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minster, the rest of the year towards the Ex-inhumanly treated, and the husband publicly change. Upon these directions, together with stormed that he was made a member of too other secret articles herein enclosed, you are numerous a society. He had, it seems, listo govern yourself, and give advertisement tened most of the time my cousin and I were thereof to me, at all convenient and specta- together. As jealous ears always hear doutorial bours, when men of business are to be ble, so he heard enough to make him mad; seen. Hereof you are not to fail. Given un- and as jealous eyes always see through magder my seal of office.

nifying glasses, so he was certain it could T. "THE SPECTATOR.' not be I whom he had seen, a beardless strip

ling, but fancied he saw a gay gentleman of

the temple, ten years older than myself; and No. 527 ] Tuesday, November 4, 1712.

for that reason, I presume, durst not come in, Facilè invenies et pejorem, et pejus moratam;

nor take any notice when I went out. He is Meliorem neque tu reperies, neque sol videt.

perpetually asking his wife if she does not Plautus in Stichor.

think the time long (as she said she should) You will easily find a worse woman; a better the sun until she see her cousin again. Pray, sir, never shone upon.

what can be done in this case? I have writ J Am so tender of my women-readers, that I to him to assure him I was at his house all cannot defer the publication of anything that afternoop expecting to see him. His anwhich concerns their happiness or quiet. The swer is, it is only a trick of hers, and that he repose of a married woman is consulted in peither can nor will believe me. The parting the first of the following letters, and the felici- kiss I find mightily nettles him, and confirms ty of a maiden lady in the second. I call it a him in all his errors. Ben Jonson, as I refelicity to have the addresses of an agreeable member. makes a foreigner, in one of his comeman; and I think I have not any where seen dies, “ admire the desperate valour of the a prettier application of a poetical story than bold English, who let out their wives to all enthat of his, in making the tale of Cephalus and counters.” The general custom of salutation Procris tbe history picture of a fan in so gal. should excuse the favour done me, or you lant a manner as he addresses it. But see the should lay down rules when such distinctions letters.

are to be given or omitted. You cannot ima

gine, sir, how troubled I am for this unhappy 'MR. SPECTATOR,

lady's misfortune, and beg you would insert • It is now almost three months since I was

this letter, that the husband may reflect upon in town about some business; and the hurry of this accident coolly. It is no sinall matter, the it being over, I took a coach one afternoon, ease of a virtuous woman for her whole life. and drove to see a relation, who married about

I know she will conform to any regularities six years ago a wealthy citizen. I found her (though more strict than the common rules at home, but her husband gone to the Ex

of our country require) to which his particuchange, and expected back within an hour at lar temper shall incline him to oblige her. This the farthest. After the usual salutations of accident puts me in mind how generously Piskindness, and a bundred questions about friends istratus, the Athenian tyrant, behaved bimself in the country, we sat down to piquet, played or

quet, played on a like occasion, when he was instigated by two or three ganies, and drank tea. I should his wife to put to death a young gentleman, have told you that this was my second time of because, being passionately fond of his daughseeing her since marriage ; but before. she ter, he had kissed her in public, as he met her lived at the same town where I went to school; in the street. “What,” said he, “shall we so that the plea of a relation, added to the in do to those who are our enemies, if we do thus pocence of my vouth. prevailed upon her to those who are cur friends?” I will not god-humour to indulge me in a freedom of trouble you much longer, but am excerdingly conversation as often, and oftener. than the concerned lest this accident may cause a strict discipline of the school would allow of. virtuous lady to lead a miserable life with a You may easily imagine, after such an ac

e. after such an ac.husband who has no grounds for his jealousy quaintance, we might be exceeding merry

merry but what I have faithfully related, and ought without any offence: as in calling to mind to be reckoned none. It is to be feared too. how many inventious I have been put to in l.

to in if at last be sees his mistake, yet people will deluding the master, how many hands forged be as slow and unwilling in disbelieving scanfor excuses. how many times been sick in dal as they are quick and froward in believperfect health ; for I was then pever sick butl'8".

