Imágenes de páginas

knows what is truly good for us. To resign pur “May I not entertain a ray of hope of your will to his is our duty and our happiness too. May coming to this country, and passing the evening of God preserve and guard him in the passage, so that your days under my roof; where you should be exyou may meet one another with joy!

actly as retired as you wished ? Mrs. Hudleston, “As God has made you a joyful mother, you who is extremely sensible of your goodness to her, will, I hope, be happy in educating your children, heartily joins me in this invitation. We live in a so that they may be a blessing to their fellow- quiet, retired manner, and our principal anxiety creatures, and a true joy of both your hearts. will soon be directed to the education of our child

“I must confess that the education which many ren; a work in which you, my dear sir, would give parents give to their children, is highly detrimental. us the most truly valuable assistance." They spend their younger years in learning those In a postscript to this letter, dated October 31, things which profit them nothing. Their under- 1794, Mr. Hudleston adds, that, at the suggestion of standings are not furnished with divine knowledge, his wife, they had named an infant son, then just their wills are not bent to love and obey God, their born, “Frederick,” after their revered friend; to passions not properly restrained or directed. At which they had attached another "endeared name," last they grow up without fearing, obeying and ho- that of Irwin. noring God: they are ashamed of showing any Mr. Swartz does not appear to have replied to thing relative to true Christianity. They are taught this letter till the 10th of January, 1796, when he to do their duty, without knowing the source from assures Mr. Hudleston that he had read 'it “ again whence they ought to draw strength.

and again with great pleasure.” He recurs to the "I find ihat in many of the latest publications, infatuation of Ameer Sing in retaining his unthe atonement of the Redeemer, and the divine ope- worthy minister Shevarow, and intimates, as stated rations of the blessed Sp of God, are altogether in the Memoirs, that his adherence to him and his forgotten, nay, exploded. If the foundation of true family was owing to his fears," that they could Christianity is destroyed, what superstructure can and would prove his want of right to the throne.” be raised?' I therefore cannot but entreat you to He then refers to his advancing age, and thus learn the way to heaven from the sermons of your piously concludes this beautiful letter. Redeemer, and the epistles of St. Paul and the “Some months ago I entered on the 70th year of other apostles. My favorite chapter is the third of my age. But, blessed be God, I can still perform St. Paul's Epistle to the Philippians. There you my duties with ease and satisfaction. I felt, howwill find the genuine character of a true Christian. ever, one severe attack, which had nearly put an

“ All worldly things, though not sinful in them- end to my life. One evening, when the children selves, appear to that exalted Christian as 'dross. had left me, I felt all at once a very painful opHe wishes to find Christ as his treasure and great pression, that I could hardly breathe. This conest gain, by whom he has obtained mercy, pardon, tinued from nine o'clock in the evening till three in peace, and a hope of everlasting life.

the morning. It returned once more, but with less “He explains the reasons why he was so much violence and shorter duration. attached to Jesus, namely, because without him he

"This illness, which came upon me all of a sudhad no righteousness and pardon. In and by his Redeemer he wished to be made like unto his den, I look upon as a kind monitor to teach me that death, and the disposition of the heart of the dying be able to say, 'Come, Lord Jesus! You see, then,

my gracious Lord will soon call me away. May I Redeemer. In and by him he hoped to attain a my dear sir, that I shall soon quit this world. A joyful resurrection. Such a state is unspeakably blessed eternity is now the daily subject of my mehappy. O may this be your and my happy state! ditation. How awful is this change! Blessed be So wishes,

God, who hath sent us a Redeemer who has borne “Dear Madam,

our sins, and purchased eternal happiness for all. “Your unknown but sincere friend,

The Redeemer Jesus Christ, is the true, nay, the “C. F. Swartz."

