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master's prodigious improvements, and his stages be attained by one who is a mere strancomprehensive knowledge of all book-learn- ger to the customs and policies of his native ing ; concluding, that, it was now high time country, and has not yet fised in his mind the he should be made acquainted with inen 6rst principles of manners and behaviour? To and things; that she had resolved he should endeavour it, is to build a gaudy structure witbmake the tour of France and Italy, but out any foundation; or, if I may be allowed could not bear to have him out of her sight, the expression, to work a rich embroidery upand therefore intended to go along with him. on a cobweb.
I was going to rally her for so extravagant - Another point of travelling, which deserves a resolution, but found myself not in a fit hu- to be considered, is the improving our taste of mour to meddle with a subject that demanded the best authors of antiquity, by seeing the the most soft and delicate touch imaginable. places where they lived, and of which they I was afraid of dropping something that might wrote ; to compare the natural face of the seem to bear hard either upon the son's abili- country with the descriptions they have giren ties, or the mother's discrenon, being sensible us, and observe how well the picture agrees that in both these cases, though supported with with the original. This must certainly be a all the powers of reason, I should, instead of most charming exercise to the mind that is gaining her ladyship over to my opinion, only rightly turned for it; besides that, it may in a expose myself to ber disesteem : I therefore good measure be made subservient to morality, immediately determined to refer the whole if the person is capable of drawing just conclumatter to the Spectator.
sions concerning the uncertainty of human • When I came to reflect at night, as my things, from the ruinous alterations time and custom is, upon the occurrences of the day, barbarity have brought upon so many palaces, I could not but believe that this bumour of cities, and whole countries, which make the carrying a boy to travel in his mother's lap, most illustrious figures in history. And this and that upon pretence of learning men and hint may be not a little improved by examinthings, is a case of an extraordinary nature, ing every little spot of ground that we find celeand carries on it a peculiar stamp of folly. I brated as the scene of some famous actiou, or did not remember to have met with its parallel retaining any footsteps of a Cato. Cicero, or within the compass of my observation, though Brutus, or some such great virtuous man. A I could call to mind some not extremely imithe nearer view of any such particular, though re. it. From thence my thoughts took occasion ally little and tritting in itself, may serve the to ramble into the general notion of travel. more powerfully to warm a generous mind to Jing, as it is now made a part of education. an emulation of their virtues, and a greater Nothing is more frequent than to take a lad ardency of ambition to imitate their brigbt esfrom grammar and taw, and, under the tuition amples, if it comes duly tempered and preof some poor scholar, who is willing to be ba pared for the impression. But this I benished for tbirty pounds a year, and a little lieve you will hardly think those to be, who victuals, send him crying and snivelling into are so far from entering into the sense and foreign countries. Thus he spends his time as spirit of the ancients, that they do not vet children do at puppet-shows, and with much understand their language with any exactthe same advantage. in staring and gaping at ness.* an amazing variety of strange things, strange · But I have wandered from my purpose, indeed to one who is not prepared to compre- which was only to desire you to save, if possihend the reasons and meaning of them, whilst ble, a fond English mother, and mother's own he should be laying the solid foundations of son, from being shown a ridiculous spectacle knowledge in his mind, and furnishing it with through the most polite parts of Europe. Prav just rules to direct bis future progress in life tell them, that though to be sea-sick, or jumunder some skilful master of the art of in-lied in an outlandish stage-coach, may perstruction.
haps be healthful for the constitution of the bo. *Can there be a more astonishing thought indy, yet it is apt to cause such dizziness in nature, than to consider how men should fall into so palpable a mistake? It is a large field, and may very well exercise a sprightly genius; * The following paragraph, in the first edition of this but I do not remember you have vet taken a paper
I paper in folio, was afterwards suppressed. It is here return in it. I wish, Sir. you would make people printed from the Spect. in folio, No. 364. understand that "travel" is really the last step
I'I cannot quit this he id without paying my acknowledg.
ments to one of the most entertaining pieces this age has to be taken in the institution of youth , and produced for the pleasure it gave me. You will ens ily that to set out wit
guess that the book I have in my head is Mr. Addison's should end.