ling it. I shall endeavour to enliven this plain at school, and only then because out of her honest letter with Ovid's relation about Cvcompany. We had w biled away three hours belo's image. The ship wherein it was aboard after this manner, when I found it past five; "a

was stranded at the inou'h of the Tiber, and, not expecting her husband would retur , and the men were unable to move it, until until late, rose up, and told her I should go

, but suspected of unchasearly next morning for the country. She tity, by a slight pull hauled it in. The story kindly answered she was afraid it would be is told in the fourth book of the Fasti. long before she saw me again; so, I took my "Parent of gods, (began the weeping fair), leave, and parted. Now, sir, I had not been Reward or punish, but oh! hear my prayer: got home a fortnight, when I received a letter.

If lewdness e'er defil'd my virgin bloom, from a neighbour of theirs, that ever since

From heav'p with justice I receive my doom : that fatal afternoon the lady has been most!

But if my honour yet bas known to stajn,
Thou, goddes, thou my innocence maintain:


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Thou, whom the nicest rules of goodness sway'd, ticular hardships done to this or that lady ; Vouchsafe to follow an unblemish'd maid."

but methinks you have not, in any one specuShe spoke, and touch'd the cord with glad surprise,

lation, directly pointed at the partial freedom (The truth was witness'd by ten thousand eyes) The pitying goddess easily comply'd,

men take, the unreasonable confinement woFollow'd in triumph, and adorn'd her guide ; men are obliged to, in the only circumstance While Claudia, blushing still for past disgrace,

in which we are necessarily to have a comMarch'd silent on, with a slow solemn pace:

merce with them, that of love. The case of Nor yet from some was all distrust remov'd, Though heav'n such virtue by such wonders prov'd. I celit

celibacy is the great evil of our nation ; and "I am, Sir,

the indulgence of the vicious conduct of men Your very humble servant, in that state, with the ridicule to which women PHILAGNOTES.' are exposed, though ever so virtuous, if long

unmarried, is the root of the greatest irregu"MR. SPECTATOR,

larities of this nation. To show you, sir, that • You will oblige a languishing lover, if you though you never have given us the catalogue will please to print the enclosed verses in of a lady's library, as you promised) we read your next paper. If you remember the Me-books of our own choosing, I shall insert on tamorpboses, you know Procris, the fond wife this occasion a paragraph or two out of Echof Cephalus, is said to have made her hus ard's Roman History. In the 44th page of band, who delighted in the sports of the wood, the second volume, the author observes that a present of an unerring javelin. In process Augustus, upon his return to Rome at the end of time he was so mucb in the forest, that his of a war, received complaints that too great a lady suspected he was pursuing some nymph, number of the young men of quality were ununder the pretence of following a chase more married. The emperor thereupon assembled innocent. Under this suspicion she bid her the whole equestrian order; and, having seself among the trees, to observe his motions parated the married from the single, did parWhile she lay concealed, her husband, tir. ticular honours to the former; but he told the ed with the labour of hunting, came within latter, that is to say, Mr. Spectetor, he told her hearing. As he was fainting with heat, the bachelors, That their lives and actions had he cried out, " Aura reni!” “Oh, charming been so peculiar, that he knew not by what air, approach !!!

name to call them; not by that of men, for The unfortunate wife, taking the word air

nate wife taking the word air they performed nothing that was manly; not to be the name of a woman, began to move by that of citizens, for the city might perish among the bushes ; and the husband, believ. notwithstanding their care; nor by that of ing it a deer, threw his javelin, and killed her. Romans, for they designed to extirpate the This history, painted on a fan, which I pre-Roman name. Then, proceeding to show his sented to a lady, gave occasion to my grow.

tender care and hearty affection for his people, ing poetical.

he further told them, that their course of life

was of such pernicious consequence to the glo“Come, gentle air "" the Æolian shepherd said, ry and grandeur of the Roman nation, that he While Procris panted in the secret shade;

could not choose but tell them, that all other “Come, gentle air. 'the fairer Delia cries, While at her feet the swain expiring lies.

crimes put together could not equalise theirs, Lo! the glad gales o'er all he beauties stray, for they were guilty of murder, in not suffering Brenthe on her lips, and in her bosom play.

