireltator : was out. We had with us the attorney, and "DEAR CHUM. two or three other bright fellows. The doctor It is now the third watch of the night, the plays least in sight.

greatest part of which I have spent round a ca. At nine o'clock in the evening we set fire to pacious bowl of china, filled with the choicest thew hore of Babylon. The devil acted his part products of both the Indies. I was placed at a to a miracle. He has made his fortune by it. quadrangular table, diametrically opposite to We equipped the young dog with a tester apiece. the mace-bearer. The visage of that venerable Honest old Brown of England was very drunk herald was, according to custom, most gloriand showed his loyalty to the tune of a hun- ously illuminated on this joyful occasion. The dred rockets. The mob drank the king's mayor and aldermen, those pillars of our conhealth, on their marrowbones, in mother Day's stitution, began to totter ; and if any one at double. They whipped us half a dozen hogs- the board could have so far articulated, as to heads. Poor Tom Tyler had like to have been have demanded intelligibly a re-enforcement demolished with the end of a skyrocket, that of liquor, the whole assembly had been by this fell upon the bridge of his nose as he was time extended under the table. drinking the king's health, and spoiled his tip. The celebration of this night's solemnity The mob were very loyal till about midnight, was opened by the obstreperous joy of drumwhen they grew a little mutinous for more mers, who, with their parchment thunder, gare liquor. They had like to have dumfounded a signal for the appearance of the mob under the justice ; but his clerk came in to his assist their several classes and denominations. They ance, and took them all down in black and were quickly joined by the melodious clank of white.

marrowbones and cleavers, while a chorus of • When I had been huzzaed out of my seven bells filled up the concert. A pyramid of senses, I made a visit to the women, who were stack-faggots cheered the hearts of the popoguzzling very comfortably. Mrs. Mayoress lace with the promise of a blaze : the guns bad clipped the king's English. Clack was the no sooner uttered the prologue, but the heavens word.

were brightened with artificial meteors and I forgot to tell thee, that every one of the stars of our own making: and all the High. posse had his hat cocked with a distich ; the street lighted up from one end to another with senators sent us down a cargo of riband and a galaxy of candles. We collected a largess for metre for the occasion.

the multitude, who tippled eleemosynary until "Sir Richard, to show his zeal for the pro- they grow exceeding vociferous. There was testant religion, is at the expense of a tar-barrel a pasteboard pontiff, with a little swarthy

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did cointher joy decrial sta

demon at his elbow, who, by his diabolicall These know no springs, but when their bodies sprout

In fire, and shoot their gilded blossoms out; whispers and insinuations, tempted his holi

When blazing leaves appear above their head, ness into the fire, and then left him to shift for

And into branching flames their bodies spread. himself. The mobile were very sarcastic with Whilst real thunder splits the firmament, their clubs, and gave the old gentleman seve

And heaven's whole roof in one vast cleft is rent,

The three-fork'd tongue amidst the rupture lolls, ral thumps upon his triple head-piece.* Tom

Then drops, and on the airy turret falls. Tyler's phiz is something damaged by the fall The trees now kindle, and the garland burns, of a rocket, which hath almost spoiled the And thousand thunderbolts for one returns : gnomon of his countenance. The mirth of the

Brigades of burning archers upward fly,

Bright spears and shining spearmen mount on high commons grew so very outrageous, that it

Flash in the clouds, and glitter in the sky, found work for our friend of the quorum, who, A seven-fold shield of spheres doth heav'n defend, by the help of his amanuensis, took down all And back again the blunted weapons sendi

Unwillingly they fall, and, dropping down, their names and their crimes, with a design to

Pour out their souls, their sulph'rous souls, and groan. produce his manuscript at the next quarter ses With joy,great sir, we view'd this pompous show sions, &c. &c. &c.'

