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tested so hideous a shape, and turned my eyes terity. Behold, my dearest Alexandrinus, the upon Saturn, who was stealing away behind effect of what was propagated in nine months. him, with a scythe in one hand and an hour. We are not to contradict nature, but to follow glass in the other, ugobserved. Behind Ne- and to help her; just as long as an infant is in cessity was Vesta, the goddess of fire, with a the womb of its parent, so long are these medilamp which was per petually supplied with oil, cines of revivification in preparing. Observe and whose flame was eternal. She cheered this small phial and this little gallipot-in this the rugged brow of Necessity, and warmed an unguent, in the other a liquor. In these, my her so far as almost to make her assume the child, are collected such powers, as shall revive features and likeness of Choice. December the springs of life when they are yet but just January, and February, passed on after the ceased, and give new strength, Dew spirits, rest, all in furs; there was little distinction to and, in a word, wholly restore all the organs be made amongst them; and they were only and senses of the human body to as great a du. more or less displeasing as they discovered ration as it had before enjoyed from its birth more or less baste towards the grateful return to the day of the application of these my meof Spring
dicines. But, my beloved son, care inust be
taken to apply then within ten hours after the No. 426.] Wednesday, July 9, 1712.
breath is out of the body, while yet the clay is
warm with its late life, and yet capable of reQuid non mortalia pectora cogis,
suscitation. I find my frame grown crazy Auri sacra fames ?
Virg. Æn. iii. 56.
with perpetual toil and meditation; and I conO cursed hungr of pernicious gold:
Tjure you, as soon as I am dead, avoint me with What bands of faith can impious lucre hold!
this unguent; and when you see me begin to Dryden.
move, pour into my lips this inestimable liquor, A VERY agreeable friend of mine, the other else the force of the ointment will be inetiecday, carrying me in his coach into the country tual. By this means you will give me lite as to dinner, fell into discourse concerning the I gave you, and we will from that hour mutu* care of parents due to their children,' and ally lay aside the authority of having bestow. the piety of children towards their parents.' ed life on each other, live as brethren, and preHe was reflecting upon the succession of par- pare new medicines against such another peticular virtues and qualities there might be riod of time as will demand another applicapreserved from one generation to anorber, iftion of the same restoratives." In a few days, these regards were reciprocally held in vene-l alter these wonderful ingredients were deliverration : but as he never fails to mix an air of ed to Alexandrinus, Basilius departed this life. mirth and good-humour with his good sense But such was the pious sorrow of the son at and reasoning, he entered into the following the loss of so excellent a father, and the first relation.
transports of grief had so wholly disabled him I will not be confident in what century, or from all manner of business, that he never under what reigo it happened, that this want thought of the medicines till the time to which of mutual confidence and right understanding his father had limited their efficacy was exbetween father and son was fatal to the family pired. To tell the truth, Alexandrinus was a of the Valentines in Germany Basilius Va man of wit and pleasure, and considered his lentinus was a person who had arrived at father had lived out his natural time; bis life the utmost perfection in the herme ic art, and was long and uniform, suitable to the regulariinitiated his son Alexandrinus in the same ty of it; but that he himself, poor sinner, want. mysteries : but, as you know they are not to ed a new life, to repent of a very bad one be attained but by the painful, the pious, the hitherto; and, in the examination of his heart, chaste, and pure of heart, Basilius did not open resolved to go on as he did with this natural to him, because of his youth, and the devia-being of his, but repent very faithfully, and tions too natural to it, the greatest secrets of spend very piously the life to which he should which he was master, as well knowing that the be restored by application of these rarities, operation would fail in the hands of a man so when time should come, to his own person. liable to errors in life as Alexandrinus. But It has been observed, that Providence frebelieving, from a certain indisposition of mind quently punishes the self love of men, who as well as body, his dissolution was drawing would do immoderately for their own offspring. Bigh, he called Alexandrinus to him, and as he with children very inuch below their characlay on a couch, over-against which his son wasters and qualifications; insomuch that they seated, and prepared by sending out servants only transmit their names to be borne by those one after another, and admonition to examine who give daily proofs of the radity of the lathat no one overbeard them, he revealed the bour and ambition of their progenitors. most important of his secrets with the solemni. It happened thus in the family of Basilius ; ty and language of an adept. “My son," said for Alexandrinus began to enjoy his ample forhe, “ many have been the watchings, long the tune in all the extremities of household exlucubrations, constant the labours of thy fa- pense, furniture, and insolent equipage ; and ther, not only to gain a great and plentiful es- this he pursued until the day of his own depar. tate to his posterity, but also to take care that ture began, as he grew sensible, to approach. he should have no posterity. Be not ainazed, As Basilius was punished with a son very onmy child: I do not mean that thou shalt be ta- like him, Alexandrinus was visited by one of his ken from me, but tbat I will never leave thee, own disposition. It is natural that ill men and consequently cannot be said to have pos- should be suspicious; and Alexandrinus, be.