those to be born which should proceed from In Delia's hand this toy is fatal found,

them; of impiety, in causing the names and Nor did that fabled dart more surely wound. Both gifts destructive to the givers prove,

honours of their ancestors to cease ; and of saAlike both lovers fall br those they love:

crilege, in destroying their kind, which proceed Yet guiltless too this bright destroyer lives,

from the immortal gods, and human nature, At random wounds, nor knows the wound she gives ; | the principal thing consecrated to them: thereShe views the story with attentive eyes, Aud pitios Procris, while her lover dies."

fore, in this respect, they dissolved the government in disobeying its laws; betrayed their

country, by making it barren and waste; nay. No. 528.] Wednesday, November 5, 1712. and demolished their city, in depriving it of

inhabitants. And he was sensible that all this Dum potuit, solità gemitum virtute reprossit.

proceeded not from any kind of virtue or abOvid Met. ix. 165.

stinence, but from a looseness and wantonness With wonted fortitude she bore the smart,

which ought never to he encouraged in any And not a groan confoss'd her burning heart. Gay. civil government. There are no particulars

dwelt upon that let us into the conduct of 'MR. SPECTATOR,

these young worthies, whom this great emI who now write to you am a woman load.peror treated with so much justice and ined with injuries; and the aggravation of my dignation; but any one who observes what misfortune is, that they are such which are passes in this town may very well frame to overlooked by the generality of mankind; bimself a notion of their riots and debaucheand, though the most amicting imaginable,ries all night, and their apparent preparations not regarded as such in the general sense of for them all day. It is not to be doubted but the world. I have hid my vexation from all these Romans never passed any of their time mankind; but having now taken pen, ink, and innocently but when they were asleep, and nepaper, am resolved to unbosom myself to you, ver slept but when they were weary and heavy and lay before you what grieves me and all with excesses, and slept only to prepare themthe sex. You have very often mentioned par-selves for the repetition of them. If you did


your duty as a Spectator, you would carefully avoid the vicious part of our youth, but throwexamine into the number of births, marriages, ing oneself away upon some lifeless blockhead, and burials ; and when you had deducted out who, though he is without vice, is also without of your deaths all such as went out of the virtue. Now-a-days we must be contented if world without marrying, then cast up the we can get creatures which are not bad ; good number of both sexes born within such a term are not to be expected. Mr. Spectator, 1 sat of years last past; you might, from the single near you the other day, and think I did not people departed, make some useful inferences displease your spectatorial eye-sight; which I or guesses how many there are left unmarried, shall be a better judge of when I see whether and raise some useful scheme for the amend you take notice of these evils your own way, ment of the age in that particular. I have not or print this memorial dictated from the dispatience to proceed gravely on this abominable dainful heavy heart of, libertinism ; for I cannot but reflect, as I am writing to you upon a certain lascivious manner

Your most obedient humble servant, in which all our young gentlemen use in pub-1 T.

RACHEL WELLADAY." lic, and examine our eyes with a petulancy in their own which is a downright affront to modesty. A disdainful look on such an occasionNo. 529.] Thursday, November 6, 1712.' is returned with a countenance rebuked, but

Singula quæque locum teneant sortita decenter. by averting their eyes from the woman of ho

Hor. Ars Poet. 92. nour and decency to some Aippant creature, 1

Let every thing have its due place. who will, as the phrase is, be kinder. I must

