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'PART of it were in probability the posterity of Kittim, the brother

II. of Tarshish and son of Javan, the city called Citium by the commage Romans preserving the name of the firit planter for many

ages after. And hence it is that we find Tarshish and Chittim mentioned together by the prophet Isaiah, chap. xxiii. and both represented as places well known to the Tyrians, the former being Tarsus in Cilicia, the latter Citium in this island, or the island itself. The name Cyprus, whereby it is called by the Greeks, is said to be taken froin the cypress tree, which grows in great abundance here. Though some tell us, that the Greek word does not truly denote the tree called by us the cypress, but that which we call the privet, being a fhrub, which bears a white flower with a very pleasant smell.

But from whatever tree this ifle took itself the name of Cyprus, it is certain that it gave the name of Cypris or Cypria to Venus, who was the chief goddess of it in the time of Heathenism, the inhabitants being mightily addicted to venery. Since the times of Christianity, it has been famous for being the native country of St. Barnabas, who accompanied St. Paul over hither, and with him here first planted the Gospel.

The first place in Cyprus, to which the Apostles St. Paul St. Paul on

and St. Barnabas are related to have come, is Salamis , then Salamis. one of the four most considerable cities in the isle, giving

name to the whole eastern tract thereof, wherein it lay, and so opposite to the Syrian coast, and particularly to Seleucia, whence the Apostles set sail from the main land to the ifland. So that it came naturally first in their way. And being thus the first place in the isle, where the Gospel was preached, hence it was afterwards made the fee of the Primate or Metropolitan of the whole isle in the primitive times. It was destroyed by the Jews in the reign of Trajan, and rebuilt; but being after that taken, sacked, and razed unto the ground by the Saracens in the time of Herodius, it

lands at

Jof. Jewish Antiq. book i. chap. 7.

Als xiii. 5.

could

could never recover, the metropolitan fee being after that chAP. removed to Nicosia. Out of the ruins of Salamis is said to III. have arisen Famagusta, the chief place of the isle, when it was taken from the Venetians by the Turks in the year 1570, in whose hands the whole isle still continues., St. Paul, with his companion St. Barnabas, having preached 4

St Paul goes the Gospel at Salamis, went quite & through the isle unto through the Paphos, the chief town of the western tract of the isle, (as ifle unto Salamis was of the eastern) and accordingly giving name to the said tract. 'In this city Venus had her most ancient and celebrated temple, whence she took the name of Paphia. It was also under the Romans the seat of the Proconsul, who was at the time of St. Paul and Barnabas coming hither, Sergius Paulus h, a prudent man, who called for the Apostles, and desired to hear the word of God, and upon St. Paul's smiting Elymas the sorcerer blind for withstanding the Gospel, was converted to the faith.

Now i when Paul and his company loosed from Paphos, they 5. came to Perga in Pamphylia. This Pamphylia is a province of or country of Asia the Leffer, lying to the north, over-against to Pamphythe western part of Cyprus; the part of the Mediterranean "a. Sea running between these being peculiarly styled from this country the Sea of Pamphylia. And as it is thus bounded to the south with that part of the Mediterranean Sea which is denominated from it; so on the land to the east it joins on to Cilicia, the native country of St. Paul. From the etymology of the name, some think it to have been so called, because inhabited by a mixture of many nations ; for so the word Pamphylia does expressly fignify in the Greek tongue. And probable enough it is, that lying near unto the sea, with an open shore, partly opposite to Afric, near Syria, and not far from Greece, several nations from all these parts might repair unto it. Certain it is, that many Jews dwelt herein, whence the dwellers of Pamphylia are mentioned among them

Acts xiii. 6.

Acts xiii. 7, 12.

i Acts xiii. 13.
k Acts xxvii. S.

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6. St. Paul

ÞART that appeared at Jerusalem at the day of Pentecost. Acts II. ii. 10.

o As for Perga', the city in Pamphylia, whither St. Paul St. Paul is said to come, it was famous among the Heathen for a comes to temple of Diana, and the yearly festivals there held in honour Perga in Pamphylia, of her, who was thence styled Diana Pergæa. From hence

John, surnamed Mark, departing from St. Paul and Barnabas, returned to Jerusalem ; which was the occasion of the heat which afterward happened between the two Apostles concerning him.

When the Apostles departed from Perga, they came to Thence to Antioch, in Antioch min Pisidia, a small province or country lying north Pifidia.

of Pamphylia. The city Antioch, whither the Apostles are peculiarly said to come, was the principal city of the said country, and is (to distinguish it from others of the same name) usually styled Antiochia Pisidiæ. It was one of the cities built by Seleucus above-mentioned, in honour of his father Antiochus. Here was a synagogue of the Jews, wherein St. Paul preached that excellent sermon, Acts xiii. 16, &c.

