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thin body, swift step, demure looks, sufficient chamber since I writ to you, and have rece. sense, and knows the town. This man carried vered myself from an impertinet fit which you Cynthio's first letter to Flavia, and, by fre- ought to forgive me, and desire you would quent errands ever since, is well known to her. come to me immediately to laugh off a jealouThe fellow covers his knowledge of the nature sy that you and a creature of the towu weat of his messages with the most exquisite low hu- by in an hackney-coach an hour ago. mour imaginable. The first he obliged Flavia
I am your most humble servant, to take, was by complaining to her that he
* FLAVIA. had a wife and three children, and if she did pot take that letter, which he was sure there
I will not open the letter which my Cyn. was no harm in, but rather love, his family tbio writ upon the misapprehension you must must go supperless to bed, for the gentleman have been under, when you wait, for want of would pay him according as he did his busi-hearing the whole circumstance.' ness. Robin therefore Cynthio now thought
Robin came back in an instant, and Cynthio fit to make use of, and gave him orders to wait
answered: before Flavia's door, and if she called him to her, and asked whether it was Cynthio who
Half an hour six minutes after three; passed by, he should at first be loth to own
June 4, Will's coffee-house. it was, but apop importunity confess it. There
YADAN, peeded not much search into that part of the
'It is certain I went by your lodgings with town to find a well-dressed hussey fit for the
a gentlewoman to whom I have the honour to purpose Cynthio designed her. As soon as he
be known; she is indeed my relation, and a believed Robin was posted, he drove by Flavia's lodgings in a backney-coach and a wo.
pretty sort of a woman. But your starting man in it. Robin was at the door talking with
manner of writing, and owning you have not
done me the honour so much as to open my Flavia's maid, and Cynthio pulled up the glass
letter, has in it something very unaccounta. as surprised, and hid his associate. The report of this circumstance soon flew up stairs, and
ble, and alarms one that has had thougbts Robio could not deny but the gentlemen favou
of passing his days with you. But I am born
to admire you with all your little imperfecred* his master ; yet if it was be, he was sure
tions.' the lady was but his cousin, whom he had seen ask for him ; adding, that he believed she was
*CYNTHIO.' a poor relation ; because they made her wait Robin ran back and brought for answer : one morning till he was awake. Flavia immediately writ the following epistle, which Robin . Exact Sir, that are at Will's coffee-honse.
"six minutes after three, June 4; one that has brought to Will's.
had thoughts, and all my little imperfections. • SIR,
June 4, 1712. Sir, come to me immediately, or I shall deter• It is in vain to deny it, basest, falsest of to
mine what may perhaps not be very pleasing mankind; my maid, as well as the bearer, saw
cessive angry when she gave him the letter; After Cynthio had read the letter, he asked and that he told her, for she asked, that CypRobin how she looked, and what she said at thio only looked at the clock, taking snus, the delivery of it. Robin said she spoke short and writ two or three words on the top of the to him, and called him back again, and had letter when he gave him his. nothing to say to him, and bid him and all “Now the plot thickened so well, as that the men in the world go out of her sight; but Cynthio saw he had not much more to acthe maid followed, and bid him bring an complish, being irreconcilably banished: he answer.
writ, Cynthio returned as follows:
'MADAM, MADAM, June 4, Three afternoon, 1712. I have that prejudice in favour of all you " That your maid and the bearer have seen do, that it is not possible for you to determe very often is very certain ; but I desire to!
mine upon what will not be very pleasing know, being engaged at piquet, what your letter means by "'tis in vain to deny it." I
• Your obedient servant, shall stay here all the evening.
CYNTHIO. Your amazed
This was delivered, and the answer return. CYNTHIO.
THIO: Jed, in a little more than two seconds. As soon as Robin arrived with this, Flavia 'SIR, answered:
'Is it come to this? You never loved me, DEAR CYNTHIO,
and the creature you were with is the proper. "I have walked a turn or two in my anti
: est person for your associate. I despise you,
Robio rao back with:
tion of human nature, and is the standing ex
ample, as well as the great guide and instruc. * MADAM,
tor, of those who receive his doctrines. «Your credulity when you are to gain your Though these two heads cannot be too much point, and suspicion when you fear to lose it, insisted upon, I shall but just mention them, make it a very hard part to behave as becomes since they have been handled by many great
*Your humble slave, and eminent writers.
thods to the consideration of such as would Robid whipt away and returned with, find out their secret faults, and make a truo 'MR. WELLFORD,
estimate of themselves.
