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Whilst he reigns over us, we shall never want/separation from the body, with regard to that ruined villages."

invisible world which every where surrounds The story says, the sultan was so touched us, though we are not able to discover it with the fable, that he rebuilt the towns and through this grosser world of matter, which is villages which had been destroyed, and from accommodated to our senses in this life. His that time forward consulted the good of his words are as follow: people.

To fill up my paper, I shall add a most ri- " That death, which is our leaving this diculous piece of natural magic, which was world, is nothing else but putting off these taught by no less a philosopher than De- bodies, teaches us that it is only our union to mocritus, namely, that if the blood of cer- these bodies which intercepts the sight of the tain birds, which he mentioned, were mixed other world. The other world is not at such together, it would produce a serpent of such a distance from us as we may imagine ; the a wonderful virtue, that whoever did eat it throne of God indeed is at a great remove from should be skilled in the language of birds, this earth, above the third heavens, where he and understand every thing they said to one displays his glory to those blessed spirits which another. Whether the dervise above men- encompass his throne; but as soon as we step toined might not have eaten such a serpent, I out of these bodies we step into the other shall leave to the determination of the learned. world, which is not so properly another world

|(for there is the same heaven and earth still) as a new state of life. To live in these bodies

is to live in this world; to live out of them is No. 513.] Saturday, October 18, 1712.

to remove into the next : for while our souls Afflata est numine quando

are confined to these bodies, and can look onJam propriore Dei.

Virg. Æn. iv. 50. ly through these material casements, nothing

but what is material can affect us ; nay, no. When all the god came rushing on her soul.


thin' but what is so gross that it can reflect

light, and convey those shapes and colours of The following letter comes to me from that things with it to the eye : so that, though excellent man in holy orders, whom have within this visible world there be a more glomentioned more than once as one of that socie- rious scene of things than what appears to us, ty, who assists me in my speculations. It is a we perceive nothing at all of it; for this veil thought in sickness, and of a very serious na- of flesh parts the visible and invisible world : ture, for which reason I give it a place in the but when we put off these bodies, there are paper of this day.

new and surprising wonders psesent themselves to our views; when these material spectacles

are taken off, the soul with its own naked eyes “The indisposition which has long hung up-sees what was invisible before; and then we on me is at last grown to such a head, that it are in the other world, when we can see it, must quickly make an end of me or of itself. and converse with it. Thus St. Paul tells us, You may imagine, that whilst I am in this bad that when we are at home in the body we state of health, there are none of your works are absent from the Lord; but when we are which I read with greater pleasure than your absent from the body, we are present with the Saturday's papers. I should be very glad if Lord:' 2 Cor. v. 6, 8. And methinks this is I could furnish you with any hints for that enough to cure us of our fondness for these day's entertainment. Were I able to dress bodies, unless we think it more desirable to up several thoughts of a serious nature, be confined to a prison, and to look through a which have made great impressions on my grate all our lives, which gives us but a very mind during a long fit of sickness, they might narrow prospect, and that none of the best not be an improper entertainment for that oc- neither, than to be set at liberty to view all casion.

the glories of the world. What would we give *Among all the reflections which usually rise now for the least glimpse of that invisible in the mind of a sick man, who has time and world, which the first step we take out of inclination to consider his approaching end, these bodies will present us with? There are there is none more natural than that of his such things .as eye hath not seen nor ear going to appear naked and unbodied before heard, neither hath it entered into the beart Him who made him. When a man considers of man to conceive. Death opens our eyes, that, as soon as the vital union is dissolved, enlarges our prospect, presents us with a new he shall see that Supreme Being whom he and more glorious world, which we can never now contemplates at a distanee, and only in see while we are shut up in flesh; which should his works ; or, to speak more philosophically, make us as willing to part with this veil, as to when by some faculty in the soul, he shall ap- take the film off of our eyes which hinders our prehend the Divine Being, and be more sen- sight ?”. sible of his presence than we are now of the presence of any object which the eye beholds, 'As a thinking man cannot but be very a man must be lost in carelessness and stu- much affected with the idea of his appearing pidity, who is not alarmed at such a thought. in the presence of that Being “ whom none Dr. Sherlock, in his excellent treatise upon can see and live," he must be much more afDeath, has represented, in very strong and rected when he considers that this Being whom lively colours, the state of the soul in its first he appears before will examine all the actions

