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night before the battle: however it was, this No. 435.] Saturday, July 19, 1712. single overthrow obliged them to call in the
Nec duo sunt, et forma duplex, nec fæmina dici, male republic to their assistance; but, not. Nec puer ut possint, ncutrumque, et utrumque videntur. withstanding their common efforts to repulse
Ouid, Met. iv.378. the victorious enemy, the war continued for
Both bodies in a single body mix, many years before they could entirely bring it
A single body with a double sex. Addison. to a happy conclusion.
Most of the papers I gave the public are The campaigns which both sexes passed to
written on subjects that never vary, but are gether made them so well acquainted with one
for ever fixt and immutable. Of this kind are another, that at the end of the war they did
| all my more serious essays and discourses; Dot care for parting. In the beginning of it
but there is another sort of speculations, which they lodged in separate camps, but afterwards,
|considder as occasional papers, that take as they grew more farniliar, they pitched their
(their rise from the folly, extravagance, and tents promiscuously.
caprice of the present age For I look upon From this time, the armies being checkered
myself as one set to watch the manners and with both sexes, they polished apace. The
behaviour of my countrymen and cotemporamen used to invite their fellow soldiers into
ries, ard to mark down every absurd fashion, their quarters, and would dress their tents ridiculous custom, or affected forin of speech, with flowers and boughs for their reception. I that makes its appearance in the world during If they chanced to like one inore than another, the course of my speculations. The petticoat they would be cutting her name in the table, I no sooner began to swell, but I observed its or chalking out her figure upon a wall, or talk
motions. The party-patches had not time to ing of her in a kind of rapturous language, muster themselves before I detected them. I which by degrees improved into verse and had intelligence of the coloured hood the very sonnet. These were as the first rudiments of first time it appeared in a public assembly. 1 architecture, painting, and poetry, among this might here mention several other the like consavage people. After any advantage over the tingent subjects, upon which I have bestowenemy, both sexes used to jump together, and led distin
Ved distinct papers. By this means I have so make a clattering with their swords and cffectually quashed these irregularities which shields, for joy, which in a few years produ-l gave occasion to them, that I am afraid pos. ced several regular tunes and set dances.
terity will scarce have a sufficient idea of them As the two armies romped together upou
her upou to relish those discourses which were in no litthese occasions, the women complained of the de
tle vogue at the time they were written. thick bushy beards and long nails of their con. They will be apt to think that the fashions and federates, who thereupon took care to prune customs I attacked were some fantastic conthemselves into such figures as were most plea
ceits of my own, and that their great grandsing to their friends and allies.
mothers could not be so whimsicle as I have When they had taken any spoils from the represented them for this reason, when I enemy, the men would make a present of eve-think on the figure my several volumes of ry thing that was rich and showy to the wo- speculations will make about a hundred years men whom they most admired, and would fre- hence, I consider them as so many pieces of quently dress the necks, or heads, or arms, of old plate, where the weight will be regarded, their mistresses, with any thing which they but the fashion lost. thought appeared gay or pretty. The women Among the several female extravagancies I observing that the men took delight in look- have already taken notice of, there is one which ing upon them when they were adorned with still keeps its ground. I mean that of the ladies such trappings and gewgaws, set their heads who dress themselves in a hat and feather, a at work to find out new inventions, and to out- riding coat and a periwig. or at least tie up shine one another in all councils of war, or the their hair in a bag or riband, in imitation of like solemn meetings. On the other hand, the the smart part of the opposite sex. As in my men observing how the women's hearts were yesterday's paper I gave an account of set upon finery, began to embellish themselves, mixture of two sexes in one commonwea and look as agreeably as they could in the shall here take notice of this mixture of two eyes of their associates. In short, after a few sexes in one person. I have already shown years' conversing together, the women had my dislike of this immodest custom more learned to smile, and the men to ogle; the wo-than once; but, in contempt of every thing men grew soft, and the men lively.
