Imágenes de páginas

Let me know whether you think the nexti - Where the sapient king

* Held dalliance witch bis fair Egyptian spouse, child will love horses as much as Molly does china-ware.'


shows that the poet bad this delightful scene

in his mind. No. 327.] Saturday, March 15, 1711-12.

| Eve's dream is full of those high conceits

engendering pride, which, we are told, the Major rerum mihi nascitur ordo.

devil endeavoured to instil into her. Of this Virg. Æn. vii. 43.

kind is that part of it where she fancies her. A larger scene of action is display'd.-Dryden. self awakened by Adam in the following beau

tiful lines: We were told in the foregoing book, how the evil spirit practised upon Eve as she lay

• Why sleep'st thou, Eve? Now is the pleasant time,

The cool, the silent, save where silence yields asleep, in order to inspire her with thoughts

To the night-warbling bird, that now awake of vanity, pride, and ambition. The author, Tunes sweetest his love-labour'd song: now reins wbo shows a wonderful art throughout his Full-orb'd the inoon, and with more pleasing light vbole poem, in preparing the reader for the

Shadowy sets of the face of things. In vain,

If none regard. Heav'n wakes with all his eyes, several occurrences that arise in it, founds,

Whom to behold but thee, nature's desire, upon the above-mentioned circumstance, the In whose sight all things joy, with ravishment, first part of the fifth book. Adam, upon his Attracted by thy beauty still to gaze!' awaking, finds Eve still asleep, with an unusual An injudicious poet would have made Adam discornposure in her looks. The posture in talk through the whole work in such sentiments which he regards her is described with a ten-as these : but flattery and falsehood are not derness not to be expressed, as the whisper the courtship of Milton's Adam, and could not with which he awakens her is the softest that be heard by Eve in her state of innocence, ever was conveyed to a lover's ear.

excepting only in a dream produced on purpose His wonder was, to find unwakend Eve

to taint her imagination. Other vain septiWith tresses discompos'd, and glowing cheek, ments of the same kind, in this relation of her As through inquiet rest: he on his side

dream, will be obvious to every reader. Though Leaning half-rais'd, with looks of cordial love Hung over her enamour'd, and beheld

the catastrophe of the poem is finely presaged Beauty, which, whether waking or asleep,

on this occasion, the particulars of it are so Shot forth peculiar graces: then, with voice artfully shadowed, that they do not anticipate Mild as when Zephyrus on Flora hreathes,

the story which follows in the ninth book. I Her hand soft touching, whisper'd thus: "Awake,

shall only add, that though the vision itself is My fairest, my espour'd, my latest found, Heaven's last best gift, my ever new delight! founded upon truth, the circumstances of it Awake: the morning shines and the fresh field are full of that wildness and inconsistency which Calls us; we lose the prime, to mark how spring

are natural to a dream. Adam, conforniable Our tender plants, how blows the citron grove, What drops the myrrh, and what the balmy reed,

to his superior character for wisdom, instructs How nature paints her colours, how the bee

and comforts Eve upon this occason : Sits on the bloom, extractiog liquid sweet.' Such whispering wak'd her, but with startled eye

So cheer'd he his fair spouse, and she was cheer'd, On Adam, whoin embracing, thus she spake:

Byt silently a goatle tear let fall
O sole, in whom my thoughts find all repose,

From either eye, and wip'd them with her hair: My glory, my perfection! glad I see

Two other precious drops, that ready stood

Each in their crystal sluice, he, ere they fell Thy face, and morn return'd

Kiss'd, as the gracious signs of sweet remorso I cannot but take notice, that Milton, in And pious awe, that fear'd to have offended. the conferences between Adam and Eve, had The morning hymn is written in imitation his eye very frequently upon the book of Can- of one of those psalms where, in the overflowticles, in which there is a noble spirit of eas- ings of gatitude and praise, the psalmist calls tern poetry, and very often not unlike what not only upon the angels, but upon the most we meet with in Homer, who is generally placed conspicuous parts of the inanimate creation, to near the age of Solomon. I think there is no join with him in extolling their common Maker. question but the poet in the preceding speech Invocations of this nature fill the mind with remembered those two passages which are glorious ideas of God's works, and awaken that spoken on the like occasion, and filled with divine enthusiasma which is so natural to devothe same pleasing images of nature.

