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of its nature to every action of one's life. It since the good will not be confined to me alone, were as little hazard to be lost in a storm, as but will be of universal use. For there is no to lie thus perpetually becalmed: and it is to hope of amendment where men are pleased no purpose to have within one the seeds of a with their ruin, and whilst they think laziness thousand good qualities, if we want the vigour is a desirable character; whether it be that and resolution necessary for the exerting them. they like the state itself, or that they think it Death brings all persons back to an equality ; gives them a new lustre when they do exert and this image of it, this slumber of the mind, themselves, seemingly to be able to do that leaves no difference between the greatest ge- without labour and application, wbich others nius and the meanest understanding. A faculty attain to but with the greatest diligence. of doing things remarkably praise-worthy, thus
I am, Sir, concealed, is of no more use to the owner, than Your most obliged humble servant, a heap of gold to the man who dares not use it.
SAMUEL SLACK.' • To-morrow is still the fatal time when all is to be rectified. To-morrow comes, it goes, I
Clytander to Cleone. and still I please myself with the shadow, 'MADAN, whilst I lose the reality : unmindful that the Permission to love you is all that I desire, present time alone is ours, the future is yet to conquer all the difficulties those about you unborn, and the past is dead, and can only live place in my way, to surmount and acquire all (as parents in their children) in the actions it those qualifications you expect in him wbo has produced.
pretends to the honour of being, The time we live ought not to be computed
Madam, by the vumber of years, but by the use that Your most devoted humble servant, has been made of it; thus, it is not the extent Z.
CLYTANDER.' of ground, but the yearly rent, which gives the value to the estate. Wretched and thought
No. 317.] Tuesday, March 4, 1711-12. less creatures, in the only place where covet-140 ousness were a virtue, we turn prodigals! No- --Fruges consumere nati. Hor. Ep. ii. Lib. 1. 27thing lies upon our hands with such uneasiness,
--Born to drink and eat. Creech. por have there been so many devices for any one thing, as to make it slide away impercep-1 Augustus, a few minutes before his death. tibly and to no purpose. A shilling shall be asked his friends who stood about him, if they hoarded up with care, whilst that which is thought he had acted his part well; and upon above the price of an estate is flung away with receiving such an answer as was due to his disregard and contempt. There is nothing extraordinary merit, “Let me then;' says he now-a-days, so much avoided, as a solicitous' go off the stage with your applause;' using improvement of every part of time; it is a re- the expression with which the Roman actors port must be shunned as one tenders the name made their exit at the conclusion of a draof a wit and a fine genius, and as one fears the matic piece.* I could wish that men, while dreadful character of a laborious plodder: but they are in health, would consider well the notwithstanding this, the greatest wits any nature of the part they are engaged in, and age has produced thought far otherwise ; for what figure it will make in the minds of those who can think either Socrates or Demosthenes they leave behind them, whether it was worth lost any reputation, by their continual pains coming into the world for; whether it be suitboth in overcoming the defects and improving able to a reasonable being: in short, whether the gifts of nature ! All are acquainted with it apears graceful in this life, or will turn to the labour and assiduity with which Tully ac- an advantage in the next. Let the sycophant, quired his eloquence. Seneca in his letters to or the buffoon, the satirist or the good comLucilius assures him, there was not a day in panion consider with himself, when his body which he did not either write something, or shall be laid in the grave, and his soul pass read and epitomize some good author; and I into another state of existence, how much it remember Pliny in one of his letters, where he will redound to his praise to have it said of gives an account of the various methods he him, that no man in England ate better, that used to fill up every vacancy of time, after he had an admirable talent at turning his several employments which he enumerates ; friends into ridicule, that nobody out-did him " Sometimes," says he, “I hunt: but even at an ill-natured jest, or that he never went chen I carry with me a pocket-book, that to bed before he bad despatched his third whilst my servants are busied in disposing of bottle. These are, however, very common futhe nets and other matters, I may be employed neral orations, and eulogiums on deceased perin something that may be useful to me in my sons who have acted among mankind with studies; and that if I miss of my game, I may some figure and reputation. at the least bring home some of my own But if we look into the bulk of our species, thoughts with me, and not have the mortifi. they are such as are not likely to be rememcation of having caught nothing all day." bered a moment after their disappearance.