| Jn the first place, let them consider well • Flavia and Cynthio are no more. I re-Iwhat are the characters which they bear lieve you from the hard part of which you
among their enemies. Our friends very often complain, and banish you from my sight for flatter us, as much as our own hearts. They ever.
either do not see our faults, or conceal then "ANN HEART.'
from us, or soften them by their representa. Robin had a crown for bis afternoon's tions, after such a manner that we think them work; and this is published to admonish Ce-too trivial to be taken notice of. An adver cilia to avenge the injury done to Flavia. T. sary, on the contrary, makes a stricter search
into us, discovers every flaw and imperfec
tion in our tempers ; and though his malice No. 399.] Saturday, June 7, 1712.
may set them in too strong a light, it has geUt nemo in sese tentat descendere !-Per. Sat. iv. 23.
nerally some ground for what it advances. A
friend exaggerates a man's virtues, an enemy None, none descends into himself to find
inflames his crimes. A wise man should give The secret imperfections of his mind. Dryden.
a just attention to both of them, so far as they HYPOCRISY at the fashionable end of the may tend to the improvement of one, and the town is very different from hypocrisy in the diminution of the other. Plutarch has written city. The modish hypocrite endeavours to an essay on the benefits which a man may reappear more vicious than he really is, the ceive from his enemies, and, among the good other kind of hypocrite more virtuous. The fruits of enmity, mentions this in particular, former is afraid of every thing that has the that by the reproaches which it casts upon us show of religion in it, and would be thought we see the worst side of ourselves, and open engaged in many criminal gallantries and our eyes to several blemishes and defects in amours which he is not guilty of. The lat-Jour lives and conversations, which we should ter assumes a face of sanctity, and covers a not have observed without the help of such multitude of vices under a seeming religious ill-natured monitors. deportment.
In order likewise to come at a true know. But there is another kind of hypocrisy, ledge of ourselves, we should consider on the which differs from both these, and which I other hand how far we may deserve the praises intend to make the subject of this paper: land approbations which the world bestow upon mean that hypocrisy, by which a map does us ; whether the actions they celebrate proceed not only deceive the world, but very often from laudable and worthy motives; and how imposes on himself; that hypocrisy which far we are really possessed of the virtues conceals his own heart from him, and makes which gain us applause among those with him believe he is more virtuous than he whom we converse. Such a reflection is abreally is, and either not attend to his vices, solutely necessary, if we consider how apt ve or mistake even his vices for virtues. It is are either to value or condemn ourselves by this fatal hypocrisy, and self-deceit. which is the opinions of others, and to sacrifice the retaken notice of in those words. “Who can port of our own hearts to the judgment of the understand his errors ? cleanse thou me from world. Secret faults.'
1 In the next place, that we may not deceive If the open professors of impiety deserve ourselves in a point of so much importance ve the utmost application and endeavours of mo-should not lay too great a stress on any suprał writers to recover them from vice and posed virtues we possess that are of a doubtful folly, how much more may those lay a claim nature: and such we may esteem all those in to their care and compassion, who are walk- which multitudes of men dissent from us, who ing in the paths of death, while they fancy are as good and wise as ourselves. We should themselves engaged in a course of virtue! I always act with great cautiousness and circum. shall endeavour there fore to lay down some spection in points where it is not impossible rules for the discovery of those vices that that we may be deceived. Intemperate zeal, lurk in the secret corners of the soul, and to bigotry, and persecution for any party or opinshow my reader those methods by which he ion, how praise-worthy soever they may apmay arrive at a true and impartial knowledge pear to weak men of our own principles, pro. of himself. The usual means prescribed for duce infinite calamities among mankind, and this purpose are, to examine ourselves by the are highly criminal in their own nature : and rules which are laid down for our direction in yet how many persons eminent for piety suffer sacred writ, and to compare our lives with the such monstrous and absurd principles of action life of that person who acted up to the perfec- to take root in their minds under the colour of virtues! For my own part, I must own I never to the modesty of a woman's manners. Rusyet knew any part so just and reasonable, ticity, broad expression, and forward obtrusion, that a man could follow it in its height and offend those of education, and make the transviolence, and at the same time be innocent. Igressors odious to all who have merit epongh
We should likewise be very apprehensive of to attract regard. It is in this taste that the those actions which proceed from natural con- scenery is so beautifully ordered in the destitutions, favourite passions, particular edu- scription which Antony makes in the dialogue cation, or whatever promotes our worldly in-between him and Dolabella, of Cleopatra in terest or advantage. In these and the like her barge. cases, a man's judgment is easily perverted,
Her galley down the silver Cidnos row'd: and a wrong bias hung upon his mind. These
The tackling silk, the streamers was'd with gold: are the inlets of prejudice, the unguarded ave. The gentle winds were lodg'd in purple sails; nues of the mind, by which a thousand errors Her nyinphs, like Nereids, round her couch were plac'd and secret faults find admission, without being
Where she, another sea-born Venus, lay ; ,
She lay, and lean'd her cheek upon her hand, observed or taken notice of. A wise man will
And cast a look so languishingly sweet, suspect those actions to which he is directed by As if secure of all beholders' hearts, something besides reason, and always appre Neglecting she could take them. Boys, like Cup
Stood fanning with their painted wings the winds hend some concealed evil in every resolution
That play'd about her face; but if she smil'd, that is of a disputable nature, when it is confor
A darting glory seem'd to blaze abroad, mable to his particular temper, his age, or way That men's desiring eyes were never weary'd, of life, or when it favours his pleasure or his But hung upon the object. To soft flutes
The silver oars kept time; and while they play'd, profit.
