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•MR. SPECTATOR,

barbarian. The first week after she had fixed • Finding that you have entertained an use-bim, she took a pinch of snuff out of his rival's ful person in your service in quality of love- box, and apparently touched the enemy's litcasuist, I apply myself to you under a very Itle finger. She became a professed enemy to, great difficulty, that hath for some months the arts and sciences, and scarce ever wrote a perplexed me. I have a couple of humble letter to him without wilfully misspelling his servants, one of which I have no aversion to; pame. The young scholar, to be even with the other I think of very kindly. The first her. railed at coquettes as soon as he had gnt hath the reputation of a man of good sense, the word ; and did pot want parts to turn into and is one of those people that your sex are ridicule her men of wit and pleasure of the apt to value. My spark is reckoned a cox-town. After having irritated one another for comb among the men, but is a favourite of the the space of five montbs, she made an assignaladies. If I marry the man of worth, as they tion with him fourscore miles from London. call him, I shall oblige my parents, and im- But, as he was very well acquainted with her prove my fortune ; but with my dear beau I pranks, he took a journey the quite contrary promise myself happiness, although not a way. Accordingly they met, quarrelled, and jointure. Now I would ask you, whether I in a few days were married. Their former should consent to lead my life with a man that hostilities are now the subject of their mirth, I have only no objection to, or with him against being content at present with that part of love whom all objections to me appear frivolous. I only which bestows pleasure. I am determined to follow the casuist's advice, Women who have been married some time, and I dare say he will not put me upon so se- not having it in their heads to draw after them rious a thing as matrimony contrary to my in a numerous train of followers. find their satis clination.

faction in the possession of one man's heart, I am, &c.

I know very well that ladies in their bloom FANNY FICKLE. desire to be excused in this particular. But,

when time hath worn out their natural vanity 'P. S. I forgot to tell you, that the pretty and taught them discretion, their fondness setgentleman is ihe most complaisant creature in tles on its proper object. And it is probably the world, and is always of my mind ; but the for this reason that, among husbands, you other, forsooth, fancies he has as much wit as will find more that are fond of women beyond myself, slights my lap-dog, and hath the inso- their prime, than of those who are actually in lence to contradict me when he thinks I am the insolence of beauty. My reader will apnot in the right. About half an hour ago, he ply the same observation to the other sex. maintained to my face that a patch always im-l' I need not insist upon the necessity of their plies a pimple.'

pursuing one common interest, and their united

care for their children; but shall only observe, As I look upon it to be my duty rather to by the way, that married persons are both side with the parents than the daughter, 1 more warm in their love, and more hearty in shall propose some considerations to my gentle their hatred, than any others whatsoever. Muquerist, which may incline her to comply with tual favours and obligations, which may be those under whose direction she is; and at the supposed to be greater here than in any other same time convince her that it is not impos- state, naturally beget an intense affection in gesible but she may in time, have a true affec- nerous minds. As, on the contrary, persons tion for him who is at present indifferent to who have bestowed such favours have a partiher; or, to use the old family maxim, that, cular bitterness in their resentments, when . if she marries first, love will come after they think themselves ill-treated by those of

The only objection that she seems to insinu- whom they have deserved so much. ate against tho gentleman proposed to her, is Besides, Miss Fickle may consider, that as his want of complaisance, which I perceive there are often many faults concealed before she is very willing to return. Now I can dis-marriage, so there are sometimes many vircover, from this very circumstance, that she tues unobserved. and her lover, whatever they may think of it, To this we may add the great efficacy of are very good friends in their hearts. It is custom and constant coversation to produce difficult to determine whether love delights a mutual friendship and benevolence in two more in giving pleasure or pain. Let Misspersons. It is a nice reflection, wbich I have Pickle ask her own heart, if she doth not take beard a friend of mine make, that you may a secret pride in making this man of good be sure a woman loves a man, when she uses sense look very silly. Hath she ever been bis expressions, tells his stories, or imitates better pleased than when her behaviour hath his manner. This gives a secret delight; for made her lover ready to hang himself; or imitation is a kind of artless flattery, and doth she ever rejoice more than when she nightily favours the powerful principle of thinks she bath driven him to the very brink self-love. It is certain that married persons, of a purling stream? Let her consider, at the 22 are possessed with a mutual esteem, pot same time, that it is not impossible but her lo- ouly catch the air and way of talk from one ver may have discovered her tricks, and hath another, but fall into the same traces of thinka mind to give her as good as she brings. I ing and liking. Nay, some have carried the remember a handsome young baggage that remark so far as to assert, that the features of treated a hopeful Greek of my acquaintance, man and wife grow, in time, to resemble one just come from Oxford, as if he had been a another. Let my fair correspondent therefore

