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rection. What his mind could supply at call, or gather in one excursion, was all that he sought, and all that he gave. The dilatory caution of Pope enabled him to condense his sentiments, to multiply his images, and to accumulate all that study might produce or chance might supply. If the flights of Dryden, therefore, are higher, Pope continues longer on the wing. If of Dryden's fire the blaze is brighter, of Pope's the heat is more regular and constant. Dryden often surpasses expectation, and Pope never falls below it. Dryden is read with frequent astonishirent, and Pope with perpetual delight.
ALEXANDER, usually called ALEXANDER THE GREAT, son of the celebrated Philip of Macedon, was born in the year 356 B.C. He mounted the throne of his father at the age of twenty, and, after bringing the Grecian states into complete submission, set out for the conquest of Asia. His career of conquest, in the East, was one continuous scene of carnage, till his own death, at Babylon, in June, 323 B.C., hastened on by drunken revelries, put an end to his inhuman course. Adulation, akin to that supposed in the following piece by Dryden, quite turned his head.
TIMO'Theus was a famous musician of Thebes in Baotia. He was one of those honored with an invitation to the wedding of Alexander. His musical performance is said to have animated the monarch so intensely, that he started up in the midst of the company, and seized his arms. In the ode which follows, Dryden reproduces this incident: representing the king as brought into complete captivity to the charms of music. The Timotheus, here introduced, is not to be confounded with an. other Timotheus, also a great musician, who was a Milesian, but who died some two or three years before the birth of Alexander.
JOVE, or JO'PITER, was the supreme deity of the Romans; OLYMPIA, or OLYM'PIAS, was the wife of Philip of Macedon, and the mother of Alexan. der; BACCHUS was the god of wine, and a son of JUPITER.
DARI'US, surnamed CODOM'ANUS, was the reigning king of Persia at the time of Alexander's invasion.
Tha'is was a famous Athenian beauty who accompanied Alexander on his Eastern exhibition.
Cecilia is the name of a Saint whose anniversary is celebrated on the 22d of November. She is the chosen patroness of sacred music. She lived in the third century.
ALEXANDER'S ROYAL FEAST.
'Twas at the royal feast, for Persia won
By Philip's warlike son :
On his imperial throne :
His valiant peers were placed around,
(So should desert in arms be crowned.)
Happy, happy, happy pair!
Timotheus, placed on high
Amid the tuneful choir,
With flying fingers touched the lyre :
And heavenly joys inspire.
When he to fair Olympia pressed,
* See Exercise preceding.
A present deity! they shout around:
With ravished ears
Affects to nod,
The praise of Bacchus then the sweet musician sung,
The jolly god in triumph comes;
Flushed with a purple grace,
He shows his honest face:
Bacchus, ever fair and ever young,
Drinking joys did first ordain ;
Rich the treasure,
Sweet the pleasure,
Soothed with the sound, the king grew vain;
Fought all his battles o'er again ;
The master saw the madness rise;
He chose a mournful Muse,
Soft pity to infuse :
By too severe a fate,
* Hautboy (höl boy), a musical wind instrument.
Fallen, fallen, fallen, fallen,
And weltering in his blood;
With not a friend to close his eyes.
Revolving in his altered soul
The various turns of Chance belon;
And tears began to flow.
Softly sweet, in Lydian* measures,
Soon he soothed his soul to pleasures War, he sung, is toil and trouble ; Honor but an empty bubble;
Never ending, still beginning, Fighting still, and still destroying :
If the world be worth thy winning, Think, oh, think it worth enjoying !
Lovely Thaïs sits beside thee,
Take the good the gods provide thee.
The prince, unable to conceal his pain,
Who caused his care,
* The Lydians, a people of Asia Minor, were the most effeminate and luxurious of all the Asiatics. Lydian music was, accordingly, of the most effeminate character
At length, with love and wine at once oppi „ssed,
Hark! hark! the horrid sound
Has raised up his head,
As awaked from the dead,
And, amazed, he stares around.
See the Furies arise !
How they hiss in their hair,
Behold a ghastly band,
Each a torch in his hand !
And unburied remain,
To the valiant crew.
How they point to the Persian abodes,
Thaïs led the way,
To light him to his prey,
* Thaïs, who is said to have instigated Alexander while he was under the influence of wine, to set fire to the splendid palace of Persepolis, is here made true to her character in directing the mad purpose of the king; and the picture is made more vivid by comparing her to Helen, whose fatal beauty caused the downfall of ancient Troy.