I have hitherto said, I am informed that When they had thus insensibly formed one the highways about this great city are still another, upon finishing of the war, which con- very much infested with these female cavaliers. cluded with an entire conquest of their com- I remember when I was at my friend Sir mon enemy, the colonels in one army mar-| Roger de Coverly's, about this time twelveried the colonels in the other; the captains in month, an equestrian lady of this order apthe same manner took the captaing to their peared upon the plains which lay at a distance wives: the whole body of common soldiers from his house. I was at that time walking in the were matched after the example of their lead-fields with my old friend ; and as his tenants ers. By this imeans the two republics incorpo- ran out on every side to see so strange a sight, rated with one another, and became the most! Sir Roger asked one of them, who came by lis, flourishing and polite government in the part what it was? To which the country fellow of the world which they inhabited.
replied, " 'Tis a gentlewoman, saving your worship's presence, in a coat and hat.' T
produced a great deal of mirth at the knight's in a peculiar manner the qualifications of the house, where we had a story at the same time French nation, the same habits and customs of another of his tenants, who meeting this gen- will not give the same offence to that people tleman-like lady on the highway, was asked which they produce amongst those of our own by her whether that was Coverly-hall? The country. Modesty is our distinguishing charhonest man seeing only the inale part of the acter, as vivacity is theirs : and when this our querist, replied, Yes, sir ; but upon the se- national virtue appears in that female beauty cond question, whether Sir Roger de Coverley for which our British ladies are celebrated was a married man ? having dropped his eye above all others in the universe, it makes up upon the petticoat, he changed his note into the most amiable object that the eye of man “No, madam.'
can possibly behold.
. C. Had one of these hermaphrodites appeared in Juvenal's days, with what an indignation No. 436.1 Monday, Julv. 21 1712. should we have seen her described by that excellent satirist ! he would have represented
---Verso pollice vulgi her in a riding habit as a greater monster
Quemlibet occidunt populariter. Jur. Sat. iii. 30. than the centaur. He would have called for With thumby bent back, they popularly kill.sacrifices of purifying waters, to expiate the
Dryden. appearance of such a prodigy. He would
Being a person of insatiable curiosity, I have invoked the shades of Portia and Lucre.!
could not forbcar going on Wednesday last tia, to see into what the Roman ladies had
to a place of no small renown for the gallantry transformed themselves.
of the lower order of Britons, to the Bear. For my own part, I am for treating the sex
garden, at Hockley in the Hole; where (as with greater tenderness, and have all along a whitish brown paper. put into my hand in made use of the most gentle methods to bring the st
8 the street, informed me) there was to be a them off from any little extravagance into trial of skill exhibited between two masters which they have sometimes unwarily fallen. of the no
Ten of the noble science of defence, at two of I think it however absolutely necessary to the clock
ury to the clock precisely. I was not a little charmkeep up the partition between the two sexes, ed with the solemnity of the challenge, which and to take notice of the smallest encroach
ran thus : ments which the one makes upon the other. I hope therefore I shall not hear any more I James Miller, sergeant, (lately come complaints on this subject. I am sure my from the frontier of Portugal) master of the she-disciples, who peruse these my daily lec- noble science of defence, hearing in most platures, bave profited but little by thein, if they ces where I have been of the great fame of are capable of giving into such an amphibious Timothy Buck, of London, master of the said dress. This I should not have mentioned, had science do invite him to meet me and exercise I not lately met one of these my female rea- at the several weapons following, viz. ders in Hyde-park, who looked upon me with a masculine assurance, and cocked her hat • Back sword, Single falchion, full in my face.
• Sword and dagger, Case of falchions, For my part, I have one general key to the Sword and buckler, Quarter staff.' . behaviour of the fair-ses. When I see them singular in any part of their dress, I conclude If the generous ardour in James Miller to it is not without some evil intention; and dispute the reputation of Timothy Buck had therefore question not but the design of this something resembling the old heroes of ro. strange fashion is to smite more effectually mance, Timothy Buck returned answer in the their male beholders. Now to set them right same paper with the like spirit, adding a little in this particular, I would faip have them con- indignation at being challenged, and seeming sider with themselves, whether we are not to condescend to fight James Miller, not in remore likely to be struck by a figure entirely gard to Miller himself, but in that, as the fame female, than with such an one as we may see went about, he had fought Parkes of Coventry. every day in our glasses. Or, if they please The acceptance of the combat ran in these let them reflect upon their own hearts, and words. think how they would be effected should they meet a man on horseback, in his breeches and
I Timothy Buck, of Clare-market, master jack-boots and at the same tine dressed up in o'
in of the noble science of defence, hearing he did a commode and a nightraile.