• Thus, sir, you see, how many examples They leave behind them no traces of their recall to mind, and what arguments I use with existence, but are forgotten as though they myself, to regain my liberty: but as I am afraid bad never been. They are neither wanted by it is no ordinary persuasion that will be of ser- the poor, regretted by the rich, nor celebrated vice, I shall expect your thoughts on this subject with the greatest impatience, especially
* Vos valete et plaudite.
by the learned. They are neither missed in news. A dish of twist. Grend vizier stranthe common-wealth, nor lamented by private gled. persons. Their actions are of no significancy From six to ten. At the club. Mr. Nisby's to mankind, and might have been performed account of the great Turk. by creatures of much less dignity than those Ten. Dream of the grand vizier. Broken who are distinguised by the faculty of reason. sleep. An eminent French author speaks somewhere! to the following purpose : I have often seen
WEDNESDAY, eight o'clock. Tongue of my from my chamber window two noble creatures, sh
shoe-buckle broke. Hands but not face. both of them of an erect countenance and
andl Nine. Paid off the butcher's bill. Mem. endowed with reason. These two intellectual to be allowed for the last leg of mutton. beings are emploved from morning to night! Ten, eleven. At the Cofiee-house. More in rubbing two smooth stones one upon ano
work in the north. Stranger in a black wig ther; that is, as the vulgar phrase is, in po
asked me how stocks went. lishing marble.
From twelve to one. Walked in the fields. My friend, Sir Andrew Freeport, as we were
Wind to the south, sitting in the club last night, gave us an ac
From one to two. Smoked a pipe and a
half. count of a sober citizen, who died a few days bal since. This honest man being of greater con
Two. Dived as usual. Stomach good. sequence in his own thoughts than in the eye.
Three. Nap broke by the falling of a of the world, had for some years past kept a pe
a pewter dish. Mem. cook-maid in love, and Journal of his life. Sir Andrew showed us ope grown careless. Feek of it. Since the occurrences set down
I From four to six. At the coffee-house. in it mark ont such a road of action as tharl Advice from Smyrna that the grand vizier I have been speaking of, I shall present my
was first of all strangled, and afterwards be
headed. reader with a faithful copy of it; after having | first informed him, that the deceased persons
& Six o'clock in the evening. Was half an had in his youth been bred to trade, but find. / hour in the club before any body else came. ing himself not so well turned for business, M
& Mr. Nisby of opinion that the grand vizier he had for several years last past lived altoge
was not strangled the sixth instant. ther upon a moderate annuity."
Ten at night. Went to bed. Slept with
out waking until nine the next inorning. MONDAY, eight o'clock. I put on my clothes, and walked into the parlour.
THURSDAY, nine o'clock. Staid within unNine o'clock ditto. Tied my knee-strings. til two o'clock for Sir Timothy ; who did not and washed my hands.
"bring me my annuity according to his proHours ten, eleven, and twelve. Smoked three pipes of Virginia. Read the Supplement
Two in the afternoon. Sat down to dinand Daily Courant. Things go ill in the
ner. Loss of appetite. Small-beer sour. north. Mr. Nisby's opinion thereupon.
Beef over-corned. One o'clock in the afternoon. Chid Ralph
Three. Could not take my nap. for mislaying my tobacco-box.
Four and five. Gave Ralph a box on the Two o'clock. Sat down to dinner. Mem.
ear. Turned off my cook-maid. Sent a mes. Too many plumbs, and no suet.
senger to Sir Timothy. Mem. I did not go From three to four. Took my afternoon's
to the club to night. Went to bed at nine
From four to sis. Walked into the fields. FRIDAY. Passed the morning in meditation Wind S. S. E. From six to ten. At the Club. Mr. Nisby's before twelve.
upon Sir Timothy, who was with me a quarter opinion about the peace. Ten o'clock. Went to bed, slept sound.