tion. But it this calling upon the dead parts My beloved spake and said unto me, Rise of nature is at all times a proper kind of worup, my love, my fair one, and come away ! ship, it was in a particular manner suitable to for, lo! the winter is past, the rain is over, and our first parents, who had the creation fresh gone, the flowers appear on the earth, the upon their minds, and had not seen the various time of the singing of birds is come, and the dispensations of Providence, nor consequently voice of the turtle is heard in our land. The could be acquainted with those many topics of fig-tree putteth forth her green figs, and the praise which might afford matter to the devovines with the tender grapes give a good smell. tions of their posterity. I need not remark the Arise, my love, my fair one, and come away!

one, and come away! beautiful spirit of poetry which runs through Come. my beloved! let us go forth into this whole hymn, nor the holiness of that rethe field, let us get up early to the vineya

held, let us get up early to the vineyards, solution with which it concludes. let us see if the vine flourish, whether the Having already mentioned those speeches tender grapes appear, and the pomegranates' which are assigned to the persons in this poem, bud forth.

I proceed to the description which the poet, His preferring the garden of Eden to that gives of Raphael. His departure from before

the throne, and his flight through the choirs of graces that poetry is capable of bestowing. angels, is finely imagined. As Milton every The author afterwards gives us a particular where fills his poem with circumstances that description of Eve in her domestic employare marvellous and astonishing, he describes ments : the gate of heaven as framed after such a man

So saying, with dispatchful looks in haste ner that it opened of itself upon the approach

She turns, on hospitable thoughts intent, of the angel who was to pass through it.

What choice to choose for delicacy best,

Whitt order, so contriv'd, as not to mix
Till at the gate

Tastes, not well join'd, inelegant, but bring
Of heav'n arriv'd, the gate self-opend wide,

Taste after taste, phield with kindliest change; On golden hinges turning, as, by work

Bestirs her then, &c. Divino, the sovereign Architect had fram'd.

Though in this, and other parts of the same The poet here seems to have regarded two book, the subject is only the housewifery of or three passages in the 18th Miad, as that in 'n

at in our first parent, it is set off with so many particular where, speaking of Vulcan, Homer pleasing images and strong expressions, as says that he had made twenty tripods running make it none of the least agreeable parts in on golden wheels; which, upon occasion, might this divine work go of themselves to the assembly of the gods, The natural majesty of Adam, and, at the and, when there was no more use for them, same time, his submissive behaviour to the return again after the same manner. Scali.

superior being who had vouchsafed to be his ger has rallied Homer very severely upon this

guest; the solemnhail' which the angel bepoint, as M. Dacier has endeavoured to de

stows upon the inother of mankind, with the fend it. I will not pretend to determine, whe-figure of Eve ministering at the table; are ther, in this particular of Homer, the marvel

circumstances which deserve to be admired. lous does not lose sight of the probable. As Raphael's behaviour is every way suitable the miraculous workmanship of Milton's gates to the dignity of his nature, and to that ch&is not so extraordinary as this of the tripods, Iracter of a sociable spirit with which the auso I am persuaded he would not have mention-thor has so judiciously introduced him. He ed it, had he not been supported in it by a had received instructions to converse with passage in the Scripture which speaks of Adam, as one friend converses with another, wheels in heaven that had life in them, and and to warn him of the enemy, who was conmoved of themselves, or stood still, in con- triving his destruction : accordingly, he is reformity with the cherubims, whom they ac-i presented as sitting down at table with Adam, companied.

