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having restored a worthy family to their form- to consider this alliance of instinct and reason. er prosperity, and of making himself happy Your speculation may turn very naturally upby an alliance to their virtues.

on the force the superior part of mankind may have upon the spirits of such as, like this

watchman, may be very near the standard of No. 376.] Monday, May 12, 1712.

geese. And you may add to this practical

observation, how, in all ages and times, the Pavone ex Pythagorco.

Pers. Sat. vi. 11.

world has been carried away by oud unac

countable things, which one would think would From the Pythagorean peacock.

pass upon no creature which had reason ;

and, under the symbol of this goose, you may "MR. SPECTATOR,

enter into the manner and method of leading I HAVE observed that the officer you some creatures with their eyes open through thick time ago appointed as inspector of signs, has and thin, for they know not what, they know not done his duty so well as to give you an not why. account of very many strange occurrences in 'All which is humbly submitted to your the public streets, which are worthy of, but spectatorial wisdom, by, Sir, have escaped your notice. Among all the

"Your most humble servant oddnesses which I have ever met with, that

MICHAEL GANDER.' which I am now telling you gave me most delight. You must have observed that all the

MR. SPECTATOR, criers in the street attract the attention of the I have for several years had under my care passengers, and of the inhabitants in the seve the government and education of young ladies, ral parts, by something very particular in which trust I have endeavoured to discharge their tone itself, in the dwelling upon a note, with due regard to their several capacities and or else making themselves wholly unintelligi- fortunes. I have left nothing undone so imble by a scream. The person I ain so delight-print in every one of them an humble, coured with has nothing to sell, but very gravely teous mind, accompanied with a graceful bereceives the bounty of the people, for no other coming mien, and have made them pretty merit but the homage they pay to his manner much acquainted with the household part of of signifying to them that he wants a subsidy. family affairs ; but still I find there is someYou must sure have heard speak of an old mau thing very much wanting in the air of my lawho walks about the city, and that part of the dies, different from what I have observed in suburbs which lies beyond the Tower, per- those who are esteemed your fine-bred women. forming the office of a day-watchman, follow. Now, Sir, I must own to you, I never suffered ed by a goose, which bears the bob of his ditty, my girls to learn to dance ; but since I have and confirms what he says with a Quack, read your discourse of dancing, where you bave quack, I gave little heed to the mention of described the beauty and spirit there is in rethis known circumstance, till, being the other gular motion, I own myself your convert, and day in those quarters, I passed by a decrepit resolve for the future to give my young ladies old fellow with a pole in his hand, who just that accomplishment. But, upon imparting then was bawling out, 'Half an hour after my design to their parents, I have been made one o'clock ! and immediately a dirty goose very uneasy for some time because several of behind made her response, 'Quack, quack. I them have declared, that if i did not make could not forbear attending this grave pro- use of the master they reriinmended, they cession for the length of half a street, with no would take away their children. There was small amazement to find the whole place so colonel Jumper's lady, a colonel of the trainfamiliarly acquainted with a melancholy mid- bands, that has a great interest in ber parish; night voice at noon-day, giving them the hour, she rocommends Mr. Trott for the prettiest and exhorting them of the departure of time, master in town; that no man teaches a jig witb a bounce at their doors. While I was like him ; that she has seen him rise six or full of this novelty, I went into a friend's seven capers together with the greatest ease house, and told him how I was diverted with imaginable ; and that his scholars twist themtheir whimsical monitor and his equipage. selves more ways than the scholars of any My friend gave me the bistory; and inter- master in town; besides, there is Madam Prim, rupted my commendation of the man, by tell an alderman's lady, recommends a master of iog me the livelihood of these two animals is their own name, but she declares he is not of purchased rather by the good parts of the goose their family, yet a very extraordinary man in than the leader; for it seems the peripatetichis way ; for, besides a very soft air he has in • who walked before her was a watchinan in that dancing, he gives them a particuiar behaviour neighbourhood ; and the goose of herself, by at a tea table, and in presenting their snufffrequent hearing his tone, out of her natural box; teaches to twirl, slip, or flirt a fan, and vigilance, not only observed, but answered it how to place patches to the best advantage, very regularly from time to time. The watch- either for fat or lean, long or oval faces; for man was so affected with it, that he bought my lady says there is more in these things. her, and has taken her in partner, only al- than the world imagines. But I must contess, tering their hours of duty from night to day. the major part of those I am concerned with The town has come into it, and they live very leave it to me. I desire therefore, according comfortably. This is the matter of fact. Now to the enclosed directions, you would send your I desire you, who are a profound philosopher, correspondent, who has writ to you on that