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of his past life, and reward or punish him ac- Oui, mon Dieu, la grandeur de mon impiet,

Ne laisse ton à pouvoir que le choix du supplice: cordingly. I must confess that I think there

Ton intérét s'oppose à ma felicité: is no scheme of religion, besides that of Chris

Et ta clémence même attend que je périsse. tianity, which can possibly support the most Contente ton désir, puis qui'l t'est glorieux; virtuous person under this thought. Let a

Offense toi des pleurs qui coulent de mes yeux:

Tonne, frappe, il est tems, rens moi guerre pur guerre man's innocence be what it will, let his vir

J'adore en périssant la raison qui t'aigrit. tues rise to the highest pitch of perfection Mais dessus quel endroit toinbera ton tonnére, attainable in this life, there will be still in Qui ne soit tout couvert du sang de Jesus Christ." him so many secret sins, so many human

"If these thoughts may be serviceable to frailties, so many offcnces of ignorance, passion, and prejudice, so many unguarded words you, I desire you would place them in a and thoughts, and, in short, so many defects

proper light, and am ever, with great sinin his best actions, that, without the advan- cerity


'Sir, yours, &c.' tages of such an expiation and atonement as Christianity has revealed to us, it is impossible that he should be cleared before his Sove- No. 514.] Monday, October 20, 1712. reign Judge, or that he should be able to

-Me Parnasi deserta per ardua dulcis " stand in his sight.” Our holy religion sug Raptat amor: juvat ire jugis qua nulla priorum, gests to us the only means whereby our guilt Castaliam molli divertitur orbita clivo. may be taken away, and our imperfect obedi

Virg. Georg. iü. 291. ence accepted.

But the commanding Muse my chariot guides, 'It is this series of thought that I have en Which o'er the dubious cliff securely rides: deavoured to express in the following hymn,

And pleas'd I am no beaten road to take,

But first the way to new discov'ries make. which I have composed during this my sick

Dryden ncss.


I CAME home a little later than usual the " When, rising from the bed of death,

other night; and, not finding myself inclined O'erwhelu'd with guilt and fear,

to sleep, I took up Virgil to divert me until I I see my Maker, face to face, O how shall I appear!

should be more disposed to rest. He is the

author whom I always choose on such occaII.

sions ; no one writing in so divine, so harmoIf yet while pardon may be found, And mercy may be sought,

nious, nor so equal a strain, which leaves the My heart with inward horror shrinks,

mind composed and softened into an agreeAnd trembles at the thought;

able melancholy; the temper in which, of all III.

others, I choose to close the day. The passa"When thou, O Lord, shall stand disclos'd

ges I turned to were those beautiful raptures In mujesety severe,

in his Georgics, where he professes himself en· And sit in judgment on my soul,

tirely given up to the Muses, and smit with O how shall I appear!

the love of poetry, passionately wishing to be

transported to the cool shades and retirements " But thou hast told the troubled mind,

of the mountain Hæmus. I closed the book Who does her sins lament,

and went to bed. What I had just before The timely tribute of her tears,

been reading made so strong an impression on Shall endless woe prevent.

my mind, that fancy seemed almost to fulfil

to me the wish of Virgil, in presenting to me (1 Then sec the sorrow's of my heart,

the following vision. Ere yet it be too late;

• Methought I was on a sudden placed in the And hear my Saviour's dying groans, To give those sorrows weight.

plains of Bæotia, where at the end of the

horizon I saw the mountain Parnassus rising VI.

before me. The prospect was of so large an " For never shall my soul despair

extent, that I long wandered about to find a Her pardon to procure, Who knows thine only Son has died

path which should directly lead me to it, bad To make her pardon sure."