and eating of the fruits of Paradise. The ocThere is no question but Milton had this cir- casion naturally leads him to his discourse on cumstance in his thoughts; because in the the food of angels. · After having thus entered following book he describes the chariot of the into conversation with han upon more indifMessiah with living wheels, according to the ferent subjects, he warns him of his obedience, plan in Ezekiel's vision :

and makes a natural transition to the history

of that angel who was employed in the cirPorth rushed with whirlwind sound The chariot of paternal Deity,

cumvention of our first parents. Flashing thick names, wheel within wheel undrawn, Had I followed Monsieur Bossu's method in Itself instinct with spirit

my first paper on Milton, I should have dated

the action of Paradise Lost from the beginI question not but Bossu, and the two Da

ning of Raphael's speech in this book, as he ciers, who are for vindicating every thing that

supposes the action of the Æneid to begin in is censured in Homer, by something parallel

the second book of that poem. I could allege in holy writ, would have been very well pleased had they thought of confronting Vulcan's

many reasons for my drawing the action of the

Æneid rather from its immediate beginning in tripods with Ezekiel's whecis. Raphael's descent to the earth, with the

the first book, than from its remote beginning

in the second; and show why I have considerfigure'of his person, is represented in very

ed the sacking of Troy as an episode, accordlively colours. Several of the French, Italian,

hoing to the cornmon acceptation of that word. and English poets, have given a loose to their

But as this would be a dry uneptertaining imaginations in the description of angels :

piece of criticism, and perhaps unnecessary but I do not remember to have met with any so finely drawn, and so conformable to the

to those who have read my first paper, I shall

not enlarge upon it. Whichsoever of the nopotions which are given of them in Scripture,

tions be true, the unity of Milton's action is as this in Milton. After having set him forth"

preserved according to either of them ; whein all his heavenly plumage, und represented!

ther we consider the fall of man in its immehim as alighted upon the earth, the poet con. 2

"diate beginning, as proceeding from the resocludes his description with a circumstance

lutions taken in the infernal council, or in its which is altogether new, and imagined with

more remote beginning, as proceeding from the greatest strength of fancy

the first revolt of the angels in heaven. The Like Maia's son he stood,

occasion which Milton assigns for this revolt, And shook his plumes, that heavenly fragrance fill'd as it is founded on hints in holy writ, and on The circuit wide

the opinion of some great writers, so it was Raphael's reception of the guardian angels, the most proper that the poet could have made his passing through the wilderness of sweets, use of. his distant appearance to Adam, have all the 'The revolt in heaven is described with great

force of imagination, and a fine variety of cir- complishments we generally understand by cumstances. The learned reader cannot but good breeding and polite education. She be pleased with the poet's imitation of Homer sings, dances, plays on the lute and harpsi. in the last of the following lines :

chord, paints prettily, is a perfect mistress of

the French tongue, and has made a consideraAt length into the limits of the north

ble progress in Italian. She is besides exThey came, and Satin took his roval seat

cellently skilled in all domestic sciences, as High on a hill, far bliving, as a mount Rid on a mount, with pyranids and towr's. preserving, pickling, pastry, making wines of From diamond quurrien hewn, and rocks of gold fruits of our own growth, embroidering, and The palace of great Lucifer, (80 call

needleworks of every kind. Hitherto, you That structure in the dialect of men

will be apt to think there is very little cause Interpreted)-

of complaint; but suspend your opinion till I Homer mentions persons and things, which, have further explained myself, and then, I he tells us, in the language of the gods are make no question, you will come over to mine. called by different names from those they go You are not to imagine I find fault that she by in the language of men. Milton has imi- either possess or takes delight in the exercises tated him with his usual judgment in this par- of those qualifications I just now mentioned ; ticular place, wherein he has likewise the au-lit is the immoderate fondness she has to them thority of scripture to justify him. The part that I lament, and that what is only designed of Abdiel, who was the only spirit that in this for the innocent amusement and recreation of iofinite host of angels preserved his allegiance life is become the whole business and study of to his Maker, exhibits to us a noble moral of hers. The six months we are in town (for religious singularity. The zeal of the seraphim the year is equally divided between that and breaks forth in a becoming warmth of senti- the country), from almost break of day till ments and expressions, as the character which noon, the whole morning is laid out in pracis given us of him denotes that generous scorn 'tising with her several masters; and to make and intrepidity which attends heroic virtue. up the losses occasioned by her absence in The author doubtless designed it as a pattern summer, every day in the week their attendto those who live among mankind in their pre- ance is required; and, as they are all people sent state of degeneracy and corruption: eminent in their professions, their skill and

time must be recompensed accordingly. So So spake the seraph Abdiel, faithful found