Roscommor. set down things as they come into my head, UPOn the hearing of several late disputes without standing upon order. Ten thousand concerning rank and precedence, I could not to one but the gay gentleman who stared, at forbear ainusing myself with some observathe same time, is a housekeeper; for you must tions, which I have made upon the learned know they are got into a humour of late of be- world, as to this great particular. By the ing very regular in their sins; and a young learned world I here mean at large all those fellow shall keep his four maids and three who are any way concerned in works of litefootmen with the greatest gravity imaginable. rature, whether in the writing, printing, or There are no less than six of these venerable repeating part. To begin with the writers : housekeepers of my acquaintance. This hu- I have observed that the author of a folio, in mour among young men of condition is imi- all companies and conversations, sets himself tated by all the world below them, and a gene- above the author of a quarto; the author of a ral dissolution of manners arises from this quarto above the author of an actavo; and so one source of libertinism, without shame orion, by a gradual descent and subordination, to reprehension in the male youth. It is from an author in twenty-fours. This distinction is this one fountain that so many beautiful help- so well observed that in an assembly of the less young women are sacrificed and given up learned, I have seen a folio writer place him. to lewdness, shame, poverty, and disease. It self in an elbow chair, when the author of a is to this also that so many excellent young duodecimo has, out of a just deference to his women, who might be patterns of conjugal superior quality, seated himself upon a squab. affection, and parents of a worthy race, pine In a word, authors are usually ranged in comunder unhappy passions for such as have not pany after the same manner as their works are attention to observe, or virtue enough to pre-Jupon a shelf. fer them to their common wenches. Now, The most minute pocket author hath be. Mr. Spectator, I must be free to own to you neath him the writers of all pamphlets, or that I myself suffer a tasteless, insipid being, works that are only stitched. As for the from a consideration I have for a man wbo pamphleteer, he takes place of none but the would not, as he said in my hearing, resign authors of single sheets, and of that fraternihis liberty, as he calls it, for all the beauty ty who publish their labours on certain days, and wealth the whole sex is possessed of or on every day in the week. I do not find Such calamities as these would not happen, if that the precedency among the individuals in it could possibly be brought about, that by this latter class of writers is yet settled. fining bachelors as papists couvict, or the For my own part, I have had so strict a relike, they were distinguished to their disad- gard to the ceremonial which prevails in the vantage from the rest of the world, who fall in learned world, that I never presumed to take with the measures of civil society. Lest you place of a pamphleteer, until my daily papers should think I speak this as being, according were gathered into those two first volumes the senseless rude phrase, a malicious old which have already appeared. After which, maid, I shall acquaint you I am a woman of|I naturally jumped over the heads not only of condition, not now three-an l-twenty, and have all pamphleteers, but of every octavo writer had proposals from at least ten different men, in Great Britain that had written but one book. and the greater number of them have upon I am also informed by my bookseller, that six the upshot refused me. Something or other octavos have at all times been looked upon as is always amiss when the lover takes to some an equivalent to a folio ; which I take notice new wench. A settlement is easily excepted of the rather, because I would not have the against; and there is very little recourse to learned world surprised if, after the publica

tion of half a dozen volumes, I take my place Disgolutenese,

accordingly. When my scattered forces are VOL. II.


thus rallied, and reduced into regular bodies, ence to the heroic, as comic writers to their I flatter myself that I shall make no despica- serious brothes in the drama. ble figure at the head of them.

| By this short table of laws order is kept up, • Whether these rules, which have been re- and distinction preserved, in the whole repubceived time out of mind in the commonwealtblic of letters.

0. of letters, were not originally established with an eye to our paper-manufacture, I shall No 530.] Friday, November 7, 1712. leave to the discussion of others; and shall

Sic visum Veneri; Cui placet impares only remark further in this place, that all Formas atque animos sub juga ahenea printers and booksellers take the wall of one Savo mittere cum joco.

Hor. Od. xxxiii. Lib. 1. 10. another according to the above-mentioned merits of the authors to whom they respec Thus Venus sports; the rich, the base, tively belong.

Unlike in fortune and in facc,

To disagreeing love provokes ; I come now to that point of precedency When cruelly jocose, which is settled among the three learned pro She ties the fatal noose, fessions by the wisdom of our laws. I. need And bids unequals to the brazen yokes.-Creech. not here take notice of the rank which is al

It is very usual for those who have been lotted to every doctor in each of these profes

severe upon marriage, in some part or other sions, who are all of them, though not so high of their i

of their lives, to enter into the fraternity which as knights, yet a degree above 'squires ; this they haver

they have ridiculed, and to see their raillery last order of men, being the illiterate body of

body return upon their own heads. I scarce ever the nation, are consequently thrown togetherine

I knew a woman-hater that did not, sooner or in a class below the three learned professious. llater