I not seen at some distance a grove of trees,

which, in a plain that had nothing else re• There is a noble hymn in French, which markable enough in it to fit my sight, imme. Monsieur Bayle has celebrated for a very fine diately determined me to go thither. When one, and which the famous author of the I arrived at it, I found it parted out into a Art of Speaking calls an admirable one, that great number of walks and alleys, which often turns upon a thought of the same nature. If widened into beautiful openings, as circles or I could have done it justice in English, I lovals, set round with yews and cypresses, with would have sent it to you translated; it was niches, grottos, and caves, placed on the sides, written by Monsieur des Barreux, who had encompassed with ivy. There was no sound been one of the greatest wits and libertines in to be heard in the whole place, but only that France, but in his last years was as remarkable of a gentle breeze passing over the leaves of a penitent.

the forest; every thing beside was buried in

a profound silence. I was captivated with the * Grand Dieu, tes jugemens sont remplis d'équité; Toujours tu prends plaisir à nous être propice,

beauty and retirement of the place, and never Mais j'ai tant fait de mal, que jamais ta bonte

so much, before that hour, was pleased with Ne me pardonnera, sans choquer ta justice.

the enjoyment of myself. I indulged the hu

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mour, and soffered myself to wander without would show me a nearer way to the mounchoice or design. At length, at the end of a tain of the Muses. Among the rest Vanity range of trees, I saw three figures seated on a was extremely importunate, having deluded bank of moss, with a silent brook creeping at infinite numbers, whom I saw wandering at their feet. I adored them as the tutelary di- the foot of the hill. I turned away from this vinities of the place, and stood still to take a despicable troop with disdain ; and, addres. particular view of each of them. The middle- sing myself to my guide, told her that, as I most, whose name was Solitude, sat with her had some bopes I should be able to reach up arms across each other, and seemed rather part of the ascent, so I despaired of having pensive, and wholly taken up with her own strength enough to attain the plain on the top. thoughts, than any ways grieved or displeased. But, being informed by her that it was imposThe only companions which she admitted into sible to stand upon the sides, and that if I did that retirement were, the goddess Silence, not proeeed onwards I should irrevocably fall who sat on her right hand with her finger on down to the lowest verge, I resolved to hazard her mouth, and on her left Contemplation, any labour and hardsbip in the attempt : so with her eyes fixed upon the heavens. Before great a desire had l of enjoying the satisfacher lay a celestial globe, with several schemes tion I hoped to meet with at the end of my enof mathematical theorems. She prevented terprise. my speech with the greatest affability in the There were two paths, which led up by difworld. “Fear not," said she, “I know your ferent ways to the summit of the mountain : request before yoa speak it ; you would be the one was guarded by the genius which preled to the mountain of the Muses : the only sides over the moment of our births. He had way to it lies through this place, and no one it in charge to examine the several pretensions is so aften employed in conducting persons of those who desired to pass that way, but to thither as myscif.” When she had thus spok- admit none excepting those only on whom en, she rose from her seat, and I immediately Melpomene had looked with a propitious eye placed myself under her direction; but whilst at the hour their nativity. The other way was I passed through the grove I could not help guarded by Diligence, to whom many of those inquiring of her who were the persons admit-persons applied who had met with a denial the ted into that sweet retirement. “Surely,"other way ; but he was so tedious in granting said I. “there can nothing enter here but their request, and indeed after admittance the virtue and virtuous thoughts; the whole wood way was so very intricate and laborious, that seems designed for the reception and reward many, after they had made some progress, of such persons as have spent their lives accor-chose rather to return back than proceed, and ding to the dictates of their conscience, and I very few persisted so long as to arrive at the the commands of the gods.” “You imagine) end they proposed. Besides these two paths, right,” said she : “ assure yourself this place which at length severally led to the top of was at first designed for no other: such it the mountain, there was a third made up of continued to be in the reign of Saturn, when these two, which a little after the entrance none entered here but holy priests, deliverers joined in one. This carried those happy few, of their country from oppression and tyran- whose good fortune it was to find it, directly ny, who reposed themselves here after their to the throne of Apollo. I do not know labours, and those whom the study and love whether I should even now have had the resoof wisdom had fitted for divine conversation. lution to have demanded entrance at either of But now it is become no less dangerous than these doors, had I not seen a peasant-like man it was before desirable : vice has learned so to (followed by a numerous and lovely train of mimic virtue, that it often creeps in hither youths of both sexes) insist upon entrance for under its disguise. See there; just before all whom he led up. He put me in mind of you, Revenge stalking by, habited in the robe the country clown who is painted in the map of Honour. Observe not far from him Am. for leading prince Eugene over the Alps. He bition, standing alone; if you ask him his had a bundle of papers in his hand ; and, proname, he will tell you it is Emulation, or Glo-ducing several, that he said were given to him ry. But the most frequent intruder we have is by hands which he knew Apollo would allow Lust, who succeeds now the deity to whom as passes ; among which, methought I saw in better days this grove was entirely devoted. some of my own writing; the whole assembly Virtuous Love, with Hymen, and the Graces was admitted, and gave by their presence a attending him, once reigned over this happy new beauty and pleasure to these happy manplace; a whole train of virtues waited on him, sions. I found the man did not pretend to and no dishonourable thought durst presume enter himself, but served as a kind of forester for admittance. But now, how is the whole in the lawns, to direct passengers, who by prospect changed ! and how seldom renewed their own merit, or instructions he procured by some few who dare despise sordid wealth, for them, had virtue enough to travel that way. and imagine themselves fit companions for so I looked very attentively upon this kind bome. charming a divinity."

