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baptized of John, Matt. ii. 22, 23. Luke ii. 39, 51. Matt. CHAP. ii. 13. Luke iii. 23. It was hither he returned after his 1. baptism and temptation by the Devil, Luke iv. 14. And after his entry upon his public ministry, though he frequently visited the other provinces, yet it was here that his dwellingplace was, Matt. iv. 13. · And lastly, it was here our Lord made his first appearance to the eleven Apostles after his resurrection, Matt. xxviii. 16. To all which may be added, that the most considerable part, if not all, of bis said Apostles. were of this country ; whence they are all styled by the angels, Acts i. 11. men of Galilee. It remains only to observe here farther, that Galilee took up what was formerly possessed by the tribes of Iffachar and Zabulon and Naphtali, and the inland part of the tribe of Ather. A more distinct account of the bounds of Galilee will appear, from what is to be said of the countries joining upon it, which I therefore proceed to

As Galilee was bounded on the south with Samaria, so it 8. was bounded on the west and north with the coasts of Tyre of the orafts

of Tyr: and and Sidon, which were two very confiderable cities, seated Sidon. on the Mediterranean Sea, and thereupon celebrated for merchandize in sacred (as well as heathen) history, Isai. xxiii. They both lay within the land of Canaan; and Sidon, as it was so called from the first-born of Canaan, Gen. x, 15. so was it the northern border of the land of Canaan, Gen. X. 19. and upon division of the fajd land among the tribes of Israel, it, together with Tyre, fell to the lot of the tribe of Asher, Joth. xix. 28, 29. But we read, Judg. i. 31. that Ajder did not drive out the inhabitants of Sidon, nor of the other maritime places there mentioned, which lay along upon that seacoast, but dwelt in those parts among the Canaanites,, the inhabitants of the land. There remains now only the eastern boundary of Galilee

of Abil ene, to be spoken to; and this was made up of the countries of Abilene and Ituræa, with Trachonitis. Of these Abilene lay highest to the north, and was so named from its chief town Abila, and is thought by some to have lain within the borders

OF

10. Of Itu

PART of Nephtalim, though it was never subdued by that tribe. 1. Mr. Maundrel tells us, that the next day after he left Da

mascus, in his return towards Tripoli, they came to a small village, called Sinie ; just by which is an ancient structure on the top of an high hill, supposed to be the tomb of Abel, and to have given the adjacent country in old times the name of Abilene. The tomb is thirty yards long, and yet is here believed to have been but just proportioned to the stature of him that was buried in it.

Below Abilene, on the east of the course of Jordan, lay of Itaza,

Ituræa, thought to have taken its name originally from Jetur, Gen. xxv. 15. one of the sons of Ithmael, who settled in these parts, and whose posterity was afterwards either quite driven out, or subdued by those Amorites, over whom in the time of Moses reigned Og, by the title of the King of Balhan: Ituræa, therefore, being much the same with the kingdom of Bashan, was a considerable part of that tract of ground, which Moses gave to that half tribe of Manasses, which fixed on the east of Jordan. And to the fame half tribe appertained the region of Argob, Deut. iii. 13. or the country about mount

Gilead, which from its craggy rough mountains or hills was and Ttacho. called by the Greeks Trachonitis, i. e. the rough or moun

tainous country. This country lay east of Ituræa, and to

gether with it made one tetrarchy, Luke üi. 1. in our Saviour's A tetrarchy, time. In order to understand the import or meaning of

which word, it may not be unuseful to observe, that, upon
the death of Herod the Great, his kingdom was divided into
four parts, which were therefore called tetrarchies; that is,
governments consisting of a fourth part, or rather division
(for they were not equal parts) of the aforesaid Herod's
kingdom. These are all mentioned by St. Luke in the place
above cited, viz; the tetrarchy of Galilee, belonging to Herod
surnamed Antipas; the tetrarchy of Ituræa and Trachonitis,
belonging to his brother Philip; and the tetrarchy of Abilene,
belonging to Lysanias : the fourth division was that of Judea,
Samaria, and Idumea, which (Archelaus, eldest son of Herod
the Great, enjoyed for a time with the title of King, Matt. ii. 22. .

but

nitis.

what.

but he being afterward displaced, his kingdom) was made CHAP. a province of the Roman empire, governed by Pontius Pilate 1. at the time of our Saviour's crucifixion.

We have now gone round the borders of Galilee, and II. there is remaining but one province more, which lay within the

Of Peræa, or the bounds of the land of Israel, and that is Peræa, or beyond for

dan. the country beyond Jordan, lying to the south of Ituræa, and". to the east of Judea and Samaria, and possessed of old by the two tribes of Reuben and Gad.

As for Decapolis, it was a tract so named from ten con- 12. siderable cities contained therein; some of which lay without, lis.