fight Mr. Parkes* of Coventy, will not fail I must observe that this fashion was first of
. * On a large tomb, in the great church-yard of Co all brought to us from France, a country ventry, is the following inscription : which has infected all the nations of Europe "To the memory of Mr. John Sparkes, a native of with its levity. I speak not this in derogation this city: he was a man of a mild disposition, a gladi
ator by profession; who, after having fought 350 battles of a whole people, having more than once in
" in the principal parts of Europe with honour and apfound fault with those general reflections plause, at length quitted the stage, sheathed his sword, which strike at kingdoms or commonwealths and, with Christian resignation, submitted to the grand in the gross-a piece of cruelty, which an in-victor in the 52d year of his age.
Anno salutis humana 1733.' gepious writer of our own compares to that of Caligula, who wished that the Roman peo-! His friend, sorjeant Miller, here incntioned, a man of ple had all but one neck, that he might be- vast athletic accomplishments, was advanced afterwards
I.to the rank of a captain in the British army, and did no. head them at a blow. I shall therefore only table service in Scotland under the duke of Cumberremark, that as liveliness and assurance are land in 1745.
(God willing) to meet this fair inviter at the The expectation of the spectators was now time and place appointed, desiring a clear almost at its height ; and the crowd pressing stage and no favour.
Vivat Regina.' in, several active persons thought they were
placed rather according to their fortune than I shall not here look back on the spectacles their merit, and took it in their heads to prefer of the Greeks and Romans of this kind, but themselves from the open area or pit to the must believe this custom took its rise from the galleries. The dispute between desert and ages of knigbt-errantry; from those who loved property brought many to the ground, and one woman so well, that they hated all men raised others in proportion to the highest seats and women else ; from those who would fight by turns, for the space of ten minutes, till Timyou, whether you were or not of their mind; othy Buck came on, and the whole assembly, from those who demanded the combat of their giving up their disputes, turned their eyes upon contemporaries, both for admiring their mis- the champions. Then it was that every man's tress or discommending her. I cannot there- affection turned to one or the other irresistibly. fore but lament, that the terrible part of the A judicious gentleman near me said, I could, ancient fight is preserved, when the amorous methinks, be Miller's second, but I had rather side of it is forgotten. We have retained the nave Buck for mine.' Miller had an audacious barbarity, but lost the gallantry of the old look, that took the eye; Buck, a perfect comcombatants. I could wish, methinks, these posure, that engaged the judginent. Buck came gentlemen had consulted me in the promulga- on in a plain coat, and kept all his air till the tion of the conflict. I was obliged by a fair instant of engaging; at which time he undressed young maid, whom I understood to be called to his shirt, his arm adorned with a bandage of Elizabeth Preston, daughter of the keeper of red riband. No one can describe the sudden the garden, with a glass of water; who I concern in the whole assembly; the most imagined might have been, for form's sake, tumultuous crowd in nature was as still and as the general representative of the lady fought much engaged as if all their lives depended on for, and from her beauty the proper Amaryllis the first blow. The combatants met in the on these occasions. It would have run better middle of the stage, and shaking hands, as rein the challenge, “I'James Miller, sergeant, moving all malice, they retired with much who have travelled parts abroad, and came grace to the extremeties of it; from whence last from the frontier of Portugal, for the love they immediately faced about, and approached of Elizabeth Preston, do assert that the said each other, Miller with a heart full of resoluElizabeth is the fairest of women.' Then the tion, Buck with a watchful untroubled counteanswer; * I Timothy Buck, who have staid innance; Buck regarding principally his own deGreat Britain during all the war in foreign fence, Miller chiefly thoughtful of annoying parte, for the sake of Susannah Page, do deny his opponent. It is not easy to describe the that Elizabeth Preston is so fair as the said Su- many escapes and imperceptible defences besannab Page. Let Susannah Page look on, tween two men of quick eyes and ready limbs ; and I desire of James Miller no favour.' but Miller's heat laid him open to the rebuke of