Jousy, had proofs of the vicious over, and began to apply the liquor, the body of his son Renatus, for that was his stirred, and Renatus, in a fright, broke the phial.
T. - Alexandrinus, as I have observed, having very good reason for thinking it unsafe to trust No. 427.1 Thursday, July 10, 1712. she real secret of his phial and gallipot to any Quantum á rerum turpitudine abes, tantùm te a ver man living, projected to make sure work, and borum libertate sejungas.
Tull. hope for his success depending frein the ava- We should be as careful of our words, as our actions; rice, noi the bounty of his beoetacior.
and 96 far froin speaking, as from doing it. • With this thought he called Renatus to his It is a certain sign of an ill heart to be inbed-side, and bespoke him in the most pathetic clined to defaination. They who are harmless gesture and accent. * As much, my son, as and innocent can have no gratification that you have been addicted to vanity and pleasure, way; but it ever arises from a neglect of what as I also have been before you, you nor Ilis laudable
ludable in a man's sell
ence could escape the same or the good effects of the in seeing it in another Else why should virprofound knowledge of our progenitor the re- tue provoke ? Why should beauty displease in nowned Basilius. Hissy mbalis very well known such a
very well known such a degree, that a man given to scandal in the philosophic world; and I shall never never lets the mention of either pass by him, forget the venerable air of his countenance, without offering something to the dimunition when he let me into the profound mysteries of of it ? A lady the other day at a visit, being the smaragdine tables of Hermes. “It is true,"attacked somewhat rudely by one whose own said he, “and far removed from all color of character has been very rudely treated, andeceit; that which is inferior is like that which swered a great deal of heat and intemperance is superior, by which are acquired and perfec- very calmiy, 'Good Madam, spare me, who am ted all the miracles of a certain work. The none of your match ; I speak ill of nobody, and father is the sun, the mother the moon, the it is a new thing to me to be spoken ill of.' wind is the womb, the earth is the nurse of it, Little minds think fame consists in the pumber and mother of all perfection. All this must be of votes they have on their side among the received with modesty and wisdom." The multitude, whereas it is really the inseparable chymical people carry, in all their jargon, a follower of good and worthy actions. Fame whimsical sort of piety which is ordinary with is as natural a follower of merit, as a shadow great lovers of money, and is no more but de- is of a body. It is true when crowds press upceiving themselves, that their regularity and on you, this shadow cannot be seen : but when strictness of manners, for the ends of this world, they separate from around you, it will again has some affinity to the innocence of heart appear. The lazy the idle, and the froward, which must recommend thein to the next. Re- are the persons who are most pleased with the natus wondered to hear his father talk so like little tales which pass about the town to the an adept, and with such a mixture of piety; disadvantage of the rest of the world. Were while Alexandrinus, observing his attention it not for the pleasure of speaking ill, there fixed, proceeded. “This phial, child, and this are numbers of people who are too lazy to go little earthen pot, will add to thy estate so out of their own houses, and too ill-natured to much as to make thee the richest man in the open their lips in conversation. It was not a German empire. I am going to my long home, little diverting the other day to observe a lady but shall not return to common dust." Then reading a post-letter, and at these words, he resumed a countenance of alacrity, and told ' After all her airs, he has heard some story him, that if within an hour after his death he or other, and the match is broke off,' gives oranointed his whole body, and poured down his ders in the midst of her reading, Put to the throat that liquor which he had from old Basil. horses.' That a young woman of merit had ius, the corpse would be converted into pure missed an advantageous settlement was news gold. I will not pretend to express to you the not to be delayed, lest somebody else should unfeigned tenderness that passed between have given her malicious acquaintance that these two extraordinary persons ; but if the fa- satisfaction before her. The unwillingness to ther recommended the care of his remains with receive good tidings is a quality as inseparable vehemence and affection, the son was not be- from a scandal-bearer, as the readiness to dihind hand in professing that he wo Id not cut vulge bad. But, alas how wretchedly low and the least bit off him, but upon the utmost ex. contemptible is that state of mind, that cantremity, or to provide for his younger brothers not be pleased but by what is the subject of and sisters.
lamentation. This temper has ever been, in "Well, Alexandrinus died, and the heir of the highest degree, odious to gallant spirits. his body (as our term is) could not forbear, in The Persian soldier, who was heard reviling the wantonness of his heart, to measure the Alexander the Great, was well admonished by length and breadth of his beloved father, and his officer, 'Sir, you are paid to fight against cast up the ensuing value of him before he pro- Alexander, and not to rail at him.' ceeded to operation. When he knew the im. Cicero, in one of his pleadings, defending mense reward of his pains, he began the work: his client from general scandal, says very but, lo! when he had anointed the corpse all handsomely, and with much reason, « There
are many who have particular engagements to * The word, 'neither' seems omitted here, though it
the prosecutor; there are many who are known is not in the original publication in folio, or in the edi
to have ill-will to him for whom I appear: tion in 8vo. of 1712.
