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encompass us, are no less beneficial to men of will improve those transient glearns of joy dark and melancholy tempers. It was for this which naturally brighten up and refresh the reason that I endeavoured to recommend a soul on such occasons, into an inviolable and cheerfulness of mind in my two last Saturday's perpetual state of bliss and happiness. I. papers, and which I would still inculcate, not only from the consideration of ourselves, and No. 394.) Monday, June 2, 1712. of that Being on whom we depend, nor from
I Bene colligitur hac pueris et mulierculis et servis et serthe general survey of that universe in which we
yorum simillimis liberis esse grata: gravi vero homini are placed at present, but from reflections on et ea quæ fiunt judicio certo ponderanti, probari posse the particular season in which this paper is nullo modo.--Tull. written. The creation is a perpetual feast to it is obvious to ree, that these things are very acceptable the mind of a good man; every thing he sees to children, young women, and servants, and to such as cheers and delights hiin. Providence has im-1 most resemble servants; but that they can by no means
meet with the approbation of peoplo of thought and printed so many smiles on nature, that it is im
consideration. possible for a mind which is not sunk in more gross and sensual delights, to take a survey of I Have been considering the little and frivothem without several secret sensations of plea-lous things which give men accesses to one sure. The psalmist has, in several of his di- another, and power with each other, not only vine poems, celebrated those beautiful and a- in the common and indifferent accidents of life, greeable scenes which make the heart glad, and but also in matters of greater importance. You produce in it that vernal delight which I have see in elections for members to sit in parliabefore taken notice of.
ment, how far saluting rows of old women, Natural philosophy quickens this taste of the drinking with clowos, and being upon a level creation, and renders it not only pleasing to with the lowest part of mankind in that wherethe imagination, but to the understanding. It in they themselves are lowest, their diversions, does not rest in the murmur of brooks and the will carry a candidate. A capacity for prostimelody of birds, in the shade of groves and tuting a man's self in his behaviour, and dewoods, or in the embroidery of fields and mea- scending to the present humour of the vulgar, dows; but considers the several ends of Provi- is perhaps as good an ingredient as any other dence which are served by them, and the won- for making a considerable figure in the world; ders of divine wisdom which appear in them. and if a man has nothing else or better to think It heightens the pleasure of the eye, and raises of, he could not make his way to wealth and such a rational admiration in the soul as is lit. distinction by properer methods, than studying tle inferior to devotion.
the particular bent or inclination of people with It is not in the power of every one to offer up whom he converses, and working from the obthis kind of worship to the great Author of servation of such their bias in all matters nature and to indulge these more refined me- wherein he has any intercourse with them: for diations of heart, which are doubtless highly his ease and comfort he may assure himself, he acceptable in his sight; I shall therefore con- need not be at the expense of any great talent clude this short essay on that pleasure which or virtue to please even those who are possessed the mind naturally conceives from the present of the highest qualifications. Pride, in some season of the year, by the recommending of a particular disguise or other, (often a secret to practice for which every one has sufficient abi- the proud mar. himself) is the most ordinary lities.