Twelve o'clock. Bought a new head to
lept sound. my cane, and a tongue to my buckle. Drank TUESDAY, being holiday, eight fo'clock, rose
Ja glass of purl to recover appetite.
Two and three. Dived and slept well. as usual, Nine o'clock. Washed hands and face,
| From four to six. Went to the coffee-house. shaved, put on my double-soled shoes.
Ice, Met Mr. Nisby there. Smoked several pipes. Ten, eleven, twelve. Took a walk to
Mr. Nisby of 'opinion that laced coffee is bad Islington.
to for the head. One. Took a pot of Mother Cob's mild.
Six o'clock. At the club as steward. Sat Between two and three. Returned, dined"
din late. on a knuckle of veal and bacon.
ea Twelve o'clock. Went to bed, dreamt that
Mem. I drank small beer with the grand vizier. sprouts wanting. Three. Nap as usual.
SATURDAY. Waked at eleven, walked in the From four to six. Coffee-house Read the fields, wiird N. E.
Twelve. Caught in a shower. • It has been conjectured that this journal was intended to ridicule a gentleman who was a member of the con-Idried gregation named independents, where a Mr. Nesbit offi- Two. Mr. Nisby dined with me. First ciated as minister. See. John Danton's acconnt of his Life, Errors, and Opinions.
course, marrow-bones ; second, ox-cheek, with a bottle of Brooks and Hellier.
hochanenitud barbie in
One in the afternoon. Returned home and
Three. Overslept myself.
Ithat he thought it would be an endless reproacha Six. Went to the club. Like to have fallen to bim to make no use of a familiarity he was into a gutter. Grand vizier certainly dead, allowed at a gentleman's house, whose good &c.
humour and confidence exposed his wife to the I question not but the reader will be sur- addresses of any who should take it in their Prised to find the above-mentioned journalist head to do him the good office. It is not imtaking so much care of a life that was filled possible that Escalus might also resent that with such inconsiderable actions, and receiv."
ceiy. the husband was particularly negligent of him ; ed so very small improvements; and yet, if we and though he gave many intimations of a look into the behaviour of many whom we passion towards the wife, the husband either daily converse with, we shall find that most did not see them, or put him to the contempt of their hours are taken up in those three im- .
of overlooking them. In the mean time Isabelportant articles of eating, drinking, and sleep-la, for so we shall call our heroine, saw his ing. I do not suppose that a man loses his passion, and rejoiced it, as a foundation for in. time. who is not engaged in public affairs, or much diversion, and an opportunity of indulg. in an illustrious course of action. On the con-ing herself in the dear delight of being admirtrary. I believe our hours may very often be ed, addressed to, and flattered, with no ill more profitably laid out in such transactions consequence to her reputation. This lady is as make no figure in the world, than in such of a free and disengaged behaviour, ever in as are apt to draw upon them the attention of good-humour, such as is the image of inno. mankind. One may become wiser and better cence
beiter cence with those who are innocent, and an enby several methods of employing one's self
cself couragement to vice with those who are abanin secrecy and silence, and do what is lauda-doned. From this kind of carriage, and an ble without noise or ostentation. I would. apparent approbation of his gallantry, Escalus however, recommend to every one of my rea.had frequent opportunities of laying amorous ders, the keeping a journal of their lives for
er epistles in her way, of fixing his eyes atten
p one week, and setting down punctually their tively upon her actions, of performing a thouwhole series of employments during that space
sand little offices which are neglected hy the of time. This kind of self-examination would unconcerned, but are so many approaches give them a true taste of themselves, and in
towards happiness with the enamoured. It cline them to consider seriously what they are
was now, as is above hinted, almost the end of . about. One day would rectify the omissions
the seventh year of his passion, when Escalus, of another, and make a man weigh all those
from general terms, and the ambiguous reindifferent actions, which, though they are
spect which criminal lovers retain in their ad. easily forgotten, must certainly be accounted
dresses, began to bewail that his passion grew for.