This would give the battle quite another the calm Buck, by a large cut on the forehead. turn; and a proper station for the ladies, Much effusion of blood covered his eyes in a whose complexion was disputed by the sword, moment, and the huzzas of the crowd undoubtwould animate the disputants with a more gal. edly quickened the anguish. The assembly lant incentive than the expectation of money was divided into parties upon their different from the spectators; though I would not have ways of fighting ; while a poor nymph in one that neglected, but thrown to that fair one of the galleries apparently suffered for Miller, whose lover was approved by the donor. and burst into a food of tears. As soon as his
Yet, considering the thing wants such amend-wound was wrapped up, he came on again with ments, it was carried with great order. James a little rage, which still disabled him further. Miller came on first, preceded by two disa- But what brave man can be wounded into more bled drummers, to show, I suppose, that the patience and caution ? The next was a warm progpect of maimed bodies did not in the least eager ouset, which ended in a decisive stroke deter him. There ascended with the daring on the left leg of Miller. The lady in the galMiller a gentleman, whose name I could not lery, during this second strife, covered her learn, with a dogged air, as unsatisfied that he face, and for my part I could not keep my was not principal This son of anger lowered thoughts from being mostly employed on the at the whole assembly, and, weighing bimself consideration of her unbappy circumstances as he marched round from side to side, with a that moment, hearing the clashing of swords, stiff knee and shoulder, he gave intimations of and apprehending life or victory concerning the purpose he smothered till he saw the issue her lover in every blow, but not daring to satisof the encounter Miller had a blue ribbon fy herself on whom they fell. The wound was. tied round the sword arm ; which ornament I exposed to the view of all who could delight in conceive to be the remains of that custom of it, and sewed up on the stage. The surly sewearing a mistress's favour on such occasions cond of Miller declared at this time, that he of old.
would that day fortnight fight Mr. Buck at the Miller is a man of six foot eight inches same weapons, declaring himself the master of height, of a kind but bold aspect, well fash- the renowned Gorman ; but Buck denied him loned, and ready of his limbs; and such the honour of that courageous disciple, and as. readiness as spoke his ease in them was ob-serting that he himself had taught that chantained from a habit of motion in military ex-pion, accepted the challenge. ercise.
There is something in nature very unaccountVUL. II.
able on such occasions, when we see the people plentiful fortunes at their own disposal, and betake a certain painful gratification in bebold- stowing her friends upon worthless indigent ing these encounters, Is it cruelty that ad- fellows; on the other side, she ensnares inconministers this sort of delight ? or is it a plea- considerate and rash youths of great estates sure which is taken in the exercise of pity ? It into the arms of vicious women. For this purwas, methought, pretty remarkable that the pose, she is accomplished in all the arts which business of the day being a trial of skill, the can make her acceptable at impertinent visits; popularity did not run so high as one would she knows all that passes in every quarter, and have expected on the side of Buck. It is that is well acquainted with all the favourite serpeople's passions have their rise in self-love, vants, busy-bodies, dependents, and poor reand thought themselves (in spite of all the lations, of all persons of condition in tbe whole courage they had) liable to the fate of Miller, town. At the price of a good sum of money, but could not so easily think themselves quali. Sempronia, by the instigation of Flavilla's fied like Buck ?