only comfort of all who, being sensible of their On the 28th of February, 1793, Mr. Swartz sins, flee to him for refuge. For who is that perwrote to Mr. Hudleston from Vepery, informing son, which dares to contide in his own righteousSerfojee and the late Rajah's family. It is, how, found in him," was the passionate wish of that him of his journey to Madras, as the guardian of ness? Paul looked upon the righteousness of Jesus ever, unnecessary to repeat what is so fully detailed blessed apostle in the 18th chapter of the memoirs as to the causes of this visit to the presidency. The conclusion of

“Such was, I believe, the aim of your deceased the letter is marked by his characteristic piety.

father-in-law,t who now enjoys what he had be"I hope you are quite settled, and enjoy your that glorious state of the blessed in heaven, is and

lieved, practised, and preached. To look up to rest from noise and multiplied occupations.

“Peace, that most desirable blessing, is enjoyed will be a strong preservative of a true Christian. by this whole country. May we seek likewise "May God bless your dear children, and particupeace with God in the way which he most graciously larly my dear Frederick Irwin! May he prove has revealed to us. The enjoyment of that blessing the joy of his parents, and a blessed instrument of will not only rejoice our hearts, but promote real promoting the spiritual and temporal prosperity of happiness, nay, make our departure easy or joyous. his fellow-creatures, and at last be received into

May your dear children grow up in godliness, eternal glory! and all truly good accomplishments.”

“Remember me kindly to your dear consort. I Mr. Hudleston, in a reply to the preceding letter, remember how highly Major Stevenst spoke of his a copy of which is among his papers, after express- mother, who had instilled into his tender mind the ing his lively interest in the welfare of Madras, principles of true piety. May your dear consort so his regret that Ameer Sing had proved so unworthy educate her children, that before the throne of of Mr. Swartz's and his own disinterested exertions to place him on the musnud, and his satisfaction on * See chap. xx. hearing of his journey to Madras with Serfojee, + Of whose pious and happy departure Mr. Hur gives the following cordial invitation to his vene- dleston had informed Mr. Swartz'in the preseding rable friend to spend the remainder of his days in letter. England.

See chap. X.

Christ she may be able to say, 'Behold here am I, undertaken by one so competent to fulfil it as Mr. and the children which thou hast given me !"" Gericke, but expressed his fears lest from residing

This was Mr. Swartz's last and most truly Chris- at such a distance from Tanjore, he should not be tian letter to Mr. Hudlesion. The next which sufficiently acquainted with that most interesting occurs in his collection is from Mr. Gericke, an- period of Mr. Swartz's life which comprehended nouncing the painful intelligence of their venerated his own residence at Tanjore as the Company's friend's translation to a higher world.

minister. “ His death." writes the excellent Gericke, in "To you, sir," he says, “I think it cannot be unnguage closely resembling that of the Memoirs,* known that in all my administration at Tanjore, was such as might be expected from the tenor of Mr. Swartz was my mentor and guide, as well as his life.” He then acknowledges the arrival of a the medium through which my intercourse with letter from Mr. Hudleston to Mr. Swartz a few the poor Rajah Tuljajee was carried on; and that days after his death, and adds as follows.

every complaint or representation made to me was "You had anxiously waited for more favorable referred to his investigation and report, on which accounts regarding his health; but alas ! though he my decision was invariably founded. The severe himself is now made perfectly happy, we, and thou, and unjust orders of the then government respecting sands with us, are left to lament his loss. Nay, I the Rajah, which went to the length of directing believe there are none that have known him, of me to seize the person of his minister, and send Europeans and Indians, Christians, Mohammedans, him to Madras, and to take possession of the Tanand heathens, but lament with us, that such a man jore country, and collect the revenue on the Comis no more on earth with them.”