consider, that the gentleman recommended Pray, sir, take the laudable mystery of enwill have a good deal of her own face in two broidery into your serious consideration, and, or three years; which she must not expect as you have a great deal of the virtue of from the beau, who is too full of his dear self the last age in you, continue your endeavours to copy after another. And I dare appeal to to reform the present. her own judgment, if that person will not be

I am, &c.' the handsomest that is the most like herself.

We have a remarkable instance to our pre- In obedience to the commands of my venerasent purpose in the history of king Edgar, ble correspondent, I have duly weighed this which I shall here relate, and leave it with any important subject, and promise myself, from fair correspondent to be applied to herself. the arguments here laid down, that all the fine

This great monarch, who is so famous in Bri- ladies of England will be ready, as soon as their tish story fell in love as he made his progress mourning is over,* to appear covered with the through his kingdom, with a certain duke's work of their own hands. daughter, who lived near Winchester, and was What a delightful entertainment must it be the most celebrated beauty of the age. His im- to the fair-sex, whom their native modesty and portunities and the violence of his passion were the tenderness of men towards them, exempt so great, that the mother of the young lady pro- from public business to pass their hours in imimised him to bring her daughter to his bed the tating fruits and flowers, and transplanting next night, though in her heart she abhorred all the beauties of nature into their own dress, so infamous an office. It was no sooner dark or raising a new creation in their closets and than she conveyed into his room, a young maid apartments! How pleasing is the amusement of of no disagreeable figure, who was one of her walking among the shades and groves planted attendants, and did not want address to im- by themselves, in surveying heroes slain by their prove the opportunity for the advancement of needle, or little cupids which they have brought her fortune. She made so good use of her time, into the world without pain ! that when she offered to rise a little before day. This is, methinks, the most proper way the king could by no means think of parting wherein a lady can show a fine genius ; and I with her; so that, hoding herself under a ne- cannot forbear wishing that several writers of cessity of discovering who she was, she did that sex had chosen to apply themselves rather it in so handsome a manner, that his ma to tapestry than rhyme. Your pastoral poetjesty was exceeding gracious to her, and esses may vent their fancy in rural landscapes. took her ever after under his protection : in- and place despairing shepherds under silken somuch, that, our chronicles tell us, he car. willows, or drown them in a stream of mobair. ried her along with him, made her his first The heroic writers may work up battles as sucminister of state, and continued true to her cessfully, and inflame them with gold or staio alone, until his marriage with the beautiful them with crimson. Even those who have Elfrida.

only a turn to a song, or an epigram, may put many valuable stitches into a purse, and crowd

a thousand graces into a pair of garters. No. 606.] Wednesday, October 13, 1714. If I may, without breach of good manners,

imagine that any pretty creature is void of gen-longum cantu solata laborem

ius, and would perform her part herein but very Arguto conjux percurrit pectine telas.

Virg. Georg. i. 294.

awkwardly, I must nevertheless insist upon her

working, if it be only to keep her out of harm's -mean time at home

way. The good wife singing plies the various loom.