spring of action among men. You need no I would have my readers endeavour to mo- more than to discover what a man values himralize this natural pleasure of the soul, and to self for; then of all things admire that quality, improve this vernal delight, as Milton calls it, but be sure to be failing in it yourself in cominto a Christian virtue. When we find our-parison of the man whom you court. I have selves inspired with this pleasing instinct, this heard, or read, of a secretary of state in Spain, secret satisfaction and complacency arising who served a prince who was happy in an elefrom the beauties of the creation, let us consi- gant use of the Latin tongue, and often writ der to whom we stand indebted for all these despatches in it with his own hand. The king entertainments of sense, and who it is that thus showed his secretary a letter he had written to opens his hand, and fills the world with good. a foreign prince, and, under the colour of ask. The apostle instructs us to take advantage of ing his advice, laid a trap for his applause. our present temper of mind, to gratt upon it The honest man read it as a faithful counsellor, such a religious exercise as is particularly con- and not only excepted against his tying himformable to it, by that precept which advises self down too much by some expressions, but those who are sad to pray, and those who are mended the phrase in others. You may guess inerry to sing psalms. The cheerfulnes of heart the despatches that evening did not take much which springs up in us from the survey of na- longer time. Mr. Secretary, as soon as he ture's works. is an admirable preparation of came to his own house, sent for his eldest son, gratitude. The mind has gone a great way to- and communicated to him that the family must wards praise and thanksgiving, that is filled retire out of Spain as soon as possible : for,' with such secret gladness-a grateful reflection said he, the king knows I understand Latin on the supreme Cause who produces it, sancti- better than he does.' fies it in the soul, and gives it its proper value. This egregious fault in a man of the world Such an habitnal disposition of mind conse-should be a lesson to all who would make their crates every field and wood, turns an ordinary fortunes; but a regard must be carefully had walk into a morning or evening sacrifice, and to the person with whom you have to do; 101
it is not to be doubted but a great man of comprobation; and he that injures anv man, has mon sense must look with secret indignation, effectually wounded the man of this turn as or bridled laughter, on all the slaves who stand much as if the harm had been to himself. This around him with ready faoes to approve and seems to be the only expedient to arrive at an smile at all he says in the gross. It is good impartiality; and a man who follows the diccomedy enough to observe a superior talking tates of truth and right reason, may by artifice half sentences, and playing an humble admi- be led into error, but never can into guilt. T. rer's countenance from one thing to another, with such perplexity, that he knows not what n
at No. 395.] Tuesday, June 3, 1712.
o to sneer in approbation of. But this kind of" compliance is peculiarly the manner of courts; Quod nuuc ratio est, impetus antè fuit. in all other places you must constantly go fur
Ovid, Rem. Arzor. 10. ther in compliance with the persons you have 'Tis reason now, 'twas appetite before. to do with, than a mere conformity of looks and gestures. If you are in a country life, and'.
• BEWARE of the ides of March,' said the would be a leading man, a good stomach, a loud nom
Cloud Roman augur to Julius Cæsar: Beware of voice, and rustic cheerfulness, will go a great the month of May,' says the British Spectator way, provided you are able to drink, and drink to bis fair country-women. The caution of any thing. But I was just now going to draw the first was unhappily neglected, and Cæsar's the manner of behaviour I would advise people confidence cost him his life. I am apt to fiat. to practise under some maxim; and intimated. ter myself that my pretty readers had much that every one almost was governed by his more regard to the advice I gave them, since pride. There was an old fellow about forty I have yet received very few accounts of any years ago so peevish and fretful, though a man notorious trips made in the last month. of business, that no one could come at him ; but! But, though I hope for the best, I shall not he frequented a particular little coffee-house. pronounce too positively on this point, till I where he triumphed over every body at trick have seen forty weeks well over; at which petrack and backgammon. The way to pass his riod of time, as my good friend sir Roger has office well, was first to be insulted by him at often told me, he has more business as a jus. one of these games in his leisure hours ; for tice of peace, among the dissolute young peohis vanity was to show that he was a man of ple in the country, than at any other season pleasure as well as business. Next to this sortor of the year. insinuation, which is called in all places (from Neither must I forget a letter which I reits taking its birth in the households of princes)ceived near a fortnight since from a lady, who. making one's court, the most prevailing way
it seems could hold out no longer, telling me is, by what better-bred people call a present,
she looked upon the month as then out, for the vulgar a bribe. I humbly conceive that
that she had all along reckoned by the new such a thing is conveyed with more gallantry style. in a billet-doux that should be lunderstood att On the other hand, I have great reason to the Bank, than in gross money: but as to stub. believe, from several angry letters which have born people, who are so surly as to accept of been sent to me by disappointed lovers, that neither note nor cash, having formerly dabbled my advice has been of very signal service to in chemistry, I can only say, that one part of the fair-sex, who, according to the old proverb, matter asks one thing, and another another. to were 'forewarned, forearmed.' make it fluent; but there is nothing but may! One of these gentlemen tells me, that he be dissolved by a proper mean. Thus, the vir- would have given me an hundred pounds, ratue which is too obdurate for gold or paper, ther than I should have published that paper; shall melt away very kindly in a liquid. The for that his mistress, who had promised to exisland of Barbadoes (a shrewd people) manage plain herself to him about the beginning of all their appeals to Great Britain by a skilful May, upon reading that discourse told him, distribution of citron water* among the whis. that she would give him her answer in June. perers about men in power. Generous wines Thyrsis acquaints me, that when he desired do every day prevail, and that in great points. Sylvia to take a walk in the fields, she told where ten thousand times their value would him, the Spectator had forbidden her. have been rejected with indignation.