The hearing gave new pleasure to the sight; There is nothing of greater importance to us
And both to thought than thus diligently to sift our thoughts, and esamine all these dark recesses of the mind,! Here the imagination is warmed with all the if we would establish our souls in such a solid objects presented, and yet there is nothing and substantial virtue, as will turn to account that is luscious, or what raises any idea more in that great day when it must stand the test loose than that of a beautiful woman set off to or infinite wisdom and justice.
advantage. The like, or a more delicate and I shall conclude this essay with observing careful spirit of modesty, appears in the followthat the two kinds of hypocrisy I have here ing passage in one of Mr. Phillip's pastorals. spoken of, namely, that of deceiving the world,
Breath soft, ye winds! ye waters, gently flow! and that of imposing on ourselves, are touched
Shicld her, ye trees! ye flowers, around her grow! with wonderful beauty in the hundred thirty- Yeswains, I beg you, pass in silence by! ninth psalm. The folly of the first kind or My love in yonder vale asleep does lie. hypocrisy is there set forth by reflections on God's omniscience and omnipresence, which
Desire is corrected when there is a tenderness are celebrated in as noble strains of poetry as
lor admiration expressed which partakes the any other I ever met with either sacred or pro
I passion. Licentious language has something fane. The other kind of hypocrisy, whereby
brutal in it, which disgraces humapity, and a man deceives himself, is intiinated in the
leaves us in the condi ion of the savages in the two last verses, where the psalmist addresses
field. But it inay be asked, To what good use
It is himself to the great Searcher of hearts in that can tend a discourse of this kind at all? emphatical petition. “Try me, O God! and!
Wilto alarm chaste cars against such as bave, seek the ground of my heart; prove me, and
what is above called, the prevailing gentle
Jart.' Masters of that talent are capable of examine my thoughts. Look well if there be any way of wickedness in me, and lead me in
clotbing their thoughts in so soft a dress, and the way everlasting.'
something so distant from the secret purpose of their heart, that the imagination of the un
guarded is touched with a fondness, which No. 400.] Monday, June 9, 1712.
grows too insensibly to be resisted. Much care Latet anguis in herba.-- Virg. Ecl. iii. 93.
and concern for the lady's welfare, to seem
afraid lest she should be annoyed by the very There's a snake in the grass.- English Proverb.
air which surrounds her, and this uttered raIT should, methinks, preserve modesty and ther with kind looks, and expressed by an inits interests in the world, that the transgression terjection, an 'ah,' or an 'oh,' at some little of it always creates offence; and the very pur-hazard in moving or making a step, than in poses of wantonness are defeated by a carriage any direct prosession of love, are the methods which has in it so much boldness, as to intimate of skilful admirers. They are honest arts when that fear and reluctance are quite extinguished their purpose is such, but infamous when misin an object which would be otherwise desira- applied. It is certain that many a young woble. It was said of a wit of the last age,
man in this town has had her heart irrecoSedley has that prevailing gentle art
verably won, by men who have not made one Which can with a resistless charm impart
advance which ties their admirers, though the The loosest wishes to the chastest heart;
females languish with the utmost anxiety. I Raise such a conflict, kindle such a fire,
have often, by way of admonition to my female Between declining virtue and desire, That the poor vanquish'd maid dissolves away
readers, given them warning against agreeable In dreains all night, in sighs and tears all day.'
company of the other sex, except they are well This prevailing gentle art was made up of complaisance, courtship, and artful conformity) • Dryden's All for Lore, act iii. sc. i.