Another argument for busying good wonen

in works of fancy is, because it takes them off 'MR. SPECTATOR,

from scandal, the usual attendant of tea-tables, I HAVE a couple of pieces under my direc-land all other inactive scenes of life. While tion, who so often run gadding abroad, that they are forming their birds and beasts. their do not know where to have them. Their dress, neighbours will be allowed to be the fathers of their tea, and their visits, take up all their their own children ; and whig and tory will be time, and they go to bed as tired with doing but seldom mentioned wbere the great dispute nothing as I am after quilting a whole under-is, whether blue or red is the more proper colour. petticoat. The only time they are not idle is How much greater glory would Sophronia do while they read your Spectators; which being the general, if she would choose rather to work dedicated to the interest of virtue, I desire you the battle of Blenheim in tapestry, than signalto recommend the long.neglected art of nee-ize herself with so much vehemence against dle-work. Those bours which in this age are those who are Frenchmen in their hearts ! thrown away on dress, play, visits, and the

A third reason that I shall mention, is the like, were employed, in my time, in writing profit that is brought to the family where these out receipts, or working beds, chairs, and pretty arts are encouraged. It is manifest that hangings, for the family. For my part, this way of life not only keeps fair ladies from have plied my needle these fifty years, and 'unning out into expenses, but is at the same by my good will would never have it out of time an actual improvement. How memorable my hand. It grieves my heart to see a couple would that matron be, who shall have it subof proud idle flirts sipping their tea, for a scribed upon her monument, “That she whole afternoon, in a room hung round with the industry of their great grandmother.- * The gencral mourning on the death of queen Anne

wrought out the whole Bible in tapestry, and produces matrimony, so it often happens that died in a good old age, after having covered matrimony produces love. three hundred yards of wall in the mansion 'It perhaps requires more virtue to make a house!'

good husband or wife than what go to the fiThe premises being considered, I humbly nishing any the most shining character whatsubmit the following proposals to all mothers soever. in Great Britain:

*Discretion seems absolutely necessary; and 1. That no young virgin whatsoever be al- accordingly we find that the best husbands have lowed to receive the addresses of her first lover, | been most famous for their wisdom. Homer, but in a suit of her own embroidering. who hath drawn a perfect pattern of a prudent

2. That before every fresh humble servant, man, to make it the more complete, hath celeshe be obliged to appear with a new stomacher brated him for the just returns of fidelity and at the least.

truth to his Penelope ; insomuch that he refus3. That no one be actually married until she ed the caresses of a goddess for her sake ; and, hath the child-bed pillows, &c ready stitched, to use the expression of the best of Pagan auas likewise the mantle for the boy quite fin- thors, Vetulam suam prætulit immortalitati," ished.

his old woman was dearer to him than immorThese laws, if I mistake not, would effectu- tality. ally restore the decayed art of needle-work,and

Virtue is the next necessary qualification make the virgins of Great Britain exceedingly for this domestic character, as it naturally propimble-fingered in their business.

duces constancy and mutual esteem. Thus BruThere is a memorable custom of the Grecian tus and Porcia were more remarkable for virladies, in this particular, preserved in Homer, tue and affection than any others of the age in which I hope will have a very good effect with which they lived. my country-women. A widow, in ancient times, ‘Good-nature is a third necessary ingredient could not, without indecency, receive a second in the marriage state, without which it would husband, until she had woven a shroud for her inevitably sour upon a thousand occasions. deceased lord, or the next of kin to him. Ac-When greatness of mind is joined with this cordingly, the chaste Penelope having, as she amiable quality it attracts the admiration and thought, lost Ulysses at sea, she employed her esteem of all who behold it. Thus Cæsar, not time in preparing a winding-sheet for Laertes, more remarkable for his fortune and valour the father of her husband. The story of her than for his humanity, stole into the hearts of web being very famous, and yet not sufficiently the Roman people, when, breaking through the known in its several circumstances, I shall give custom, he pronounced an oration at the funeit to my reader, as Homer makes one of her ral of his first and best-beloved wife. vooers relate it.