VOL. II

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subject, to my house. If proper application Lysander, slain at a puppet-show on the this way can give innocence new charms, and third of September make virtue legible in the countenance, I shall Thrysis, shot from a casement in Piccaspare no charge to make my scholars, in their dilly. very features and limbs, bear witness how T. S. wounded by Zelinda's scarlet stocking. careful I have been in the otber parts of their as she was stepping out of a coach. education. I am, Sir,

Will Simple, smitten at the opera by the • Your most humble servant, glance of an eye that was aimed at one who · RACHEL WATCHFUL. stood by him.

Tho. Vainlove, lost his life at a ball.

Tim. Tatile killed by the tap of a fan

on his left shoulder, by Coquetilla, as he No. 377.] Tuesday, May 13, 1712

was talking carelessly with her in a bow-win

dow.
Quid quisque vitei, nunquam homini satis
Cautum est in horas. Hor. Lib. 2. Od. xiii. 13.1 Sir Simon Softly, murdered at the play-house

in Drury-lane by a frown..
What each should fly, is seldom known;
We, urprovided, are undouc.

Creech.

| Philander, mortally wounded by Cleora, as

she was adjusting her tucker. Love was the mother of poetry, and still Ralph Gapley, esq. hit by a random-shot at produces, among the most ignorant and bar- the ring. barous, a thousand imaginary distresses and F. R. caught his death upon the water. Apoetical complaints. It makes a footman talk pril the 1st. like Oroopdates, and converts a brutal rus- W. W. killed by an unknown hand, that was tic into a gentle swain. The most ordinary playing with the glove oft upon the side of the plebeian or mechanic in love, bleeds and pines tront-box in Drury-lane away with a certain elegance and tenderness Sir Christopher Crazy bart. hurt by the of sentiments which this passion naturally in- brush of a whale-bone petticoat spires.

Sylvius, shot through the sticks of a fan at These inward languishings of a mind infect- St. James's church. ed with this softness have given birth to a Dainon, struck through the heart by a dia. phrase which is made use of by all the melting mond necklace. tribe, from the highest to the lowest-I mean Thomas Trusty, Francis Goosequill, Wilthat of dying for love.'

lliam Meanwell, Edward Callow, esqrs. standRomances, which owe their very being to ing in a row, fell all four at the same time, by this passion, are full of these metaphorical an ogle of the widow Trapland. Coaths. Heroes and heroines, knights, 'squires, Tom Rattle, chancing to tread upon a lady's and damsels, are all of them in a dying con- tail as he came out of the play-house, she turndition. There is the same kind of mortality ed full upon him, and laid him dead upon the in our modern tragedies, where everyone spot. gasps, faints, bleeds and dies. Many of the Dick Tastewell, slain by a blush from the poets, to describe the execution which is queen's box in the third act of the trip to the done by this passion, represent the fair-sex Jubilee. as basilisks, that destroy with their eyes ; Samuel Felt, haberdasher, wounded in his but I think Mr. Cowley has, with great just. walks to Islington, by Mrs. Susanna Crossness of thought, compared a beautiful wo-stitch, as she was clambering over a stile. inan to a porcupine, that sends an arrow from R. F. T. W. S. 1. M. P. &c. put to death every part.

in the last birth-day massacre. I have often thought that there is no way sol Roger Blinko, cut off in the twenty-first year effectual for the cure of this general infirmity, of his age by a white-wash. as a man's relecting upon the motives that Musidorus, slain by an arrow that flew out produce it. When the passion proceeds from of a dimple in Belinda's left cheek. the sense of any virtue or perfection in the Ned Courtly, presenting Flavia with her person beloved, I would by no means discour-glove (which she had dropped on purpose) age it ; but if a man considers that all his hea- she received it, and took away his life with a vy complaints of wounds and death arise from courtesy. some liitle affectations of coquetry, which are John Gosselin, having received a slight hurt improved into charms by his owo food imagi- from a pair of blue eyes, as he was makiog his nation, the very laying before himself the cause escape, was despatched by a smile. of his distemper may be sufficient to effect the Strep hon, killed by Clarinda as she looked cure of it.