how far these articles extend, I leave you to Among the fruithless, faithful only he; Among innumerable false, "inmoy'd,

judge. Limning, one would think, is no exUnshaken, unseduc'd, unterrify'd ;

pensive diversion : but, as she inanages the His loyalty he kept, his love, his zeal:

matter, it is a very considerable addition to Nor number nor example with him wrought To swerve from truth, or change his constant mind,

her disbursements; which you will easily beThough single. From amidst them forth he pasa'd, lieve, when you know she paints fans for all Long way thro' hostile corn, which he sustain'd her acquaintance, and draws all her relations' Superior, por of violence fear'd anght;

pictures in miniature: the first must be mountAnd, with retorted scorn, his back he turn'd On those proud tow'rs to swift destruction doom'd.

ed by nobody but Colmar, and the other set by nobody but Charles Mather.* What follows is still much worse than the former; for as I

told you she is a great artist at her needle, it is No. 328.] Monday, March 17, 1711-12.

incredible what sums she expends in embroi. Nulluin me à labore reclinat otium.

dery; for, besides what is appropriated to her Hor. Epod. xvii. 24.

personal use, as mantuas, petticoats, stomaDay chases night, and night the day,

chers, handkerchiefs, purses, pin cushions, But no relief to me convey.

Dunscombe. and working aprons, she keeps four French

protestants continually employed in making MR. SPECTATOR,

divers pieces of superfluous furniture, as quilts, * As I believe that this is the first complaint toilets, hangings for closets, beds, windowthat ever was made to you of this nature, so curtains, casy chairs, and tabourets: nor have you are the first person I ever could prevail|I any hopes of ever reclaiming her from this upon myself to lay it before. When I tell you extravagance, while she obstinately persists in I have a healthy, vigorous constitution, a plen- thinking it a notable piece of good housetiful estate, no inordinate desires, and am mar- wifery, because they are made at home, and ried to a virtuous lovely woman, who neither she has bad some share in the performance. wants wit nor good-nature, and by whom I There would be no end of relating to you have a numerous offspring to perpetuate my the particulars of the annual charge, in furfamily, you will naturally conclude me a hapo nishing her store-room with a profusion of py man. But, notwithstanding these promising pickles and preserves ; for she is not conappearances, I am so far from it, that the pros- tented with having every thing, unless it pecet of being ruined and undone by a sort of be done every way, in which she consults an extravagance, which of late years is in a less hereditary book of receipts: for her female andegree crept into every fashionable family, de- cestors have been always famed for good houseprives me of all the comforts of my life, and wifery, one of whom is made immortal, by renders me the most anxious, miserable man giving her name to an eve-water, and two on earth. My wife, who was the only child sorts of puddings. I cannot undertake to reand darling care of an indulgent inother, employed her early years in learning all those ac- * A well known toyman in fleet-street ai tho time.

cite all her medicinal preparations, as salves, That useful part of learning which consists sere-cloths, powders, consects, cordials, ratafia,sin emendations, kuowledge of different readpersico, orangc-flower, and cherry-brandy, to-ings, and the like, is what in all ages persoas gether with innumerable sorts of simple waters.extremely wise and learned have had in great But there is nothing I lay so much to my heart, veneration. For this reason I cannot but re. as that detestable catalogue of counterfeit joice at the following epistle, which lets us inwines, which derive their names from the to the true author of the letter to Mrs. Marfruits, herbs, or trees, of whose juices they are garet Clark, part of which I did myself the chiefly compounded. They are loathsome to honour to publish in a foriner paper. I must the taste. and pernicious to the health ; and confess I do not naturally effect critical learnas they seldom survive the year, and then are ing ; but finding myself not so much regarded thrown away, under a false pretence of fruga- as I am apt to flatter myself I may deserve from lity. I may affirm they stand me in more than some professed patrons of learning, I could not if I entertained all our visitor's with the best but do myself the justice to show I am not a burgundy and champaign. Coffee, chocolate, stranger to such erudition as they smile upon. and green imperial, peco, and bohea teas, if I were duly encouraged. However, this is seem to be trifles; but when the proper appur- only to let the world see what I could do ; and tenances of the tea-table are added, they swell/shall not give my reader any more of this the account higher than one would imagine. kind, if he will forgive the ostentatiou I show I cannot conclude without doing her justice in at present. one article ; where her frugality is so remarkable, I must not deny her the merit of it, and "SIB.