Good-nature is insufficient, unless it be

steady and uniform, and accompanied with an Sweet hope she gave to every youth apart,

evenness of temper, which is above all things With well-taught looks, and a deceitful heart:

to be preserved in this friendship contracted A web she wove of many a slender twine, Of curious texture, and perplext design;

for life. A man must be easy within bimself My youths, she cried, my lord but newly dead,

before he can be so to his other self. Socrates Forbear a while to court my widow'd bed,

and Marcus Aurelius are instances of men, Till I bavo wove, as solemn vows require,

who, by the strength of philosophy, having enThis web, a shroud for poor Ulysses' sire. His limbs, when fate the hero's soul demands,

tirely composed their minds, and subdued their Shall claim thia labour of his daughter's hands :

passions, are celebrated for good husbands, Lost all the dames of Greece my name despise,

potwithstanding the first was yoked with XanWhile the great king without a covering lies.

tippe, and the other with Faustina. If the wed"Thus she. Nor did my friends mistrust the guile : All day she sped the long laborious toil :

ded pair would but habituate themselves for But when the burning lamps supply'd the sun,

the first year to bear with one another's faults, Each night unravel'd what the day begun.

the difficulty would be pretty well conquered. Three live-long suminers did the fraud prevail;

This mutual sweetness of temper and complaThe fourth her maidens told th' amazing tale. Those eyes beheld, as close I took my stand,

cency was finely recommended in the nuptial The backward labours of her faithless hand :

ceremonies among the heathens, who, when Till watch'd at length, and press'd on every side,

they sacrificed to Juno at that solemnity, alHer task she ended, and commenc'd a bride.'

ways tore out the gall from the entrails of the

viciim, and cast it behind the altar. No. 607.] Friday, October 15, 1714.

I shall conclude this letter with a passage Dicite Pean, et lö bis dicite Pæan :

out of Dr. Plot's Natural History of Stafford"Decidit in casses præda petita meos.

shire, not only as it will serve to fill up your Ovid Ars Amor. Lib. 1.1.

present paper, but, if I find myself in the huNow Iő Paan sing, now wreaths prepare,

mour, may give rise to another; I having by And with repeated lös fill the air :

me an old register belonging to the place here The prey is fallen in my successful toils. Anon. under-mentioned.

Sir Philip de Somerville held the manors of 'MR. SPECTATOR,

Whichenovre, Scirescot, Ridware, Netherton, Having in your paper of Monday last pub- and Cowlee, all in the county of Stafford, of lished my report on the case of Mrs. Fanny the earls of Lancaster, by this memorable ser. Fickle, wherein I have taken notice, that love vice. The said Sir Philip shall find, maintain, comes after marriage; I hope your readers are and sustain, one bacon-ditch, hanging in his satisfied of this truth. that as love generally hall at Whichenovre, ready arrayed all times. VOL. IT.

48

of the year but in Lent, to be given to every • Hear ye, Sir Philip de Somervile, lord of man or woman married, after the day and the Whichenovre, mayoteper and gyver of this ba. year of their marriage be past, in form follow- conne; that I A sithe I wedded B my wife, ing.

and sithe I had hyr in my kepying, and at my "Whensoever that any one such before nam- wylle, by a year and a day after our mared will come to inquire for the bacon, in their riage, I would not have chaunged for none own person, they shall come to the bailiff, or other; farer ne fowler ; richer de pourer ; to the porter of the lordship of Whichenovre, ne for none other descended of greater lynand shall say to them in the manner as ensueth: age ; slepying ne waking, at noo ty me.

Bailiff, or porter, I do you to know, that I And if the seyd B were sole, and I sole, ain come for myself to demand one bacon-flyke I would take her to be my wife before all hanging in the hall of the lord of Whichenovre, the wymen of the world, of what condiciafter the form thereunto belonging.'

