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2 A MIDDLE TONE, or medium loudness of voice, is employed in reading narrative, descriptive, or didactic sentences.
Her sunshine and her storms;
In wild fantastic forms.
3. A LOUD TONE, or fullness and stress of voice is used in expressing violent passions and vehement emotions.
Hope yo mercy still ?
Ask it-ye who will !
QUALITY has reference to the kind of sound uttered.
Two sounds may be alike in quantity and pitch, yet differ in quality. The sounds produced on the clarinet and flute, may agree in pitch and quantity, yet be unlike in quality. The same is true in regard to the tones of the voice of two individuals. This difference is occasioned mainly by the different positions of the vocal organs.
The qualities of voice mostly used in reading or speaking, and which should receive the highest degree of culture, are the Pure Tone, the Orotund, the Aspirated, and the Guttural
RULES FOR QUALITY. 1. THE PURE TONE is a clear, smooth, sonorous flow of sound, usually accompanied with the middle pitch of voice, and is adapted to express emotions of joy, cheerfulness, love, and tranquility.
Hail! beauteous stranger of the wood,
Attendant on the spring,
And woods thy welcome sing.
2. THE OROTUND is a full, deep, round, and pure tone of voice, peculiarly adapted in expressing sublime and pathetic emotions.
3. THE ASPIRATED TONE of voice is not a pure, vocal sound, but rather a forcible breathing utterance, and is used to express. amazemoent, fear, terror, anger, revenge, remorse, and fervent emotions.
Oh, coward conscience, how dost thou affright mei
Cold, fearful drops stand on my trembling filesh. 4. THE GUTTURAL QUALITY is a deep; aspirated tone of voice, used to express aversion, hatred, loathing, and contempt.
Hark is a feeble word:
With strong disgust is stirred,
NOTATION IN MODULATION. (°) high.
(p. ) soft. (°) high and loud.
(pp.) very soft. () low.
(f. ) loud. (oo) low and loud.
(f) very loud. (=) quick.
(pl.) plaintive. (") short and quick.
( ) increase. (si) slow.
EXAMPLES FOR EXERCISE IN MODULATION.
Soft is the strain when zephyr gently blows,
When Ajax strives some rock's vast weight to throw,
“And now, farewell! 'Tis hard to give thee up,
With death so like a gentle slumber on thee!
If from this woe its bitterness had won thee.
My lost boy, Absalom !”
On! onward still! o'er the land he sweeps,
Nor stops to look back .
On his dreary track,
From every battle-field of the revolution-from Lexington and Bunker Hill—from Saratoga and Yorktown-from the fields of Eutaw-from the cane-brakes that sheltered the men of Marion—the repeated, longprolonged echoes came up-(f.) “ The UNION: IT MUST 3E PRESERVED." (<) From every valley in our land—from every cabin on the pleasant mountain sides—from the ships at our wharves—from the tents of the hunter in our westernmost prairies—from the living minds of the living millions of American freemen—from the thickly coming glories of futurity—the shout went up, like the sound of many waters, (ff.) “THE UNION: IT MUST BE PRESERVED.”
The thunders hushed,-
There was a calm.
“Quick! Man the boat!" (=) Away they spring
The stranger ship to aid,
As rapid speed they made.
Hush! lightly tread! still tranquilly she sleeps ;
Can it be?
Away! away to the mountain's brow,
Where the trees are gently waving;
Where the streams are gently laving.
That bright dream was his last;
And death-shots falling thick and fast
Bozzaris cheer his band ;-
He said, and on the rampart hights arrayed
(0) His speech was at first low-toned and slow. Sometimes his voice would deepen, (..) like the sound of distant thunder; and anon, in his flashes of wit and enthusiasm would light up the anxious faces of his hearers, (<) like the far-off lightning of a coming storm.