March 13, 1711-12. that is in relation to her children, who are all "Upon reading your paper of yesterday, I confined, both boys and girls, to one large room..

m took the pains to look out a copy I had forin the remotest part of the house, with bolts

merly taken, and remembered to be very like on the doors and bars to the windows, under

your last letter : comparing them, I found the care and tuition of an old woman, who had

"they were the very same ; and have, underbeen dry nurse to her grandmother. This is

written, sent you that part of it which you say their residence all the year round ; and as they was torn off. I hope you will insert it, that are never allowed to appear, she prudently

posterity may know it was Gabriel Bullock that thinks it needless to be at any expense in ap- made love in that natural style of which you parel or learning. Her eldest daughter to this

seem to be fond, But, to let you see I have day would have neither read nor wrote, if it!

other manuscripts in the same way, I have had not been for the butler, who, being the son!

sent you enclosed three copies, faithfully takof a country attorney, has taught her such a

en by my own hand from the originals, which hand as is generally used for engrossing bills

were wrote by a Yorkshire gentleman of a in Chancery. By this time I have sufficiently good estate to madam Mary, and an uncle of tired your patience with my domestic grievan. hery, a knight very well known y the most ances; which I hope you will agree could not cient gentry in that and several other counwell be contained in a narrower compass, when ties of Great Britain. I have exactly followed vou consider what a paradox I undertook to the form and spelling. I have been credibly maintain in the beginning of my epistle, and informed that Mr. William Bullock, the fa. · wbich manifestly appears to be but too melan

too meianmous comedian, is the descendant of this Gacholy a truth. And now I heartily wish the briel, who begot Mr. William Bullock's great relation I have given of my misfortunes may

may grandfather, on the body of the above-menbe of use and benefit to the public. By the exotioned Mrs. Margaret Clark. As neither ample I have set before them, the truly vir-S

y Speed, nor Baker, nor Selden, take notice of tuous wives may learn to avoid those errors:

it, I will not pretend to be positive ; but dewhich have so unhappily misled minc, and.

1°sire that the letter may be reprinted, and what which are visibly these three: First, in mis- ::

Sij is here recovered may be in Italics. taking the proper objects of her esteem, and

I am, Sir, fixing her affections upon such things as are

Your daily Reader.' only the trappings and decorations of her sex: Secondly, in not distinguishing what becomes

SI• To her I very much respect, Mrs. Margaret the different stages of life. And, lastly, the

Clark. abuse and corruption of some excellent qual lities, wbich, if circumscribed within just "LOVELY, and oh that I could write loving, bourds, would have been the blessing and pros- Mrs. Margaret Clark, I pray you let affection perity of her family ; but by a vicious ex-excuse presumption. Having been so happy treme, are like to be the bane and destruction as to enjoy the sight of your sweet counten

T.* ance and comely body sometimes when I had

occasion to buy treacle or liquorish powder at No. 328*.] Monday, March 17, 1711-12.

the apothecary's shop, I am so enamoured with

you, that I can no more keep close my flaming Delectata illa urbanitate tam stulta.

Petron. Arb.

desire to become your servant. And I am the

more bold now to write to your sweet self, be. Delighted with unaffected plainness.

cause I am now my own man, and may match

where I please ; for my father is taker away ; * The above Paper was very early substituted for the one now immediately following, which latter is here re. and now I am come to my living, which is ten printed from the original folio, numbered, as at first, 328.* yard land, and a house: and there is never a,

