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ELEMENTARY SOUNDS OF THE LETTERS.

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VOWEL SOUNDS.

SUB-TONICS

Element.
TONICS.

21.-G* Elcment.

Power.

22.J 1-A

Ape.

23.-L 2.-"A

Arm.

24.-M 3 -A

All.

25.-N 4.-A

At.

26.-R 5.5A

are.

27.-V 6.- A

.

7.-E

Eve.

29.-Y 8.-2E

End.

30.-Z 9.-'I

Ice.

31.-'Z 10.-21

It.

32.-NG 11.-0

Old.

33.-TH 12.–20

Do. 13.-30

Ox.

A-TONICS. 14.-U

Use.

34.-F 15.-'U

Up.

35.-H 16.-U

Pull.

36.-K 17.-01

Oil.

37.-P 18.-OU

Out.

38.-S

39.-T CONSONANT SOUNDS.

40.-CH SUB-TONICS.

41.-SH 19.-B

Bat. 42.-TH 20.-D

Dun. 43.-WH

Power
Gun.
Jet.
Let.
Man.
Not.
Run.
Vent.
Went.
Yes.
Zeal.
Azure.
Sing.

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Thy.

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Fit Hat. Kid. Pit. Sin. Тор. . Chat. Shun. Thin. When

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* Soft G is equivalent to J; Soft C to 8, and hard C and Q to K. X is equivalent to K and S, as in boz, or to G and Z, as in exalt.

† WH is pronounced as if the H preceded W, otherwise it would be pronounced W-hen. R should be slightly trilled before a vowel. For further instructions, see Sanders and Merrill's Elementary and Elocu tionary Chart.

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pause.
law.
George.
groat.
horn.
sought.
plaid.
guaranty.
hair.
bear.
where.
their.

For Short A. {

shoe.
soup.

ou

ua

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For Short 0.

a
ou

ow

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eau 6

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eu
ew
ieu «
iew 16
ou

eo

weak.
seize.
people.
key.
brief.
pique.

For Long E.

ey ie i

was. 66 hough. “ knowledge

beauty feud. dew. adieu. view. your. cue. guit. her. sir. does. love. your g. wolf. would.

ue
ui

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aisle.
sleight.
eye.
die.

For Long 1

choir. " guide. 66 buy.

try.

oi ui uy

There is no pure Triphthongal sound in the language. Buoy is equivalent to bwoy. U being a consonant.

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B, D, G, H, L, M, N, P, and R, have no substitutes.

The most common faults in ARTICULATION are

I. The suppression of a syllable ; as cab'n for cab-in. | mem'ry

for mem-o-ry. cap'n cap-tain. jubʼlee

" ju-bi-lee. barr'l bar-rel. trav'ler

trav-el-er. ev-e-ry.

fam-i-ly. his-to-ry. vent'late

ven-ti-late. rey-u-lar. des'late

des-o-late. sev'ral sev-er-al. prob'ble

“ prob-a-ble. rhet'ric rhet-o-ric.

par-tic-u-lar.

ev'ry hist'ry

fam’ly

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reg'lar

par-tic'lar

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II. The omission of any sound properly belonging to a word; as, read-in for read-ing. pr'-tect

for pro-tect. swif-ly swift-ly. b'-low

be-low. com-mans

com-mands. p’r-vade " per-vade.
srink-in

shrink-ing. um-t le hum-ble. th'if-ty

thrif-ty. ар-ру hap-py. as-ter-is

as-ter-isk. con-sis

con-sists.
gov-er-ment "

gov-ern-ment fa-t'l fa-tal. Feb-u-ary

Feb-ru-a-ry.

wam-er

warm-er.

III. The substitution of one sound for another; as, uf-ford for af-ford. mod-ist for mod-est. wil-ler

wil-low.
up-prove

ap-prove sock-it

sock-et. win-e-gar vin-e-gar. fear-lues

fear-less. sep-e-rate sep-a-rate. cul-ter

cult-ure. tem-per-it tem-per-ate. prod-ux

prod-ucts. croc-er-dile 16 croc-o-dile. judg-munt judg-ment. tub-ac-cur “ to-bac-co. chil-drin

chil-dren. com-prum-ise " com-pro-mise

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IV. Produce the sounds denoted by the following combinations of consonants :

Let the pupil first produce the sounds of the letters, and then the word or words in which they occur. Be careful to give a clear and distinct enunciation to every letter.