Remarks upon Italy. That ingenious gentleman has with . Certainly the true end of visiting foreign of all the parts of classical learning, to illustrate the sere
so much art and judgment applied his exact knowledge parts, is to look into their customs and policies, ral occurrences of his travels, that his work alone is a and observe in what particulars they excel or pregnant proof of what I have said. Nobody that has a come short of our own: to unlearn some odd taste this way, can read hiin golug from Rome to Naples,
and making Horace and Silius Italicus his churt, but he peculiarities in our manners, and wear off such must fcel sonne uucosiness in himself to risiect th: he was awkward stiffnesses and affectations in our be- not in his retinue. I am sure I wished it teu times in haviour, as possibly may have been contracted every page, and that not without a secret vanity to think from constantly associating with one nation of in what state I should have travelled the Appian road,
with Horace for a guide, and in company with a counmen. by a more free, general, and mixed con- ltrvman of my own, who, of all men living, know's best versation. But how can any of these advan-bow to follow his steps,
young empty heads as too often lasts their him, that though she would proinise to be Jife-time.
chaste in every month besides, she could not I am, Sir,
engage for herself in May. As the beginning Your most humble servant, therefore of this month is now very near, · PHILIP HOMEBRED. I
I design this paper for a caveat to the fair.
sex, and publish it before April is quite out, SIR,
Ithat if any of them should be caught trip. *I was married on Sunday last, and went ping, they may not pretend they had not timepeaceably to bed ; but, to my surprise, was ly notice. awakened the next morning by the thunder of I am induced to this, being persuaded the a set of drums. These warlike sounds (me- above-mentioned observation is as well calthinks) are very improper in a marriage-con- culated for our climate as that of France, cert, and give great offence; they seem to in- and that some of our British ladies are of sinuate, that the joys of this state are short, the same constitution with the French marand that jars and discord soon ensue. I fear chioness, they have been ominous to many matches, and I shall leave it among physicians to detersometimes proved a prelude to a battle in the mine what may be the cause of such an annihoney-moon. A nod from you may hush versary inclination ; whether or no it is that them; therefore, pray, Sir, let thein be si- the spirits, after having been as it were frozen lenced, that for the future none but soft airs and congealed by winter, are now turned loose may usher in the morning of a bridal night ; and set a rambling; or, that the gay prospects which will be a favour not only to those who of fields and mcadows, with the courtship of come after, but to me, who can still subscribe the birds in every bush, naturally unbend the myself,
mind, and soften it to pleasure; or that, as Your most humble,
some have imagined, a woman is prompted by "and most obedient servant. a kind of instinct to throw herself on a bed of "ROBIN BRIDEGROOM.flowers, and not to let those beautiful couches
which nature has provided lie useless. How. MR. SPECTATOR,
ever it be, the effects of this month on the I am one of that sort of women whom the lower part of the sex, who act without disguise, gayer part of our sex are apt to call a prude. are very visible. It is at this time that we see But to show them that I have very little re- the young wenches in a country-parish dancing gard to their raillery, I shall be glad to see round a May-pole, which one of our learned them all at The Amorous Widow, or The antiquaries supposes to be a relick of a cerWapton Wife, which is to be acted for the tain pagan worship that I do not think fit to benefit of Mrs. Potter, on Monday the 28th in- mention. stant. I assure you I can laugh at an amorous It is likewise on the first day of this month widow, or wanton wife, with as little tempta- that we see the ruddy milk-maid exerting hertion to imitate them, as I could at any other self in a most sprightly manner uoder a pyra. vicious character. Mrs. Porter obliged me so mid of silver tankards, and, like the virgin very much in the exquisite sense she seemed to Tarpeia." oppressdd by the costly ornaments have of the honourable sentiments and noble which her benefactors lay upon her. passions in the character of Hermione, that I l I need not mention the ceremony of the shall appear in her behalf at a comedy, though green gown, which is also peculiar to this gay I have no great relish for any entertainments season. where the mirth is not seasoned with a certain The same periodical love-fit spreads through severity, which ought to recommend it to peo- the whole sex, as Mr. Dryden well observes in ple who pretend to keep reason and authority his description of this merry month. over all their actions.