1 Another of my correspondents, who writes But, to wave the enumeration of the sundry himself Mat Meager, complains that, whereas ways of applying by presents, bribes, manage- he constantly used to breakfast with his misment of people's passions and affections, in tress upon chocolate; going to wait upon her such a manner as it shall appear that the vir- the first of May, he found his usual treat very tue of the best man is by one method or other much changed for the worse, and has been corruptible, let us look out for some expedient forced to feed ever since upon green tea. to turn those passions and affections on the As I begun this critical season with a caveat side of truth and honour. When a man has to the ladies, I shall conclude it with a congralaid it down for a position, that parting with tulation, and do most heartily wish them joy of his integrity, in the minutest circumstance, is their happy deliverance. losing so much of his very self, self-love will! They may now reflect with pleasure on the become a virtue. By this means good and dangers they have escaped, and look back with evil will be the only objects of dislike and ap as much satisfaction on the perils that threat
L ened them, as their great grandmothers did * Tbcn commonly called Barbadoes water. formerly on the burning plough-shares, after
having passed through the ordeal trial. The i have warned them againt it, as they may be instigations of the spring are now abated. The led astray by instinct. nightingale gives over her • love-labour'd song,'! I desire this paper may be read with more as Milton phrases it; the blossoms are fallen, than ordinary attention, at all tea-tables and the beds of flowers swept away by the within the cities of London and Westminscythe of the mower.
X. I shall now allow my fair readers to return to their romances and chocolate, provided they No. 396.] Wednesday, June 4, 1712. make use of them with moderation, till abont the middle of the month, when the sun shall! Barbara, Celarent, Darii, Ferio, Baraliptop. have made some progress in the Crab. No
Having a great deal of business upon my thing is more dangerous than too much confi- hands at present. I shall beg the reader's dence and security. The Trojans, who stood
leave to present him with a letter that I reupon their guard all the while the Grecians
sceived about half a year ago from a gentlelay before their city, when they fancied the
man at Cambridge, who styles himself Peter siege was raised, and the danger past, were the
the de Quir. I have kept it by me some months; very next night burnt in their beds. I must
ustand, though I did not know at first what to also observe, that as in some climates there
make of it, upon my reading it over very freis perpetual spring, so in some female consti
quently I have at last discovered several contutions there is a perpetual May. These are
are ceits in it: I would not therefore have my a kind of valetudinarians in chastity, whom I re
reader discouraged if he does not take them at would continue in a constant diet. I cannotli
of the first perusal. think these wholly out of danger, till they have looked upon the other sex at least five years
• To the Spectator. through a pair of spectacles. Will Honey From St. John's College, Cambridge, Feb. 3, 1712. comb has often assured me, that it is much “SIR, easier to steal one of this species, wben she is! The monopoly of puns in this university passed her grand climacteric, than to carry has been an inmemorial privilege of the off an icy girl on this side five-and-twenty; and Johnians ;* and we can't help resenting the that a rake of his acquaintance, who had in late invasion of our ancient right as to that vain endeavoured to gain the affections of a particular, by a little pretender to clenching young lady of fifteen, had at last made his in a neighbouring college, who in application fortune by running away with her grandmother. to you by way of letter, a while ago, styled
But as I do not design this speculation for himself Philobrune. Dear sir, as you are by the evergreens of the sex, I shall again apply character a profest well-wisher to speculamyself to those who would willingly listen to tion, you will excuse a remark which this the dictates of reason and virtue, and can now gentleman's passion for the brunette has hear me in cold blood. If there are any who suggested to a brother theorist : it is an offer have forfeited their innocence, they must now towards a mechanical account of his lapse to consider themselves under that melancholy punning, for he belongs to a set of mortals view in which Chamount regards his sister, in who value themselves upon an uncommon those beautiful lines:
mastery in the more humane and polite parts Long she flourish'd,
of letters. Grew sweet to sense, and lovely to the eye.