Si later, pay for it. Marriage, which is a blessing I mention this for the sake of several rural

to another man, falls upon such an one as a 'squies, whose reading does not rise so highliudgment. Mr. Congreve's Old Bachelor is as to The present State of England, and

Engrand, and set forth to us with much wit and humour, as who are often apt to usurp that precedency lines

cedency an example of this kind. In short, those who which by the laws of their country is not due have most distinguished themselves by railing to them. Their want of learning, which has

at the sex in general, very often make an planted them in this station, may in some honourable amends, by choosing one of the measure extenuate their misdemeanour; and

most worthless persons of it for a companion our professors ought to pardon them when

and yoke-fellow. Hymen takes his revenge they ofiend in this particular, considering in

considering in kind on those who turn his mysteries into that they are in a state of ignorance, or, as

ridicule. we usually say, do not know their right hand

My friend. Will Honeycomb, who was so from their left.

un mercifully witty upon the women, in a There is another tribe of persons who are

couple of letters which I lately communicated retainers to the learned world, and who re

to the public, has given the ladies ample sagulate themselves upon all occasions by seve

tisfaction by marrying a farmer's daughter ; ral laws peculiar to their body; I mean the

la piece of news which came to our club by players or actors of both sexes. Among these

the last post. The templar is very positive it is a standing and uncontroverted principle,

that he has married a dairy-maid: but Will, that a tragedian always takes place of a co

lin his letter to me on this occasion, sets the median ; and it is very well known the merry best face

w me merry, I best face upon the matter that he can, and drolls who make us laugh are always placed

gives a more tolerable account of his spouce. at the luwer end of the table, and in every

19. every I must confess I suspected something more

mi entertainment give way to the dignity of the than ordinary, when upon opening the letter buskin. It is a stage maxim, “ Once a king, I found that will was fallen off froin his and always a king.' For this reason it would be thought very absurd in Mr. Bullock, not- which was his usual salute at the beginning of

former gaiety, having changed • Dear Spec,' withstanding the height and gracefulness of

the letter, into ‘My worthy Friend,' and subhis person, to sit at the right hand of an hero,

scribed himself in the latter end, at full length, though he were but five foot high. The William Honeycomb. In short, the gay, the same distinction is observed among the ladies loud, the vain Will Honeycomb, who had made of the theatre. Queens and heroines preserve lov

love to every great fortune that has appeared their rank in private conversation, while those lin town for above thirty vears together, and who are waiting-women and maids of honour

boasted of favours from ladies whom he had upon the stage kcep their distance also be never seen. is at length wedded to a plain hind the scenes.

country girl. I shall only add that, by a parity of reason, His letter gives us the picture of a converted all writers of tragedy look upon it as their due rake The coher character of the husband is to be seated, served, or saluted, before comic dashed with the man of the town, and enliwriters ; those who deal in tragi-comedy usu-vened with those little cant phrases which ally taking their seats between the authors of have made my friend Will often thought very either side. There has been a long dispute for nr. precedency between the tragic and heroic for himself.

pretty company. But let us hear what he says poets. Aristotle would have the latter yield the pas to the former ; but Mr. Dryden, and 'MY WORTHY FRIEND, many others, would never subunit to this deci- 'I question not but you, and the rest of sion. Burlesque writers pay the same defer my acquaintance, wonder that I, who have

lived in the smoke and gallantries of the town Unde nil majus generatur ipso;
for thirty years together, should all on a Nec viget quicquam simile aut secundum.

Hor. Od. xii. Lib. 1. 13. sudden grow fond of a country life. Had not my dog of a steward ran away as he did, Who guides below, and rules above, without making up his accounts, I had still The great disposer, and the mighty King : been immersed in sin and sea-coal. But