pany's account, I should perhaps hardly have venOn the 10th of June, 1799, Mr. Hudleston, in a iured to resist or remonstrate against, if I had not letter to Mr. Kohlhoff, expresses his heartfelt con- been encouraged and fortified by Mr. Swartz's concern and affliction on the death of his inestimable current opinion, and most perfect approbation.” friend, "whose existence,” he says, “ upon earth I Mr. Hudleston then refers to the affecting, and to had sanguinely hoped would have been prolonged, their lamented friend the highly honorable scene, in mercy to a sinful world, that can but ill afford to which took place at the palace the night preceding lose the purest model of virtue, truth, and piety, the death of the Rajah Tuljajee, "when," as he that ever walked upon its surface, one only ex- justly observes, “the highest tribute ever paid to cepled. I well know, sir, the footing on which you European virtue was offered by that prince, in his had the happiness to stand with that best and most earnest request and entreaty to permit him to aprevered of men; and I trust you cannot be ignorant point Mr. Swartz the regent and manager of all that I was honored with a share of his regard--of the affairs of his country till his adopted son Ser. which I am more proud than of any other acquisi- fojee should come of age," and to the distinguished tion I ever made."

kindness and honor shown him by Hyder Ali, " 10 Mr. Hudleston next observes, that it had occurred whom all others of European race, in connection to him that the promulgating such a life as that of with the English, were so obnoxious.” Mr. Swartz, “ would be an essential benefit to man Two other letters remain among Mr. Hudleston's kind, by tending to spread and perpetuate the benefit papers, one of which, from Serfojee Rajah, in the of his spotless example,” and requests Mr. Kohlhoff year 1814, contains the following passage, which and Mr. Gericke to communicate to him all the ihat prince evidently intended as the highest comparticulars of his history which might be in their pliment that he could pay to Mr. Hudleston and power-"for every incident,” he says, “ of his life Mr. Torin. will be interesting, and the unvaried tenor of his " It is true that many of the noble and amiable righteous course will administer the truest satis- qualities of our dear friend, the Rev. Mr. Swartz, faction and encouragement to every sincere Chris- by which he has made so great a figure in the tian. You, I doubt not,” he continues, “were with world, and which were productive of many advanhim in his last hours, and witnessed (to use the me- tages and benefits to me, would have died with him, morable words of Addison)'in what peace a Chris- had they not found their way to the hearts of you tian can die;' and I am extremely anxious to hear and Mr. Torin. The consequence is, that though from you the particulars of that afflicting and the loss which I have sustained in the death of that transcendently interesting period.".

unexampled personage is irreparable, I have suffiMr. Hudleston then expresses his anxiety to pos- cient reason to rest contented, because I am certain sess some little memorial of his highly valued that the same qualities in you will produce the same friend--a ring, or seal, or walking stick, which effects." would be to him inestimable.

The author cannot deny himself the pleasure of In March, 1801, Mr. Kohlhoff replied to the pre- quoting the next passage in his late highness's letceding letter, by sending to Mr. Hudleston a snuff ter, which contains the following honorable tribute box which had belonged to their beloved friend, and to a gentleman from whom he has received so a gold ring with some of his hair, which he had much gratifying attention in the compilation of taken after his death. He encloses an extract from these Memoirs. his letter to the Society for promoting Christian “What you have said with regard to the LiegKnowledge, containing some particulars respecting tenant-Colonel Blackburne, the present resident at Mr. Swartz's death, but expresses his inability to my durbar, is very true, and to praise him as I afford Mr. Hudleston any account of his life, and ought is beyond my power. I think it is enough to informs him that Mr. Gericke intended to write it- tell you, that the happiness which I enjoy I owe to "but after all," he adds, "it must be an imperfect himself entirely; because I assure you that it is his one, as our late beloved friend kept no copies of his prudent and judicious advice alone which saves me letters, nor a diary of his transactions, or works. from many evils to which my situation is always But however imperfect it may be, it will be very liable-not to mention his unremitted exertions to acceptable.”

preserve my honor and dignity." In an answer to the preceding letter, in 1802, Mr. The other letter referred to is from Mr. HudleHudleston rejoiced that “the task of giving to the ston, in reply to the preceding from Serfojee Rajah, world some account of the life of him who was one in which, among other subjects, he expresses his of the greatest blessings ever lent to it,” had been grateful sense of his highness's kind recollection of

what he always felt as one of the happiest circum*Chap. xxii.