too violent for him to answer any longer for his behaviour towards her, and that he hoped
she would have consideration for his long and No. 318.] Wednesday, March 5, 1711-12
patient respect, to excuse the emotions of a non omnia possumus omnes.
heart now no longer under the direction of
Virg. Ecl. viii. 63. the unhappy owner of it. Such, for some With different talents form'd, we variously excel.* months, had been the language of Escalus,
both in his talk and his letters to Isabella, who * MR. SPECTATOR,
returned all the profusion of kind things which • A CERTAIN vice, which you have lately at- had been the collection of fifty years, with tacked, has not been considered by you as “I must not hear you ; you will make me forgrowing so deep in the heart of man, that the get that you are a gentleman; I would not affectation outlives the practice of it. You willingly lose you as a friend;" and the like must have observed, that men who have been expressions, which the skilful interpret to bred in arms preserve to the most extreme and their own advantage, as well knowing that a feeble old age, a certain daring in their as- feeble denial is a modest assent. I should pect. In like manner, they who have passed have told you, that Isabella, during the whole their time in gallantry, and adventure, keep progress of this amour, communicated it to up, as well as they can, the appearance of it, her husband ; and that an account of Escalus's and carry a petulant inclination to their last love was their usual entertainment after half moments. Let this serve for a preface to a re- a day's absence. Isabella therefore, upon her lation I am going to give you of an old beau in lover's late more open assaults, with a smile town, that has not only been amorous, and a told her husband she could hold out no lonfollower of women in general, but also, in spite ger, but that his fate was now come to a crisig. of the admonition of gray hairs, been from After she had explained hersell a little farther, his sixty-third year to his present seventieth in with her husband's approbation, she proceedan actual pursuit of a young lady, the wife of ed in the following manner. The next time his friend, and a man of merit. The gay old that Escalus was alone with her, and repeatEscalus bas wit, good health, and is perfectly ed his importunity, the crafty Isabella looked well-bred; but, from the fashion and manner's on her fan with an air of great attention, as of the court when he was in his bloom, has considering of what importance such a secret such a natural tendency to amorous adventure, was to her; and upon the repetition of a
warm expression, she looked at him with an The motto to this paper in folio was,
cye of fondness, and told him he was past • Rideai, et pulset la:cira decentius retas.'-Nor. that time of life which could make her fear
he would boast of a lady's favour; then turn-care, as much as possible, to keep myself a ed away her head, with a very well acted neuter between both sexes. I have neither confusion, which favoured the escape of the spared the ladies out of complaisance, nor the aged Escalus. This adventure was matter of men out of partiality ; but notwithstanding great pleasantry to Isabella and her spouse; the great integrity with which I have acted in and they had enjoyed it two days before this particular, I find myself taxed with an Escalus could recollect himself enough to inclination to favour my own half of the speform the following letter:
cies. Whether it be that the women afford a
more fruitful field for speculation, or whether “ BADAM,
they run more in my head than the mea, I " What happened the other day gives me als
a cannot tell; but I shall set down the charge lively image of the inconsistency of humans
as it is laid against me in the following letter. passions and inclinations. We pursue what we are denied, and place our affections on 'MR. SPECTATOR, what is absent, though we neglected it when og
'I always make one among a company of present. As long as you refused my love
young females, who peruse your speculations your refusal did so strongly excite my passion,
every morning. I am at present commissioned that I had not once the leisure to think of re
by our whole assembly to let you know, that calling my reason to aid me against the de.
