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played several wanton tricks, fell again upon ate himself with her nightingale ; and while the grass ; at the same instant the body of the enraged Fadlallah pecked at him with the dervis recovered its life. The king was his bill, beat his wings, and showed all the infinitely pleased at so uncommon an opera-marks of an impotent rage, it only afforded tion, and conjured his friend by every thing his rival and the queen new matter for their that was sacred to communicate it to him. diversion. The dervis at first made some scruple of vio- ' Zemroude was, likewise fond of a little laplating his promise to the dying brachman; dog which she kept in her apartment, and but told him at last that he found he could which one night happened to die. conceal nothing from so excellent a prince; "The king immediately found himself inafter having obliged him therefore by an oath clined to quit the shape of the nightingale, to secresy, he taught him to repeat two caba- and enliven this new body. He did so, and listic words, in pronouncing of which the the next morning Zemroude saw her favour. whole secret consisted. The king, impatient ite bird lie dead in the cage. It is impossito try the experiment, immediately repeated ble to express her grief on his occasion : and them as he had been taught, and in an instant when she called to mind all its little actions, found himself in the body of the doe. He had which even appeared to have somewhat in but a little time to contemplate himself in this them like reason, she was inconsolable for new being; for the treacherous dervis, shoot- her loss. ing his own soul into the royal corpse, and Her women immediately sent for the derbending the prince's own bow against him, vis to come and comfort her, who after hahad laid him dead on the spot, had not the ving in vain represented to her the weakking, who perceived his intent, fled swiftly to ness of being grieved at such an accident, the woods.

touched at last by her repeated complaints, "The dervis, now triumphing in his villainy, "Well madam," says he, “I will exert the returned to Mousel, and filled the throne and utmost of my art to please you. Your nightbed of the unhappy Fadlallah.

ingale sball again revive every morning, and • The first thing he took care of, in order to serenade you as before." The queen bebeld secure himself in the possession of his new ac-him with a look which easily showed she did quired kingdom, was to issue out a proclama- not believe him ; when, laying himself down tion, ordering his subjects to destroy all the on a sofa, he shot his soul into the nightindeer in the realm. The king had perished gale, and Zemroude was amazed to see her among the rest had he not avoided his pur- bird revive. suers by reanimating the body of a nightingale The king who was a spectator of all that which he saw lie dead at the foot of a tree. In passed, lying under the shape of a lap-dog in this new shape he winged his way in safety to one corner of the room, immediately recovered the palace ; where, perching on a tree which his own body, and running to the cage, with stood near the queen's apartment, he filled the the utmost indignation, twisted off the neck of whole place with so many melodious and me- the false nightingale. lancholy notes as drew her to the window. He "Zemroude was more than ever amazed and had the mortification to see that, instead of concerned at this second accident, until the being pitied, he only moved the mirth of his king, entreating her to hear him, related to her princess, and of a young female slave who was his whole adventure. with her. He continued 'however to serenade • The body of the dervis, which was found her every morning, until at last the queen, dead in the wood, and his edict for killing all charmed with his harmony, sent for the bird- the deer, left her no room to doubt of the catchers, and ordered them to employ their ut- truth of it: but the story adds, that out of an most skill to put that little creature in her pos- extreme delicacy, peculiar to the oriental lasession. The king, pleased with an opportu- dies, she was so highly afflicted at the innocent nity of being once more near his beloved con-adultery in which she had for some time lived sort, easily suffered himself to be taken: and with the dervis, that no arguments, even from when he was presented to her. though he Fadlallah himself, could compose her mind. showed a fearfulness to be touched by any of She shortly after died with grief, begging his the other ladies, flew of his own accord, and pardon with her last breath for what the most hid himself in the queen's bosom. Zemroude rigid justice could not have interpreted as a was highly pleased at the unexpected fondness crime. of her new favourite, and ordered him to be The king was so afflicted with her death, kept in an open cage in her own apartment. that he left his kingdom to one of his nearest He had there an opportunity of making his relations, and passed the rest of his days in 80court to her every morning, by a thousand lit-litude and retirement.' tle actions which his shape allowed him. The queen passed away whole hours every day, in hearing and playing with him, Fadlallah could No. 579.] Wednesday, August 11, 1714. even have thought himself happy in this state - Odora canum vis. of life, had be not frequently endured the

Virg. Æn. iv. 132. inexpressible torment of seeing the dervis en

Sagacious hounds. ter the apartment and caress his queen even in bis presence.