stances of his life, the having received hiin from

the arms of his illustrious friend Tuljajee Maha and to his officers not to permit them to do so; and Rajah, who in bis dying words, had recommended these injunctions were strictly obeyed. him to his care. "Nor can I ever forget,” he adds, “ The other fact had reference to a date nearly

" the kind expression of his entire reliance on my twenty years preceding, and before the commencei friendship which was the last I heard from his lips, ment of our interference with the affairs of Tan

as it was interpreted to me by our holy, venerable, jore. Mr. Swartz then resided principally at Triand beloved friend, Mr. Swartz, who is now an chinopoly, but often visited Tanjore, and had freangel in heaven."

quent inierviews with the Rajah Tuljajee, who posThough, for the reasons already stated, Mr. Hu- sessed qualities very unusual in persons of ihat dleston did not fulfil his intention of writing the rank in India. With the ordinary endowments of life of Mr. Swartz, an unfinished sketch of his a polished exterior, mildness, and urbanity of mancharacter was found among his papers, together ners, he united sensibility, an excellent understandwith observations on some circumstances relating ing, and strength of mind. There was something 10 his history, from which the author has extracted of attraction in Mr. Swartz which no language can a few passages, which serve still further to develope adequately express. It will not, therefore, excite and illustrate the peculiar and unrivalled excel- wonder that the Rajah became attached to him, lence of the revered missionary.

sought his friendship, and placed in him unbounded In referring to the mission of Mr. Swartz to Hy- confidence. Perhaps the reader's mind may be preder Ali, in the year 1779, the relation of which, pared for the extraordinary result, and have anticiMr. Hudleston observes, he received from his own pated the fact to which I have alluded, namely, that mouth, after stating the circumstances which led the Rajah became convinced of the truth of the Christo this remarkable journey, he thus proceeds :

tian religion. The sequel I cannot relate without “ In his very first interview, Hyder told him, that humiliation, but justice to the Rajah's memory for

pain, nor, as an Englishman, without a sense of he was made an instrument to cover intentions and bids the suppression of it. "The Rajah was about views very different from the purity of his own mind; that the English had adopted ihe designs of to declare himself a Christian, when the British his enemy, (the Nabob,) and that it was now too army, in aid of the nabob of the Carnatic, and in

furtherance of his views, entered his country, and late to convince him that they had altered their after defeating his forces, laid siege to his capital. policy, or that they entertained any views really A compromise or suspension of hostilities for that friendly to him. He then requested Mr. Swartz time was purchased of the nabob by the Rajah: not to renew the subject, but assured him that for but the following year the armies again advanced, any other purpose he was welcome to stay in Se Tanjore was taken by assault, and the Rajah made ringapatam, and should receive every attention, and might come to his durbar as often as he pleased, them, the horrid injustice of the iransaction, and

prisoner. The East India Company felt, as became and thus remarkably concluded, that" he had also

ent Lord Pigot to Madras to redress it. But it his free permission to try to convert any of his peo- had gone far beyond the reach of any adequate ple to his religion, if he thought he could succeed; reparation ; and the Rajah, offended and disgusted, for he was sure he would say nothing improper to abandoned all thoughts of becoming a Christian. them, or that would tend to injure his authority." It did not, however, diminish his confidence in Mr. Mr. Śwartz soon after took his leave of Hyder, and Swartz, as has been shown in relating the history returned to Tanjore; finding in every village, as of the last hours of his existence.” he passed, the Amildars and the inhabitants in general eager to show him attention, and to supply character and labors, which has been before alluded

In the essay, towards a view of Mr. Swartz's him gratuitously with every thing which he requir. ro, and which was left imperfect and unfinished, ed. Hyder All the next year executed his plan of Mr. Hudleston premises, that whatever he has vengeance, but forgot not that there was one Euro-stated respecting him

was the result of personal pean against whom he had no resentment; and the knowledge and experience, after several years of order to all his officers, civil and military,“ to per: intimate and uninterrupted friendship and corresmit the venerable padre Swartz to pass free and

pondence. unmolested, and to show him respect and kindness,"