. For thee, sweet month, the groves green liv'ries wear, I am, Sir,
If not the first, the fairest of the year; • Your frequent reader,
For thee the Graces lead the dancing hours,
And nature's ready pencil paints the flowers.
The sprightly May commands our youth to keep
Each gentle breast with kindly warmth she mores, No 365.] Tuesday, April 29, 1712.
Inspires new flames, revives extinguish'il loves.' Vero magis, quia vere calor redit osnjivus --
Accordingly, among the works of the great Virg. George. jji. 272.
masters in painting, who have drawn this geniBut most in spring; the kindly spring inspires al season of the year, we often observe Cupids Reviving heat, and kindles genial fires.
confused with Zephyrs, flying up and down ADAPTED.
promiscuously in several parts of the picture. Flush'd by the spirit of the genial year,
I cannot but add from my own experience, Be greatly cautious of your sliding hearts.
that about this time of the year love-letters Thomson's Spriug, 160, &c. come up to me in great numbers, from all
quarters of the nation. The author of the Menagiana acquaints us,
S, I received an epistle in particular by the that discoursing one day with several ladies of
o last post from a Yorkshire gentleman, who quality about the effects of the month of May, mi
makes heavy complaints of one Zelinda, whom which infuses a kindly warmth into the earth, and all its inhabitants, the marchioness of S- , who was one of the company, told
T. Livii Hist. Dec. 1. lib.i.cap.xi.
it seems he has courted unsuccessfully these No. 366.) Wednesday, April 30, 1712 three years past. He tells me that he de
Pone me pigris ubi mulla campis signs to try her this May; and if he does
Arbor æstivá recreatur aura ; not carry his point, he will never think of her Dulce ridentem Lalagen amabo. more.
Dulce loquentein. Hor. Od. xxii. Lib. 1. 17. Having thus fairly admonished the female
Set me where on some pathless plain sex, and laid before them the dangers they
The swarthy Africans complain, are exposed to in this critical month. I shall
To see the chariot of the sun in the next place lay down some rules and
So near the scorching country run;
The burning zone, the frozen isles, directions for the better avoiding those ca
Shill hear me sing or Celia's smiles; Jentures which are so very frequent in this All cold, but in her breast, I will despise, season.
And dare all heat but that of Celia's eyes. In the first place, I would advise them never
Roscommon. to venture abroad in the fields, but in the com
THERE are such wild inconsistencies in the pany of a parent, a guardian, or some other thoughts of a man in love. that I have often sober discreet person. I have before shown
reflected there can be no reason for allowing
to how apt they are to trip in the flowery mea-Shim
him more liberty than others possessed with dow; and shall further observe to them, that
phrenzy, but that his distemper has no maleProserpine was out a maying when she met with that fatal adventure to which Milton al-I his mistress kindles in his mind a general ten
volence in it to any mortal. That devotion to ludes when he mentions
derness, which exerts itself towards every ob
lject as well as his fair-one. When this passion That fair field Of Enna, where Proserpine gath'ring flowers,
is represented by writers, it is common with Herself a furer flower, by gloomy Dig
them to endeavour at certain quaintnesses and Was gatherd
turns of imagination, which are apparently the
work of a mind at ease; but the men of true Since I am going into quotations, I shall
taste can easily distinguish the exertion of a conclude this head with Virgil's advice to
mind which overflows with tender sentiments, young people while they are gathering wild
and the labour of one which is only describing strawberries aud nosegays, that they should a:
distress. In performances of this kind, the have a care of the 'snake in the grass.' In the second place, I cannot but approve
most absurd of all things is to be witty ; every those prescriptions which our astrological phy
sentiment must grow out of the occasion, and
Phy: be suitable to the circumstances of the chasicians give in their almanacks for this month:
racter. Where this rule is transgressed, the such as are “a spare and simple diet, with a
humble servant in all the fine things he says, moderate use of phlebotomy.'
is but showing his mistress how well he can Under this head of abstinence I shall also advise my fair readers to be in a particular
Odress, instead of saying how well he loves.