ly benefactor; and forgive me, Mr. Spectator, *The goddess had no sooner said thus, but if I own to you I took him for yourself. We we were arrived at the utmost boundaries of were no sooner entered, but we were sprinkled the wood, which lay contiguous to a plain three times with thc water of the fountain of that ended at the foot of the mountain. Here Aganippe, which had power to deliver us from I kept close to my guide, being solicited by all harms, but only envy, which reacheth even several phantoms, who assured me they to the end of our journey. We had not proceeded far in the middle path, when we arrived had joined them, and stood in a posture full of at the summit of the hill, where there imme- admiration at the harmony of his words. diately appeared to us two figures, which ex- . Lastly, at the very brink of the hill, I saw tremely engaged my attention : the one was a Boccalini sending despatches to the world beyoung nymph in the prime of her youth and low of what happened upon Parnassus; but beauty ; she had wings on her shoulders and I perceived he did it without leave of the Mufeet, and was able to transport herself to the ses, and by stealth, and was unwilling to have

distant regions in the smallest space of them revised by Apollo. I could now, from time. She was continually varying her dress, this height and serene sky, behold the infinite sometimes into the most natural and becom-cares and anxieties with which inortals below ing habits in the world, and at others into the sought out their way through the maze of most wild and freakish garb that can be ima life. I saw the path of Virtue lie straight begined. There stood by her a man full aged fore them, whilst Interest, or some malicious and of great gravity, who corrected her in- demon, still hurried them out of the way. I consistencies by showing them in his mirror, was at once touched with pleasure at my own and still flung her affected and unbecoming happiness, and compassion at the sight of ornaments down the mountain, which fell in their inextricable errors. Here the two conthe plain below, and were gathered up and tending passions rose so high, that they were wore with great satisfaction by those that in- inconsistent with the sweet repose I enjoyed ; habited it. The name of this nymph was and, awaking with a sudden start, the only conFancy, the daughter of Liberty, the most solation I could admit of for my loss, was the beautiful of all the mountain .nymphs: the hopes that his relation of my dreams will not other was Judgment, the offspring of Time, displease you.