1. Bd, as in rob’d; bdst, prob’dst; bl, bland, able ; bld, hum

bíd; bldst, troubl'dst; blst, troubl'st; Ulz, crumbles; br,

brand; bz, ribs. 2. Ch, as in church; cht, fetch'd. 3. Dj, as in edge; djd, hedg'd; dl, bridle; dld, riddl’d; dlst,

handl'st; dlz, bundles; dn, hardn; dr, drove; dth, width;

dths, breadths ; dz, odds. 4. FI, as in flame; fld, rifld; Ast, stift'st; flz, rifles; fr, from;

fs, quaffs, laughs; fst, laugh’st, quaff'st; ft, raft; fts, wafts;

ftst, graft'st. 5. Gd, as in begg'd; gdst, bragg’dst; gl, glide; gld, struggld;

gldst, haggldst; glst, stranglst; glz, mingles ; gr, grove;

gst, begg'st; gz, figs. 6. Kl, as in uncle, ankle ; kld, trickľ d ; kldst, truckldst; klst,

chuckl'st; klz, wrinkles; kn, black'n; knd, recl'n'd; kndst, reck’n’dst; knst, black'n'st; knz, reck'ns ; kr, crank;

ks, checks; kt, act. 7. Lb, as in bull; Ibd, bulb'd; lbs, bulbs; Ich, filch ; Icht,

belch'd; Id, hold; ldst, fold'st; ldz, holds; If, selflfs, gulfs ; lj

, bulge ; lk, elk; lks, silks ; lkt, milk'd; Ikts, mulcts; lm, elm; lmd, whelm'd; Imz, films; In, fall’n; lp, help; Ips, scalps; lpst, help’st; ls, false; Ist, callst, īt, melt; lih, health; iths, stealths; lts, colts; lv, delve;

lvd, shelv’d; luz, elves ; lz, halls. 8. Md, as in doom'd; mf, triumph; mp, hemp; mpt, templ,

mpts, attempts; mst, entomb'st; mz, tombs. 9. Nch, as in bench; ncht, pinch'd; nd, and; ndst, end'st;

ndz, ends; ng, sung; ngd, bang'd; ngth, length; nga, songs; nj, range; njd, rang'd; nk, ink; nks, ranks; nkst, thank'st ; nst, winc'd; nt, sent; nts, rents; ntst, went'st;

nz, runs. 10. Pl, as in plume; pld, rippl'd; plst, rippl'st; plz, apples ;

pr, prince; ps, sips; pst, rapp'st ; pt, ripp'd. 11. Rb, as in herb; rch, search; rcht, church'd; rbd, orb’d;

rbdst, barb'dst; rbst, disturl'st; rbz, orbs; rd, hard; rdst,
heardst; rdz, words; rf, turf; rft, scarf'd; rg, burg ;
rgz, burgs; rj, dirge; rjd, urg'd; rk, ark; rks, arks;
rkst
, work'st; rkt, dirk'd; rktst

, embark'dst; ri

, girl; rld, world; rldst, hurld'st; rlst, whirl'st; rlz, hurls ; rm, arm; rmd, arm’d; rmdst, harm’dst; rmst, arm’st; rmz, charms; rn, turn; rnd, turn’d; rndst, earn’dst; rnst, learn'st; rnz, urns ; rp, carp; rps, harps ; rpt, warp'd; rs, verse; rsh, harsh ; rst, first; rsts, bursts; rt, dart; rth, earth; rths, births; rts, marts; rtst, dart'st; rv, curve ; rod, nerv'd; rvdst, curv'dst; rust, swerv'st; rvz, nerves;

rz, 12. Sh, as in ship; sht, hush'd; sk, scan, skip; sks, tusks; skst,

frisk'st; skt, risk'd; sl, slow; sld, nestl' d; slz, wrestles; 8m, smile; sn, snag; sp, sport; sps, lisps ; spt, clasp'd; st,

stag; str, strike; sts, rests; sw, swing. 13. Th, as in thine, thin; thd, breath'd; thr, three; thst,

breath'st; thu, thwack; thz, writhes ; tl, title; tld, settl'd; tldst, setildst; tlst, setilst; tlz, nettles; tr, trunk, ts, fits;

errs.

tw, twirl.

14. Vd, as in curv'd; vdst, liv’dst; vl, driv'l; vld, grov'ld;

vldst, grov'l'dst; vlst, driv'l'st; vn, driv'n; vst, lis'st;

vz, lives.

15. Wh, as in when, where. 16. Zd, as in mus'd; zl, dazzle ; zid, muzzld; zldst, dazzldst;

zlst, dazzl'st; ziz, muzzles; zm, spasm; zmz, chasms; un ris'n; znd, reas'n'l; znz, pris'nz; zndst, impris'n'dst.

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