After speaking of Mr. Swartz's success as a miswas issued, as related in the tenth chapter of the sionary, and of the respect and veneration in which Memoirs.

he was invariably held, he proceeds as follows. Mr. Hudleston adds a few important and inter

“By what charm, then, or spell, did he acquire esting circumstances to the narrative which has such unbounded influence over the minds of many been fully given of the death of the Rajah Tuljajee, millions of the natives inhabiting the vast regions and his adoption of a son, as well as respecting the of the peninsula of India, so that the confidence of character and history of the Rajah himself. He poor and rich, of prince and peasani, was equal, asserts that Mr. Swartz remonstrated with the dy- and voluntarily and unanimously given; so that in ing prince on the injustice as well as the impolicy the midst of war and desolation, he walked as seof excluding his brother from the regency during curely in the enemy's districts as in our own-all, the minority of Serfojee, and earnestly entreated with one accord, holding his person sacred, and him to release him from confinement, and to be re- eager to show him kindness and attention? In unconciled to him—advice which after some delibera- dertaking to answer this interesting question, I ention was accepted; but which, from the subsequent gage in a task which is of all others the most gratimisconduct of Ameer Sing, Mr. Swartz had reason fying to me, and at the same time, one to which I bitterly to regret.

am conscious my abilities are most inadequate, "I shall now," continues Mr. Hudleston, "state since it involves an endeavor to delineate the chatwo interesting facts with respect to the Rajah Tul-racter of Mr. Swartz. jajec, which, I believe, are known to very few even “In pure and genuine piety, there is a charm that in India. The first which I shall mention led me to commands the general suffrage of mankind, which conjecture, that in the interview between the Rajah even the impious and the profligate feel and reveand Mr. Swartz, on the night preceding his death, rence. This charm, this attribute, the truly illussomething more might have passed than he was ai trious person of whom I am speaking, possessed in liberty to communicate; it was this—the Rajah, a degree, I verily believe, pre-eminent over all the almost with his dying breath, gave the most positive rest of the sons of men that have existed since the injunctions to his wives not to burn with his body, times of the apostles. In the external manifesta

tions of piety, and in zeal to promote and extend its culiar characteristics of that Divine Person; in his influence both by precept and example, I am aware practice of addressing himself principally to those and gladly acknowledge that he has been and is that labor and are heavy laden,' and in making at this moment, emulated by distinguished indivi- himself looked up to as the anfailing advocate of duals in this country, some few of whom it has the poor and the injured, for whom his intercessions been and is my pride and happiness to be able to were incessant, as were his endeavors to obtain for number among my friends; and I doubt not by them of the prince of the country the blessings of many others whose spheres of action are more con- a lenient and equitable government. And as he fined. They have reminded me too of that in Mr. had interceded for the people with their prince, so Swartz which no single word in our language can, for the latter Mr. Swarız interceded with the Briat least to my satisfaction adequately express. It tish government, when he knew him to have been was the union of piety, not with unassuming meek- treated with rigor and injustice. ness and humility only, which are its inseparable “Here again I must allude to that in him of which attendants, but of piety joined with an almost in- I believe history records no other example, namely, fantine simplicity, and unaccompanied by the small that all this success, unparalleled before or since, est tincture of austerity, fanaticism, or dogmatical in winning the hearts of men, and all this homage, conceit

. It diffused perpetual serenity and cheer- produced in Mr. Swartz no change. The same hufulness over his whole aspect, and by an irresistible mility and abstraction from every interested or impulse commanded at once respect and affection, worldly view, which distinguished him at the comIn the presence of a monarch, you could not feel mencement of his career, distinguished him through more conscious of inferiority; yet it was a feeling all its progress, and to its final close, amidst the unmixed with pain or fear. It was not possible to favor of princes, states, and governments, of men converse with him once without being impatient to of every denomination, and of every religion and converse with him again; and to those who were sect. accustomed to that gratification, his absence pre