A persecution" being raised against the Apostles by the to unbelieving Jews, and they being expelled the coast of Pisidia, particularly. they came unto Iconium, and after that to Lystra and Derbe,

all three cities of Lycaonia, a small region or province lying to the north-east of Pisidia, and adjoining southward to Pamphylia and Cilicia.

Iconium was the chief city of the said province, and is um. faid by Strabo to be well built, and in the richest part of the

province. It was also a place of great strength and consequence, and therefore chosen for the seat of the Turkish Kings in Lefser Asia, at such time as they were most distressed by the western Christians. It is said still to keep some remains of its old name, being now called Cogni, and in so considerable a condition, as to be the residence of a Turkish Beglerbeg or Balha.

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| Acts xiii, 13.
** Acts xiji. 14.

* Aets xiii. 50, 51, and xiv, 6.

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An o assault being here made both of the unbelieving Jews CHAP. and also Gentiles, to use the Apostles despitefully, and to stone III. them, they were aware of it, and fled to Lystra, where, having – miraculously cured a cripple, they were adored as gods. Hence to Though not long after, upon the instigation of some Jews, Lyftra.

A. D. 46. which came from Antioch and Iconium, the people of Lystra were so far set against the Apostles, that they even stoned Paul, drawing him out of the city, and not leaving him till they supposed he was dead. Thus it pleased the Divine justice, that St. Paul, who had formerly consented to the stoning of St. Stephen, and took charge of the clothes of the executioners, should suffer in the same kind wherein he had trespassed, and feel some smart remembrance of his former finful action, proceeding from a misguided zeal. This city is famous among us Christians for being the supposed birth-place of St. Timothy, to whom St. Paul writes two of his Epistles.

St. Paul', as the disciples stood round about, (after that he 11. was stoned and drawn out of the city, and left as dead by the to Derbe. unbelievers,) being by the Divine goodness raised up to life again, came privately into the city, and the next day departed .. with Barnabas to Derbe, another city of Lycaonia; of which there is nothing more peculiarly remarkable, than that this is by fome esteemed to have been the native place of St. Timothy, and that the preaching of the Gospel had good fuccess herein. The Apostles leaving Derbe 9 returned again to Lystra, 12.

í St. Paul re. and so to Iconium, and thence to Antioch; and having passed in through Pisidia, they came to Pamphylia ; and when they same way

he came, had preached again at Perga, they came down to Attalia, arrives which is a sea-port, and was formerly the chief residence of at Perga, the Prefect, as Strabo tells us. It is said to take its name thence to from King Attalus its founder, which it still retains with a Attalia, small variation, being now-a-days called Sattalia. It stands on a very fair bay; and so is commodiously seated for trade,

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9 Acts xiv, 21-25,

• Afts xiv. 5, 6-20. P Acts xiv. 20.

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PART having a good haven ; which likely has been the occasion of II. its being preserved from ruin by the Turks, who are said to

be at this day very careful to keep its fortifications and castle in repair. The city is supposed to stand at present nearer

to the sea than it did formerly. A. D. 46. From Attalia' the Apostles set sail for Antioch in Syria. St. Paui fails After they had been here for some time, certains men which from Atta: came down from Judea taught the brethren, that except they och in Syria; were circumcised, they could not be saved. Hereupon it was

ncer determined, that Paul and Barnabas, and certain others, should sets forward for Jerusa- go up to Jerusalem about this matter. In order hereto they lemn through Phænicia.“ took their way through Phænice, or Phænicia; under which

name was denoted, in the times of the New Testament, so much of the coast of Syria, largely taken, as lay between the two rivers, Eleutherus to the north, and Cherseus (or the Kishon in Scripture) to the south. So that it was bounded north with Syria Propria ; east with part of Syria Propria again, and Palestine or the Holy Land; south with the last again ; and west with the Mediterranean. In the south part of this province lay Tyre and Sidon, whence it is denoted in the Gospels by the coasts of Tyre and Sidon.

St. Paul and the rest having passed through Phænicia and St. Paul arrives at Je. Die

al. Samaria, the adjoining province in their way, they came to sufalem. Jerusalem ; where they were received of the Church, and

declared all things which God had done with them, especially A, D. 48. the particular controversy they were sent about. Whereupon

the Apostles and the Elders assembled together to consider of the matter, and, upon mature deliberation, made such decrees as were suitable to the present occasion.

14

s Acts xiv. 26.
* Acts xv, 1, 2, 3.

+ Acts xv. 3, 4.

CHAP.

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