T. and the only child he acknowledged to be his. A youth, who sat upon a throne just between No. 515.1 Tuesday, October 21, 1712. them, was their genuine offspring ; his name was Wit, and his seat was composed of the Pudet me et miscret, qui harum mores cantabat mihi,

Monuisse frustra

Ter. Heaut. Act ii. Sc. 3. works of the most celebrated authors. I could not but see with a secret joy, that, though I am ashamed and grieved, that I neglected his advice, the Greeks and Romans made the majority. who gave me the character of tbose creatures. yet our own country men were the next both

MR. SPECTATOR, in number and dignity. I was now at liberty' on

| 'I am obliged to you for printing the acto take a full prospect of that delightful re

e count I lately sent you of a coquette who disgion. I was inspired with new vigour and turbed a sober congregation in the city of Lonlife, and saw everything in nobler and more don. That intelligence ended at her taking a pleasing views than before : I breathed a pu-coach. and bidding the driver go where he rer æther in a sky which was a continued

ed knew. I could not leave her so, but dogged azure, gilded with perpetual sunshine.

The her, as hard as she drove, to Paul's church

Then two suminits of the mountain rose on each

ach yard, where there was a stop of coaches atside, and formed in the midst a most delicious

us tending company coming out of the cathedral. vale, the habitation of the Muses, and of Th

This gave me an opportunity to hold up a such as had composed works worthy of im-crown to her coachman, who gave me the sig. mortality. Apollo was seated upon a throne nal that he would hurry on, and make no haste, of gold, and for a canopy an aged laurel

el as you know the way is when they favour a spread its boughs and its shade over bis

d; chase. By bis many kind blunders, driving His bow and quiver lay at his feet. He held ..

held against other coaches, and slipping off some his harp in his hand, whilst the Muses round of his tackle. I could keep up with him, and about him celebrated with hymns his victory indeed my fine lady in the parish of St. Jame's. over the serpent Python, and sometiines sung As

$ surg As I guessed, when I first saw her at church, in softer notes the loves of Leucothoe and her

and her business is to win hearts, and throw them Daphnis. Homer, Virgil, and Milton, were

vere away, regard ng nothing but the triumph. I seated the next to them. Behind were a great

real have had the happiness, by tracing her through number of others; among whom I was surpris. all with whom I heard she was acquainted, to ed to see some in the habit of Laplanders, who find one who was intimate with a friend of notwithstanding the uncouthness of their dress, I mine, and to be introduced to her notice. I had lately obtained a place on the mountain.lha

tain. have made so good a use of my time, as to I saw Pindar walking alone, no one daring to

le daring to procure from that intimate of hers one of her accost him, until Cowley joined himself to him; letters, which she writ to her when in the counbut, growing weary of one who almost walked try. This epistle of her own may serve to him out of breath, he left him for Horace and are

and alarm the world against her in ordinary life, Anacreon, with whom he seemed infinitely de las mine. I hope, did those who shall behold lighted.

lher at church The letter was written last 'A little further I saw another group of winter to the lady who gave it me; and I doubt figures : I made up to them, and found it not but you will find it the soul of an happy was Socrates dictating to Xenophon, and self-loving dame, that takes all the admiration the spirit of Plato; but most of all, Mu-Ishe can ineet with, and returns none of it in sæus had the greatest audience about him. I love to her admirers. I was at too great a distance to hear what| he said, or discover the faces of his hearers:1 “ DEAR JENNY, only I thought I now perceived Virgil, who "I am glad to find you are likely to be disc