Ithere are many who are naturally addicted to
defamation, and envious of any good to any and away she will go this instant, and tell man, who may have contributed to spread them all that the rest have been saying of reports of this kind; for nothing is so swift them. By this means she has been an inhabias scandal, nothing is more easily set abroad, tant of every house in the place, without stirnothing received with more welcome, nothing ring from the same habitation: and the many diffuses itself so universally. I shall not de- stories which every body furnishes her with, sire, that if any report to our disadvantage to favour the deceit, make her the general in has any ground for it, you would overlook telligencer of the town of all that can be said or extenuate it: but if there be any thing ad-by one woman against another. Thus groundvanced, without a person who can say wbence less stories die away, and sometimes truths he had it, or which is attested by one who are smothered under the general word, when forgot who told him it, or who had it from they have a mind to discountedance a thing, one of so little consideration that he did not 'Oh! that is my lady Bluemantle's Memoirs. think it worth his notice, all such testimonies Whoever receives impressions to the disadas these, I know, you will think too slight to vantage of others, without examination, is to have any credit against the innocence and be had in no other credit for inlelligence honour of your fellow citizen.' When an than this good lady Bluemantle, who is subill report is traced, it very often vanishes jected to have her ears imposed upon for want of among such as the orator has here recited. other helps to better information. Add to And how despicable a creature must that be, this, that other scandal-bearers suspend the who is in pain for what passes among so friv- use of these faculties which she has lost, olous a people! There is a town in Warwick. rather than apply them to do justice to their shire, of good note, and formerly pretty fa- neighbours : and I think, for the service of mous for much animosity and dissention, the my fair readers, to acquaint them, that there chief families of which have now turned all is a voluntary lady Bluemantle at every visit their whispers, backbitings, envies, and pri- in town. Fate malices, into mirth and entertainment, by means of a peevish old gentlewoman, known by the title of the lady Bluemantle. This he
"No. 428.] Friday, July 11, 1712. roine had, for many years together outdone Occupet extremum scabies. the whole sisterhood of gossips in invention.
Hor. Ars Poet. v. 417. terance, and unprovoked malice. This! The devil take the hindmost -[English Proverb.. good body is of a lasting constitution, though It is an impertinent and unreasonable fault extremely decayed in her eyes, and decrepid in conversation, for one man to take up all the in her feet. The two circumstances of being discourse. It may possibly be objected to always at home, from her lameness, and very me myself, that I am guilty in this kind, in attentive, from her blindness, make her lodg.entertaining the town every day, and not givings the receptacle of all that pasess in town, ing so many able persons, who have it more good or bad; but for the latter she seems to in their power, and as much in their inclinahave the better memory. There is another tion, an opportunity to oblige mankind with thing to be noted of her, which is, that, as it their thoughts. Besides,' said one whom I is usual with old people, she has a livelier me-overheard the other day, 'why must this pa. mory of things which passed when she was per turn altogether upon topics of learning very young than of late years. Add to all and morality ? Why should it pretend only to this, that she does not only not love any body, wit, humour, or the like-things which are but she hates every body. The statue in useful only to men of literature, and superior Rome* does not serve to vent malice half so education? I would have it consist also of all well as this old lady does to disperse it. She things which may be necessary or useful to does not know the author of any thing that is any part of society ; and the mechanic arts told her, but can readily repeat the matter it should have their place as well as the liberal, self; therefore, though she exposes all the The ways of gain, husbandry, and thrift, will whole town, she offends no one body in it. serve a greater number of people, than discourShe is so exquisitely restless and peevish, that ses opon what was well said or done by she quarrels with all about her, and sometimes such a pbilosopher, hero, general, or poet.' in a freak will instantly change her habitation. I no sooner heard this critic talk of my works, To indulge this humour, she is led about the but I minuted what he had said ; and from grounds belonging to the same house she is that instant resolved to enlarge the plan of in ; and the persons to whom she is to remove, my speculations, by giving notice to all perbeing in the plot, are ready to receive her at sons of all orders, and each sex, that if they her own chamber again. At stated times the are pleased to send me discourses, with their gentlewoman at whose house she supposes she names and places of abode to them, so that I is at the time, is sent for to quarrel with, ac- can be satisfied the writings are authentic, cording to her common custom. When they such their labours shall be faithfully inserted have a mind to drive the jest, she is immedi- in this paper. It will be of much more conseately urged to that degree, that she will board quence to a youth, in his apprenticeship, to in a family with which she has never yet been: know by what rules apd arts such a one be
came sheriff of the city of London, than to see