mother, brought about the match for the daughTully speaks of this custom with less horror ter; and the reputation of this, which is appathan one would expect, though he confesses it rently, in point of fortune, more than Flavilla was much abused in his time, and seems direct- could expect, has gained her the visits and frely to approve of it under its first regulations, quent attendance of the crowd of mothers, who when criminals only fought before the people. had rather see their children miserable in great • Crudele gladiatorum spectaculem et inhuma- wealth, than the happiest of the race of mannum nonnullis videri solet, et haud scio annon kind in a less conspicuous state of life. When ita sit ut nunc fit; cùm verò sontes ferto depug. Sempronia is so well acquainted with a wonabant, auribus fortasse multa, oculis quidem man's temper and circumstances, that she benulla poterat, esse fortior contra dolorem et mor. lieves marriage would be acceptable to her, tem disciplina.' . The shows of gladiators and advantageous to the man who shall get. may be thought barbarous and inhuman, and her, her next step is to look out for some one, I know not but it is so as now practised; but whose condition has some secret wound in it, in those times when only criminals were com- and wants a sum, yet, in the eye of the world, batants, the ear perhaps might receive many not unsuitable to her. If such is not easily better instructions, but it is impossible that any had, she immediately adorns a worthless felthing which affects our eyes should fortify us low with what estate she thinks convenient, so well against pain and death.'
and adds as great a share of good humour and sobriety as is requisite. After this is settled,
no importunities, arts, and devices are omitNo. 437.] Tuesday, July 22, 1712.
ted, to hasten the lady to her happiness. In
the general, indeed, she is a person of so strict 'Puno iinpunè hæc facias? Tune luc homines adolescentu
"ljustice, that she marries a poor gallant to a los, Imperitos rerum, eductos liberè, in fraudem illicis ? rich wench, and a moneyless girl to a man of Sollicitando et pollicitando eorum animos lactas?
fortune. But then she has no manner of conAc meretricos amores nuptiis conglutinas?
science in the disparity, when she has a mind Tor. And. Act. v. Sc. 4.
to impose a poor rogue for one of an estate: Shall you escape with impunity: you who lay snares she has no remorse in adding to it, that he is for young men of a liberal education, but unacquainted with the world, and by force of importunity and pro
illiterate, ignorant, and unfashioned; but miscs, druw them in to marry harlots?
makes their imperfections arguments of the
truth of his wealth ; and will, on such an ocThe other day passed by me in her chariot casion, with a very grave face, charge the peoa lady with that pale and wan complexion ple of condition with negligence in the educawhich we sometimes see in young people who cation of their children. Exception being made are fallen into sorrow, and private anxiety the other day against an ignorant booby of of mind, which antedate age and sickness. It her own clothing, whom she was putting off is not three years ago since she was gay, airy, for a rich heir: “Madam,' said she, 'you and a little towards libertine in her carriage; know there is no making of children, who but, methought, I easily forgave her that little know they have estates, attend their books.' insolence, which she so severely pays for in Sempronia, by these arts, is loaded with preher present condition. Flavilla, of whom I am sents, importuned for her acquaintance, and speaking, is married to a sullen fool with admired by those who do not know the first wealth. Her beauty and merit are lost upon taste of life, as a woman of exemplary good the dolt, who is insensible of perfection in any breeding. But sure to murder and rob are less thing. Their hours together are either painful iniquities, than to raise profit by abuses as iror insipid. The minutes she has to hesself in reparable as taking away life; but more grievhis absence are not sufficient to give vent at her ous as making it lastingly unhappy. To rob eyes, to the grief and torment of his last con- a lady at play of half her fortune, is not so ill versation. This poor creature was sacrificed as giving the whole and herself to an unworthy (with a temper which, under the cultivation busband. But Sempronia can administer conof a man of sense, would have made the most solation to an unbappy fair at home, by lead. agreeable companion) into the arms of this ling her to an agreeable gallant elsewhere. She loathsome yoke-fellow by Sempronia. Sem-then can preach the general condition of all pronia is a good lady, who supports herself in the married world, and tell an unexperienced an affluent condition, by contracting friend-young woman the methods of softening her alahip with rich young widows, and maids of fiction, and laugh at her simplicity and want
of knowledge, with an Oh! my dear, you will one is very good natured, but very passionate. know better.