Than he pone greater, like him none,

That can be, is, or was; since my late forced visit to my estate, I am

Supreme he singly fills the throno. Creech. so pleased with it, that I am resolved to live and die upon it. I am every day abroad SIMONIDES being asked by Dionysius the among my acres, and can scarce forbear fill- tyrant what God was, desired a day's time to ing my letters with breezes, shades, flowers, consider of it before he made his reply. When meadows, and purling streams. The simpli- the day was expired he desired two days; and city of manners, which I have heard you so afterwards, instead of returning his answer, often speak of, and which appears here in demanded still double the time to consider of perfection, charms me wonderfully. As an it. This great poet and philosopher, the more instance of it I must acquaint you, and by be contemplated the nature of the Deity, found your means the whole club, that I have lately that he waded but the more out of his depth ; married one of my tenant's daughters. She and that he lost himself in the thought, instead is born of honest parents; and though she has of finding an end of it, no portion, she has a great deal of virtue. The If we consider the idea which wise men, by natural sweetness and innocence of her be- the light of reason, have framed of the Divine haviour, the freshness of her complexion, the Being, it amounts to this ; that he has in him unaffected turn of her shape and person, shot all the perfection of a spiritual nature. And, me through and through every time I saw her, since we have no notion of any kind of spiriand did more execution upon me in grogram tual perfection but what we discover in our than the greatest beauty in town or court had own souls, we join infinitude to each kind of ever done in brocade. In short, she is such these perfections, and what is a faculty in an one as promises me a good heir to my an human soul becomes an attribute in God. estate ; and if by her means I cannot leave to We exist in place and time ; the Divine Bemy children what are falsely called the gifts of ing fills the immensity of space with his prebirth, high titles, and alliances, I hope to con- sence, and inhabits eternity. We are posvey to them the more real and valuable gifts sessed of a little power and a little knowof birth-strong bodies, and healthy constitu- ledge: The Divine Being is almighty and omtions. As for your fine women I need not tell niscient. In short, by adding infinity to any thee that I know them. I have had my share kind of perfection we enjoy, and by joining all in their graces; but no more of that. It shall these different kinds of perfection in one bebe my business hereafter to live the life of an ing, we form our idea of the great Sovereign honest man, and to act as becomes the master of Nature,

ure. of a family. I question not but I shall draw Though every one who thinks must have upon me the raillery of the town, and be treat- made this observation, I shall produce Mr. ed to the tune of, The Marriage-hater Match - Locke's authority to the same purpose, out of ed ;'* but I am prepared for it. I have been his Essay on Human Understanding. “If we as witty upon others in my time. To tell thee examine the idea we have of the incompretruly, I saw such a tribe of fashionable young hepsible Supreme Being, we shall find that we Autiering coxcombs shot up, that I did not come by it the same way ; and that the comthink my post of an homme de ruelle any plex ideas we have both of God and separate longer tenable. I felt a certain stiffness in my spirits, are made up of the simple ideas we limbs, which entirely destroyed the jantiness receive from reflection : v. g. having, from of air I was once master of. Besides, for I may what we experience in ourselves, got the ideas now confess my age to thee, I have been eight- of existence and duration, of knowledge and and-forty above these twelve years. Since my powe: of pleasure and bappiness, and of seretirement into the country will make a va- veral other qualities and powers, which it is cancy in the club, I could wish you would fill better to have than to be without : when we up my place with my friend Tom Dapperwit. would frame an idea the most suitable we can He has an infinite deal of fire, and knows the to the Supreme Being, we enlarge every one of town. For my own part, as I have said before, these with our own idea of infinity: and so I shall endeavour to live hereafter suitable to putting them together, make our complex idea a man in my station, as a prudent head of a of God.' family, a good husband, a careful father (when It is not impossible that there may be many it shall so happen,) and as

kinds of spiritual perfection, besides those - Your most sincere friend, which are lodged in an human soul : but it WILLIAM HONEYCOMB. is impossible that we should have the ideas

of any kinds of perfection, except those of No. 531.] Saturday, November 8. 1712.

which we have some small rays and short im. Qui mare et terras, variisque mundum

perfect strokes in ourselves. It would thereTeinperat horis :

| fore be very high presumption to determine

whether the Supreme Being has not many * The name of one of Tom Durfey's miserable comedies.

more attributes than those which enter inIt was Dogget's excellent performance of a character in this play, that first drew the eyes of the public upon him,

to our conceptions of him. This is certain, and narked him out as an actor of superior talents. that if there be any kind of spiritual perfec

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