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OUR BLESSED LORD AND SAVIOUR
GEOGRAPHICAL and HISTORICAL Account of the Places mentioned, or referred to, in the
Of the Holy Land in general, and its principal Divisions; as
also of such other Places, as lay without the Holy Land, and are mentioned or referred to in the four Gospels. AMONG the great and glorious advantages, enjoyed of 1.
The Holy n old by the Jews above the Gentiles, it may justly be me esteemed none of the least, that our blessed Lord and Saviour called. JESUS CHRIST not only came of them according to the flesh, Rom. ix. 5. but also during his stay in the flesh here upon earth, dwelt among them, John i. 14. making fo constant an abode with them, as that we read not in Scripture he ever went out of the bounds of the Holy Land, but when Joseph Aled with him, then a child, into Egypt, in order to avoid the wicked and secret designs of Herod again't his life. His com
PART ing into the world was indeed intended to prove, in God's : . 1. appointed time, an universal benefit to the whole world: but
it seemed good to his Divine Wisdom to fhew in the first place a special favour to those, who had for so long a time been his peculiar people, in making choice of their country to be the seat of his constant residence, whilst he lived here on earth. And a great blessing was this his residence, inasmuch as he went about their country doing good, Acts x. 38. not only to men's bodies by his miraculous cures, but also to their souls by his most holy doctrine and life. And it is on account, chiefly and eminently, of the unspotted holiness of our Redeemer, the ever blessed and ever to be adored Jesus, that the land of the Jews, wherein he lived, is by us Christians dignified with the most honourable title of the Holy Land.
The name, whereby it is denoted in the New as well as Called in Scripture the Old Testament, is the land of Israel, Matt. ii. 20, 21.
of Under which name in its larger acceptation is comprehended Israel,
all that tract of ground, on each side the course of the river Jordan, which God gave for an inheritance to the children of Ifrael. And within this extent or compass lay all the provinces or countries, which our Lord honoured with his presence, excepting Egypt; and so all the countries or places, but a very few, mentioned or referred to by the four Evangelists, or in the history of our Saviour's life.
Now before I enter upon a particular description of our A general view of the Saviour's Journeyings, it may be convenient to give here a countries mentioned
· general view of the said countries.
I fall begin with the in the four celebrated province of Judea, and so take the rest as they come
e in my way, in a geographical order, or with respect to their cially of the situation. principal divifions of the Judea then took its name originally from Judah, the fourth Holy Land. fon of Jacob, whose offspring made up the most renowned of of Judca. the twelve tribes of Israel, (most renowned, as on other ac
counts, so especially because of it sprang our Saviour, Heb. vii. 14.) Hence by the children of Judah were originally understood only the tribe of Judah ; and by the land of fue dah, only the portion of land that appertained to that tribe. But in process of time, when ten of the twelve tribes revolted
from the house of David, and erected themselves into a dif- CHAP. tinct kingdom, under the title of the kingdom of Israel; then 1. the other two tribes, Judah and Benjamin, which adhered to the house of David, began to be both of them comprehended under one common title of the kingdom of Judah, or simply Judah. And afterwards by degrees, as the people of the kingdom of Judah did enlarge their poffeffions, more especially upon the ten tribes being carried away into captivity by the King of Affyria (when those of Judah seemed to have possessed themselves of the land pertaining to the two adjoining tribes of Simeon and Dan, then left desolate), upon these acquisitions the name of Judah or Judea began to be extended to all the southern tract of the land of Israel, so as to include under it, not only what of old belonged to the tribes of Judah and Benjamin, but also what belonged to the tribes of Simeon and Dan. And in further process of time, especially after the return of the Jews from the Babylonish captivity, the name of Judea was extended in general to all the Holy Land, at least to all the parts of it inhabited by Jews. In this largest acceptation, it is taken, Luke xxiii. 5, &c. In the other acceptation, wherein it denoted all the south part of the Holy Land, it is always taken where it is mentioned in conjunction with Galilee, Samaria, and the country beyond Jordan; excepting only one place, of which I shall speak distinctly in the ensuing paragraph. The place referred to by me in the foregoing paragraph is
s os laimea. Mark iii. 7, 8. where we are told, that a great multitude followed Jesus from Galilee, and from Judea, and from Ferufalem, and from Idumea, &c. Now Idumea, though it be no more than the Greek name, framed from, and answering to, the Hebrew Edom, yet is not here to be understood of the original habitation of the Edomites, mount Seir (of which fee Deut. ii. 5.); but by Idumea in this place of St. Mark, seems much more probably to be denoted the more southern part of the province of Judea, which during the captivity of the Jews at Babylon, being left destitute or not sufficiently inhabited by its natives, seems to have been possessed by the neighbouring Idumæans. These Idumxans, though (when : K4
PART they were afterwards quite dispossessed again of many places I. : in Judea, and were brought so low by the conquering arms of
the Maccabees, as to be forced to comply with such terms as the Jews offered them) they chose rather to embrace Judaism, than to quit the habitations they were poffeffed of; and, though hereupon they were incorporated into the body of the Jewish nation, and were reckoned themselves among the Jews ; yet however the tract of Judea inhabited by them did not so soon lose the name of Idumea derived from them, but retained it not only in the times of the New Testament, as appears from this place of St. Mark, but also for a considerable
time afterwards, as appears from common writers. Of Samaria.
ria. Above Judea northwards lay the province of Samaria, so
called from its city of the same name, formerly the capital of the kingdom of Israel, namely, from the reign of Omri, its founder. For he bought the bill Samaria of Shemer. for two. talents of silver, and built on the hill, and called the name of the city which he built, after the name of Shemer, owner of the hilly Samaria, 1 Kings xvi. 24. This province, as well as the former of Judea, stretched itself from the Mediterranean Sea westward, to the river Jordan eastward, taking up the molt considerable part of what formerly pertained to the tribe of Ephraim, and the half tribe of Manasses on the west lide of Jordan, and lying exactly between Judea to the south, and Galilee to the north. Whence St. John faith, chap. 1V.4. that our Saviour must needs go through Samaria, when he left
Judea and departed into Galilee; which last therefore comes next to be described in the geographical order I above pro
posed here to follow. ... I pass by the etymology or derivation of the word Galiles; Of Galijee.
there being not enough said in Scripture to make a
of Galileo' there