down into the pit. It is in this view that I have looked over the Charles Careless, shot flying by a girl of fif. several bundles of letters which I have receiv- teen, who unexpectedly popped her head upon ed from dying people, and composed out of him out of a coach. them the following bill of mortality, which ll Josiah Wither, aged three score and three, shall lay before my reader without any farther seut to his long home by Elizabeth Jetwell, preface, as hoping tbat it may be useful to spinster. him in discovering those several places where Jack Freelove murdered by Melissa in her there is most danger, and those fatal arts hair. which are made use of to destroy the beedless William Wiseacre, gent. drowned in a dood and unwary.

of tears by Moll Common.

isome we verdant me 6.7.8.

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John Pleadwell, esq. of the Middle Temple, No more shall nation against nation risp, Isa. ii. 4. barrister at law. assassinated in his chamber Nor ardent warriors meet with hateful eyes, the 6th instant by Kitty Sly, who pretended to

Vor fields with gleaming steel be cover'd o'cr,

| The brazen trumpets kindle rage no more : come to him for his advice.

But useless lancer into scythes shall bend,
And the broad falcbion in a plough-share end.
Then palaces shall rise; the joyful son

lxv. 21. 22. No. 378.] Wednesday, May 14, 1712.

Shall finish what the short-liv'd sire begun;

Their vines a shadow to their race shall yield, Aggredere, 0 magnos! aderit jam tempus honores. And the same hand that sow'd shall reap the field.

Virg. Ecl. iv. 48. The swain in barren deserts with surprise xxxv. l. 7

Sery lilies spring, and sudden verdure rise, Mature in years, to ready honours move. Dry'en. And starts amidst the thirsty wilds to hear

New falls of water murinuring in his ear: I will make no apology for entertaining the On risted rocks, the dragon's late abodes, reader with the following poem, which is writ. I The green reed trembles, and the bulrush nods.

Waste sandy valleys, once perplex'd with thorn, xli. 19,& ten by a great genius, a friend of mine* in the The spiry für and shapely box adorn :

Iv. 13 country, who is not ashamed to employ his wit The leafless shrubs the flowering palms succeed, in the praise of his Maker.

And od'rous myrtle to the noisome weed.
The lambs with wolves shall grace the verdant mead, xi.

And boys in flowery bands the tiger lead;
MESSIAH:

The steer and lion at one crib shall meet,

And harmless serpents lick the pilgrims feet:
A SACRED ECLOGUE.

The smiling infant in his hand shall take

The crested basilisk and speckled snakeComposed of several passages of Isaiah the Prophet. Pleas'd the green lustre of the scales survey,

And with their forked tongue, and pointless sting hall play Written in Imitation of Virgil's Pollio. Rise, crow'd with light, imperial Salem, rise! Isa. L. l.

Exalt thy towery head, and line thy eyes! Ye nymphs of Solyına! begin the song :

See a long race thy spacious courts adorn! 1x. 4. To heav'nly themes sublimer strains belong.

See future sons and daughters yet unborn The mossy fountains, and the sylvan shades,

In crowding raaks on every side arise, The dreams of Pindus, and th' Aoniau maids,

Demanding life, impatient for the skies! Delight no more-0 Thou my voice inspire,

See barb'rous nations at thy gates atteuil,

Ix. 3. Who toucb'd Isaiah's hallow'd lips with fire!

Walk in thy light, and in thy temple bend ! Rapt into future times, the bard began,

See thy bright altars throng'd with prostrate kings
A virgin shall conceive, a virgin bear a son!

And heaped with products of dubæan springs!,
From Jesse's root behold a branch arise, Isa. xi. 1. For thee Idume's spicy furests blow,
Whose sacred flower with fragrance fills the skies: And seeds of gold in Ohir's roountains glow.
Th' ethereal Spirit o'er its leaves shall move,

See heaven its sparkling portals wide disda
And on its top descends the mystic dove.