In the reign of king Charles the First, the "The usurper, amidst his toying with his company of stationers, into whose hands the princess, would often endeavour to ingrati-printing of the bible is committed by patent,

VOL. II.

made a very reinarkable erratum or blunder was which the dogs gave to these little misses, in one of the editions : for instead of · Thou from that which they had shown to their mo shalt not commit adultery.' they printed offthers. It is said that the prince of Syracuse, several thousands of copies with • Thou shalt having married a young lady, and being natucommit adultery. Archbishop Laud, to pun- rally of a jealous temper, made such an inteish this their negligence, laid a considera- rest with the priests of this temple, that he ble fine upon that company in the star-chamber.procured a whelp from them of this famous

By the practice of the world, which prevails breed. The young puppy was very trouble in this degenerate age, I am afraid that very some to the fair lady at first, insomuch that she many young profligates of both sexes are pos- solicited her husband to send him away; but sessed f this spurious edition of the bible, and the good man cut her short with the old Sici. observe the commandment according to that lian proverb, “Love me, love my dog ;" from faulty reading

which time she lived very peaceably with both Adulterers, in the first ages of the church, of them. The ladies of Syracuse were very were excommunicated for ever, and unquali-much annoyed with him, and several of very fied all their lives for bearing a part in Christian good reputation refused to come to court until assemblies, notwithstanding they might seek he was discarded. There were indeed some it with tears, and all the appearances of the ofthem that defied his sagacity; but it was obmost unseigned repentance.

served, though he did not actually bite them, I might here mention some ancient laws he would growl at them most confoundedly. among the beathens, which punished this crime To return to the dogs of the temple: after they with death: and others of the same kind, which had lived here in great repute for several years, are now in force among several governments it so happened, that as one of the priests, that have embraced the reformed religion. who had been making a charitable visit to a But, because a subject of this nature may be widow who lived on the promontory of Lily. too serious for my ordinary readers, who are beum, returned home pretty late in the even. very apt to throw by my papers when they ling. the dogs flew at him with so much fury, are pot enlivened with something that is di-that they would have worried him if his breth. verting or uncommon, I shall here publish ren had not come in to his assistance: upon the contents of a little manuscript lately fal- I which, says my author, the dogs were allof them len into iny hands, and which pretends to hanged. as having lost their original instinct.' great antiquity ; though by reason of some I cannot conclude this paper without wishmodern phrases, and other particulars in it, I ing that we had some of this breed of dogs in I can by no means allow it to be genuine, but Great Britain, which would certainly do jus. rather the production of a modern sophist. ltice. I should say honour, to the ladies of our

It is well known by the learned, that there country, and show the world the difference bewas a temple upon Mount Ætna dedicated to

tween pagan women and those who are inVulcan, which was guarded by dogs of so exstructed in sounder principles of virtue and requisite a smell, say the historians, that they lligion. could discern whether the persons who came thither were chaste or otherwise. They used to meet and fawn upon such who were chaste,

No. 580.] Friday, August 13, 1714. earessing them as the friends of their master

Si verbo audacia detur, Vulcan; but flew at those who were polluted,

Non metuam magni disisse palatia cæli.

Ooid, Met. Lib. i. 175. and never ceased barking at them till they had driven them from the temple.