Of Decapoothers (if not the greater part) lay within the Holy Land, partly in Ituræa, partly in Peræa.

Having gone through the provinces or countries men- 13. tioned in the Gospels, and lying (at least mostly) within the Of sy land of Israel, I am in the last place to take notice of those few countries and places that lay without the land of Israel, and are mentioned in the Gospels. I shall begin with Syria; under which name, though heathen authors do sometimes in- , clude the Holy Land as a part of it, yet by sacred writers it is, I think, always used in a more restrained sense, and in the New Testament as a country distinct not only from the Holy Land, but also from Phoenicia (mentioned Acts xi. 19, &c, and of which the coasts of Tyre and Sidon were the southern part). So that by Syria in the New Testament is to be understood the country lying to the east and northeast of the Holy Land, between Phænicia and the Meditersanean Sea to the west, and the river Euphrates to the east.

Beyond Syria and its adjoining country Mesopotamia, 14. mentioned Acts vii. 2. on the river Tigris is the city of Nine. Of Nineveh. veh generally supposed to have been situated, and to have been built by Nimrod. It is famous for being the capital city of the first, that is the Affycian, empire ; as also for its greatness, and for its inhabitants repenting at the preaching of the prophet Jonas, Jon. iii. 3, 5. on which last account it is mentioned by our blessed Saviour, Matt, xii. 41.

As Nineveh was the capital of the Allyrian empire, whilst it continued entire ; so upon its being broken into two parts, Of Babylon.

one

Of th

PART one seized on by the Medes, the other by the Chaldæans, the 1. capital of this latter part was Babylon, founded likewise by

Nimrod, Gen. X. 10. and of vast bigness, and very famous in sacred as well as common writers; especially on account of the captivity of the Jews into the countries under its dominion ; for which reason it is mentioned by St. Matthew, chap. i. ver. 17. It lay in Chaldæa, on a stream of the great

river Euphrates. 16. In the same place, where our Saviour mentions Nineveh, dom of the ne

her he makes mention likewise of the Queen of the South, who Queen of the came from the uttermost parts of the earth to hear the wisdom South.

of Solomon, Matt. xii. 42. Now it is evident from the history
of Solomon, recorded in the Old Testament, that by the
Queen of the South is to be understood the Queen of Sheba,
1 Kings x. I; which Sheba was the capital city of a con-
siderable kingdom in the most southern part of Arabia : fince
therefore Arabia is that country which takes up all that part
of the Asiatick continent that lies fouth of the Holy Land,
even fo far as to the main Southern Ocean; and since the
kingdom of Sheba took up the most southern part of Arabia,
it appears that the Queen of Sheba is very properly said to
come from the uttermost parts of the earth that way, namely,
southwards in respect of the Holy Land.
· To the west of Arabia lay the country of Egypt, famous
in the Old Testament for God's bringing out from thence the
children of Israel, his peculiar people, and therefore styled by
the prophet Hofea, chap. xi. 1. his Son, namely, by virtue of
the covenant which God made with Abraham, Acts iii. 25.
The same country is mentioned by St. Matthew, chap. ii. 13,
14, 15, &c. on account of our Saviour's being carried thither
to avoid the wicked purposes of Herod against his life; and
being upon the death of Herod called back again out of
Egypt into the land of Israel, whereby the prophetical part
of Hosea's words in the place just now cited did receive a
literal and full completion, our blessed Saviour being the Son

of God by nature. 18. Beyond Egypt westward, not far from the Mediterranean

** Sea, stood Cyrene, fo considerable a city, as to give the name

17.

Of Egypt.

Of Rome,

of Cyrenaica to the adjacent parts of Africk. Of this more CHAP. in the second Part; I shall here only observe, that of this I. place was Simon the Cyrenian, on whom the soldiers laid our Saviour's cross, to carry it after him to the place of crucifixion, Luke xxiii. 26.

There remains but one place more to be here taken notice 19. of, and that is Rome, the capital of the Roman empire, by or the Rosa whose arms the Jewish nation was at first subdued, and after- mans. wards finally destroyed, or driven out of their own country; . the very fame calamity which they causelessly feared would be the consequence of believing Jesus to be the Chrift, being by the just judgment of God brought upon them as a punishment for their crucifying him. For, according to our Saviour's predictions, Matt. xxiii. 36. and xxiv. 34. the generation then present did not pass away before all that he there denounced against the Jews were fulfilled, and the Roo mans came and took away both their place and nation, John xi. 48.

Having thus given a general description of the several countries honoured with our Saviour's presence, or so much as mentioned or referred to in the Gospels, I come now to give a particular description of our Saviour's Journeyings, which I shall distinguish according to the several most remarkable periods of his life here on earth.

CHAP.

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