And break upou then with a flood of day! Ye heavens! from high the dewy nectar pour, xiv. 8. No more the rising sun shall gild the morn, 1x. 19.20. And in soft silence shed the kindly shower!

Nor evening Cynthia fill her silver horn,

li. 6. The sick and weak the healing plant shall aid,

But lost, dissolved in thy superior rays, From storins a shelter, and from heat a shade.

One tide of glory, one unclouded blaze All crimes shall cease, and ancient fraud shall fa

O'erflow thy courts: the Laght Himself shall shine Returning justice lift aloft her scale;

Reveal'd, and God's eternal day be thine! Peace o'er the world her olive wand extend,

The seas shall waste, the skies in smoke deday, ii. 6. &. And white rob'd Innocence from heaven descended,

Rocks fall to dust, and mountains melt away; lvi. 10. Swift fly the years, and rise the expected morn!

But fix'd His word, His saving power remains ;
Oh spring to light, auspicious Babe, be born! xxxv. 2.

Thy realm for ever lasts, thy own Mesajul reigus.
See nature hastes her earliest wreathes to bring,
With all the incense of the breathing spring :
Sec lofty Lebanon his head advance,

No. 379.] Thursday, May 15, 1712.
See nodding forests on the mountains dance;
See spicy clouds from lowly Sharon rise,

Scire tuum nibil est, nisi te scire hoc sciat alter.
And Carmel's flow'ry top perfumes the skies!

Pers. Sat. 1. 27. Hark! a glad voice the lonely desert chers; xi. 3. 4. Prepare the way! a God, a God appears:

Science is not science till reveal'd.Dryden A God! a God! the vocal hills reply, The rocks proclaim th' approaching Deity.

I HAVE often wondered at that ill natured Lo earth receives him froin the bending skies!

position which has been sometimes maintained Sink down, ye mountains; and ye valleys rise!

in the schools and is comprised in an old LaWith heads declin'd, ye cedars, homage pay; Be smooth ye rocks; ye rapid floods give way!

tin verse, namely, that` A man's knowledge is The Saviour comes! by ancient bards foretold !

worth nothing if he communicates what he Hear him, ye deaf: and all ye blind, behold: xlii. 18. knows to any one besides. There is certainly He from thick filins shall purge the visual ray, xxxv. 5. 6. no more sensible pleasure to a good-natured And on the sightless aye-ill pour the day "Ti lle th' obstructed ths of sound shall clear,

man, than if he cap by any means gratify or And bid new music charın t' unfolding ear;

inform the mind of another. I might add that The duinb shall sing, the larne his crutch forego,

this virtue paturally carries its own reward And leap exulting like the bounding roe;

along with it, since it is almost impossible it No sigh, no murmur, the wide world shall hear, From every face he wipes of every tear,

should be exercised without the improvement In adamantine chains shall death be bound,

of the person who practises it. The reading And hell's grim tyrant feel th' eternal wound. 11. Iof books and the daily occurrences of life, are As the good shepherd tends his fleecy care,

continually furnishing us with matter for Seeks freshest pastures and the purest air, Explores the lost, the wandering sheep directs,

thought and reflection. It is extremely natuBy day o'ersees them, and by night protects,

ral for us to desire to see such our thoughts The tender lamb he raises in his arms,

put in the dress of words, without which, inFeeds from his hand, and in his bosom warms; Mankind shall thus his guardian care engage,

deed, we can scarce have a clear and distinct The promis'd father of the fature age.

ix. 6, idea of them ourselves. When they are thus

clothed in expressions, nothing so truly shows * Pope. See No. 534.

us whether they are just or false, as diose er

eak the bese kindly car pour

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fects which they produce in the minds of oth- The Egyptians, who made use of hieroglyers.

phics to signify several things, expressed a I am apt to flatter myself, that, in the course man who confined his knowledge and discoof these my speculations, I have treated of se-veries altogether within himself by the figure veral subjects, and laid down many such rules of a dark lantern closed on all sides ; which, for the conduct of a man's life, wbich iny rea- though it was illuminated within, afforded no ders were either wholly ignorant of before, or manner of light or advantage to such as which at least those few who were acquainted stood by it. For my own part, as I shall with them looked upon as so many secrets they from time to time communicate to the public have found out for the conduct of them- whatever discoveries I happen to make, I selves, but were resolved never to have made should much rather be compared to an orpublic.

dinary lamp, which consumes and wastes itI am the more confirmed in this opinion self for the benefit of every passenger. from my having received several letters, I shall conclude this paper with the story wherein I am censured for having prostitut- of Rosicrusius's sepulchre. I suppose I need ed learning to the embraces of the vulgar, not inform my readers that this man was the and made her, as one of my correspondents author of the Rosicrusian sect, and that his phrases it, a common strumpet. I am charg- disciples still pretend to new discoveries, ed by another with laying open the arcana which they are never to communicate to the or secrets of prudence to the eyes of every rest of mankind.* reader.