This plner, the brightest mansion of the sky

I'll call the palace of the Deity, My manuscript gives the following account

Dryder of these dogs, and was probably designed as a comment upon this story.

E CONSIDERED in my two last letters that * These dogs were given to Vulcan by his awful and tremenduous subject, the ubiquity sister Diana, the goddess of hunting and of or omnipresence of the Divine Being. I have chastity, having bred them out of some of shown that he is equally present in all places her hounds, in which she had ohserved this throughout the whole extent of infinite space. natural instinct and sagacity. It was thought this doctrine is so agrecablo to reason, that she did it in spite to Venus, who, upon her re- we meet with it in the writings of the enlightturn home, always found her husband in a ened heathens, as I might show at large. were good or bad humour, according to the recep-it not already done by other hands. But tion which she met with from his dogs. They though the Deity be thus essentially present lived in the temple several years, but were through all the immensity of space, there is such snappish curs, that they frighted away one part of it in which he discovers himself in most of the votaries. The women of Sicily a most transcendent and visible glory; this made a solemn deputation to the priest, by is that place which is marked out in scripture which they acquainted him, that they would under the different appellations of “ Paradise, not come up to the temple with their annual the third heaven, the throne of God, and the offerings unless he muzzled his mastiffs ; and habitation of his glory." It is here where at last compromised the matter with him, that the glorified body of our Saviour resides, and the offering should always be brought by a where all the celestial hierarchies, and the chorus of young girls, who were none of them innumerable hosts of angels, are represented abore seven years old. It was wonderful, says as perpetually surrounding the seat of God the author to see how different the trcatment with hallelujahs and hymns of praise. This is

SIR,

that presence of God which some of the di-beyond imagination, so probably is the extent vines call his glorious, and others his majestic, of it. There is light behind light, and glory presence. He is indeed as essentially pre- within glory. How far that space may reach, sent in all other places as in this ; but it is in which God thus appears in perfect majesty, here where he resides in a sensible magnifi. we cannot possibly conceive. Though it is cence, and in the midst of all those splen- not infinite, it may be indefinite; and, though dours wbich can effect the imagination of cre- not immeasurable in itself, it may be so with ated beings.

regard to any created eye or imagination. If • It is very remarkable that this opinion of he has made these lower regions of matter so God Almighty's presence in heaven, whether inconceivably wide and magnificent for the discovered by the light of nature, or by a ge- habitation of mortal and perishable beings, how neral tradition from our first parents, prevails great may we suppose the courts of his house among all the nations of the world, whatsoever to be, where he makes his residence in a more different notions they entertain of the God- especial manner, and displays himself in the head. If you look into Homer, the most an- fulness of his glory, among an innumerable cient of the Greek writers, you see the supreme company of angels and spirits of just men made power seated in the heavens, and encompassed perfect ? with the inferior dehics, among whom the Muses - This is certain, that our imaginations canare represented as singing incessantly about not be raised too high, when we think on a his throne. Who does not here see the main place where omnipotence and omniscience strokes and outlines of this great truth we are have so signally exerted themselves, because speaking of? The same doctrine is shadowed that they are able to produce a scene infinitely out in many other heathen authors, though at more great and glorious than what we are the same time, like several other revealed able to imagine. It is not impossible but at truths, dashed and adulterated with a mix- the consummation of all things, these outward ture of fables and human inventions. But apartments of nature, which are now suited to pass over the notions of the Greeks and Ro- to those beings who inhabit them, may be mans, those more enlightened parts of the taken in and added to that glorious place of pagan world, we find there is scarce a peo- which I am here speaking, and by that means ple among the late discovered nations who are made a proper habitation for beings who not trained up in an opinion that heaven is the are exempt from mortality, and cleared of habitation of the divinity whom they worship. their imperfections : for so the scripture seems