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yard land* in our field but is as well worth ten they will put you in the nunnery; and heed pounds a year as a thief's worth a halter; and not Mrs. Lucy what she saith to you, for she all my brothers nad sisters are provided for : will ly and ceat you. go from to another place, besides I have good household stuff, though I and we will gate wed so with speed, mind what say it, both brass and pewter, linens and wool. i write to you, for if they gate you to london lens; and though my house be thatched, yet they will keep you there ; and so let us gate if you and I match, it shall go hard but I will wed, and we will both go. so if you go to lonhave one half of it slated. If you shall tbink don, you rueing yourself. so heed not what well of this motion, I will wait upon you as none of them saith to you let us gate wed, and soon as my new clothes are made, and hay- we shall lie to gader any time. i will do any harvest is in. I could, though I say it, have thing for you to my poore. i hope the devil good malches in our town; but my mother will faile them all, for a hellish company there (God's peace be with her) charged me upon her be. from there cursed trick and mischiefus death bed to marry a gentlewoman, one who ways good lord bless and deliver both you had been well trained up in the sowing and and me. cookery. I do not think but that if you and 1

I think to be at York the 24 day.' can agree to marry, and lay your means together, I shall be made grand jury-man ere

ere. This is for madum mary norton to go to london tro or three years come about, and that will for a lady that belongs to dishforth. be a great credit to us. If I could have got a Madam Mary, i hope you are well. i am messenger for sixpence, I would have sent one soary that you went away from York. deare on purpose, and some trifle or other for a token loving sweet lady, i writt to let you know that of my love : but I hope there is nothing lost for i do remain faithfull ; and if can let me know that neither. So, hoping you will take this let- where I can meet you, i will wed you, and i will ter in good part, and answer it wilh what care do any thing to my poor ; for you are a good and speed you can, I rest and remain,

woman, and will be a loving misteris. i am in Yours, is my own,

troubel for you, so if you will come to york i Mr. GABRIEL BULLOCK, will wed you. so with speed come, and i will

now my father is dead. have none but you. so, sweet love, heed not Swepston, Leicestershire.

what to say to me, and with speed come; heed

not what none of them say to you; your Maid When the coal-carts come, I shall send makes you believe ought. oftener ; and may come in one of them my. So deare love think of Mr. george Nillson self.t

with speed ; i sent 2 or 3 letters before. * For sir William to go to london at westminster

I gave misteris elcock some nots, and

thay put me in pruson all the night for me remember a parlament.

pains, and non new whear i was, and i did 'SIR,

gat cold. WILLIAM, i hope that you are well. i But it is for mrs. Lucy to go a good way from write to let you kuow that i am in troubel home, for in york and round about she is about a lady your nease; and i do desire that known; to writ any more her deeds, the same you will be my friend : for when i did com to will tell her soul is black within, hor corkis see her at your hall, i was mighty Abuesed. stinks of hell. March 19th, 1706*.' i would fain a see you at topecliff, and thay would not let me go to you; but I desire that No. 329.7 Tuesday, March 18, 1711-12. you will be our friends, for it is no dishonour neither for you por she, for God did make us

Ire tamen restat, Numó qua devenit et Ancus.

Hor. Ep. vi. Lib. 1. 27. all. i wish that i might see you, for they say that you are a good man; and many doth

With Ancus, and with Numa, kings of Rome,

We must descenil into the silent tomb. wounder at it, but madam norton is abuesed and ceated two i believe. i might a had many My friend Sir Roger de Coverley told me a lady, but I con have none but her with alt'other night, that he had been reading my good consons, for there is a God that know paper upon Westminster-abbey, in which, says' our hearts. if you and madam norton will come lo York, there I shill meet you if God be willing and if you be pleased. so be not ang In the original folio edition of the Spectator, the folterie till you know the trutes of things.

lowing letter is added to No. 330; It is given here as evi

lently relating to this paper, which, as already observed, I give my to me lady, and was suppressed soon after its first publication. See 328, "George Nelson.

to Mr. Aysenby, and to
madam norton, March "MR. SPECTATOR,

March 16, 1711-12. the 19th, 1706.'

The ostentation you showed yesterday (March 17) would have been pardonable, had you provided better for

the two extremities of your paper, and placed in the one "This is for madam mary norton disforth Lady the letter R. in the other, she went to York.

Nescio quid meditans nugarum et totus in illis. "Madam Mary. Deare loving sweet lady: A word to the wise. i hope you are well. Do not go to london, for

I am your most humble scrvant,


* "In some counties 20, in some 24, and in others 30 According to the emendation of the above corresponacres of land. Virgata Terra."

ident, the reader is desired, in the paper of the 17th, to See No. 324, and sote.

read R for T.

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