"With the means of wealth and worldly consesented a vacuum, though in the midst of company. mate friends, to introduce voluntarily the subject plying all that he received to the good of others, and " It was not his custom, except with his most int- quence, in a word, of all that other men look up to,

completely at his command, he continued poor, apof religion; but the instanı the conversation led to reserving nothing for himself beyond what was neit, you saw his countenance light up, and beam a smile of benignant approbation. No one, I believe, natives saw no resemblance either in any other Eu

To him the

cessary to provide for his daily wants. ever heard from his lips an uncharitable word. " In these virtues, as I have already

intimated, peans in succession lift themselves from obscurity

ropean, or in themselves. They saw other EuroMr. Swartz may have been equalled by many other and humble stations, to aflluence, rank, and power, amiable and revered characters, though by none then disappear, and others take their places, bui surpassed; but in another respect

, he was, I think, none taking any interest in their welfare, or making absolutely unrivalled; and it was this, which more than all the other features of his character, great their own aggrandisement; but Swartz remained

use of them except as a means of accomplishing and venerable as they were, rooted him in the affec- with them. In him they always saw the same unastion of the natives, and made them consider him as distinguished from all the rest of mankind. He piring meekness, and the same condition, and found

in him the same kind and disinterested friend.* presented to their astonished eyes the union of genu- What could the natives of India, among whom he ine piety with an entire abstraction, in respect to lived, conclude respecting such a man, but that himself, from temporal views, while his endeavors which they did conclude,

and which was a common were constantly exerted to promote their temporal as observation among them when he was spoken of, well as eternal welfare. Nor were those for the former lessened by their not accepting the greater boon; namely, that he was unlike and superior to all other in regard to which, however, he was of infinite benefit to many thousands whom his moral precepts

Such are the principal contents of the late Mr. improved, and reclaimed from their lawless and Hudleston's papers respecting the venerabie misdishonest courses, although they did not accept the sionary of Tanjore. They will appeai, as the aupure religion which he offered them in the place of thor has stated in the advertisement prefixed 10 their own idolatry. And on whose lips could per- that is strictly new; but they will be found peculiar

this Edition of the Memoirs, to contain but little suasion hang, if not on his who exhibited to them the Christian religion in its loveliest form, and in \y interesting and valuable, as confirining, upon the all its native purity; in the undeviating tenor of highest authority, all that had been previously rewhose spotless course they saw its genuine off corded concerning that truly eminent person; and spring, and a model of all it teaches-for, as most as adding one more powerful and coinciding testi, truly stated in the inscription on his tomb,'' his life mony to a pious excellence, and a moral influence, was one continued effort to imitate the

example of which may be justly deemed unequalled and unrihis blessed Master;' and most especially in the un- valled in the annals of Christian missions. affected lowliness and benignity which were the pe

* Mr. Hudleston here mentions, that for the first * This must only be understood of Mr. Swartz's twenty of the fifty years that he was lent to the Indian unwillingness to obtrude religious conversation world, Swartz pursued his benevolent scheme on upon strangers, where he thought that it might not foot ; nor would he take to the use of a palankeen prove useful; otherwise, the whole history of his until the climate and advancing age had consideralife shows, that he was anxious upon all practicable bly impaired his strength, when he consented to occasions to render his intercourse with all around permit a palankeen to be kept for him at the public him pious and edifying.






Extensive propagation of the Gospel during the first four centuries. Subsequent decline. Slumber of the middle ages. Maritime Discoveries of the Portuguese. Syrian Christians. Armenian Christians. Roman Catholic Missions. Zeal of the Dutch, Danish Mission. Ziegenbalg and Grundler. Patronage of the Tranquebar Mission by the Society for promot- / ing Christian Knowledge. Schultz, and other Danish Missionaries. Establishment of a Mission at Madras. Introduction of Christianity into Tanjore. Mission at Cuddalore. Capture of Fort St. George by the French. Mr. Fabricius. Roman Catholic Churches and Mission Houses at Vepery and Cuddalore, granted to the Protestant Missionaries at the peace, in 1748. State of the Danish Mission previously to the arrival of Swartz. Recapitulation....