A conquest by one of this species of feTill at the last a cruel spoiler camc,
males gives a very odd turn to the intellectuCropt this fair rose, and rified all its sweetness, als of the captivated person, and very differThen cast it like a loathsome weed away.'
ent from that way of thinking which a triumph On the contrary, she who has observed the from the eyes of another, more emphatically timely cautions I gave her, and lived up to the of the fair sex, does generally occasion. It rules of modesty, will now flourish like, a rose fills the imagination with an assemblage of in June.' with all her virgin blushes and sweet. such ideas and pictures as are hardly any ness about her. I must, however, desire these thing but shade, such as night, the devil, &c. last to consider, how shameful it would be for a These portraitures very near overpower the general, wbo has made a successful campaign, light of the understanding, almost benight the to be surprised in his winter quarters. It would faculties, and give that melancholy tincture to be no less dishonourable for a lady to lose, in the most sanguine complexion, which this genany other month of the year, what she has tleman calls an inclination to be in a brownbeen at the pains to preserve in May
study and is usually attended with worse conThere is no charm in the female sex that sequences, in case of a repulse. During this can supply the place of virtue. Without in-twilight of intellects the patient is extremely nocence, beauty is unlovely, and quality con- apt, as love is the most witty passion in natemptible; good-breeding degenerates into ture, to offer at some pert sallies now and then, wantonness, and wit into impudence. It is by way of flourish, upon the amiable enchantobserved, that all the virtues are represented ress, aud unfortunately stumbles upon that by both painters and statuaries under femalemongrel miscreated (to speak in Miltonic)kind shapes; but if any of them has a more parti- of wit, vulgarly termed the pun. It would not cular title to that sex, it is modesty. I shall be much amiss to consult Dr.
T Wleave it to the divines to guard thein against (who is certainly a very able projector, and the opposite vice, as they may be overpowered by temptations. It is sufficient for me to
* The students of St. John's college.
whose system of divinity and spiritual mecha-1 sions in general, they will not allow a wise nics obtains very much among the better part man so much as to pity the afflictions of aof our under-graduates) whether a general in-nother, 'If thon seest thy friend in trouble,' termarriage, enjoined by parliament, between says Epictetus, 'thou mayest put on a look of this sisterhood of the olive-beauties and the sorrow, and condole with him, but take care fraternity of the people called quakers, would that thy sorrow be not real.' The more rigid not be a very serviceable expedient, and abate of this sect would not comply so far as to that overflow of light which shines within them show even such an outward appearance of so powerfully, that it dazzles their eyes, and grief; but, when one told them of any caladances them into a thousand vagaries of error mity that had befallen even the nearest of and enthusiasm. These reflections may im- their acquaintance, would immediately reply, part some light towards a discovery of the What is that to me? If you aggravated the origin of punning among us, and the founda- circumstance of the affliction, and showed how tion of its prevailing so long in this famous bo-one misfortune was followed by another, the dy. It is notorious, from the instance under answer was still, “ All this may be true, and consideration, that it must be owing chiefly to what is it to me? the use of brown jugs, muddy belch, and the
el For my own part, I am of opinion, com
For fumes of a certain memorable place of rendez
passion does not only refine and civilize huvous with us at meals, known by the name of
man nature, but has something in it more Staincoat Hole: for the atmosphere of the
we pleasing and agreeable than what can he met kitchen, like the tail of a comet, predominates least about the fire, but resides behind, and
with in such an indolent happincss, such an
"Jindifference to mankind, as that in which the fills the fi'agrant receptacle above mentioned.is Besides, it is further observable, that the de
Stoics placed their wisdom. As love is the
most delightful passion, pity is nothing else licate spirits among us, who declare against
winst but love softened by a degree of sorrow. In these pauseous proceedings, sip tea, and put
put short, it is a kind of pleasing anguish, as well up for critic and amour, profess likewise an
"las generous sympathy, that knits mankind equal abhorrence for punning, the ancient in
"together, and blends them in the same comnocent diversion of this society. After all, sir.