A certain person having occasion, to dig The narrow spirit which appears in the let- somewhat deep in the ground, where this phiters of these my correspondents is the less losopher lay interred, met with a small door, surprising, as it has shown itself in all ages: having a wall on each side of it. His curiothere is still extant an epistle written by Alex-sity, and the hopes of finding some hidden ander the Great to his tutor Aristotle, upon treasure, soon prompted him to force open that philosopher's publishing some part of 'his the door. He was immediately surprised by writings; in which the prince complains of a sudden blaze of light, and discovered a very his having made known to all the world fair vault. At the upper end of it was a stathose secrets in learning which he had be- tue of a man in armour, sitting by a table, fore communicated to him in private lec- and leaning on his left arm. He held a truntures; concluding, that he had rather ex-cheon in his right hand, and had a lamp burncel the rest of mankind in knowledge than in ing before him. The man had no sooner set power.

Tone foot within the vault, than the statue Louisa de Padilla, a lady of great learning, erected itself from its leaning posture, stond and countess of Aranda, was in like manner bolt upright, and, upon the fellow's advancing angry with the famous Gratian, upon his pub- another step, lifted up the truncheon in his lishing his treatise of the Discreto, wherein right hand. The man still ventured a third, she fancied that he had laid open those max. step, when the statue, with a furious blow, ims to coinmon readers, which ought only to broke the lamp into a thousand pieces, and have been reserved for the knowledge of the left his guest in a sudden darkness. great.

Upon the report of this adventure, the These objections are thought by many of country people soon came with lights to the so much weight, that they often defend the sepulchre, and discovered that the statue, above-mentioned authors by affirming they which was made of brass, was nothing more have affected such an obscurity in their style than a piece of clock-work; that the floor of and manner of writing. that, though every the vault was all loose, and underlaid with one may read their works, there will be but several springs, which, upon any man's envery few who can comprehend their meaning, tering, naturally produced that which had

Persius, the Latin satirist, affected obscu- happened.' rity for another reason: with which, how- Rosicrusius, says his disciples, made use of ever, Mr. Cowley is so offended, that, writing this method to show the world that he had to one of his friends, - You,' says he, 'tell re-invented the ever burning lamps of the me, that you do not know whether Persius ancients, though he was resolved no one be a good poet or no, because you cannot un- should reap any advantage from the disco. derstand hin; for which very reason I affirm very.

. X. that he is not so.' . However, this art of writing unintelligibly No 2

by No. 380.] Friday, May 16, 1712. has been very much improved, and followed by several of the inoderns, who, observing Rivalem patienter babe. — the general inclination of mankind to dive

Ovid. Ars. Am. ii. 538. into a secret, and the reputation many have With patience bear a rival in thy love. acquired by concealing their meaning under obscure terms and phrases, resolve, that they

Sir

Thursday, May 8, 1712. may be still more abstruse, to write without

The character you have in the world any meaning at all. This art, as it is at of being the ladies' philosopher, and the pret. present practised by many eminent authors, ty advice I have seen you give to others in consists in throwing so many words at a venture into different periods, and leaving the See Comte de Gabalis, par l'Abbé Villars Warburton's curious reader to find the meaning of them. Pope, vol. 1. p. 109, 12mo.

your papers, make me address myself to you if you will not pretend to tell us the motives in this abrupt mauner, and to desire your that bring such trities to solemn assemblies, opinion of what in this age a woman may call yet let me desire that you will give this letter a lover. I have lately had a gentleman that a place in your paper, and I shall remain, I thought made pretensions to me, insomuch

