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S O L 0 M O N's T E M P L E. 2 The Holy of Holies. 2 The Sanctuary or Hou: Place. 3 The Brazen Sea. 4 The Kings Seat, according to comu: or as others suppose, the

Pulpit where the Priests expounded the Law. 5 Chambers on each side of the several Gates. 6 Porches or Razzas.

The Outermost Wall inclosing all the Ground belonging to the Temple.

The Wall encompassing the Court of the Gentiles.

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end of the place of the mercy-feat; and the pattern of all that CH AP. he had by the spirit, of the courts of the house of the Lord, and III. of all the chambers round about, &c.All this, said David, the Lord made me to understand in writing by his hand' upon me, even all the works of this pattern, i Chron. xxviii. 11-19.

And as God was pleased thus to impart to David a pattern whereby the Temple was at first to be built ; so the measures of the several parts of the Temple, fet down in the prophecy of Ezekiel, chap. xl. &c. are supposed by Villalpandus to have been exactly agreeable to the pattern first given.

Now the measures of the feveral parts of the Temple are expressed in the forecited chapters of Ezekiel, by cubits and reeds : which by Villalpandus are supposed to have such a proportion one to the other, as that fixteen of the said meafuring reeds were equal to an hundred cubits, and consequently one measuring reed was equal to fix cubits and a quarter of a cubit. Wherefore, supposing these cubits to have been the fame with those whereby the measures of the Ark of Noah are described by Moses in the book of Genesis (and this is most probable, forasmuch as the Divine Wisdom was the designer of the Ark as well as of this Temple), and consequently suppofing (with Bishop Wilkins, and other learned persons that have written of the Ark) the said cubit to answer to our foot and an half; it will hence follow, that one such measuring reed was equal to nine feet four inches and an half of ours. According to which, fuppofing the length of one side of the outermost wall of all that belonged to the Temple, to have been one hundred twenty and five reeds (which is the length assigned to it by Villalpandus), it will follow, that the same length measured by our feet would contain one thousand one hundred and seventy-one feet ten inches and an half. And forafmuch as the four sides of the said outermost wall were each of them of the same length; hence the whole area or plot of ground inclosed by the said outermost wall was a square, containing about one million, three hundred seventy three thousand, two hundred and eighty feet square' ; that is, about one and thirty acres and an half. :

In like manner, supposing with Villalpandus, that the se. "

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CHAP. cond wall, which inclosed that which was esteemed the outerm. most court of the Temple (for the ground inclosed by the first

or outermost wall, spoken of in the foregoing paragraph, was not esteemed one of the courts), and which by Villalpandus is called the court of the Gentiles ; fuppofing, I say, the wall of this outermost court to have been one hundred and ten reeds long on each of its four fides, it will follow, according to the aforementioned proportion, that each fide was a little above one thousand and thirty-one of our feet in length.

Lastly, supposing with Villalpandus the length of each side of that wall which encompassed that which was called the outer court, or the court of Israel (because none but Ifraelites, or such as observed the whole Mosaick Law, could enter into it), to have been each side of it eighty reeds long, it follows, that each fide was seven hundred and fifty of our feet in length.

As for the measures of the upright buildings of the Temple, they may be found by the scale inserted in the orthographical draught of the Temple, as to reeds or cubits, and so (by what has been here faid) as to our feet. As for the several parts of the Temple, they are, I think, sufficiently explained in the draughts of the Temple, by the help either of the numerici ! references, viz. 1, 2, 3, &c. or else of the alphabetical refer ences, viz. A, B, C. I shall therefore say nothing more here, but refer the reader to the several draughts of the Temple adjoining to these pages, for his further information.

In chap. ix. ver. 10-13. we read, that when Solomon had the land built the two houses, the house of the Lord, and the King's af Cabul.

boufe, that then King Solomon gave Hiram tbe King of Tyre (who had furnished Solomon with cedar-trees, and with firtrees, and with gold according to all his defire) twenty cities in the land of Galilee. Which not pleasing Hiram, when he came to see them, he called them the land of Cabul; the word Cabul denoting in the Hebrew tongue displeasure, or dirty. As to the situation of these cities, it is but reasonable to suppose, that they were such as lay near to Tyre, whereof Hiram was King.

In ver. 15–18. of the same gth chapter, among other ciOf Tadmor,

ties

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