mon lot. though it may appear something absurd that I seem to approach you with the air of an ! Those who have laid down rules for rhetoric advocate for punning. (you who have justified or poetry, advise the writer to work himself your censures of the practice in a set disserta- up, if possible, to the pitch of sorrow which tion upon that subject) * yet I am confident he endeavours to produce in others. There you will think it abundantly atoned for by ob-are none therefore who stir up pity so much serving, that this bumbler exercise may be as
may Bea as those who indite their own sufferings. instrumental in diverting us from auy innovat
Grief has a natural eloquence belonging to it, ing schemes and hypotheses in wit, as dwelling and b
edwellind and breaks out in more moving sentiments upon honest orthodox logic would be in secar
than can be supplied by the finest imaginaing us from heresy in religion. Had Mr. tion. Nature on this occasion dictates a thou
n 'st researches been confined within the sand passionate things which cannot be supbounds of Ramus or Crackenthorp, that learn-plied by urt. ed news-monger might have acquiesced in It is for this reason that the short speeches what the holy oracles pronounced upon the or sentences which we often meet with in hisdeluge like other Christians ; and had the tories make a deeper impression on the mind surprising Mr. L- y been content with the of the reader than the most laboured strokes employment of refining upon Shakspeare's in a well-written tragedy. Truth and matter points and quibbles (for which he must be of fact sets the person actually before us in allowed to have a superlative genius), and the one, whom fiction places at a greater disnow and then penning a catch or a ditty, tance from us in the other. I do not remem. instead of inditing odes and sonnets, the gen-ber to have seen any ancient or modern story tlemen of the bon gout in the pit would never more affecting than a letter of Ann of Bologne, have been put to all that grimace in damn- wife to king Henry the Eighth, and mother ing the frippery of state, the poverty and to queen Elizabeth, which is still extant in languor of thought, the unnatural wit, and in the Cotton library, as written by her own artificial structure of his dramas.
hand. “I am, Sir,
Shakspeare himself could not have made • Your very humble servant,
her talk in a strain so suitable to her condiPETER DE QUIR.' tion and character. One sees in it the ex.
postulation of a slighted lover, the resentment
of an injured woman, an the sorrows of an No. 397.] Thursday, June 5, 1712.
imprisoned queen. I need not acquaint my
readers that this princess was then under pro- Dolor ipse disortam . Fecerat
secution for disloyalty to the king's bed, and Ovid, Met. xiii. 225.
Ithat she was afterwards publicly beheaded upHer grief inspired her thon with eloquence.
Ipon the same account; though this prosecution
was believed by many to proceed. as she berAs the Stoic philosophers discard all pas- self intimates, rather from the king's love to
Jane Seymour, than from any actual crime * See Spect. No. 61. Mr. Whiston.
in Ann of Bologne.
Queen Ann Boleyn's last letter to King Henry. you and myself must sbortly appear, and in 'SIR,
whose judgment I doubt not (whatsoever Cotton Lib. ) Your grace's displeasure, and the world may think of me) mine innocence Otho C. 10. S my imprisonment, are things shall be openly known, and sufficiently clearso strange unto me, as what to write, or whated,
Jed. to excuse, I am altogether ignorant. Whereas - My last and only request shall be, that my. you send unto me. (willing me to confess a self may only bear the burden of your grace's truth, and to obtain your favour) by such an (displeasure, and that it may not touch the inone, whom you know to be mine ancient pro- nocent souls of those poor gentlemen, who fessed enemy, I no sooner received this mes-|(as I understand) are likewise in straight imsage by him, than I rightly conceived your prisonment for my sake. If ever I have found meaning; and if, as you say, confessing a
favour in your sight, if ever the name of Ann truth indeed may procure my safety, I shall Boleyn hath been pleasing in your ears, then with all willingness and duty perform your
let me obtain this request, and I will so leave command.