acquainted with their characters. Women. It is the capricious state of love, to be attended with inmay disguise it if they think fit; and the more juries, suspicions, enmities, truces, quarrelling, and re
concilement. to do it, they may be angry at me for saying ". it; but I say it is natural to them, that they I shall publish, for the entertainment of have no manner of approbation of men, without this day, an odd sort of a packet, which I have some degree of love. For this reason he is dao-ljust received from one of my female corres. gerous to be entertained as a friend or visitam, spondents. who is capable of gaining any eminent esteem or observation. though it be never so remotel MR. SPECTATOR. from pretensions as a lover. If a man's heart “Since you have often confessed that you bas not the abhorrence of any treacherous de- are not displeased your papers should somesign, he may easily improve approbation into lines convey the complaints of distressed kindness, and kindness into passion. There
lovers to each other, I am in hopes you will may possibly be no manner of love between favour one who gives you an undoubted inthem in the eyes of all their acquaintance; no, stance of her reformation and at the same it is all friendship; and yet they may be as
time a convincing proof of the happy influfond as shepherd and shepherdess in a pasto
ence your labours have had over the most inral, but suill the nymph and the swain may be
corrigible part of the most incorrigible sex. to each other, no ether, I warrant you, than
You must know, sir, I am one of that species Pylades and Orestes.
of womey, whom you have often characterized
under the name of “jilts," and that I send . When Lucy decks with flowers her swelling breast,
you these lines as well to do public penance And on her elbow leans, dissembling rest; Unable to refrain my mudding mind,
for having so long continued in a known error, Nor sleep nor pasture worth my care I find.
as to beg pardon of the party offended I *Once Delia slept, on easy inoss reclin'd,
the rather choose this way, because it in some Her lovely lunbs half bare, and rude the wind : measure answers the terms on which he intiI smooth'd her coats, and stole a silent kiss :
mated the breach between us might possibly Condemn ine, shepherds, if I did amiss.'
be made up, as you will see by the letter he Such good offices as these, and such friendly sent me the next day after I had discarded thoughts and concerns for one another, are him ; which I thought fit to send you a copy what make up the amity, as they call it, be- of, that you might the better know the whole tween man and woman.
| case, It is the permission of such intercourse. I must further acquaint you, that before that makes a young woman come to the arms jilted him, there had been the greatest inof her husband, after the disappointment of timacy between us for a year and a half tofour or five passions which she has successively I gether, during all wbich time I cherished his had for different men, before she is pruden-| bopes, and indulged his flame. I leave you to tially given to him for whom she has neither guess, after this, what must be his surprise, love por friendship. For what should a poor when upon his pressing for my full consent creature do that has lost all her friends ? one day, I told him I wondered what could There's Marinet the agreeable bas, to my make him fancy he had ever any place in my knowledge, had a friendship for lord Welford, affections. His own sex allow him sense, and which had like to break her heart: then she all ours good-breeding. His person is such had so great a friendship for colonel Hardy, as might, without vanity, make him believe that she could not endure any woman else himself not incapable of being beloved. Our should do anything but rail at him. Mady fortunes indeed, weighed in the nice scale of and fatal have been disasters between friends interest, are not exactly equal, which by the who have fallen out, and these resentments way was the true cause of my jilting him ; are more keen than ever those of other men and I had the assurance to acquaint him can possibly be; but in this it happens unfor. with the following maxim, that I should altunately, that as there ought to be nothing ways believe that man's passion to be the most concealed from one friend to another,' the violent, who could offer me the largest settlefriends of different sexes very often find fatal ment. I have since changed my opinion, and effects from their unanimity.
have endeavoured to let him know so much For my part, who study to pass life in as by several letters, but the barbarous man has much innocence and tranquillity as I can, I refused them all; so that I have no way left shum the company of agreeable women as much of writing to him but by your assistance. If as possible; and must confess that I have, you can bring him about once more, I promise though a tolerable good pbilosopher, but a to send you all gloves and favours, and shall low opinion of Platonic love: for which reason desire the favour of Sir Roger and yourself to I thought it necessary to give my fair readers stand as godfathers to my first boy. a caution against it, having, to my great con
I am, Sir, cern, observed the waist of a Platonist lately .Your most obedient humble servant, swell to a roundness which is inconsistent with
• AMORET. that philosophy.