"Sir, that most of my friends took notice of it, and

* Your obliged humble servant, thought we were really married. I did not

J. S. take much pains to uodeceive them, and especially a young gentlewoman of my parti

MR. SPECTATOR, May the 5th. cular acquaintance, who was then in the 'The conversation at a club of which I am country. She coming to town, and seeing a member last night falling upon vanity and our intimacy so great, she gave herself the the desire of being admired, put me in mind liberty of taking me to task concerning it: I of relating how agreeably I was entertained ingenuously told her we were not married, at my own door last Thursday, by a clean but I did not know what might be the event. fresh-coloured girl, under the most elegant She soop got acquainted with the gentleman, and the best furnished milk-pail I had ever and was pleased to take upon her to examine observed. I was glad of such an opportunity him about it. Now, whether a new face had of seeing the behaviour of a coquette in low made a greater conquest than the old I will life, and how she received the extraordinary leave you to judge. I am informed that he notice that was taken of her: which I found utterly denied all pretensions to courtship, had affected every muscle of her face in the but withall professed a sincere friendship for same manner as it does the features of a firstme; but, whether marriages are proposed by rate toast at a play or in an assembly. This way of friendship or not, is what I desire to hint of mine made the discourse turn upon know, and what I may really call a lover ? the sense of pleasure ; which ended in a geThere are so many who talk in a language fit neral resolution, that the milk-maid enjoys only for that character, and yet guard them- her vanity as exquisitely as the woman of selves against speaking in direct terms to the quality. I think it would not be an improper point, that it is impossible to distinguish be- subject for you to examine this frailty, and tween courtship and conversation. I hope trace it to all conditions of life : which is reyou will do me justice both upon my lover commended to you as an occasion of obliging and my friend, if they provoke me further. In many of your readers, among the rest, the mean time I carry it with so equal a be

• Your most humble servant, haviour, that the nymph and the swain too

"T. B.' are mightily at a loss : each believes I, who know them both well, think myself revenged

SIR,

May 12, 1712. in their love one to another, which creates an Coming last week into a coffee-house not irreconcilable jealousy. If all comes right far from the Exchange, with my basket under again, you shall hear further from,

my arm, a Jew of considerable note, as I am «Sir.

informed, takes half a dozen oranges of me, Your most obedient servant, and at the same time slides a guinea into my MYRTILLA.' hand; I made him a courtesy, and went my

way. He followed me, and, finding I was MR. SPECTATOR, April 28, 1712. going about my business, he came up with • Your observations on persons that have me, and told me plainly that he gave ine the behaved themselves irreverently at church, I guinea with no other intent but to purchase doubt not have had a good effect on some that my person for an hour. “ Did you so, Sir ?" have read them ; but there is another fault says I; “ you gave it me then to make me which has hitherto escaped your notice, I wicked; I will keep it to make me honest. mean of such persons as are there very zea- however, not to be in the least ungrateful, I lous and punctual to perform an ejaculation promise you I will lay it out in a couple of that is only preparatory to the service of the rings, and wear them for your sake." I am church, and yet neglect to join in the service so just, Sir, besides, as to give every body that itself. There is an instance of this in a asks how I came by my rings this account of friend of Will Honeycomb's, who sits oppo- my benefactor ; but to save me the trouble site to me. He seldom comes in till the pray- of telling my tale over and over again, I humers are about half over; and when he has en bly beg the favour of you to tell it once for all, tered his seat (instead of joining with the and you will extremely oblige, congregation) he devoutly holds his hat be

Your humble servant, fore his face for three or four moments, then bows to all his acquaintance, sits down, takes a pinch of snuff (if it be the evening service. I 'SIR,

St. Bride's, May 15, 1712. perhaps takes a nap) and spends the remain-! « 'Tis a great deal of pleasure to me, and I ing time in surveying the congregation. dare say will be no less satisfactory to you, Now, Sir, what I would desire is, that you that I have an opportunity of informing you; would animadvert a little on this gentleman's that the gentleman and others of the parish practice. In my opinion, this gentleman's of St. Bride's have raised a charity-school of devotion, cap in hand, is only a compliance fifty girls, as before of fifty boys. You were to the custom of the place, and goes no far- so kind to recommend the boys to the charither than a little ecclesiastical good-breeding. I table world; and the other sex hope you will

BETTY LEMO

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