to trouble your grace any farther, with mine But let not your grace ever imagine, that earnest prayers to the Trinity, to have your your poor wife will ever be brought to acknow-grace in his good keeping, and to direct you ledge a fault, where not so much as a thought in all your actions. From my doleful prison thereof preceded. Aod to speak a truth, ne-in the Tower, this sixth of May ; ver prince had a wife more loyal in all duty,
• Your most loyal and in all true affection, than you have ever
' and ever faithful wife, found in Ann Boleyn : with which name and L.
"ANN BOLEYN.' place I could willingly have contented myself, if God and your grace's pleasure had been No. 398.1 Friday, June 6, 1712. so pleased. Neither did I at any time so far forget myself in my exaltation or received
Insanire pares certa ratione modoque.
Hor. Sat. iii. Lib. 2. 20 queenship, but that I always looked for such an alteration as I now find; for the ground of
You'd be a fool.
With art and wisdom, and be mad by rule. my preferment being on no surer foundation
Creech. than your grace's fancy, the least alteration I knew was fit and sufficient to draw that fancy Cynthio and Flavia are persons of distincto some other object. You have chosen me tion in this town, wbo have been lovers these from a low estate to be your queen and com- ten months last past, and writ to each other panion, far beyond my desert or desire. If for gallantry sake under those feigned names; then you found me worthy of such honour, Mr. Such-a-one and Mrs. Such-a-one not begood your grace, let not any light fancy, or ing capable of raising the soul out of the orbad counsel of mine enemies, withdraw your dinary tracts and passages of life, up to that princely favour from me; neither let that stain, elevation which makes the life of the enamourthat unworthy stain, of a disloyal heart to-ed so much superior to that of the rest of the wards your good grace, ever cast so foul a world. But ever since the beauteous Cecilla blot on your most dutiful wife, and the infant has made such a figure as she now does in the princess your daughter. Try me, good king, circle of charming women, Cynthio has been but let me have a lawful trial, and let got my secretly one of her adorers. Cecilia has been sworn enemies sit as my accusers and judges; the finest woman in the town these three yea, let me receive an open trial, for my truth months, and so long Cynthio has acted the shall fear no open shame > then shall you see part of a lover very awkwardly in the preeither mine innocence cleared, your suspicion sence of Flavia Flavia has been too blind and conscience satisfied, the ignominy and towards him, and has too sincere an heart of slander of the world stopped, or my guilt her own to observe a thousand things which openly declared. So that, whatsoever God or would have discovered this change of mind to you may determine of me, your grace may be any one less engaged than she was. Cynthio freed from an open censure; and mine of was musing yesterday in the piazza in Co. fence being so lawfully proved, your grace is vent-gerden, and was saying to himself that at liberty, both before God and man, not on- he was a very ill man to go on visiting and ly to execute worthy punishment on me as an prosessing love to Flavia, when his heart was unlawful wife, but to follow your affection, al- enthralled to another. It is an infirmity that ready settled on that party, for whose sake I I am not constant to Flavia ; but it would be am now as I am, whose name I could some still a greater crime, since I cannot continue good while since have pointed unto your to love her, to profess that I do. To marry a grace not being ignorant of my suspicion woman with the coldness that usually indeed therein.
comes on after marriage, is ruining one's self * But if you have already determined of me, with one's eyes open; besides, it is really doand that not only my death, but an iofamous ing her an injury. This last consideration forslander must bring you the enjoying of your sooth, of injuring her in persisting, made him desired happiness; then I desire of God, that resolve to break off upon the first favourable he will pardon your great sin tberein, and opportunity of making her angry. When be likewise mine enemies, the instruments there was in this thought, he saw Robin the porter, of; and that he will not call you to a strict ac- who waits at Will's coffee-house, passing by. count for your unprincely and cruel usage of Robin, you must know, is the best man in the me, at his general judgment seat, where both town for carrying a billet; the fellow has a VOL. II.