the sign of one of his own quality with * A statue of Pasquin in that city, on which sarcastic a lion's heart in each hand. The world, inremarks werc pasted, and thence called Pasquinades. Ideed, is enchanted with romantic and improb
ents, when the plain path to portance of his character, it might be visible
Iness and success, in the way of from what he could say, that no soldier eotero in, is wholly overlooked. Is iting a breach adventures more for honour, than ve that a young man at present could the trader does for wealth to his country. La ass his time better thau in reading the histo- both cases, the adventurers have their own adry of stocks, and knowing by what secret vantage ; but I know no cases wherein every springs they have had such sudden ascents body else is a sharer in the success. and falls in the same day.? Could he be bet. It is objected by readers of history, that the ter conducted in his way to wealth, which is battles in those narrations are scarce ever to the great article of life, than in a treatise dated be understood. This misfortune is to be as. from Change-alley by an able proficient there ? cribed to the ignorance of historians in the Nothing certainly could be more useful, than methods of drawing up, changing the forms of to be well instructed in his hopes and fears; a battalia, and the enemy retreating from, as to be diffident when others exult; and with a well as approaching to, the charge. But in secret joy buy when others think it their inte. the discourses from the correspondents whom rest to sell. I invite all persons who have any i now invite, the danger will be of another thing to say for the proffitable information of kind; and it is necessary to caution them only the public, to take their turns in my paper : against using terms of art, and describing they are welcome, from the late noble invent- things that are familiar to them in words unor of the longitude, to the humble author of known to the reader. I promise myself a straps for razors. If to carry ships in safety, great harvest of new circumstances, persons, to give help to a people tossed in a troubled and things, from this proposal; and a world, sea, without knowing to what shores they which many think they are well acquainted bear, what rocks to avoid, or what coast to with, discovered as wholly knew. This sort pray for in their extremity, be a worthy labour, of intelligence will give a lively image of the and an invention that deserves a statue ; at chain and mutual dependence of human socithe same time, he who has found a means to ety, take off impertinent prejudices, enlarge let the instrument which is to make your vi- the minds of those whose views are confined sage less horrible, and your person more smug, to their own circumstances; and, in short, easy in the operation, is worthy of some kind if the knowing in severrl arts, professions, of good reception. If things of high mo- and trades, will exert themselves, it cannot ment meet with renown, those of little conside- but produce a new field of diversion and inration, since of any consideration, are not to struction, more agreeable than has yet appearbe despised. In order that no merit may lie ed. hid, and no art unimproved, I repeat it, that I call artificers, as well as philosophers, to my No. 429.1 Saturday, July 12, 1712. assistance in the public service. It would be of great use if we had an exact history of the Populumquo falsis dedocet uti
Hor. Od. ii. Lib. 2. 19. successes of every great shop within the city walls, what tracts of land have been purchas From cheats of words the crowd she brings ed by a constant attendance within a walk of To real estimates of things,
Crecck. thirty foot. If it could also be noted in the
* MR. SPECTATOR, equipage of those who are ascended from the successful trade of their ancestors into figure 'Since I gave an account of an agreeable and equipage, such accounts would quicken set of company which were gone down into industry in the pursuit of such acquisitions, the country, I have received advices from and discountenance luxury in the enjoyment thence, that the institution of an infirmary for of them.
those who should be out of humour has had To diversify these kinds or informations, the very good effects. My letters mention particindustry of the female world is not to be un- ular circumstances of two or three persons, observed. She to whose household virtues it who had the good sense to retire of their own is owing, that men do honour to her husband, accord, and notified that they were withdrawn, should be recorded with veneration ; she who with the reasons of it to the company, in their has wasted his labours, with infamy. When respective memorials.' we are come into domestic life in this manner, to awaken caution and attendance to the main “ The humble Memorial of Mrs. Mary Dainty, point, it would not be amiss to give now and
Spinster, then a touch of tragedy, and describe that most dreadful of all human conditions, the
"SHOWETH, case of bankruptcy : how plenty, credit, cheer- “ That conscious of her own want of merit, fulness, full hopes, and easy possessions, are accompanied with a vanity of being admired, in an instant turned into penury, faint aspects, she had gone into exile of her own accord. diffidence, sorrow, and misery; how the man, “She is sensible, that a vain person is the who with an open hand the day before could most insufferable creature living in a well-bred administer to the extremities of others is shun- assembly. ned to day by the friend of his bosom. It " That she desired, before she appeared in would be useful to show how just this is on the public again, she might have assurances, that negligent, how lamentable on the industrious. though she might be thought handsome, there A paper written by a merchant might give might not inore address of compliment be paid this island a true sense of the worth and im. to her than to the rest of the company.