ones soever they be, good or evylle; as help “ After which relation, the bailiff or porter me God and his seyntes, and this ilesb and shall assign a day to him, upon promise by his all fleshes. faith to return, and with him to bring twain of “And his neighbours shall make oath, that his neighbours. And in the mean time, the they trust verily he hath said truly. And if it said bailiff shall take with him twain of the be found by his neighbours before-damed, that freeholders of the lordship of Whichenovre, he be a freeman, there shall be delivered to him and they three shall go to the manor of Rudlow, half a quarter of wheat and a cheese ; and if belonging to Robert Knightleye, and there he be a villain he shall have half a quarter of shall summon the aforesaid Knightleye, or his rye without cheese. And then shall Knightbailiff, commanding him to be ready at Whiche- I leye, the lord of Rudlow, be called for, to novre the day appointed, at prime of day, with carry all these things tofore rehearsed; and his carriage, that is to say, a horse and a sad- the said corn shall be laid on one horse, and dle, a sack and a pryke, for to convey the said the bacon above it: and he to whom the ba. bacon and corn a journey out of the county of con appertaineth shall ascend upon his horse, Stafford, at his costages. And then the said and shall take the cheese before him, if he bailiff shall, with the said freeholders summon have a horse. And if he have none, the lord all the tenants of the said manor, to be ready of Whichepovre shall cause him to have one at the day appointed at Whichenovre, for to do horse and saddle, to such time as he be passed and perform the services which they owe to the his lordship: and so shall they depart the bacon. And at the day assigned, all such as manor of Whichenovre with the corn and owe services to the bacon shall be ready at the the bacon, tofore him that hath won it, with gate of the manor of Whichenovre, from the trumpets, taborets, and other manner of minsun-rising to noon, attending and awaiting for strelsy. And all the free tenants of Whichthe coming of him who fetcheth the bacon. enovre shall conduct him to be passed the And when he is come, there shall be delivered lordship of Whichenovre. And then shall they to him and his fellows, chaplets, and to all those all return except him to whom appertaineth which shall be there to do their services due to make the carriage and journey without the to the bacon. And they shall lead the said county of Stafford, at the costs of his lord of demandant with trumps and tabors, avd other/ Whichenovre." manner of minstrelsy, to the hall door, where he shall find the lord of Whichenovre, or his steward, ready to deliver the bacon in this man

ne No. 608.] Monday, October 18, 1714. ner:

- -Perjuria ridet amantum. " He shall inquire of him which demandeth

Ooit Ars Amor. Lib. i. 633 the bacon, if he have brought twain of his

- Forgiving with a smile neighbours with him : which must answer, The perjuries that easy maids beguile.-Dryden. 'they be here ready,' And then the steward shall cause these two neighbours to swear, if

'MR. SPECTATOR, the said demandant be a wedded man, or have 'AcCORDING to my promise I herewith trans. heen a man wedded ; and if since his marriage mit to you a list of several persons, who from one year and a day be past ; and if he be a time to time demanded the flitch of bacon of freeman or a villain. And if his said neigh- Sir Philip de Somervile, and his descendants; bours make an oath that he hath for him all as it is preserved in an ancient manuscript, these three points rehearsed, then shall the under the title of “The Register of Whichebacon be taken down and brought to the hall novso-hall, and of the bacon flitch there maindoor, and shall there be laid upon one half- tainerl," quarter of wheat, and upon one other of rye. In the beginning of this record is recited And he that demandeth the bacon shall kneel the law or institution in form, as it is already upon his knee, and shall hold his right hand printed in your last paper : to which are added upon a book, which book shall be laid upon two bye-laws, as a comment upon the general the bacon and the corn, and shall make oath in law, the substance whereof is, that the wife this manner :

shall take the same oath as the husband, mu

tatis mutandis , and that the judges shall, as *There was a similar institution at Dunmow in Essex, they think meet, interrogate or cross-examine for an account of which see Leeland's Itinerary. the witnesses. After this proceeds the register

Villain, in the language of the time, significd a sery.in manner following: ant or bondman.

“ Aubry de Falstaff, son of Sir John Fal

staff, knight, with dame Maude his wife, were ners, and coming in late of nights; are so the first that demanded the bacon, he hav- many several articles which occasioned the ing bribed twain of his father's companions reprobation of some scores of demandants, to swear falsely in his behoof, whereby he whose names are recorded in the aforesaid gained the Aitch : but he and his said wife register. falling immediately into a dispute how the said "Without enumerating other particular perbacon should be dressed, it was, by order of sons, I shall content myself with observing that the judges, taken from him, and hung up again the sentence pronounced against one Gervase in the hall. *