Lace and drapery is as much a man, as wit manner careful how they meddle with roinances, chocolate, novels, and the like in
and turn is passion. flamers, which I look upon as very dangerous : 'MR. SPECTATOR, to be made use of during this great carnival
The following verses are a translation of of nature. As I have often declared that I have nothing
wa Lapland love-song, which I met with in more at heart than the honour of my dear
3 Scheffer's history of that counrry.* I was country-women, I would beg them to consider,
agreeably surprised to find a spirit of tenderwhenever their resolutions begin to fail them,
ness and poetry in a region which I never sus. that there are but one and thirty days of this
Ipected for delicacy. In hotter climates, soft season, and that if they can but weather
though altogether uncivilized, I had not wonout this one month, the rest of the year will be dered if I had found some sweet wild notes easy to them. As for that part of the fair-sex
among the natives, where they live in groves who stay in town, I would advise them to be
of oranges, and hear the melody of birds particularly cautious how they give themselves
about them. But a Lapland lyric, breathup to their most innocent entertainments. If]"18
Icing sentiments of love and poetry, not un they cannot forbear the play house, I would
worthy of old Greece or Rome; a regular ode recommend tragedy to them rather than come
from a climate pinched with frost, and cursed dy; and should think the puppet-show much
with darkness so great a part of the year; safer for them than the opera, all the while
where it is amazing that the poor natives the sun is in Gemini.
should get food, or be tempted to propagate The reader will observe, that this paper is
their species-this, I confess, seemed a greawritten for the use of those ladies who think it
ter miracle to me than the famous stories worth while to war against pature in the cause
of their drums, their winds, and enchantof honour. As for that abandoned crew, who
ments. do not think virtue worth contending for, but
“I am the bolder in commending this north. give up their reputation at the first summons,
ern song, because I have faithfully kept to the such waruings and premonitions are thrown
sevtiments, without adding or diminishing; away upon them. A prostitute is the same
and pretend to no greater praise from my easy creature in all months of the year, and makes no difference between May and De-l * Mr. Am
De Mr. Ambrose Phillips was the supposed anthor of this cember.
X. love song.
translation, than they who smooth and clean quarter, in a fresh suit of clothes of her misthe furs of that country which have suffered tress's giving, with all other things suitable. by carriage. The numbers in the original are all this I see without envying, but not withas loose and unequal as those in which the out wishing my mistress would a little consider British ladies sport their Pindarics; and per- what a discouragement it is to me to have my haps the fairest of them might not think it a perquisites divided between fawners and jobdisagreeable present from a lover. But I bers, which others enjoy entire to themselves. have ventured to bind it in stricter measures, I have spoken to my mistress, but to little as being more proper for our tongue, though purpose; I have desired to be discharged (for perhaps wilder graces may better suit the indeed I fret myself to nothing,) but that she genius of the Laponian language.
answers with silence. I beg, Sir, your direction * It will be necessary to imagine that the what to do, for I am fully resolved to follow author of this song, poi having the liberty of your counsel; who am visiting his mistress at her father's house, was
Your admirer in hopes of spying her at a distance in her
and humble servant, fields.
CONSTANTIA COMB-BRUSH.' " Thou rising sup, whose gladsome ray
I beg that you will put it in a better dress, Invites my fair to rural play,
and let it come abroad, that my mistress, Dispel the mist, and clear the skies, And bring my Orra to my eyes.
who is an admirer of your speculations, may
No. 367.] Thursday, May 1, 1712.