we fear you are a little inclined to be partial sign upon your virtue. But when thai virtue
towards your own sex. We must however began to comply in my favour, my reason
acknowledge, with all due gratitude, that in made an effort over my love, and let me see
some cases you have given us our revenge on the baseness of ray behaviour in attempting a
the men, and done us justice. We could not woman of honour. I own to you, it was not
easily have forgiven you several strokes in the without the most violent struggle that I gained
dissection of the coquette's beart, if you had this victory over myself; nay, I will confess
not, much about the same time, made a sacrimy shame, and acknowledge, I could not have
fice to us of a beau's skull. prevailed but by flight. However, madam, il
• You may further, sir, please to remember, beg that you will believe a moment's weak
that not long since you attacked our hoods ness has not destroyed the esteem I had for
and commodes in such a manner, as, to use you, which was confirmed by so many years
your own expression, made very many of us of obstinate virtue. You have reason to re-1:
ashamed to show our heads. We must therejoice that this did not happen within the ob
fore beg leave to represent to you, that we are servation of one of the young fellows, who in hopes, if you will please to make a due would have exposed your weakness, and glo
inquiry, the men in all ages would be found ried in his own brutish inclinations.
to have been little less whimsical in adorning “I am, Madam,
,, that part than ourselves. The different forms “ Your most devoted humble servant."
of their wigs, together with the various cocks Isabella, with the help of her husband, of their hats, all flatter us in this opinion. returned the following answer:
I had an hun ble servant last summer, who “SIR,
the first time he declared himself, was in a
full-bottomed wig; but the day after, to my "I cannot but account myself a very happy no small surprise, he accosted me in a thin nawoman, in having a man for a lover that can ltural one. I received him. at this our second write so well, and give so good a turn to a interview as a perfect stranger, but was exdisappointment. Another excellence you have tremely confounded when his speech discoverabove all other pretenders I ever heard of; on led who
ed who he was. I resolved, therefore, to fix his occasions where the most reasonable men lose face in
e face in my memory for the future ; but as I all their reason, you have yours most powerful. I was walking in the Park the same evening, he We have each of us to thank our genius that
at appeared to me in one of those wigs that I the passion of one abated in proportion as think you call a night-cap, which had altered that of the other grew violent. Does it not him nore effectually than before. He after yet come into your head to imagine, that I
wards played a couple of black riding wigg knew my compliance was the greatest cruelty
upon me with the same success, and, in short, I could be guilty of towards you? In return assumed a new face almost every day in the for your long and faithful passion, I must let first month of his courtship. you know that you are old enough to become
I observed afterwards, that the variety of a little more gravity ; but if you will leave cocks into which he moulded his hat had not me, and coquet it any where else, may your a little contributed to his impositions upon me. mistress yield.
Yet, as if all these ways were not sufficient T. "ISABELLA."
to distinguish their heads, you must doubtless,
sir, have observed, that great numbers of young No. 319.] Thursday, March 6, 1711-12.
fellows have, for several months last past. Quo teneam vultus mutantem Protea nodo?
taken upon them to wear feathers.
Hor. Ep. j. Lib. 1. 90. We hope, therefore, that these may, with * Say while they change on thus, what chains can bind as much justice, be called Indian princes, as • These varying forins, this Proteus of the mind ? you have styled a woman in a coloured hood
an Indian qneen ; and that you will in due time I HAVE eadeavoured in the course of my pao take these airy gentlemen into consideration. pers' to do justice to the age, and have taken “We the more carnestly beg that you would
put a stop to this practice, since it has already with all the particulars of my intended dress : lost us one of the most agreeable members of but will only tell you, as a sample of it, that our society, who, after having refused several I shall very speedily appear at White's in a good estates, and two titles, was lured from us cherry-coloured hat. I took this hint from last week by a mixed feather.