While Heav'n, tirat sat spectator still till now, I shall subjoin to the foregoing piece of a

Itself turn'd actor, proud to pleasure you :

And so, 'tis fit, when Leo's fires appear, letter the following copy of verses translated

That leav'n itself should turn an engineer; from an Italian poet, who was the Cleveland That Heav'n itself should all its wonders show, of bis age, and had multitudes of admirers. And orbs above consent with orbs below. The subject is an accident that happened under the reign of Pope Leo, when a fire-work, that No. 618.] Wednesday, November 10, 1714. had been prepared upon the castle of St. An

Neque enim concludere versum gelo, began to play before its time, being kin

Dixeris esse satis: neque siquis scribat, uti nos, dled by a tlash of lightning. The author has Sermoni propiora, putes hunc esse poëtam. written a poem in the same kind of style as

Hor. Sat. iv. Lib. 1. 40. that I have already exemplified in prose. Every 'Tis not enough the measur'd feet to close ; Jine in it is a riddle, and the reader must be

Nor will you give a poet's name to those

Whose humble verse, like mine, approaches prose, forced to consider it twice or thrice, before be will know that the Cynic's tenement is a tub,

* MR. SPECTATOR, and Bacchus's cast-coat a hogshead, &c.

You having, in your two last Spectators,

given the town a couple of remarkable letters f''Twas night, and heaven, a Cyclops all the day, in different styles: I take this opportunity to An Argus now, did countless eyes display ;

offer to you some remarks upon the epistolary In every window Rome her joy declares, All bright and studded with terrestrial stars. way of writing in verse. This is a species of A blazing chain of lights her roofy entwines, poetry by itself; and has not so much as been And round ler neck the mingled Justre shines :

hinted at in any of the Arts of Poetry that The Cynic's rolling tenement conspires With Bacchus his cast-coat to feed the fires.

have ever fallen into my hands: neither bas

lit in any age, or in any nation, been so much • The pile, still big with andiscover'd shows, The Tuscan pile did last its freight diclose,

cultivated as the other several kinds of poesy. Where the proud tops of Rome's new Etna rise,

A man of genius may, if he pleases, write letWhence giants sally and invade the skies. ters in verse upon all manner of subjects that • Whilst now the multitude expect the time,

are capable of beivg embellished with wit And their tird's eyes the lofty mountain climb, and language, and may render them new and As thousand iron mouths their voices try,

agreeable by giving the proper turn to them. And thunder out a dreadful harmony;

But in speaking at present of epistolary poeIn treble notes the small artillery plays, The deep-mouth'd cannon bellows in the bass;

try, I would be understood to mean only such The lab'ring pile now heaves, and having given writings in this kind as have been in use among Proofs of its travail, sighs in flames to heaven. the ancients and have been copied from them

The cloud's envelop'd heaven from human sight, by some moderns. These may be reduced into Quench'd ev'ry star, and put ought ev'ry light; two classes : in the one I shall range loveNow real thunder grunnbles in the skies,

letters, letters of friendship, and letters upon And in disdainful murmurs Rome de fies! Nor doth its answered challenge Rome decline:

mournful occasions ; in the other I shall place But, whilst both parties in full concert join, such epistles in verse as may properly be cal. While heav'n and earth in rival peals resound, led familiar, critical, and moral ; to which The doubtful cracks the hearers sense confound;

may be added letters of mirth and humour. Whether the claps of thunderbolts they hear, Or else the burst of cannon wounds their ear;

Ovid for the first, and Horace for the latter, Whether clouds rag'd by struggling metals rent, are the best originals we have left. Or struggling clouds in Roman metals pent :

• He that is ambitious of succeeding in the But, Oiny Muse, the whole adventure tell,

Ovidian way, should first examine his heart As ev'ry accident in order fell.

well, and feel whether his passions (especially Tall groves of trees the Hadrian tower surround,

those of the gentler kind) play easy ; since Fictitious trees with paper garlands crown'd.

it is not his wit, but the delicacy and tender* The pope's tiara, or triple mitre.

ness of his sentiments, that will affect his 1 These verses are translated from the Latin in Stra- readers. His versification likewise should be da's Prolusiones Academica, &c. and are an initation soft, and all his numbers flowing and queroriginally of the style and manner of Camello Querno, surnamed the Arch-poet. His character and his writings

ulous. were equally singular; he was poet and buffoon to Leo "The qualifications requisite for writing X. and the common butt of that facetious pontiff and his epistles, after the model given us by Horace, courtiers. See Strada Polusiones, Oxon. 1745. Bayle's

are of a quite different nature. He that would Dictionary, art. Leo. X. and Seward's Anecdotes, Vol. UI.

"excel in this kind must have a good fund on

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