posed of in marriage so much to your appro-li, who do not care a farthing for him, had no bation as you tell me. You say you are afraid hard task to outvex him. I made Faniy, with only of me, for I shall laugh at your spouse's a very little encouragement, cut capers coupie, airs. I beg of you not to fear it, for I am too and then sink with all the air and tenderness nice a discerner to laugh at any, but whom imaginable. When he performed this, I obmost other people think fine fellows ; so that served the gentleman you know of fall into the your dear may bring you hither as soon as his same way, and imitate as well as he could the borses are in case enough to appear in town, despised Fanfly. I cannot well give you, who and you will be very safe against any raillery are so grave a country lady, the idea of the you may apprehend from me ; for I am sur-joy we have when we see a stubborn heart rounded with coxcombs of my own making, breaking, or a man of sense turning fool for who are all ridiculous in a manner wherein our sakes; but this happened to our friend, your good man, I presume, cannot exert him- and I expect his attendance whenever I go to self. As men who cannot raise their fortunes, church, to court, to the play, or the park. and are uneasy under the incapacity of shin- This is a sacrifice due to as women of genius, ing in courts, rail at ambition; so do awk- who have the eloquence of beauty, an easy ward and insipid women, who cannot warm mein. I mean by an easy mein, one which the hearts, and charm the eyes of men, rail at can be on occasion easily affected : for I must affectation : but she that has the joy of seeing tell you, dear Jenny, I hold one maxim, a inan's heart leap into his eyes at beholding which is an uncommon one, to wit, That our her, is in no pain for want of esteem among greatest charms are owing to affectation. It the crew of that part of her own sex, who have is to that our arms can lodge so quietly just no spirit but that of envy, and no language but over our hips, and the fan can play without that of malice. I do not in this, I hope ex- any force or motion but just of the wrist. It press myself insensible of the merit of Leoda- is to affectation we owe the pensive attention cia, who lowers her beauty to all but her hus- of Deidamia at a tragedy, the scornful apband, and never spreads her charms but to probation of Dulcimara at a comedy, and gladden him who has a right to them ; I say, I the lowly aspect of Lanquicelsa at a sermon. do honour to those who can be coquettes, and To tell you the plain truth, I know no are not such; but I despise all who would be pleasure but in being admired, and have yet so, and, in despair of arriving at it themselves, never failed of attaining the approbation of hate and vilify all those who can. But be that the man whose regard I had a mind to. You as it will, in answer to your desire of knowing sce all the men who make a figure in the world my history: one of my chief present pleasures (as wise a look as they are pleased to put upon is in country-dances; and in obedience to me, the matter) are moved by the same vanity as I as well as the pleasure of coming up to me am. What is there in ambition, but to make with a good grace. showing themselves in their lother people's wills denand

ace, showing themselves in their other people's wills depend upon yours ? Tbis address to others in my presence, and the like indeed is not to be aimed at by one who has a opportunities, they are all proficients that way; genius no higher than to think of being a very and I had the happiness of being the other good housewife in a country gentleman's fanight where we made six couple, and every mily. The care of poultry and pigs are great woman's partner a professed lover of mine. enemies to the countenance; the vacant look The wildest imagination cannot form to it. of a fine lady is not to be preserved, if she self, on any occasion, higher delight than I admits any thing to take up her thoughts but acknowledge myself to have been in all that her own dear person. But I interrupt you evening. I chose out of my admirers a set of too long from your cares, and myself from men who must love me, and gave them conquests.' ners of such of my own sex who most envied

“I am, Madam, me.

“ Your most humble servant." " My way is, when any man who is my admirer pretends to give himself airs of merit,

'Give me leave, Mr. Spectator, to add her as at this time a certain gentleman you know

friend's answer to this epistle, who is a very did, to mortify him by favouring in his pre

discreet ingenious woman. sence the most insignificant creature I can find. “ DEAR GATTY, At this ball I was led into the company by pretty Mr. Fanfly, who, you know, is the

“I take your railery in very good part, most obsequious, well-shaped, well-bred wo

and am obliged to yon for the free air with

which you speak of your own gaieties. But man's man in the town. i at first entrance declared him my partner if I danced at all this is but a barren superficial pleasure : for. which put the whole assembly into a grin, as

indeed, Gatty, we are made for man; and in

serious sadness I must tell you, whether you forming no terrors from such a rival. But we had not been long in the room before lover- yourself know it or no, all these gallantries heard this meritorious gentleman above men

tend to do other end but to be a wife and a tioned say, with an oath, .There is no raillery

mother as fast as you can. in the thing, she certainly loves the puppy.'

“I am, Madam,

1 T. My gentleman, when we were dancing, took

“ Your most obedient servant." an occasion to be very soft in his ogling upon a lady he danced with, and whom he knew of No. 516.] Wednesday, October 22, 1712. all women I loved most to outshine. The con

Immortalo odium, et nunquam sanabile vulgus: test began who could plague the other most. Inde furor vulgo, quod numina vicinorum

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