"As in Solomon's temple there was the to intimate when it speaks of “new heavens Sanctum Sanctorum, in which a visible glory and of a new earth, wherein dwelleth rightappeared among the figures of the cherubims, eousness." and into which none but the high priest him. I have only considered this glorious place self was permitted to enter, after having made with regard to the sight and imagination, an atonement for the sins of the people; so, if though it is highly probable that our other we consider the whole creation as one great senses may here likewise enjoy the highest temple, there is in it this Holy of holies, into gratifications. There is nothing which more which the High-priest of our salvation entered, ravishes and transports the soul than harmony; and took his place among angels and arch-an- and we have great reason to believe, from gels, after having made a propitiation for the the descriptions of this place in holy scripture, sins of mankind.

that this is one of the entertainments of it. With how much skill must the throne or And if the soul of inan can be so wonderfully God be erected! With what glorious designs affected with those strains of music which hu. is that habitation beautified, which is contrived man art is capable of producing, how much and built by him who inspired Hiram with more will it be raised and elevated by those in wisdom! How great must be the majesty of which is exerted the whole power of harmony! that place, where the whole art of creation The senses are faculties of the human soul, has been employed, and where God has chosen though they cannot be employed, during this to show himself in the most magnificent man- our vital union, without proper instruinents ner? What must be the architecture of infinite in the body. Why therefore should we exclude power under the direction of infinite wisdom ? the satisfaction of these faculties, which we A spirit caupot but be transported, after an find by experience are inlets of great pleasure ineffable manner, with the sight of those ob- to the soul, from among those entertainments jects, which were made to affect him by that whice are to make up our happiness hereafter? Being who knows the inward frame of a soul, Why should we suppose that our hearing and and how to please and ravish it in all its most seeing will not be gratified with those objects secret powers and faculties. It is to this ma- which are most agreeable to them, and which jestic presence of God we may apply those they cannot meet with in these lower regions beautiful expressions in holy writ: “Behold of nature ; objects, “ which neither eye hath even to the moon and it shineth not; yea the seen, nor ear heard, nor can it enter into the stars are not pure in his sight.' The light of heart of man to conceive ? I knew a man the sun, and all the glories of the world in which in Christ (says Saint Paul, speaking of him. we live, are but as weak and sickly glimmer.self ) above fourteen years ago, (whether in ings, or rather darkness itself, in comparison of the body I cannot tell, or whether out of the those splendourg wbich encompass the throne body, I cannot tell : God knoweth) such an of God.

one caught up to the third heaven. And I As tire glory of this place is transcendent knew such a man (whether in the body or out of the body, I cannot tel: God knoweth) how I am at present sitting with a heap of letters that he was caught up into Paradise, and before me, which I have received under the heard unspeakable words, which is not possi. character of Spectator. I have complaints ble for a man to utter." By this is meant that from lovers, schemes from projectors, scandal what he heard was so infinitely different from from ladies, congratulations, compliments, and any thing which he had heard in this world, advice in abundance. that it was impossible to express it in such words I have not been thus long an author, to be as might convey a notion of it to his hearers. insensible of the natural fondness every person