Peritura parcite chart.-Juv. Sat i. 18.
In mercy spare us, when we do our best
To make as much waste paper as the rest.
I have often pleased myself with considering
the two kinds of benefits which accrue to the Ye storks, ye swans, a moment stay,
public from these my speculations, and which, And wait a lover on his way!
were I to speak after the manner of logicians. My bliss too long my pride denies,
I would distinguish into the material and the Apace the wasting summer flies:
formal. By the latter I understand those adNor yet the wintry blasts I fear,
vantages which my readers receive, as their Not storms or night shall keep me here.
minds are either improved or delighted by these What may for strength with steel compare?
my daily labours ; but having already several Oh! love has setters stronger far! By bolts of steel are limbs confin'd,
times descanted on my endeavour in this light, But crucl love enchains the mind.
I shall at present wholly confine myself to the
consideration of the former. By the word maNo longer then perplex thy breast; When thoughts torment, the first are best
terial, I mean those benefits which arise to the "Tis mad to go, 'tis death to stay ;
public from these my speculations, as they conAway to Orra! kaste away."
sume a considerable quantity of our paper
manufacture, employ our artisans in printing, * MR. SPECTATOR, April the 10th.
and find business for great numbers of indi· I am one of those despicable creatures
gent persons. called a chambermaid, and have lived with a Our paper-manufacture takes into it several inistress for some time, whom I love as my mean materials which could be put to no other life, which has made my duty and pleasure in- use, and affords work for several hands in the separable. My greatest delight has been in collection of them which are incapable of any being employed about her person; and indeed other employment. Those poor retailers, whom she is very seldom out of humour for a woman we see so busy in every street, deliver in their of her quality. But here lies my complaint, respective gleanings to the merchant. The mer. Sir. To hear with me is all the encourage-chant carries them in loads to the paper-mill, ment she is pleased to bestow upon me; for where they pass through a fresh set of hands, she gives her cast-off clothes from me to others; and give life to another trade. Those who have some she is pleased to bestow in the house to mills on their estate, by this means consider. those that neither want nor wear them, and ably raise their rents, and the whole nation is some to hangers-on, that frequent the house in a great measure supplied with a manufacdaily, who come dressed out in them. This, ture for which formerly she was obliged to her Sir, is a very mortifying sight to me, who am neighbours. a little necessitous for clothes, and love to ap- The materials are no sooner wrought into pear what I am ; and causes an uneasiness, so paper, but they are distributed among the that I cannot serve with that cheerfulness as presses, where they again set innumerable ar. formerly; which my mistress takes notice of, tists at work, and furnish business to another and calls envy and ill-temper, at seeing others mystery. From hence, accordingly as they are preferred before me. My mistress has a younger stained with news and politics, they fly through sister lives in the house with her, that is some the town in Post-men, Post-boys, Daily Couthousands below her in estate, who is con-rants, Reviews, Medleys, and examiners. Men, tinually heaping her favours on her maid; so women, and children contend who shall be the that she can appear every Sunday, for the first first bearers of them, and get their daily sasa tenance by spreading them. In short, when I accurate, learned, and judicious writers this trace in my mind a bundle of rags to a quire of age has produced. The beauty of the paper, Spectators, I find so many hands employed in of the character, and of the several cuts with every step they take through their whole pro- which this noble work is illustrated, makes it gress, that while I am writing a Spectator, I the finest book that I have ever seen ; and is fancy myself providing bread for a multitude. a true instance of the English genius, which,
If I do not take care to obviate some of my though it does not come the first into any art, witty readers, they will be apt to tell me, that generally carries it to greater heights than any my paper, after it is thus printed and published, other country in the world. I am particularly is still beneficial to the public on several oc- glad that this author comes from a British casions. I must confess I have lighted my pipe printing house in so great a magoificence, as with my own works for this twelvemonth past. he is the first who has given us any tolerable My landlady often sends up her little daughter account of our country. to desire some of my old Spectators, and has My illiterate readers, if any such there are, frequently told me, that the paper they are will be surprised to hear me talk of learning prioted on is the best in the world to wrap as the glory of a nation, and of printing as an spices in. They likewise make a good founda- art that gains a reputation to a people among tion for a mutton pie, as I have more than whom it flourishes. When men's thoughts are once experienced, and were very much sought taken up with avarice and ambition, they canfor last Christmas by the whole neighbourhood. not look upon any thing as great or valuable
It is pleasant enough to consider the changes which does not bring with it an extraordinary that a linen fragment undergoes, by passing power or interest to the person who is concernthrough the several hands above mentioned. ed in it. But as I shall never sink this paper so The finest pieces of Holland, when worn to far as to engage with Goths and Vandals, I tatters, assume a new whiteness more beautiful shall only regard such kind of reasoners with than the first, and often return in the shape of that pity which is due to so deplorable a deletters to their native country. A lady's shiftgree of stupidity and ignorance.