Swartz's address to the native Catechists. Capture of Fort St. David and Cuddalore by the French. Kindness of Count Lally to the missionaries. They retreat to Tranquebar. Mr. Kiernander removes to Calcutta. Mr. Hutteman relurns to Cuddalore. Death of one of the first five converts of Ziegenbalg at Tranquebar. The French army approaches Madras. Messrs. Fabricius and Breithaupt protecled by Count Lally. They leave Vepery, and retire to Pullicat. An English fleet relieves Madras. The French army retreats and the missionaries return to Vepery....



A. D. 1759 TO A. D. 1766.

CHAPTER I. A. D. 1726 TO A. D. 1750.

Early life and education of Swartz. His removal to Halle. Proposal to go out as a Danish missionary to Tranquebar. He obtains the consent of his father. "His Ordination. Departure for England, and kind reception by the Society for promoting Christian Knowledge. He embarks for India. Account of his voyage. He arrives at Tranquebar. First occupations at the Mission...

Tranquillity of the Danish missionaries during the late hostilities in the Carnatic. Visit 6 of Mr. Swartz to Ceylon. His various minis

terial labors and his illness in that Island. His faithful admonition to a skeptic. His departure from Ceylon. His refleciions on this visit. Journey with Mr. Kohlhoff to Cuddalore and Madras. His religious views and feelings in a letter to a friend. Enlarged sphere of Mr. Swartz's labors. Journey to Tanjore and Trichinopoly. First proceedings in those cities. Introduction to the Nabob of Arcot. Conversations with patives near Trichinopoly. Commencement of Divine Service with the

English garrison. Coutagious fever. Ser16

vices of Swartz during the siege of Madura. His removal from Tranquebar, and establishment at Trichinopoly, as a Missionary of the Society for promoting Christian Knowledge. Arrival of Mr. Gericke in India....


A. D. 1751 To A. D. 1754.


A. D. 1766 TO A. D. 1768.

Mr. Swartz enters on the duties of a Missionary. His account of these in a Letter to a Friend. Careful preparation of Candidates for Baptism. Excursions to the Towns and Villages near Tranquebar. Specimens of Swartz's Conversations with the Natives. Letter to Dr. Struensee. Periodical Reports of the Danish Mission. Pious custom of the Missionaries on proceeding upon a Journey. Visit of Messrs. Kohlhoff and Swartz to Cuddalore. Pastoral and weekly Conferences with their Brethren there. Return to Tranquebar..

Sketch of Swartz and his early proceedings at Trichinopoly by the late W. Chambers, Esq. He builds a church at that place. Prayer at its dedication. Mission-house and schools at Trichinopoly. War between Hyder Ali and the great powers of Southern India. Swartz

visits his brethren at Tranquebar. Incidents 21 on his journey. His visits to the sick and

wounded at Trichinopoly. Conversations with Hindoos and Mohammedans. Letters friends in Europe. State of Tanjore at that period. The hopes of Swartz as to the diffusion of Christianity. Conclusion of his journal for the year 1768..



A. D. 1754 TO A. D. 1759.



A. D. 1769 TO A. D. 1770.

War in the Carnatic between the French and English. Mr. Swartz continues his usual labors and excursions. Letter to Professor Francke. Expedition of Mr. Poltzenhagen to the Nicobar Íslands. His Death. Letter of Swartz to a friend in Europe. Visit of Messrs. Kohlhoff and Swartz to Negapatam., Conversations with the Natives. Favorable results of the journey. Second yisit to Negapatam.


Continuation of hostilities. Zeal and disinterestedness of Swartz. His conference with a Romish Padre. Peace between Hyder Ali and

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