“ That she conceived it a kind of superiority,l. “ That he intends to prepare himself, by abthat one person should take upon him to com- stinence and thin diet, to be one of the commend another.
pany, " Lastly, that she went into the infirmary, “That at present he comes into a room as to avoid a particular person, who took upon(if he were an express froin abroad. him to profess an admiration of her.
"That he has chosen an apartment with a " She therefore prayed, that to applaud out matted antichamber, to practise motion withof due place might be declared an offence, and out being heard. punished in the same manner with detraction, “ That he bows, talks, driuks, eats, and io that the latter did but report persons defec- helps himself before a glass, to learn to act tiye, and the former made them so.
with moderation. “ All which is submitted, &c." " That by reason of his luxuriant health he
is oppressive to persons of composed beha* There appeared a delicacy and sincerity in viour. this memorial very uncommon; but my friend “That lie is endeavouring to forget the informs me, that the allegations of it were word “pshaw, pshaw.' groundless, insomuch that this declaration of “That he is also weaning himself from his an aversion to being praised was understood cane. to be no other than a secret trap to purchase it, “ That when he has learnt to live without for which reason it lies still on the table unan- his said cane, he will wait on the company, swered.'
1 &c.” “ The humble Memoriad of the Lady Lydia “ The Memorial of John Rhubarb, esq. Loller.
" SHOWETH, “SHOWETH,
" That your petitioner has retired to the in c. That the lady Lydia is a woman of qual, firmary, but that he is in perfect good health ity ; married to a private gentleman.
except that he has by long use, and for want * That she finds herself neither well or ill. of discourse, contracted an habit of complaint "That her husband is a clown.
that he is sick. ** That the lady Lydia cannot see company;| "That he wants for nothing under the sun,
" That she desires the infirmary may be her but what to say, and therefore has fallen into apartment during her stay in the country. this unhappy malady of complaining that he
“That they would please to make merry is sick. . vith their equals.
“That this custom of his makes him, by his “ That Mr. Loller might stay with them if own confession, fit only for the infirmary, and he thought fit.'
therefore he has not waited for being senten" It was immediately resolved, that lady Ly- ced to it.
" That he is conscious there is nothing more dia was still at London.'
improper than such a complaint in good com" The humble Memorial of Thomas Sudden, esq. pany, in tha
Ipany, in that they must pity, whether they
think the lamenter ill or not; and that the of the Inner Temple.
complainant must make a silly figure, whether " SHOWETH,
he is pitied or not.
"Your petitioner humbly prays that he may " That Mr. Sudden is conscious that he is have people to know how he does, and he will too much given to argumentation.
make his appearance." "That he talks loud.
· The valetudinarian was likewise easily ex" That he is apt to think all things matter of cused : and the society, being resolved not ondebate.
lly to make it their business to pass their time " That he stayed behind in Westminster-agreeably for the present season, but also to hall, when the late shake of the roof happen
commence such babits in themselves as may ed, only because a counsel of the other side as
be of use in their future conduct in general, serted it was coming down..
are very ready to give into a fancied or real “That he cannot for his life consent to any incapacity to join with their measures, in or.
der to have no humourist, proud man, imper" That he stays in the infirmary to forget tinent or sufficient fellow, break in upon their himself.
happiness. Great evils seldom happen to dis. “That as soon as he has forgot himself, be turb company; but indulgence in particulariwill wait on the company.” .
ties of humour is the seed of making half our " His indisposition was allowed to be suffi- time hang in suspense, or waste away under cient to require a cessation from company.'
* Among other things, it is carefully pro"The Memorial of Frank Jolly.
vided that there may not be disagreeable fa
miliarities. No one is to appear in the public " SHOWETE,
rooms undressed, or enter abrubtly into each " That he hath put himself into the infir other's apartment without intimation. Every mary, in regard he is sensible of a certain rus- onc has hitherto been so careful in his beha. tic mirth, which renders him unfit for polite viour, that there has but one offender, in ten conversation.
! days' time, been sent into the infirmary, VOL. II.