It is very natural for us to take delight must have for their own productions ; and I in inquiries concerning any foreign country, begin to think I have treated my correspond. where we are some time or other to make our ents a little to uncivilly in stringing them all abode ; and as we all hope to be admitted into together on a file, and letting them lie so long this glorious place, it is both a laudable and unregarded. I shall therefore, for the future, useful curiosity to get what informations we think myself at least obliged to take some nu can of it, whilst we make use of revelation tice of such letters as I receive, and may possifor our guide. When these everlasting doors bly do it at the end of every month. shall be open to us, we may be sure that the In the mean time I intend my present paper pleasures and beauties of this place will infi. as a short answer to most of those which have nitely transcend our present hopes and expec- been already sent me. . tations, and that the glorious appearance of The public, however, is not to expect I should the throne of God will rise infinitely beyond let them into all my secrets; and, though I whatever we are able to conceive of it. We appear abstruse to most people, it is sufficient might here entertain ourselves with many if I am understood by my particular corresponother speculations on this subject. from those Idents. several hints which we find of it in the holy My well-wisher Van Nath is very arch, but scriptures; as, whether there may not be dir- not quite enough so to appear in print. ferent mansions and apartments of glory to Philadelphus will, in a little time, see his beings of different natures ; whether, as they query fully answered by a treatise which is now excel one another in perfection, they are not in the press. admitted nearer to the throne of the Almighty, It was very improper at that time to comply and enjoy greater manifestations of his pre- with Mr. G. sence; whether there are not solemn times Miss Kitty must excuse me. and occasions, when all the multitude of hea. The gentleman who sent me a copy of verses ven celebrate the presence of their Maker in on his mistress's dancing is, I believe, too thomore extraordinary forms of praise and ado- roughly in love to compose correctly. ration; as Adam, though he had continued in I have too great a respect for both the univera state of innocence, would, in the opinion of sities to praise one at the expense of the other. our divines, have kept holy the sabbath-day Tom Nimble is a very honest fellow, and I in a more particular manner than any other desire him to present my humble service to of the seven. These, and the like specula- his cousin Fill Bumper. tions we may very innocently indulge, so long! I am obliged for the letter upon prejudice. as we make use of them to inspire us with I may in due time animadvert on the case of a desire of becoming iohabitants of this de-Grace Grumble. lightful place.

The petition of P. S. granted. I have in this, and in two foregoing letters. That of Sarah Loveit refused. treated on the most serious subject that can The papers of A. S. are returned employ the mind of man--the omnipresence I thank Aristip pus for his kind invitation. of the Deity ; a subject which, if possible, My friend at Woodstock is a bold man to unshould never depart from our meditations. dertake for all within ten miles of him. We have considered the Divine Being as he I am afraid the entertainment of Tom Turninhabits infinitude, as he dwells among his over will hardly be relished by the good cities works, as he is present to the mind of man.lof London and Westminster and as he discovers himself in a more glorious! I must consider farther of it before I indulge manner among the regions of the blest. Such W.F. in those freedoms he takes with the laa consideration should be kept awake in us dies' stockings. at all times, and in all places, and possess our l am obliged to the ingenious gentleman who minds with a perpetual awe and reverence. sent me an ode on the subject of the late Spec. It should be interwoven with all our thoughts tator, and shall take particular notice of bis and perceptions, and become one with the last letter. consciousness of our own being. It is not to l When the lady who wrote me a letter, dated be reflected on in the coldness of philosophy, July the 20th, in relation to some passages in but ought to sink us into the lowest prostration a lover, will be more particular in her direcbefore him, who is so astonishingly great, won-tions, I shall be so in my answer. derful and holy.'

The poor gentleman, who fancies my wri

tings could reclaim an husband who can abuse No. 581.] Monday, August 16, 1714.

such a wife as he describes, has, I am afraid,

too great an opinion of my skill. Sunt bona, sunt quædain mediocria, sunt mala plura

.

| Pbilanthropos is, I dare say, a very well. Quæ legis

Mart. Epig. xvii. Lib. 1. meaning man, but a little too prolis in his Some good, more pad, some neither one nor t'other. compositions.

Constantias himself must be the best judge This cacoëthes is as epidemical as the smallin the affair he mentions.

pox, there being very few who are not seized The letter dated from Lincoln is received. with it some time or other in their lives. There Arethusa and her friend may hear farther is, however, this difference in these two disfrom me.

tempers, that the first, after having indisposed Celia is a little too hasty.

you for a time, never returns again : whereas, Harriot is a good girl, but must not courtesy this I am speaking of, when it is once got into to folks she does not know.

the blood, seldom comes out of it. The BriI must ingenuously confess my friend Sam- tish nation is very much afflicted with this mason Beastaff has quite puzzled me, and writ me lady, and though very many remedies have a long letter which I cannot comprehend one been applied to persons infected with it, few word of.