the ladies' hoods, which I look upon as the 'I am ordered to present you with the res boldest stroke that sex has struck for these pects of our whole company, and am, hundred years last past. Sir,
I am, Sir,
Your most obedient,
most humble servant,
WILL SPRIGHTLY.' 'Note. The person wearing the feather, though our friend took him for an officer in I have not time at present to make any rethe guards, has proved to be an errant linen- flections on this letter ; but must not however
omit that having shown it to Will Honeycomb,
The desires to be acquainted with the gentleman I am not now at leisure to give my opinion who writ it. upon the hat and feather: however, to wipe of the present imputation, and gratify my female correspondent, I shall here print a letter which No 320.] Friday, March 7, 1711-12. I lately received from a man of mode, who
non pronuba Juno, seems to have a very extraordinary genius in
Non Hymenseus adest, non illi gratia lecto;
Eumenides stravere torum his way.
Ooid. Met. Lib. 6. 428.
Nor Hymen, por the Graces here preside, I presume I need not inform you, that Nor Juno to befriend the blooming bride;
But fieuds with fun'ral brands the process led, among men of dress it is a common phrase
And furies waited at the genial bed. Crore, to say, " Mr. Such-a-one has struck a bold stroke;" by which we understand, that he is • MR. SPECTATOR, the first man who has had courage enough to "Yon have given many hints in your papers lead up a fashion. Accordingly, when our tai- to the disadvantage of persons of your own sex, lors take measure of us, they always demand who lay plots upon women. Among other hard " whether we will have a plain suit, or strike words you have published the term “Male Co. a bold stroke?" I think I may without vanity quets,' and been very severe upon such as give say, that I have struck some of the boldest and themselves the liberty of a little dalliance of most successful strokes of any man in Great heart, and playing fast and loose between love Britain. I was the first that struck the long and indifference, until perhaps an easy young pocket about two years since; I was likewise girl is reduced to sighs, dreams, and tears, and the author of the frosted button, which when I languishes away her life for a careless coxcomb, saw the town come readily into, being resolved who looks astonished, and wonders at such an to strike while the iron was hot, I produced effect from what in him was all but common much about the same time the scallop flap, civility. Thus you have treated the men who the knotted cravat, and made a fair push for are irresolute in marriage; but if you design to the silver-clocked stocking.
be impartial, pray be so honest as to print the • A few months after I brought up the modish information I now give you of a certain set of jacket, or the coat with close sleeves. I struck women who never coquet for the matter, but, this at first in a plain Doily; but that failing, with a high hand, marry whom they please to I struck it a second time in blue camlet, and whom they please. As for my part, I should repeated the stroke in several kinds of cloth, not have concerned myself with them, but that until at last it took effect. There are two or I understand I am pitched upon by them to be three young fellows at the other end of the married, against my will. to one I never saw town who have always their eye upon me, and in my life. It has been my misfortune, sir, answer me stroke for stroke. I was once-so very innocently, to rejoice in a plentiful forunwarv as to mention my fancy in relation to tune of which I am master to bespeak a fine a new-fashioned surtout before one of these chariot, to give directions for two or three gentlemen, who was disingenous enough to handsome snuff-boxes, and as many suits of steal my thought, and by that means prevent fine clothes; but before any of these were ready ed my intended stroke.
I heard reports of my being to be married to I have a design this spring to make very two or three different young women. Upon considerable innovations in the waistcoat; and my taking notice of it to a young gentleman · have already begun; with a coup d'essai upon who is often in my company, he told me smiling the sleeves, which has succeeded very well. I was in the inqnisition. You may believe I
I must further inform you, if you will pro-was not a little startled at what he meant, and mise to encourage, or at least to coppive at more so, when he asked me if I had bespoke me, that it is my design to strike such a stroke any thing of late that was fine, I told him the beginning of the next month as shall sur several; upon which he produced a description prise the whole town.
of my person, from the tradesmen whom I had I do not think it prudent to acquaint you employed, and told me that they had certainly
- informed against me. Mr. Spectator, whatever * Quy an ension in the train-bands. Spéc. in folio. the world may think of me, I am morë çoxcomb