Philander to Amoret. No. 401.] Tuesday, June 10, 1712
'I am so surprised at the question you were In amore htc omnia insunt vitia. Injuriu, Suspieiones inimitiæ, induciæ,
Ipleased to ask me yesterday, that I am still Bellam, pax rursum. Ter. Eun. Act. 1. Sc. 1. at a loss wbat to say to it. At least my an
swer would be too long to trouble you with, as receive from different bands, and persons of it would come from a person, who, it seems, different circumstances and quality, the very is so very indifferent to you. Instead of it, mention of them, without reflections on the I shall only recommend to your consideration several subjects, would raise all the passions the opinion of one whose sentiments on these which can be felt by human minds. As inmatters I have often heard you say are ex-stances of this, I shall give you two or three tremely just. “A generous and constant letters; the writers of which can have no repassion,” says your favourite author, " in an course to any legal power for redress, and agreeable lover, where there is not too great seem to have written rather to vent their sora disparity in their circumstances, is the great row than to receive consolation. est blessing that can befal a person beloved ; and, if overlooked in one, may perhaps pever! 'MR. SPECTATOR, be found in apother."
| 'I am a young woman of beauty and qua. "I do not, however, at all despair of being lity, and suitably married to a gentleman who very shortly much better beloved by you than doats on me. But this person of mine is the Antenor is at present; since, whenever my object of an unjust passion in a nobleman who fortune shall exceed his, you were pleased to is very intimate with my husband. This friendintimate your passion would increase accord- ship gives him very easy access and frequent ingly.
opportunities of entertaining me apart. My . The world has seen me shamefully lose heart is in the utmost anguish, and my face that time to please a fickle woman, which is covered over with confusion, when I impart might have been employed much more to to you another circumstance, which is, that my credit and advantage in other pursuits. my mother, the most mercenary of all women, I shall therefore take the liberty to acquaint is gained by this false friend of my husband's you, however harsh it may sound in a lady's to solicit me for him. I am frequently chid cars, that though your love-fit should hap-by the poor believing man, my husband, for pen to return, unless you could contrive a showing an impatience of his friend's compa." way to make your recantation as well known ny; and I am never alone with my mother, but to the public as they are already apprized of she tells me stories of the discretionary part of the manner with which you have treated me, the world, and such a one, and such a one, who you shall never more see
are guilty of as much as she advises me to. PHILANDER.' She laughs at my astonishment ; and seems to
I hint to me, that, as virtuous as she has always Amorel to Philander.
appeared, I am not the daughter of her hus* SIR,
band. It is possible that printing this letter • Upon reflection, I find the injury I have may
may relieve me from the unnatural importunidone both to you and myself to be so great. Ity of my mother, and the perfidious courtship that, though the part I now act may appear
of my husband's friend. I have an unfeigned contrary to that decorum usually observed by!!
- love of virtue, and am resolved to preserve my our sex, yet I purposely break through aill!
Hinnocence. The only way I can think of to rules, that my repentance may in some mea
Javoid the fatal consequences of the discovery sure equal my crime. I assure you, that in
of this matter, is to fly away for ever, which I my present hopes of recovering you. I look must do to avoid my husband's fatal resentupon Antenor's estate with contempt. Thelment a
Thement against the man who attempts to abuse fop was here yesterday in a gilt, chariot and:
dhim, and the shame of exposing a parent to new liveries, but I refused to see him.-1
m infamy The persons concerned will know Though I dread to meet your eyes ; after
these circumstances relate to them; and, what has passed. I Alatter myseir that although the regard to virtue is dead in them, midst all their confusion, you will discover!
erlI have some hopes from their fear of shame euch a tenderness in mine, as none can imis, upon reading this in your paper ; which I contate but those who love. I shall be all this jure you to publish, if you have any compas. month at lady D- 's in the country ; but
sion for injured virtue. the woods, the fields, and gardens, without
"SYLVIA.' Philander, afford no pleasure to the unhappy
I am the husband of a woman of merit, 'I must desire you, dear Mr. Spectator, to but am fallen in love, as they call it, with a publish this my letter to Philander as soon as lady of her acquaintance, who is going to be possible, and to assure him that I know no- married to a gentleman who deserves her, thing at all of the death of his rich uncle in I am in a trust relating to this lady's fortune, Gloucestershire.'
X. which makes my concurrence in this matter
necessary ; but I have so irresistible a rage
and envy rise in me when I consider his future No. 402.] Wednesday, June 11, 1712.
happiness, that against all reason, equity, and et quæ
common justice, I am ever playing mean Ipse sibi tradit Spectator.
tricks to suspend the nuptials. I have no Hor. Ars. Poct. 1. 181.
manner of hopes for myself: Emilia, for so. Sent by the Spectator to himself.
I'll call her, is a woman of the most strict
virtue; her lover is a gentleman whom of all Were I to publish all the advertisements I others I could wish my friend ; bat envy and