of them have ever proved successful. Some Collidan must also explain what he means have been cauterized with satires and lamby his • drigelling,'

poons, but have received little or no benefit I think it beneath my spectatorial dignity from them; others have had their heads fasto concern myself in the affair of the boiled tened for an hour together between a cleft dumpling.

board, which is made use of as a cure for the I shall consult some literati on the project disease when it appears in its greatest malig. sent me for the discovery of the longitude. nity. There is indeed one kind of this mala

I know not how to conclude this paper bet-dy which has been sometimes removed, like ter than by inserting a couple of letters which the biting of a tarantula, with the sound of a are really genuine, and which I look upon to musical instrument, which is commonly known be two of the smartest pieces I have received by the name of a cat-call.t But if you have a pafrom my correspondents of either sex : tient of this kind under your care, you may

assure yourself there is no other way of re' BROTHER SPEC.

covering him effectually, but by forbidding While you are surveying every object that him the use of pen, ink, and paper. falls in your way, I am wholly taken up with But, to drop the allegory before I have tired one. Had that sage who demanded what beau-it out, there is no species of scribblers more ofty was, lived to see the dear angel I love, he fensive, and more incurable, than your periwould not have asked such a question. Hadodical writers, whose works return upon the another seen her, he would himself have loved public on certain days and at stated times. the person in whom heaven has made virtue We have not the consolation in the perusal of visible; and, were you yourself to be in her these authors which we find at the reading of company, you could never, with all your lo- all others, namely, that we are sure if we have quacity, say enougl of her good-humour and but patience, we may come to the end of their sense. I send you the outlines of a picture, labours. I have often admired an humon rous which I can no more finish, than I can suf- saying of Diogenes, who reading a dull author ficiently admire the dear original.

to several of his friends, when every one be• I am your most affectionate brother, gan to be tired, finding he was almost come •CONSTANTIO SPEC.' to a blank leaf at the end of it, cried, · Courage,

lads, I see land. On the contrary, our pro. GOOD MR. PERT,

gress through that kind of writers I am now I will allow you nothing until you resolve speaking of is never at an end. One day makes me the following question. Pray what is the work for another—we do not know when to reason that, while you only talk now upon promise ourselves rest. Wednesdays, Fridays, and Mondays, you pre- It is a melancholy thing to consider that the tend to be a greater tattler than when you art of printing, which might be the greatest spoke every day, as you formerly used to do? blessing to mankind, should prove detrimenIf this be your plunging out of your taciturni- tal to us, and that it should be inade use of to ty, pray let the length of your speeches com- scatter prejudice and ignorance through a pensate for the scarceness of them.

I people, instead of conveying to them truth and ' I am, good Mr. Pert,

knowledge. *Your admirer,

I was lately reading a very whimsical trea"If you will be long enough for me, tise, entitled William Ramsay's † Vindication i AMANDA LOVELENGTH.'|of Astrology. This profound author among

many mystical passages, has the following

one : "The absence of the sun is not the cause No. 582.] Wednesday, August 18, 1714. of night, forasmuch as his light is so great

that it may illuminate the earth all over at -- Tenet insanibile multos

once as clear as broad day ; but there are Scribendi cacoethes

Jud. Bat. vii. 51.

tenebrificous and dark stars, by whose influThe curse of writing is an endless itch.

Ca. Drylen.

* Put in the pillory. Tuere is a certain distemper, which is men

en Alluding to the noise made in the Theatres at the tioned neither by Galen nor Hippocrates, nor condemnation of a play. to be met with in the London Dispensary. Juvenal, in the motto of my paper, terms it a Ramsav, (or more properly Ramsey) contended that

(this absurdity of his was even supported by Scripture, cacoëthes ; which is a hard word for a disease who

se where he read of " darkness over the land of Egypt that called in plain English, . The itch of writing.'I may be felt."

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