| The expression, indeed, is very good-natured, The wickedness of Sempronia, one would to allow passionate people so much quarter : think, should be superlative: but I cannot but but I think a passionate man deserves the least esteem that of some parents equal to it: I mean indulgence imaginable. It is said, it is soon such as sacrifice the greatest endowments and over; that is, all the mischief he does is quickly qualifications to base bargains. A parent who despatched, which, I think, is no great recomforces a child of a liberal and ingenious* spirit mendation to favour. I have known one of into the arms of a clown or a blockhead, obli- those good-natured passionate men say in a ges her to a crime too odious for a name. It mixed company, even to his own wise or child. is in a degree the unnatural conjunction of ra- such things as the most inveterate enemy of tional and brutal beings. Yet what is there so his family would not have spoken, even in imacommon, as the bestowing an accomplished gination. It is certain that quick sensibility is woman with such a disparity? And I could inseparable from a ready understanding ; but name crowds who lead miserable lives for want why should not that good understanding call to of knowledge in their parents of this maxim, itself all its force on such occasions, to master That good sense and good-nature always go that sudden inclination to anger ? One of the together. That which is attributed to fools, greatest souls now in the world* is the most and called good-nature, is only an inability of subject by nature to anger, and yet so famous observing what is faulty, which turns, in mar- for a conquest of himself this way, that he is riage, into a suspicion of every thing as such, the known example when you talk of temper from a consciousness of that inability.
and command of a man's self. To contain the
spirit of anger, is the worthiest discipline we 'MR. SPECTATOR,
can put ourselves to. When a man has made "I am entirely of your opinion with relation
"any progress this way, a frivolous fellow in a to the equestrian females, who affect both the
e passion is to him as contemptible as a froward masculine and feminine air at the same time ; child. It ought to be the study of every man, and cannot forbear making a presentment for his own quiet and peace. When he stands against another order of them, who grow very combustible and ready to flame upon every numerous and powerful; and since our lan. thing that touches him, life is as uneasy to hiniguage is not very capable of good compound self as it is to all about him. Syncropius leads, words. I must be contented to call them only of all men living, the most ridiculous life ; he " the naked-shouldered." These beauties are is ever offending and begging pardon. If his not contented to make lovers wherever they man enters the room withoui what he was sent appear, but they must make rivals at the same for-'That blockhead,' begins hem Gentletime. Were you to see Gatty walk the Park,
* men, I ask your pardon, but servants nowat high mall, you would expect those who fol-a-days'-The wrong plates are laid, they are lowed her and those who met her would imme-thrown into the middle of the room ; his wife diately draw their swords for her. I hope, sir, stands by in pain for him, which he sees in her you will provide for the future, that women face, and answers as if he had heard all she may stick to their faces for doing any further was thinking:- Why? what the devil! Why miscbief, and not allow any but direct traders don't you take care to give orders in these in beauty to expose more than the fore-part of things ?' His friends sit down to a tasteless the neck, unless you please to allow this after-pleni
er- plenty of every thing, every minute expectgame to those who are very defective in the ing new insults from his impertinent pascharms of the countenance. I can say, to my sions. In a word, to eat with, or visit Synsorrow, the present practice is very unfair, cropius, is no other than going to see him exwhen to look back is death; and it may be ercise his family, exercise their patience, and said of our beauties, as a great poet did of his own anger, bullets,
It is monstrous that the shame and confu"They kill and wound, like Parthians, as they fly.” sion in which this good-natured angry man I submit this to your animadversion; and
must needs behold his friends, while he thus
lays about him, does not give him so much ream, for the little while I have left,
flection as to create an amendment. Your humble servant,
This is the most scândalous disuse of reason imagina“The languishing PHILANTHUS.
ble ; all the harmless part of him is no more
than that of a bull-dog, they are tame no long*P. S. Suppose you mended my letter, and
er than they are not offended. One of these made a simile about the “ porcupine;" but I
good-natured angry men ghall, in an instant, submit that also,
assemble together so many allusions to secret
circumstances, as are enough to dissolve the. No. 438.] Wednesday, July 23, 1712 peace of all the families and friends he is
acquainted with, in a quarter of an hour, and -Animum rege, qui, nisi paret, Imperat
Hor. Ep. ii. Lib. 1. 62.
yet the next moment be the best naturen
man in the world. If you would see passion in -Carb thy soul, And check thy rage, which must be rul'd or rule. its purity, without mixture of reason, behold
Creech. it represented in a mad hero, drawn by a mad
poet. Nat. Lee makes his Alexander say thus: It is a very common expression, that such a