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CHAP. III.

Of such Places as are mentioned in the first Book of Kings, and

not spoken of before.

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ihon.

Ap2.

THE first book of Kings begins with giving us an account solen

1 of David's being now grown old; and how thereupon anointed his then eldest son Adonijah set himself up for King, making Gih

King as a great entertainment for his party near Enrogel. News whereof being brought to David, he ordered his son Solomon to be anointed King at Gihon; of which place we have before spoken, in our description of the city of Jerufalem, chap, ii. S. 20. as of Enrogel, ibid. §. 36.

Some time after David's death, Solomon orders Abiathar 2the priest, who had fided with Adonijah, to retire from Jeru- thoth. salem to Anathoth his own city, being one of the cities of the tribe of Benjamin, that were given to the fons of Aaron ; and, as Eusebius and Jerom tell us, no more than three miles distant from Jerusalem, and that to the north, as Jerom further informs us in his comments on Jerem. i. For the prophet Jeremiah was of this fame city, as he himself tells us, chap. i. ver. 1.

Solomon going to Gibeon to facrifice, and there preferring om? wisdom before other things, God gave him not only wisdom, and the exa but also riches and honour, so that there was not any among the mo Kings like unto him all his days, chap. iii. 1–13. Accor-minion. dingly we are informed chap. iv. ver, 21. that Solomon reigned over all kingdoms, from the river (Euphrates) unto the land of the Philistines, and unto the border of Egypt; or, as it is expreffed ver. 24. He had dominion over all on this fide the river, (i. e. on the west side of the Euphrates) from Tiphsab, even to Azzah. Where, as by Azzah is denoted Gaza, a city lying

Solo.

n's do

mon's

CHAP. in the south-west corner of the land of Israel, and * elsewhere III. spoken of; fo Tiphsah is very probably thought to be the

“fame with Thapfacus, a considerable city lying on the Eu

phrates, and frequently mentioned by Heathen writers. There
is mention made, 2 Kings xv. 16. of a Tiphiah, that Mena-
hem, then King of Israel, fmote : but this must be different
from the Tiphlah before mentioned, and must, according to
the circumstances of the story, lie not far from Tirzah, and
fo on the west side of the river Jordan, in the land of
Israel.
. . .

. . . . . . · In the following chapters (from the fifth to the eighth inOf Solo

tem.clusively) we have an account of the building of Solomon's ple. Temple, of which I have spoken largely in my Geography

of the New Testament, Part I. chap. iii. 5. 7. It will not, I
suppose, be unacceptable to the reader, to have here repre-
sented to him two draughts relating to Solomon's Temple,
taken from Villalpandus. .
. The first draught, No. 1, represents the ichnography or
ground-plot of the whole Temple, both courts and buildings.
· The second draught, No. 2. represents the ichnography or
ground-plot of the Temple, or house of the Lord more pro-
perly so called; which consisted of these two principal parts,
the sanctuary or holy, and the holy of holies, or most holy.
· From these draughts compared together may be framed
a somewhat just idea of the Temple of Solomon, as to the
nobleness and magnificence of its structure. And that it
was a most noble and magnificent structure, and every way
most agreeable to the rules of fymmetry and proportion, can
in no wise be rationally doubted, or indeed without great im-
piety, since we learn from 1 Chron. xxviii. that the Temple
was built by Solomon according to the pattern which God
himself had been pleased to give to David for that purpose.
Then David gave to Solomon his fon the pattern of the porch,
and of the houses thereof, and of the treafuries thereof, and of
the upper chambers thereof, and of the inner parlours thereof,

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* Geography of the New Testament, Part II. chap. ii. $.6.

and

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