L. may be metamorphosed into billets-doux, and come into her possession a second time. A beau may peruse his cravat after it is worn out, No. 368.] Friday, May 2, 1712. with greater pleasure and advantage ihan ever
- Nos decebat he did in a glass. In a nord, a piece of cloth. Lugere ubi e set aliquis in lucem editus, after having officiated for some years as a towel Humanae vitae varia reputantes mala:
At qui labores morte finisset graves, or a napkin, may by this means be raised from
Omnes amicos laude et lætitiâ exequi. a dunghill, and become the most valuable piece
Eurip. apud Tull. of furniture in a prince's cabinet.
The politest nations of Europe bave endea. When first an infant draws the vital air, voured to vie with one another for the reputa.
Officious grief should welcome him to care :
But jov should life's concluding scene attend, tion of the finest printing. Absolute govern
And mirth be kept to grace a dying friend. ments, as well as republics, have encouraged an art which seems to be the noblest and! As the Spectator is, in a kind, a paper of most beneficial that ever was invented among news from the natural world, as others are the sons of men. The present king of France, from the busy and politic part of mankind, I in his pursuits after glory, has particularly shall translate the following letter, written to distinguished himself by the promoting of this an eminent French gentleman in tbis town useful art, insomuch that several books have from Paris, which gives us the exit of an been printed in the Louvre at his own ex. heroine who is a pattern of patience and gepense, upon which he sets so great a value, nerosity. that he considers them as the noblest presents he can make to foreign princes and ambas
Paris, April 18, 1712. sadors. If we look into the commonwealihs It is so many vears since you left your naof Holland and Venice, we shall find that in tive country, that I am to tell you the chathis particular they have made themselves the racters of your nearest relations as much as envy of the greatest monarchies. Elzevir and if you were an utter stranger to them. The ocAldus are more frequently mentioned than any casiou of this is to give you an account of the pensioner of the one or doge of the oth r death of Madame de Villacerfe, whose depar
The several presses which are now in Eng. ture out of this life I know not whether a man of land, and the great encouragement which has your philosophy will call unfortunate or not, been given to learning for some years last past, since it was attended with some circumstances has made our own nation as glorious upon this as much to be desired as to be lamented. She account, as for its late triumphs and conquests. was her whole life happy in an uninterrupted The new edition which is given us of Cæsar's health, and was always honoured for an evenCoinmentaries* has alreally been taken notice pess of temper and greatness of mind. On of in foreign gazettes, and is a work that does the 10th instant that lady was taken with an honour to the English press. It is no wonder indisposition which confined her to her chamthat an edition should be very correct which has ber, but was such as was too slight to make passed through the hands of one of the most her take a sick bed, and yet too grievous
to admit of any satisfaction in being out of it. * A most magnificent edition of Cerer's Commenta. It is notoriously known that some years ago ries published about this time, by Dr. Samuel Clarke. Monsieur Festeau, one of the most considetable