Poacher is, that “ he might bave had bacon to “Alison, the wife of Stephen Freckle, brought his eggs, if he had not hitherto scolded his wife her said husband along with her, and set forth when they were over-boiled." And the depothe good conditions and behaviour of her cou- sition against Dorothy Dolittle runs in these sort, adding withal that she doubted yot but he words, “ that she had so far usurped the dowas ready to attest the like of her, his wife ; minion of the coal fire (the stirring whereof whereupon he, the said Stephen, shaking his her husband claimed to himself), that by her head, she turued short upon him, and gave him good-will she never would suffer the poker out a box on the ear.

of her hand." “ Pbilip de Waverland, having laid his hand I find but two couples in this first century upon the book, when the clause, were I sole that were successful: the first was a sea-captain and she sole,' was rehearsed, found a secret and his wife, who since the day of their marcompunction rising in his mind, and stole it riage had not seen one another until the day of off again.

the claim. The second was an honest pair in “ Richard de Loveless, who was a courtier, the neighbourhood; the husband was a man of and a very well-bred man, being observed to plain good sense, and a peaceable temper; the hesitate at the words ' after our marriage,' was woman was dumb.' thereupon required to explain himself He replied, by talking' very largely of his exact No. 609.) Wednesday, October 20, 1714. complaisance while he was a lover; and alleged that he had not in the least disobliged his wife

--- Farrago libelli.

Jur. Sat. i. 86. for a year and a day before marriage, which he hoped was the same thing.

The miscellaneous subjects of any book. “ Rejected. Joceline Jolly, esq. making it appear, by

'MR. SPECTATOR, unquestionable testimony, that he and his wife 'I HAVE for some time desired to appear in bad preserved full and entire affection for the your paper, and have therefore chosen a day* space of the first month, commonly called the to steal into the Spectator, when I take it for honey-moon, he had, in consideration thereof, granted you will not have many spare minutes one rasher bestowed upon him."

for speculations of your own. As I was the • After this, says the record, many years other day walking with an honest country genpassed over before any demandant appeared at tleman, he very often was expressing his asWhichenovre-ball; insomuch that one would tonishment to see the town so mightily crowded have thought that the whole country were with doctors of divinity ; upon which I told turned Jews, so little was their affection to the him he was very much mistaken if he took all flitch of bacon.

those gentlemen he saw in scarfs to be persons • The next couple enrolled had like to of that dignity; for that a young divine, after bave carried it, if one of the witnesses had his first degree in the university, usually comes not deposed, that dining on a Sunday with hither only to show himself; and, on that octhe deruandant. whose wife had sat below casion, is apt to think he is but half equipped the squire's lady at church, she the said wife with a gowıı and cassock for his public appeardropped some expressions, as if she thought ance, if he hath not the additional ornament of her husband deserved t be knighted ; to a scarf of the first magnitude to entitle him to which he returned a passionate pish! The the appellation of Doctor from his landlady, judges, taking the premises into consideration, and the boy at Child's. Now since I know declared the aforesaid behaviour to imply an that this piece of garniture is looked upon as unwarrantable ambition in the wife, and anger a mark of vanity or affectation, as it is made in the husband.

use of among some of the little spruce adven• It is recorded as a sufficient disqualification turers of the town, I should be glad if you of a certain wife, that, speaking of her husband, would give it a place among those extravashe said, "God forgive him."

gancies you have justly exposed in several of 'It is likewise remarkable, that a couple your papers : being very well assured that vere rejected upon the deposition of one of their the main body of the clergy, both in the Beighbours, that the lady had once told her country and the universities, who are almost husband, that “ it was her duty to obey ;" to to a man untainted with it, would be very which he replied, “O my dear! you are never well pleased to see this venerable foppery in the wrong !"

well exposed. When my patron did me the "The violent passion of one lady for her honour to take me into his family (for I lap-dog; the turning away of the old house- must own myself of this order), he was maid by another; a tavern bill torn by the wife, and a tailor's by the husband ; a quar. The oth of October, 1714. was the day of the coronarel about the kissing-crust ; spoiling of din-1 tion of king George I.

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